Impact of Current Events and Trends on Tourism Essay

Impact of Current Events and Trends on Tourism Essay.

Threats of terrorism, pandemic outbreaks, natural calamities and, finally, pesky security checks notwithstanding, the international tourism industry is booming. Tourism has become a key economic driver globally, and is one of the main sources of income for many developing countries today. The global crisis that shook 2008 to the core (and continues to do so) has impact in industries across the board. One of the most affected fields is tourism as it’s an elected excess and not a necessity. A recently released research by the Tourism Journalist’s Association shows that people will be more cautious in spending for leisure travels and will engage in more meaningful, rather than extravagant, vacations.

The tourism industry has matured significantly in recent years and is displaying a new willingness to share information and co-operate.

The result: A different type of growth, one that is more moderate, more solid and more responsible. Many of the crisis events that affect tourism have been occurring for millennia.

The global financial and economic downturn that affected tourism from 2007 through to 2010and beyond has cast substantial attention to the role that crisis events play in tourism. These concerns have only been exacerbated by natural disasters. The potential affect of crisis events on international tourism is likely to increase both in size and frequency as tourism becomes increasingly hypermobile and the global economy even more interconnected. The impact of technology and the competitive factors on tourism were among the interesting trends.


Technology is a driving force of change that presents opportunities for greater efficiencies and integration for improved guest services. Technology has become a tourism business activity in development of strategic resources and is considered as a tool to increase competitiveness. Effective use of information technology can make significant operational improvements. Advanced software and communication tools allow enlarging operational efficiency, for example, orders may be made better, faster and cheaper. In addition, decision-making through decision support tools, databases and modeling tools assist the manager’s job. Technology changes the tourism business rules. More specifically: Information on all tourist services is available virtually from all over the world. Potential client can be any resident of the world.

More territorial boundaries restrict the number of customers. Decision making turns into a tourism specialist in each component. Changes in customer service technology and service personalization occur.

International Competition

Tourism services compete on more than just image, differentiation, and benefits offered. Tourism demand trends. While the mass tourism market remains fundamental to the growth of many destinations, the new challenge for the decision makers of the tourism sector nowadays seems to be the choice between supporting the conventional mass tourism activities or creating the conditions for the development of a new local tourism supply (Conti and Perelli, n.d.:17). The multi-motivational nature of holiday decision-making combined with the fact that tourists become more and more sophisticated, seeking increasingly for tourist products that fulfill their particular needs, has increased competition between destinations, fuelling the need to target particular special interest visitors.

Impact of Current Events and Trends on Tourism Essay

Trip to England Essay

Trip to England Essay.

England is a historical country, there are many places of internets there, here are some famous tourism spots.

About UK
The UK is made up of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Northern Ireland, and is one of the 27 member states of the European Union

About London
London is a cosmopolitan mixture of the Third and First worlds, of chauffeurs and beggars, of the establishment, the avowedly working class and the avant-garde. Unlike comparable European cities, much of London looks unplanned and grubby, but that is part of its appeal.

Visiting London is like being let loose on a giant-sized Monopoly board clogged with traffic. Even though you probably won’t know where the hell you are, at least the names will look reassuringly familiar. The city is so enormous, visitors will need to make maximum use of the underground train system: unfortunately, this dislocates the city’s geography and makes it hard to get your bearings.

Westminster Abbey
A resting place of the royals, Westminster Abbey, is one of the most visited churches in the Christian world.

It’s a beautiful building, full of morose tombs and monuments, with an acoustic field that will send shivers down your spine when the choirboys clear their throats. The roll call of the dead and honored is guaranteed to humble the greatest egoist, despite the weighty and ornate memorabilia.

Big Ben
Big Ben is the United Kingdom”s most famous landmark, linked with the British parliament building. Great bell because, she was walking and accurate. Every Clock, bell Jiatelinwei Time issued under heavy sonorous sounds, a few miles away can hear the bell reverberate.

Hyde Park
Hyde Park is the largest of London’s Royal Park, which covers 1.6 million square meters, as well as London’s most famous parks. Western and Kensington Gardens (Kensington) connected. In Kensington, visitors can visit once Princess Diana Lived in Kensington. Hyde Park built the south-western corner of Princess Diana Memorial Fountain. (The Diana Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain), which built adjacent to the Serpentine lake, said Princess Diana sitting there in his regular walk. Hyde Park to the north are famous speech (Speaker ”s Corner), is a great place to be aired their views, you can often see someone in this impromptu speech. Large open-air concert every summer is almost here.

The British Museum
The British Museum is the oldest, most august museum in the world. It is so big and so full of ‘stuff’ collected by Victorian travelers and explorers that visitors often make the mistake of overdosing on the antiquities. See as much as you want to see, not as much as you believe you should. Highlights include the weird Assyrian treasures and Egyptian mummies; the exquisite pre-Christian Portland Vase and the 2000-year-old corpse found in a Cheshire bog.

Trip to England Essay

Mysterious Story Essay

Mysterious Story Essay.

It was a sunny Saturday morning, my first time hiking and we were on the road to the Drakensberg mountains. My dad, Lanny, was driving us and I was lying on the back seat listening to music. Oh yes and my little brother Ross was in the passenger seat speaking to my dad, asking him about hiking. When we had arrived at 11:00 am we were booking in at one of the hotels close to our hiking trails starting point. We were un-packing and ready to get some sleep for the big day ahead of us.

Waking up at the crack of dawn was hard but we were able to do it and made snacks for the hike. At 6:00am we were ready to hike and at the trail. As we started it seemed easy but continued to get harder. My younger brother Ross was struggling up the mountain and asked me to carry his bag for him.

I had a strange thought; I should be nice to him because if something had to happen to him I wouldn’t like it if the last thing I said was nasty.

We had been hiking for just over an hour when we decided to stop for a break and brunch. My brother was in need of the toilet. We told him to just go behind the bush. I heard a rustle in the bushes around us and a cold shiver ran through me. HELP! We ran to the bush he was behind. Looking around we saw marks and footprints on the ground. We followed them down the bank. Running as fast as we could, we saw the huge creature. It turned around, we dived behind a shrub, I don’t think it saw us. Jumping up again, we were out of breath but continued chasing.

