Understanding The Effects of the Death Penalty

Understanding The Effects of the Death Penalty

To locate the five articles, I utilized two databases: ProQuest and Google Scholar. These two databases contain a lot of peer-reviewed articles, which are suitable for this task. The databases are also free to access, which was essential in identifying what is ideal for this task. The keywords I used were “effects of the death penalty in America.”  When choosing articles, I chose the ones which appealed to me and were related to the program I am currently taking. The goal was to understand the death penalty from different aspects, which few people do.

Understanding The Effects of the Death Penalty

Kastellec (2020) was the first article I chose to assess. Racism and racial inequality have emerged as serious issues in the world today. The topic is a sore spot for society and has affected almost every societal pillar. This also includes the death penalty. Kastellec (2020) performs quantitative analysis to determine the role that racism plays in the death penalty to determine the racial discrepancy that appears when issuing the death penalty. This is a critical issue to understand.

Godcharles et al. (2019) also give vital insights regarding the racial split and gender disparity in death penalty support and the role that empathy plays in bridging the support gap. According to the report, while many people in the country support the death sentence, African Americans and women support it less. The study contributes to determining if empathy has a role in support for the practice. This article is important because these individuals will be on the jury, and understanding their state of mind concerning the death penalty will be beneficial in the future.

Sharp (2005) is also a good article for understanding the death penalty. The article discusses the impact of the death sentence on the accused’s relatives and loved ones. Often, when we advocate for the death penalty, the criminal justice system forgets that there are other victims of the act. The story is inspired by Anna Hauptmann, the spouse of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, who was charged with the murder of Charles Lindbergh’s baby. Bruno was sentenced to death despite many thinking he was innocent. The article highlights the suffering that family members of those sent to death row face. This is a perspective that many in my program, including me, may lack.

Desai and Garrett (2018) explain how the death penalty in the contemporary world. The article explains that the practice has declined and that only a few are engaging in the practice anymore. There have also been cases where individuals sent to death row keep appealing until the case is thrown out. This essay puts into perspective a fact about the death sentence that the media and society are unaware of: it is not a widespread occurrence.

Wu (2022) produces an essay in which she explains a qualitative analysis study that examines the influence of a high false conviction rate on the death sentence. The study intended to ascertain the impact of a wrongful conviction on a potential jury member. According to the research, people who learned of a false conviction were less inclined to support the death penalty. This exemplifies the impact of a mistaken conviction on the death sentence.

The link between these articles is that they all explain a different aspect of the death penalty, one that many do not know. This is why I chose these articles. They explain the death penalty from aspects that were previously hard to understand unless through reading about them.


Desai, A., & Garrett, B. L. (2018). The state of the death penalty. Notre Dame L. Rev.94, 1255.

Godcharles, B. D., Rad, J. D., Heide, K. M., Cochran, J. K., & Solomon, E. P. (2019). Can empathy close the racial divide and gender gap in death penalty support?. Behavioral sciences & the law37(1), 16-37.

Kastellec, J. P. (2021). Race, context, and judging on the Courts of Appeals: Race-based panel effects in death penalty cases. Justice System Journal42(3-4), 394-415.

Sharp, S. F. (2005). Hidden victims: The effects of the death penalty on families of the accused. Rutgers University Press.

Wu, S. (2022). The effect of wrongful conviction rate on death penalty support: a research note. Journal of Experimental Criminology18(4), 871-884.

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what are your thoughts on the current drug penalty laws

what are your thoughts on the current drug penalty laws?Do they seem “fair” in light of other crimes, such as murder, rape, kidnapping, etc? (use research to backup your argument) How has the war on drugs impacted prison populations? Are there any dangers associated with the drug penalties and prison overpopulation? What about the cost to the states and taxpayers? Are we not tough enough on drugs? What are the states and federal government doing to address these issues? ( Research places like California to see how they are dealing with prison overpopulation of non-violent offenders.) Please be sure to meet the requirements for posting in the discussion board. For more specifics, please refer to to the directions provided in the Start Here tab in eCampus. Do not forget your works cited. Since the above-mentioned web links/articles are all required for this discussion, you must include them in your works cited. Any additional research must be included in your sources as well.
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whether you believe the death penalty should be continued or abolished (2 different papers)

Read the inserts on pages 98 and 99(attached below) of your Criminology: The Core text. Respond to the questions raised about the deterrent effect of the death penalty, and make fact supported comments on whether you believe the death penalty should be continued or abolished.(use sources) <— This should be 1 document

Next document answer this: Start a new topic that relates to an issue in criminology or criminal justice. Make sure it is somehow related to:

Crime and Criminal Classifications
Data Collection and Reporting


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Types of capital punishment death penalty

