What is a critical thinking paper?

What is a critical thinking paper?
What is a critical thinking paper?

A critical thinking paper is a type of academic writing that requires you to analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information from various sources and present your argument or perspective on a topic. A critical thinking paper is not a summary or a review of what others have said, but a demonstration of your own reasoning and judgment skills.

Why is critical thinking important?

Critical thinking is important for making informed decisions, solving problems, and communicating effectively in various contexts. Critical thinking helps you to:

  • Identify credible sources and avoid misinformation
  • Evaluate and respond to arguments and evidence
  • Assess alternative viewpoints and perspectives
  • Test hypotheses and assumptions against relevant criteria
  • Develop your position and support it with logical and coherent arguments

How to write a critical thinking paper?

To write a critical thinking paper, you need to follow these steps:

  • Choose a topic that interests you and has enough sources to support your analysis
  • Conduct preliminary research and find relevant and reliable sources on your topic
  • Read and analyze the sources critically, identifying their main claims, arguments, evidence, and limitations
  • Formulate your thesis statement that expresses your position or perspective on the topic
  • Outline your paper structure, including an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion
  • Write your paper, using your sources to support your analysis and arguments
  • Revise and edit your paper, checking for clarity, coherence, accuracy, and consistency

Example of a critical thinking paper

To illustrate what a critical thinking paper looks like, here is an example of a paper on the topic of artificial intelligence and human intelligence, based on some of the sources from my web search results.


Artificial intelligence (AI) is a term used to describe machines or computers that imitate human cognitive functions, such as learning, problem-solving, and reasoning. AI has made remarkable progress in recent years, achieving feats that were once considered impossible, such as defeating human champions in complex games like Go2. However, does this mean that AI can surpass human intelligence (HI), or that HI is no longer relevant in the age of AI? In this paper, I will argue that AI and HI are not mutually exclusive, but complementary and that both are necessary for a sustainable and innovative future.

Body paragraph 1

One of the main differences between AI and HI is that AI is based on rationality, while HI is based on creativity. AI follows predefined rules and algorithms to perform tasks and solve problems, while HI can generate novel and original ideas and solutions. AI can handle high levels of complexity and data, but HI can handle ambiguity and uncertainty. AI can optimize existing systems and processes, but HI can create new systems and processes. Therefore, AI and HI have different strengths and limitations and can benefit from each other’s input and feedback.

Body paragraph 2

Another difference between AI and HI is that AI is based on imitation, while HI is based on innovation. AI learns from existing data and information and tries to replicate or improve human performance. HI, on the other hand, learns from experience and observation, and tries to discover or invent new knowledge and possibilities. AI can achieve impressive results in specific domains and tasks, but HI can transcend boundaries and disciplines. AI can excel in efficiency and accuracy, but HI can excel in diversity and originality. Thus, AI and HI have different goals and outcomes and can collaborate and cooperate to achieve greater results.

Body paragraph 3

A third difference between AI and HI is that AI is based on technology, while HI is based on biology. AI relies on hardware and software to function and operate, while HI relies on the brain and body to think and act. AI can be programmed and controlled, but HI can be influenced and motivated. AI can be improved and updated, but HI can be developed and educated. Therefore, AI and HI have different needs and potentials and can support and enhance each other’s capabilities and performance.


In conclusion, AI and HI are not in competition, but in synergy. AI and HI have different characteristics and features and can complement, collaborate, and cooperate in various contexts and situations. AI and HI are both valuable and important for the advancement of science, technology, society, and humanity. Rather than focusing on the differences and conflicts between AI and HI, we should focus on the similarities and connections between them, and how they can work together for a better future.

Tips for writing a critical thinking paper

Here are some tips to help you write a better critical thinking paper:

  • Use credible and relevant sources to support your analysis and arguments
  • Cite your sources properly and consistently, using the citation style required by your instructor or discipline
  • Avoid plagiarism, which is the act of using someone else’s words or ideas without giving credit
  • Use clear and precise language, avoiding jargon, slang, and vague terms
  • Use transitions and connectors to link your sentences and paragraphs, creating a logical and coherent flow
  • Use headings and subheadings to organize your paper structure, making it easier to follow and understand
  • Use examples and illustrations to explain and demonstrate your points, making them more concrete and convincing
  • Use counterarguments and refutations to address and challenge opposing views, showing that you have considered different perspectives and evidence
  • Use questions and reflections to stimulate and engage your reader’s interest and curiosity, inviting them to think critically along with you

I hope this information and example have been helpful to you.