The creature was very big with white fur, bigger than a gorilla or a bear. We were determined to find him and as we approached the village that these Sasquatch type beasts were using, we peeped over the fences made of steaks and vines, we were sure Ross was in great danger. When looking over the walls we saw many of the Sasquatches and searched for little Ross among the crowd of beasts. We had made up our minds, we were going in. After we tried to get his attention several times we noticed he was in such great shock that he didn’t recognize us. Hiding behind each tavern and bush. Jumping and rolling from bush to bush. Then Bang!

There the sound of something landing behind us. We turned around and saw its giant feet then ran. But we were no match for them, they surrounded us. My dad said, “just be calm we’ll be fine”. They tied us up and put us each in separate taverns. I saw my back pack and tried to get the Swiss army knife out, but the primitive Sasquatch saw me and couldn’t understand what I was doing so he locked me up in small dark room. They took off my ropes and confiscated my bag. They left me in this room with only the belongings in my pockets and my clothes. I wrote this message on my cell phone and sent it to everyone I know. Please try save us!

Mysterious Story Essay

Medical Tourism in India Essay

Medical Tourism in India Essay.

After the silicon rush India is now considered as the golden spot for treating patients mostly from the developed countries and Far East for ailments and procedures of relatively high cost and complexity. India is also aggressively promoting medical tourism in the current years -and slowly now it is moving into a new area of “medical outsourcing,” where subcontractors provide services to the overburdened medical care systems in western countries.

India’s National Health Policy declares that treatment of foreign patients is legally an “export” and deemed “eligible for all fiscal incentives extended to export earnings.

” Government and private sector studies in India estimate that medical tourism could bring between $1 billion and $2 billion US into the country by 2012.

Going by the Statistics and various studies it can be easily said that India would be the leader in medical tourism within the next decade if only it could improve the infrastructure and tour attractions. The question or rather the doubt that is often asked by critics is how can India provide top line medical care to outsiders while more than 40% of its people languished below poverty line and less than 20% of its people can actually afford medical services.

Ethically and morally this problem has to be solved if India has to move into the category of developed country and also as a place which provides medical care to both its own people and patients from other country

The aim of this project is to put a finger on the highly profitable service of medical care combined with tourism in which India is currently considered as a market leader. It has been a known fact for past many decades that Indian doctors are highly skillful in their given field since all around the globe mot hospitals have doctors of Indian origin. Therefore it became almost natural that this trend extended to India.

This project also aims to show why India is attracting medical tourists, is it really a secure destination and how India can promote and develop this particular activity in the coming years so as face competition given by other Asian and African options.


Research and Methodology


The objective of this chapter is to present the research methodology of the present study. The chapter deals with various aspects of research methodology on Medical tourism in India and a comparative analysis are made.

For the present study as more emphasis was laid down on discovery of ideas and insights is can be called descriptive research as on attempt have been made to get insight into the Medical tourism in India.

Further, the study is also and descriptive nature as a descriptive study is typically concerned with determines. Here, attempts have been made to find out the correlation of people towards Medical tourism in India.


The key objective of the project is to study the emerging opportunities and future prospects in the Indian medical tourism market. The project discusses various industry trends and growth drivers that are fuelling growth in the market and tries to study their impact on the future scenario.

Basic Research Problem of the Study

Competition and marketing issues are seen as the major problems facing organisations involved in medical tourism. Other key issues are:

• Insufficient demand
• Insurance and liability issues
• Lack of quality standards and international standards
• Lack of professionalism within the industry

Assumption of the Study

According to medical tourism facilitators the leading medical tourism destinations are India, Thailand, USA, Hungary and Malaysia. The USA, UK and Russian Federation are seen as the leading source of patients both now and in the future. Countries rated as providing the best overall service to patients are Thailand, India, and Singapore.

Respondents predicted that India, Thailand, and Singapore will also be the leading medical tourism destinations in five years time.

Methods of Data Collection

The data has collected in two ways.

• Primary Data: Primary data are those, which are collected for the first time, and they are original in character. Primary data gives higher accuracy and facts, which is very helpful for any research and its findings. I have collected primary data by personal interview.

• Secondary data: The secondary data are those, which are already collected by someone for some purpose and are available for the present study. Secondary data was collected from the magazines, websites and other such sources.


Medical tourism: A Global perspective

Medical tourism happens when patients go to a different country for either urgent or elective medical procedures. This phenomenon is fast becoming a worldwide, multibillion-dollar industry.

The reasons patients travel for treatment vary. Many medical tourists from the United States are seeking treatment at a quarter or sometimes even a 10th of the cost at home. From Canada, it is often people who are frustrated by long waiting times. From Great Britain, the patient can’t wait for treatment by the National Health Service but also can’t afford to see a physician in private practice. For others, becoming a medical tourist is a chance to combine a tropical vacation with elective or plastic surgery.

And moreover patients are coming from poorer countries such as Bangladesh where treatment may not be available and going for surgery in European or western developed countries is expensive.

The interesting thing of Medical tourism is that it is a concept which is actually thousands of years old. In ancient Greece, pilgrims and patients came from all over the Mediterranean to the sanctuary of the healing god, Aesculapius, at Epidaurus. In Roman Britain, patients took a dip in the waters at a shrine at Bath, a practice that continued for 2,000 years as it was believed that the waters had a healing property. From the 18th century wealthy Europeans travelled to spas from Germany to the Nile. In the 21st century, relatively low-cost jet travel has taken the industry beyond the wealthy and desperate.

Countries that actively promote medical tourism include Cuba, Costa Rica, Hungary, India, Israel, Jordan, Lithuania, Malaysia and Thailand. Belgium, Poland and Singapore are now entering the field. South Africa specializes in medical safaris-visit the country for a safari, with a stopover for plastic surgery, a nose job and a chance to see lions and elephants.


While, so far, India has attracted patients from Europe, the Middle East and Canada, Thailand has been the goal for Americans.

India initially attracted people who had left that country for the West; Thailand treated western expatriates across Southeast Asia. Many of them worked for western companies and had the advantage of flexible, worldwide medical insurance plans geared specifically at the expatriate and overseas corporate markets.

With the growth of medical-related travel and aggressive marketing, Bangkok became a centre for medical tourism. Bangkok’s International Medical Centre offers services in 26 languages, recognizes cultural and religious dietary restrictions and has a special wing for Japanese patients

The medical tour companies that serve Thailand often put emphasis on the vacation aspects, offering post-recovery resort stays.

South Africa

South Africa also draws many cosmetic surgery patients, especially from Europe, and many South African clinics offer packages that include personal assistants, visits with trained therapists, trips to top beauty salons, post-operative care in luxury hotels and safaris or other vacation incentives. Because the South African rand has such a long-standing low rate on the foreign-exchange market, medical tourism packages there tend to be perpetual bargains as well.


Argentina ranks high for plastic surgery, and Hungary draws large numbers of patients from Western Europe and the U.S. for high-quality cosmetic and dental procedures that cost half of what they would in Germany and America.


Lastly, Dubai–a destination already known as a luxury vacation paradise–is scheduled to open the Dubai Healthcare City by 2010. Situated on the Red Sea, this clinic will be the largest international medical center between Europe and Southeast Asia. Slated to include a new branch of the Harvard Medical School, it also may be the most prestigious foreign clinic on the horizon.

Other countries

Other countries interested in medical tourism tended to start offering care to specific markets but have expanded their services as the demand grows around the world. Cuba, for example, first aimed its services at well-off patients from Central and South America and now attracts patients from Canada, Germany and Italy. Malaysia attracts patients from surrounding Southeast Asian countries; Jordan serves patients from the Middle East. Israel caters to both Jewish patients and people from some nearby countries. One Israeli hospital advertises worldwide services, specializing in both male and female infertility, in-vitro fertilization and high-risk pregnancies. South Africa offers package medical holiday deals with stays at either luxury hotels or safaris.

Leading countries in the field of medical tourism


Indian tourism: An overview

Tourism will expand greatly in future mainly due to the revolution that is taking place on both the demand and supply side. The changing population structure, improvement in living standard, more disposable income, fewer working hours and long leisure time, better educated people, ageing population and more curious youth in the developed as well as developing
countries, all will fuel the tourism industry growth.

The arrival of a large number of customers, better educated and more sophisticated, will compel the tourist industry to launch new products and brands and re-invents traditional markets. The established traditional destinations founded on sun-sea-sand products will have to re-engineer their products. They must diversify and improve the criteria for destinations and qualities of their traditional offers. Alongside beach tourism, the tourism sector will register a steady development of new products based on natural rural business, leisure and art and culture. Thus the study of new markets and emerging markets and necessity of diversified products are the basis of our strategy, which can enhance and sustain, existing and capture new markets.

It is India’s vastness that challenges the imagination: the sub-continent, 3200km (2000 miles) from the mountainous vastness of the Himalayas in the north to the tropical lushness of Kerala in the south, is home to one sixth of the world’s population, a diverse culture and an intoxicatingly rich history. Desert in Rajasthan, tropical forests in the north eastern states, arid mountains in the delta region of Maharashtra and Karnataka and vast fertile planes in northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana etc are just some of the geographical diversity that can be observed. We have a wealth of archeological sites and historical monuments. Manpower costs in the Indian hotel industry are one of the lowest in the world. This provides better margins for any industry which relies on man power.

One of the fascinations of India is the juxtaposition of old and new; centuries of history – from the pre-historic Indus civilization to the British Raj – rub shoulders with the computer age; and Bangalore’s ‘Silicon Valley’ is as much a part of the world’s largest democracy as the remotest village is.

Medical Tourism in India Essay

How to Promote Tourism in Malaysia Essay

How to Promote Tourism in Malaysia Essay.

In comparison to other sectors of Industry, the tourism industry is well developed at Malaysia. This industry effects in a positive manner in giving a boost to the Malaysian economy with a rapid increase in the earnings, of foreign exchange along with good employment opportunities. In the year 2005, it was declared by the World Tourism Organization that Malaysia stands 14th in the overall ranking based on the international tourism arrivals.

Among the 53 different common wealth countries Malaysia ranks 3rd next to Britain and Canada.

A wide increase in the foreign revenue generation was noticed in the year 2006 and the tourism sector generated about US$18. 1 billion through export revenue, which is almost 10% of the total foreign revenue earned by the country. Different efforts were taken by the government of Malaysia, to make the country more developed and a prime place of attraction for tourist from all parts of Asia and world.

You can notice a huge infrastructure and physical development was given due priority by the government of Malaysia along with the established projects of tourism with good attraction of tourism for the prospect of the country (Jamil.

J, 2007). After the independence of Malaysia, the Malaysian people put their concern on the western influences on the tourism development (Din, 1982). The tourism development continued its journey with a vision for the national development, the civilization of Islam, with a great progress in the parallel with the teachings of Islam (Islam,H, 2005).

Out of the world’s 57 Muslim countries, only four countries manage to earn 17. 5 million tourists in 2004. The countries are Malaysia, Morocco, Egypt, and Turkey (Islamic countries Seek Bigger Piece of Tourism Pie, 2005). The tourism policy and its implementation in Malaysia As per as the overall development of Malaysia is concerned, NEP directly influenced it from 1971 to 1990. In later part NEP was replaced with the introduction of New Development Policy from the period 1991 to 2000. Several objectives of NEP were included in New Development Policy.

Like various other industries and sectors of the economy of Malaysia, focus was also given towards the development of tourism industry by NEP. Depending on that, a federal form of constitution was adopted by Malaysia. Under this constitution come all the thirteen states and all the federal territory. The central government of Malaysia designed the policies keeping in mind a linear path with regard to their implementation on the state level. But in real terms it seemed like quite difficult to centralize the flow of the process, particularly due to the involvement of each state with own legislative style.

Many of the state participated in the argument to oppose some of the policies of tourism as they feel that goes against the local norms of the state. Institutionalization of the industry of tourism in Malaysia The year 1995, marked the beginning of tourism as a new force of the economic sector of Malaysia with the setting up of the Department of Tourism under the Ministry of Trade of Malaysia. It clearly justifies that the industry of tourism is a late arriver in comparison to any other sector of industries in Malaysia (Tan, W. H 1991).

The involvement of Malaysian government was in a slow pace towards the tourism industry, while most of the developing countries concentrate on the tourism industry to follow the path of growth in the economic front. A sudden fall in the commodity prices inspired Malaysian government to give new life to the industry of tourism, in order to sustain the growth of economy principle objectives of tourism, was included in the tourism master plan of Malaysia, which was the country’s 2nd Malaysia Plan 1971-75, marked the new beginning of the tourism sector as the contributing force for the economic development of Malaysia.

In the year 1972, a dedicated agency was established known as the Tourist Development Corporation by the parliament of Malaysia. It is established with the mission to promote tourism of Malaysia. A new phase is marked with the involvement of the government in this sector. An international bench mark was achieved by the tourism industry in the year 1972 when Malaysia hosted the Pacific Area Travel Association (PATA) 21st conference, which resulted in the gradual increase in the number and percentage of the international tourist into Malaysia.

A rapid increase is noticed also in the number of inbound tourist with the availability of the facility of regional airports and that too of an international standard. In the year 1986, the PATA 35th conference was held at Malaysia, which enhances the tourist attraction of the place in the subsequent years with the highlighting of the facilities and services offered to the delegates (Tan,W. H, 1991). A grand event was organized in the year 1990 on tourism .

The event was named the Visit Malaysia Year 1990. In that very year a record visit of almost seven million international tourists was marked, which is a growth of almost 53. 6% from the previous year. The grand success of this event gave a targeted increase of almost 10% for each coming year. The Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism was introduced in the year 1992 to coordinate and plan the tourism activities of the country with close monitoring of the activities too.

The inceptions of the Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board (MTPB), in the same year establish Malaysian tourism as one of the major force of the economic sectors of Malaysia. Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board took the initiative to promote Malaysia as the world tourism destination in order to enhance the socio economic well being of the country of Malaysia. On the other hand the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism were entrusted with the responsibility to formulate the policies for tourism industry of the country.

MTPB get the advantage to promote Malaysia on the international level with about 29 offices on worldwide basis. The domestic destinations were marked and then it was matched with various selected international markets. Keeping this concept of promotion eight destinations were marked with another four additional sites in each subsequent year. The destinations of Sabah, Langkawi, and Sarawak were promoted in high level especially to the European market, especially due to the appeal of the nature along with the sand and beaches.

The development authority of the Langkawi targets the tourist from the Western Europe, area as the tourist from there do possess the capacity to avail and enjoy the facilities of the four to five star hotels located on the Langkawi Island. The above discussion on the Institutionalization of the industry of tourism in Malaysia clearly depicts how the development of the tourism industry take place in different stages to establish the country as one of the attractive destination for the tourist specially on the international level.

You may also be interested in the following: how to promote tourism in malaysia

How to Promote Tourism in Malaysia Essay

Adavantages and disadvantages of space tourism Essay

Adavantages and disadvantages of space tourism Essay.

Tourism is a worldwide popular trend .people love exploring different places by going to destinations which are alien to them. Their are various forms of tourism like ecotourism, cultural tourism, medical tourism ete.. Recently, a new type of tourism was added to list. Namely space tourism. It is just as the name suggest going to space for various purposes like leisure, business ete.. today in this article I will look at the pros and cons of space tourism. One of the main merit of tourism is that it helps to develop economy.

As we all know space tourism is a very wide industry hence it will open a path for many job opportunities bringing a solution to the problem of jobless people to a certain extent. Furthermore we will get to discover a wide variety of new things. We can experience firsthand the beauty of comets, asteroids, stars and planets rather than seeing them by using a telescope, after all seeing with our own eyes have a different feel completely.

In addition to this ,the future of tourism will flourish.

When advanced technological inventions like space shuttles and such are used a lot of people will be attracted to this industry .This is very much true right? Just imagine if we come across an event which we are not very familiar with then the tendency to learn it also grows. On the other hand, there are a lot of demerits of space tourism as well. Space tourism is quite a risky thing. No matter how developed we are if a catastrophe strikes in outer space we are not very likely to survive .moreover, it can be called simply a useless activity. Just for the mere pleasure of the eye there is no need to spend so much.

It is a squander of money and time Instead, if that same amount is given to the people who are suffering from famine and natural disasters, magnanimously we can make our world a better place for people of different standards. Space tourism is also affordable to a few. Even one trip to space takes over hundred thousand dollars. This results in different problems between the rich and poor .furthermore, it gives rise to a lot of environmental problems like global warming since a lot of non renewable sources are used in this industry. Space tourism is both a boon and ban .if it is carried out carefully then it will bring about lot of benefits and if it is not carries out carefully then get ready to face the worst outcome.

Adavantages and disadvantages of space tourism Essay

The different types of specialist tourism Essay

The different types of specialist tourism Essay.

Adventure tourism

Adventure tourism is tourism which takes place in an unusual place and it is an exciting experience, this involves exploration of an area. This is different to the typical beach vacation for example going to bungee jumping or rock climbing would be classed as adventure tourism. Adventure tourism generally involves some form of physical activity and is when someone does something for the thrill. EXODUS ( )

Exodus is part of TUI, is part of a larger company and it is integrated.

The company specialises in providing adventure holidays including walking, biking, overland, snow and multi-activity as a packaged holidays which includes accommodation stay. EXPLORE( )

Explore is a medium sized company and its independent. It specialises in offering adventure holidays, activities and experiences. It offers walking, trekking and cycling as part of the adventure tours. The latest brochure has a choice of 450 adventures to choose from KE Adventure travel (http://www. )

KE adventure is an independent adventure travel operator; it’s a big company which specialises in providing trekking, walking, climbing, mountain biking, winter sports etc. It also offers tours. One of the adventure holidays they offer is a walk to the Amalfi Coast, it’s an 8 day holidays with flight included. One of the adventure holidays they offer is to New Zealand. This tour includes exploring the snow caped mountains and roaming the colourful streets of Napier. Some of the adventure holidays they offer is to climb the North Africa’s highest peak in the winter conditions, to stand on top of the world’s highest active volcano ‘Cotopaxi’ and to climb the Aconcagua.

Cultural tourism

Cultural tourism consists of culture, lifestyle and religion. You could visit a country to see its culture or religion sect and see how the people live their lifestyles in those areas and the history, arts, architecture and religion helped them shape the way they led their lives. You could either travel for activities or experience the stories of the people who lived there in another era.

Audley Travel

( Audley Travel is a medium and independent tour operator which specialises in tailor-made journeys for the discerning traveller; it offers holidays and tours around the world and luxury tours.

Martin Randall ( ) Martin Randall is a small independent tour operator. It specialises in providing cultural holidays in the UK, Europe, Middle East, India, China, Japan and the Americas. It provides a selection of cultural group tours ranging from archaeology to music tours. Wild Frontiers Travel ( ) Wild Frontiers travel is a small and independent tour operator which provides and specialises in cultural tours and holidays, it offers city breaks and arts holidays. One of the tours they offer is the Machu Picchu, you arrive at the site by train then you will go on a bus journey which will take you on a sightseeing trip.

The guides ensure and make sure you are aware of the theories expounding the positioning and function of Machu Picchu One of the tours they offer is to the London Underground Railway, the tour is led by a journalist, novelist and historian and author of ‘Underground, over ground, a passenger’s history of the tube’. Also you visit the TFL headquarters at 55 Broadway by special arrangement. One of the tours they offer is to the Silk Road cities of Uzbekistan; the tour consists of visiting the mosques and Madrasahs of Tashkent’s old city, shop in the colourful bazaar of Samarkand and a stay in some of the beautiful restored buildings.

Eco tourism

Eco-tourism is made for conservative reasons and also to reduce the impact tourists have on the wildlife. This is when people travel to natural areas and will improve the well-being of the local people as well as observe the wildlife and gain experience. Eco-tourism is when you travel to a natural space and appreciate nature and protect the environment. You also learn the past and present of the destination. Imaginative Traveller ( Imaginative traveller is a small and integrated tour operator which specialises in providing eco-friendly holidays.

They support ClimateCare and the Rainforest alliance.

Expressions Holiday Expressions holidays are a medium and independent tour operator who specialise in providing eco-tourist and friendly holidays and enjoy the travel experience. Inntravel ( ) Inntravel is a small independent tour operator who specialise in offering eco-friendly holidays One of the tours they offer is to the Masai Heartlands; the holiday includes watching flamingo flocks make Lake Nakuru blush pink and experience tribal life with Masai warriors.

Also to visit the lake Naivasha in the great Rift valley. One of the tours they offer is to the Caribbean, providing stays in the most exclusive and luxurious hotels and resorts in the Caribbean. The holiday is tailor-made. It offers the opportunity to glimpse the flavour and colour of local life. One of the tours they offer is to the splendours of Al-Andalus, the hotels are rated 4-5 stars and you also visit Seville’s Alcázar and Granada’s Alhambra.

Educational tourism

Educational tourism is when you travel to a destination to gain knowledge and learn history about the country/city. This can be through a school where you have a trip to another country; the purpose of the visit is educational tourism as you are going there to either learn about the country’s history or culture. Also it can be when you travel to another country to study, for example if you are from China and you come over to the UK to study this is educational tourism also. NTS group ( )

NTS group is a medium independent tour operator which has been providing and specialising in educational tours and trips which are tailor-made. Europe for schools ( ) Europe for schools is a medium and independent tour operator which specialises in providing educational holidays and tours to Europe.


( )

PGL is a big and integrated tour operator which specialises in providing educational activity courses, school trips, children activity holidays, summer camps and much more. It has centres in the UK, Spain and France. One of the tours they offer is a classics and ancients history school trip to Greece, it can be tailor-made from scratch to meet the requirements you wish. It gives the chance to visit some of the many temples of devotion to the gods. One of the tours they provide is categorised in counties, York, which is home to the longest medieval town walls in England and its history dates back to the Romans, offers the opportunity to visit Jorvik Viking Centre, York Minister, York Castle Museum, York Dungeon and lots of more places. One of the tours they provide is a challenge course which consists of challenges such as archery, climbing, zip wire, fencing etc.

Heath tourism

Health tourism is when you travel for medical/health purposes this can be for dentistry, sex change, breast augmentation, heart surgery and many more. It is also known as medical tourism and is when you travel abroad in countries such as Hungary, Thailand, USA, etc. to seek medical help. The reasons for this practice are various, some travel because the treatment is not offered in their country and other because it is cheaper abroad. The Healthy Holiday Company ( ) The healthy holiday company is a big integrated tour operator which provides and specialises in luxury health, fitness and detox retreats, it also offers a premium yoga holiday.

Wellbeing Escapes ( ) Wellbeing escapes is a medium independent tour operator which specialises in providing health tourism. It’s a big integrated tour operator which specialises in providing healthy holidays around the world, offering worldwide luxury wellness holidays and a great experience. One of the tours they offer is to a Columbia Beach resort; it is a luxury all-suites resort. They offer activities to keep everyone entertained. It also has a spa, perfect after a long busy day. One of the holidays they offer is a luxurious spa holidays, with dietary guidance treatments and more. One of the tours they offer is to an anti-aging program to the Ananda Rejuvenation which will relieve your senses with a traditional spa.


This includes activities such as camping, fishing, photography, hunting etc. This is tourism to natural attractions which are elements of the nature; this has various purposes such as sightseeing.

Visit Estonia

Visit Estonia is a medium and independent tour operator which specialises in providing nature tourism in Estonia.

Forest Holidays ( ) Forest Holidays is a medium and integrated tour operates which specialises in providing nature holidays and gives you the chance to explore the forests. Wildlife and Nature holidays ( ) Wildlife and Nature holiday is a small independent tour operator which specialises in providing wildlife and nature tourism and sightseeing. Tours that they may offer are to beaches, lakes, rivers, deep forests and many more for sightseeing. The Forest Holidays offers a Forest Ranger activities and real life forest adventures, night time expeditions on the hunt for nocturnal forest dwellers. One of the holidays they provide is safaris, tours, trips, sightseeing destinations and bear watching holidays.

Relating to a special interest

A special interest holiday is when you have an interest in something and you plan to do it, is a passion or just interest a person has for example someone could have a great passion for painting, and they might want to visit Barcelona to see Gaudi’s artwork. Holiday artists ( Holiday artists is a small integrated tour operator which provides painting holidays, tuitions to places abroad for people who have a passion for painting with some of the best artists. Golf Breaks ( )

Golf Breaks is a medium independent tour operator which specialises in providing gold holidays, including tours and luxury holidays. Grape Escapes ( Grape Escapes is a medium independent tour operator which specialises in providing wine tasting tours across Europe. One of the holidays they offer is to Portugal, which is set in a private 13 acre ground and includes a beautiful garden, heated swimming pool and Jacuzzi.

The tutor is Margaret Ruddy, owner of Quinta Artista. One of the holidays they offer is to the USA Saddlebrook gold resort, which includes 4 rounds of golf in a 7 night stay, choices from Saddlebrook course or Palmer Course. One of the holidays they offer is to France for Champagne tours. 7 nights’ room only at Saddlebrook Resort and 4 rounds of golf (Saddlebrook Course or Palmer Course)

7 nights’ room only at Saddlebrook Resort and 4 rounds of golf (Saddlebrook Course or Palmer Course) 7 nights’ room only at Saddlebrook Resort and 4 rounds of golf (Saddlebrook Course or Palmer Course)

Sports tourism

Sports tourism is when you travel to see a sport live, for example when you go watch live football, the World Cup finals etc. Or when you go to a different country to play the sport this can be tennis, horse riding etc. GoLearnTo ( )

GoLearnTo is a small independent tour operator which specialises in providing sports holidays.

Sports tours international

Sports tours international is a big integrated tour operator which specialises in providing sports holidays.

Kuoni is a medium independent tour operator which specialises in providing family sports holidays. One of the holidays they offer is surfing, to discover your adrenaline rush with an amazing range of surfing camps. One of the holidays it provides is Cycling in Belgium for the Ghent six day events, it provides transport facilities. One of the holidays it provides is to sports academies in Italy, to the new Luxury Caribbean resort and many more places.

Dark tourism

Dark tourism is also known as disaster tourism which is when you visit a place where something disastrous such as a death or where people have suffered. Viator (
Viator a medium independent tour operator which specialises and provides tours for dark tourism. Andalucía ( ) Andalucía is a small independent tour operator which specialises in providing dark tourism holidays and to visit dark deeds and black moments of Andalucía.

Responsible Travel (

Responsible travel is medium integrated tour operator which specialises in providing dark tourism. One of the tours they offer is to concentration camps; they offer guided tours which explain the backgrounds of the places. One of the tours they offer is to Granada, where an openly gay writer was shot by a soldier in the village. One of the holidays they offer is to natural disaster sites such as hurricane, volcanoes, tsunamis etc.

You may also be interested in the following: explore different types of occupational opportunities, explore different types of occupational opportunities

The different types of specialist tourism Essay

Tourism In Malaysia Essay

Tourism In Malaysia Essay.

Tourism means activities that occur when tourists travel and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than a year for business, leisure and etc. It is the second largest foreign exchange earner, after manufacturing.

Positive impact of tourism industry on economy
1. Contributed to foreign exchange earnings
Tourism expenditures and the export and import of related goods and services generate income to the host economy and can stimulate the investment necessary to finance growth in other economic sectors.

Some countries seek to accelerate this growth by requiring visitors to bring in a certain amount of foreign currency for each day of their stay

2. Contribution to government revenues
Government revenues from the tourism sector can be categorized as direct and indirect contributions.

Direct contributions are generated by taxes on incomes from tourism employment and tourism businesses, and by direct levies on tourists such as departure taxes.

Indirect contributions are those originated from taxes and duties levied on goods and services supplied to tourists.

3. Employment generation
Tourism generates jobs directly through hotels, restaurants, nightclubs, taxis, and souvenir sales, and indirectly through the supply of goods and services needed by tourism-related businesses.

4. Improved in Infrastructure
Local government to make infrastructure improvements such as better water and sewage systems, roads, electricity, telephone and public transport networks, improve the quality of life for residents as well as facilitate tourism.

5. Contribution to local economies
Tourism revenues are often used to measure the economic value of protected areas.

Not all tourist expenditures are formally registered in the macro-economic statistics.

Money is earned from tourism through informal employment such as street vendors, informal guides, rickshaw drivers, etc.

The positive side of informal or unreported employment is that the money is returned to the local economy, and has a great multiplier effect as it is spent over and over again.

Negative impact of tourism industry on economy
1. Leakages
A leakage occurs in tourism when money is lost from a destination area.

It is also called the amount of money that is drained out of an area due to tax payments, profits and wages paid outside the area and expenditure for imports.

This could be happened because of:

the hotels are owned by companies that operate in other countries and the profits are taken away from the local area. tourists demand standards of equipment, food and other products that the host country cannot supply. larger travel and tourism companies buy their goods and services centrally in order to get the best prices

2 type of leakages
Import leakage – This commonly occurs when tourists demand standards of equipment, food, and other products that the host country cannot supply. Export leakage – Multinational corporations and large foreign businesses have a substantial share in the import leakage. Often, especially in poor developing destinations, they are the only ones that possess the necessary capital to invest in the construction of tourism infrastructure and facilities

2. Infrastructure cost
Tourism development can cost the local government and local taxpayers a great deal of money. Cost is taken from tax revenues

3. Increase in prices
Extra charges may be levied on the local community to finance facilities and services for visitors. Through their taxes, local people may have to pay for facilities such as tourist information centres and museums, which are primarily for the benefit of tourists. Increasing demand for basic services and goods from tourists will often cause price hikes that negatively affect local residents whose income does not increase proportionately.

4. Decline Of Traditional Employment And Seasonal Unemployment

Tourism development can lead to the loss of traditional jobs, when workers move from industries such as farming, forestry, mining and fishing into service jobs in tourism.

Seasonal unemployment can be a problem in tourist destinations that are not active all year round, putting extra strain on local and national government resources.

Challenges of tourism

1. Crime

Although there is crime in most countries, in Malaysia there is a higher chance of being a victim of crime because tourists are targets or crime. The most common crime involves thieves snatching bags and speeding away on motorbikes. People were concerned about security issues in the wake of the terrorist attack

2. Over-development

Resident business owners seek to capitalize on the economic windfall of tourism through increased construction. unplanned development of tourist areas contributes to degradation in environmental quality such as deterioration of water quality, air, noise and damage to natural sources


Political protest can cause decrease in tourism.

ex: Thailand.

Political crisis started form Nov last year, Bangkok has seen a sudden decrease in tourism. According to the TAT, if nothing is done to curb the political unrest, Thailand’s tourism industry might face a huge loss in the coming high season from November 2014 to March 2015.

4. Competition by other countries

Other countries like Egypt has one of the seven wonders in the world. Great wall of China in China and other main attraction like Colloseum, Taj Mahal and others. we are not that famous compared to other countries.

due to lack of advertisements about Malaysia in their countries.


The tourism industry in Malaysia is regarded as one of the second largest foreign exchange after manufacturing sectors. Tourist industry has seen as income and earnings generated in many developing countries. Factors affecting tourism industry

1. Safety and comfort

Safety and comfort factors include a safe beach environment, which provides good accommodations and services, complete and comfortable as well as having wide selection of food and souvenirs, made of this factor as the main factor for visitors to visit

2. Facilities provided

facilities provided, such as garbage collection, public toilets, recreation facilities and playgrounds.

factors of tourists to come to a certain tourist destination is because of good and systematic transport links, and the allocation of time as well their knowledge of the place they visit.

The Malaysian capital now has good transportation links, including a network of highways and suburban rail lines and three mass transit lines, while the new international airport is an architectural triumph

3. Natural attraction

A visit to the Malaysian rain forest – the oldest in the world – is usually high on the list of visitors to the country. Along the rivers of Sarawak and Sabah are some highly unique native communities where people live in longhouses – entire villages housed under a single long roof. These are fast becoming major attractions for adventure travellers looking for unusual and authentic holiday experiences

Recovery Phase(1999-current)
Currency exchange rate: 1 USD= 2.427 MYR(1997) & 1 USD= 3.279 MYR. Malaysia able to recover in 1999 was supported by:

a) accommodating macroeconomic policies which focus on domestic economy. b) create the asset management company called “Danaharta” to overcome the problem of Non-Performing Loan(NPLs) among the bank sector. c) creation of government-backed re-capitalization agency which is called “Danamodal”. d) increase in investors’ demand and global demand for electronic . Although there is a depreciation of yen and regional currency in the early April 2001 which cause short term of capital outflow and the outbreak SARS and the Iraq war in 2003 did not adversely affect the growth of the Malaysian economy as the government took effective pre-emptive action. In May 2003, Malaysia government introduce the 4 new strategies to stimulate economic growth :

i. promote private sector investment
ii. strengthen nation’s competitiveness
iii. develop new sources of growth
iv. enhance the effectiveness of the delivery system.

Malaysia Economy Background

Malaysia was a strong performer in economic growth within the South-East Asia region in the early and mid-1990s. However, the country’s economy was hit hard during Asia Economic Crisis, which began in July 1997 started from Thailand. The crisis caused Malaysia economy contracted by 7.4 percent, and the Ringgit slipped by more than 40 percent until the country decided to implement currency and capital control, as well as pegged it currency- RM3.80 to USD1. However, the economy was able to recover strongly, particularly in 1999 and 2000, as the result of increased government spending and highly increased export sector. Malaysia had successfully to register averaged annual GDP growth rate at 5.9 percent since 2001. The country economic growth are transforming from depending on government spending and exports to become more driven by investment and private consumption, especially in the services sector.

Malaysia had taken the initiatives to reconstruct it economy, especially financial sector since 1997 Asia Financial Crisis. This enabled Malaysia’s economy did not hurt badly by the global financial crisis which began on November 2008 in US. However, the country’s economy is facing several problems internally and externally. These include of potential decreasing exports demand, higher commodity prices (due to Quantitative Easing (QE) Policy- worldwide, and Quantitative Easing 2 (QE2) – US), lower competitiveness in attracting FDI inflows, and challenges in gaining the high income country status.

Importance of FDI

1. Additional source of capital
The inflow of capital in the form of FDI allow host economics to invest in production activities Help to expanded host countries economics

2. Promoted exports and trade
The shift in exports in Malaysia reflects the structural information from being predominantly agriculture-based to predominantly industry-based Malaysia were able to shift quickly towards a manufacturing-based economy essentially through large inflows of export oriented FDI

3. Transfer new technology to the host country
FDI provides the fastest and most effective way to develop new technologies in developing host conutry It involves sharing skills, manufacturing methods and even entire facilities. It can also refer to the knowledge passed by scientific research institutions.

4. Creation of New Jobs
FDI created job opportunities investors build new corporations in these countries they create new job opportunities. This leads to an increment in income and the development of competition. reduce the poverty rate in a developing country.

Negative of FDI (CON)
1. Environment issues
FDI is concentrated in natural resource sectors of developing and less developed countries. Most of these countries have a less strict or non-existent regulatory regime. Sometimes countries deliberately attempt to exempt or loosen their regulatory requirements to attract FDI. 蓄意免除或放松自己的监管要求 However, while these countries can benefit from positive effects of investment, the negative effects of FDI on host country’s ecosystems and environment might bring disaster in the long run

2. Balance of effect payment
An increase in FDI inflows from the home country will result in an increase in imports in the host country from the home country. Foreign firm bring in own raw materials or intermediate goods from their country to host country As more investment flows in, the host country economy becomes more and more dependent on the production technology of MNE’s (multinational enterprises) home country. The host country will have to import more inputs and intermediate goods from the MNE’s home country, which might constrain the development in the domestic industry. If these investments are not export-oriented, the host country can suffer from trade deficits

3. Increase industry concentration
Multinational firms monopolize local-market
Local firms with small capital and lower technology cannot compete with the multinational firms

4. Disadvantages of capital inflow
Investment of a foreign company with its new technologies and products has several disadvantages for local businesses. New products arriving at lower prices create competition and force local businesses to lower their prices and reorganize their operations in terms of costs. Local businesses may lose their customers or even their business relations with other companies as they start cooperating with the new foreign one

Challenges of FDI
1. Rules and regulations
Foreign investors must consider regulations in Malaysia before making an investment There are list of sectors that government set the maximum foreign ownership up to 49% MSC Malaysia and Iskandar Malaysia allowed the foreign ownership up to 100%

2. Labour
To ensure smooth production and operation, foreign investors need to look at qualified and adequate supply of labour The plight of Malaysian skilled labour means that foreign investors need to bring other nationalities to work in their company in Malaysia

3. Legal and copyright issues
Although Malaysia has tight law regarding the copyright and patent, duplication and fakeries are not uncommon For example, Malaysia is one of the top 10 countries in software piracy percentage of total software used This brings an impact towards the software and gaming industry

4. Ethics issues
Foreign investors especially from Western countries need to aware of the differences and sensitivity in Malaysian culture Four states in Malaysia have the weekends on Friday instead of Sunday Any statement that touched the sensitivity such as religion and culture differences can jeopardise the foreign investors’ image even investment itself

Strategy to attract FDI into Malaysia
1. Business infrastructure
the better the infrastructure of the host country, the more attractive it is to FDI a good infrastructure will facilitate production activities as well as the distribution of output highway, airport, telecommunication

2. Human capital
The availability of skilled labour in the host country is a direct requirement of the multinational firms and affect the volume of FDI Msia have to skill up gradation through better training and efficient management

3. Market size
The larger the market size of the host country, the more attraction it is to FDI A large market size is conductive to an increase in demand for products and services, allow achievement of economics of scale

4. Political stability
Stable political condition in Malaysia help to reduce corruption, conflit and crime rate Social and political unrest 动荡 will lead to inflation volatility Investor lost confidence

You may also be interested in the following: how to promote tourism in malaysia

Tourism In Malaysia Essay

Happiest memory Essay

Happiest memory Essay.

I was given a chance to visit the Himalayas, to one of the concealed places in the province where a panoramic view was preserved. It was very provincial and solemn. Its coniferous and subtropical forests, wetlands, and montane grasslands are as much a part of this world as the inhospitable, frozen mountaintops that tower above. The mountains were the wrinkles of age and pimples of youth on Earth’s crusty outer skin. They rose up as the crust collides, cracks, crumbles, folds, and spews.

They dominated their surroundings with towering height. I clearly remember when I was on my way there that the emerald shade produced by the different kinds of trees were smiling and alluring me to join them.

However, what I first saw was just superficial compared to its hidden beauty awaiting me, as I explored the place, especially when I went around the surrounding area where the sun ate away the darkness. Since it was miles away from the city, I had to climb up the mountain.

But, as I finally reached its zenith, I could step on the fogs as they rose going up to the sky and formed as clouds; I could feel that I was on the top of the world, thus the cold dewdrops touched my toes as they dispersed and went along with the air.

After a while, I didn’t know that I still had to clamber down to finally reach another astonishing place. From there, I stayed in my grandfather’s ancestral house. Nearby, I could see the hills planted with rice. Their fronds were swaying and dancing as the wind blew. Some were brimming with the golden yellow grains ready to harvest. At the backyard, an array of different trees weighed down with copious fruits that were mouthwatering. On the other side, were bountiful vegetables watered with love and care. These plants were within a reach which served as our everyday food.

The tour guide took me to one part of their place which truly took my breath away; to my surprise, they let me ride at the back of their _Carabao_‎, thus, I felt the tail of it at as it swung from side to side. As I got there, I was amazed at what I saw! The river was crystal clear; the pebbles were like diamonds that glittered in the water. I even felt like bathing in the river and it felt good knowing that the river was unpolluted. I didn’t even see any moss nor trash, instead just dried leaves falling from the trees that surrounded it, but I was oblivious as to where the water took the leaves as they swam away from my sight.

Furthermore at night, the place was covered with darkness since there was no electricity in the place, however, thanks to the moonlight, for it lit the entire place, plus the flashing lights of fireflies were everywhere providing at least a little bit of glow that made the night more beautiful. Gazing upon the sky, I was struck by the darkness of the night, darker than smeared charcoal, small splashes of gold glittering here and there as if an artist had brazenly attempted to light it without aim; smoky grey clouds deteriorate under the florescent silver beams of the moon, as if they were shadows to be banished. The stars were like diamonds illuminated in the sky thus making me realise how spectacular the place was. For me, it was really the best place I have ever been.

Whatever I experienced from that place will be kept in my heart and memory forever because I know that it is probably the last time I will see that place as beautiful and conserved as it was. I hope that the people living there will continually take good care of their environment as much as they care and value themselves. My heart pounds and shrieks with some strong attachment as I feel as if there is a powerful force in my soul clinging and digging itself into the mountain, urging me not to let go. I believed that I was protected by the wings of nature and as if I was away from the demands of the mortal world.

Happiest memory Essay

An unforgettable visit to Dubai Essay

An unforgettable visit to Dubai Essay.

As I sat in the car waiting impatiently to reach there, I though about my all-time dream coming true, visiting the modern wonder, Dubai.

Since the United Arab Emirates were formed in 1971, Dubai has always been the most resourceful, united and modern of all. It has been very famous for a lot of tourist attractions like Burj Al Arab and Emirates towers.

Additionally, the highest tower in the world, Dubai tower is currently being built and an above-ground metro is being designed for safe, fast transport around the city and its neighbouring Emirates.

As I entered the city, many thoughts about where to go and what to do swarmed past my mind. First, I went to the hotel I am staying in and checked in. Around me was a new world, places to discover, scenery to see and buildings to watch.

The city was completely modern and the skyscrapers gave it an even more modern look. But, according to the previous Sheikh’s point of view it is not buildings which build up a city but instead: knowledge, education and awareness is what matters most.

After I left my room, I headed to Al Mamzar park and beach, these place were so natural and although they were surrounded by traffic and pollution, I could easily notice the smell of nature around me. After that I went to the biggest mall in the middle east, Emirates mall. In this gigantic trading centre, I bought many souvenirs and traditional, hand-made goods. One of the most things I liked about shopping in Dubai is that it is completely tax-free. As for food, Dubai provides foods from over two hundred countries worldwide with professionally made dishes by international trademarks. Anyway, I chose to eat tradional Arabic food which I felt was the best I had tasted since years.

After visiting Aquaparks, skyscrapers, ancient remains, museums and malls, I realised how lucky I was to be in this wonderful place. “The blend of tradition and science.” The only problem I experienced in Dubai is that it’s a little over-crowded. One of the most important thing I noticed about Dubai and not in other countries is Safety. As I wandered along the busy roads, I noticed that a police car flew past me almost every two minutes.

I am really happy to fulfill my dream to visit Dubai and the U.A.E and I personally recommend you to visit this city and experience modern life along with a blend of culture and tradition.

An unforgettable visit to Dubai Essay