By: Chris E-mail: emailprotected The idea of putting another human to death is hard to completely imagine. The physical mechanics involved in the act of execution are easy to grasp, but the emotions involved in carrying out a death sentence on another person, regardless of how much they deserve it, is beyond my own understanding. I know it must be painful, dehumanizing, and sickening. However, this act is sometimes necessary and it is our responsibility as a society to see that it is done. Many Americans will tell you why they are in favor of the death penalty. It is what they deserve. It prevents the murderer from ever murdering again. It removes the burden from taxpayers. We all live in a society with the same basic rights and guarantees. We have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness with equal opportunities. This is the basis for our society. It is the foundation on which everything else is built upon. When someone willfully and flagrantly attacks this foundation by murdering another, robbing them of all they are, and all they will ever be, then that person can no longer be a part of this society. The only method that completely separates cold-blooded murderers from our society is the death penalty. Many places all over the world have used the death penalty at one point or another. The Ancient Romans and the Judaic cultures practiced retributive justice. That type of justice uses the rule “an eye for an eye.” The United States picked up the act of capital punishment from the culturally similar continent of Europe. We picked it up in the 17th century. “An eye for an eye,” is what some Americans would say concerning the death penalty. Supporters of the death penalty ask the question, “Why should I have to pay to support a murderer for the rest of their natural life? Why not execute them and save society the cost of their keep?” Many Americans believe that the death penalty is wrong. However, it seems obvious to some Americans that the death penalty is a just and proper way to handle convicted murderers. Capital punishment is sometimes unfair in its administration. Statistics show that the poor and minorities are more likely to receive the death penalty. It can’t be disputed. Sadly, the rich are more likely to get off with a lesser sentence, and this bias is wrong. However, this is yet another problem of our current court system. The racial and economic bias is not a valid argument against the death penalty. It is an argument against the courts and their unfair system of sentencing. One argument of capital punishment is that there is a possibility of error. However, the chance that there might be an error is separate from the issue of whether the death penalty can be justified or not. If an error does occur, and an innocent person is executed, then the problem lies in the court system, not in the death penalty. Furthermore, most activities in our world, in which humans are involved, possess a possibility of injury or death. Construction, sports, driving, and air travel all offer the possibility of accidental death even though the highest levels of precautions are taken. These activities continue to take place, and continue to occasionally take human lives, because we have all decided, as a society, that the advantages outweigh the unintended loss. We have also decided that the advantages of having dangerous murderers removed from our society outweigh the losses of the offender. Crime in today’s world has become more gruesome with the times. With the crimes comes jail, so more jails are being built for the prisoners. More criminals are being sent to jail and getting the death penalty. Some feel that the death penalty is also a gruesome act of murder. People who commit crimes get what they deserve and if that’s the death penalty then they should get it, mostly because they are taking up our space and our time. Crimes have become a major pollution in this country. If people want to commit crimes so badly then they should pay for what they do. Gangs and organized crime have added more to this country’s problems. Some people think it is fun and some are just deranged. To put it simply, they shouldn’t do the crime if they can’t do the time, even though some people are committing crime and some of them are getting away with it. Today’s law system has many loop holes in it. This is what is putting gangs, drug dealers, and bad people on the streets. Lawyers are key weapons for these types of people, the lawyers help them get away with anything. A lot of people have been convicted of crimes and got away with it, due to their lawyers. The death penalty is a good punishment because people in this country deserve to feel safe. Some countries have had their crime rates lowered due to the abolishing of the death penalty, but we live in the U.S.A., a country of lawyers where money talks and you can’t trust everyone. The death penalty is good because most people are afraid of death. Even though the death penalty is gruesome to some, it is good for our nation because of the thing we have running around in our streets. This is why the death penalty is good. To put it plain and simple, the death penalty is an efficient way to lower crime in this country. Lawyers and money absolutely aren’t helping this country and its crime. People in this country should be able to trust each other, but it is sad that they cannot. Crime is something that nobody wants in this country, and they deserve to have that. Safety is also another feeling people deserve to have in this country, as long as drug dealers, gangs, and mobs are running the streets this country is a long way from that. Throughout history, governments have been extremely inventive in devising ways to execute people. Executions inflicted in the past are now regarded today as ghastly, barbaric, and unthinkable and are forbidden by law almost everywhere. Common historical methods of execution included: stoning, crucifixion, burning, breaking on the wheel, drawing and quartering, peine forte et dure, garroting, beheading or decapitation, shooting and hanging. These types of punishments today are considered cruel and unusual. In the United States, the death penalty is currently authorized in one of five ways: firing squad, hanging, gas chamber, electrocution, and lethal injection. These methods of execution compared to those of the past are not meant for torture, but meant for punishment for the crime. In the United States, the main objection to capital punishment has been that it was always used unfairly, in at least three major ways. First, females are rarely sentenced to death and executed, even though women committed 20 percent of all murders that have occurred in recent years. Second, a disproportionate number of nonwhites are sentenced to death and executed. A black man who kills a white person is 11 times more likely to receive the death penalty than a white man who kills a black person. In Texas in 1991, blacks made up 12 percent of the population, but 48 percent of the prison population and 55.5 percent of those on death row are black (USDBJS). Before the 1970s, when the death penalty for rape was still used in many states, no white men were guilty of raping nonwhite women, whereas most black offenders found guilty of raping a white woman were executed. This data shows how the death penalty can discriminate and be used on certain races rather than equally as punishment for severe crimes. And third, poor and friendless defendants, those who are inexperienced or have court-appointed counsel, are most likely to be sentenced to death and executed. Defenders of the death penalty, however, argue that because nothing found in the laws of capital punishment causes sexist, racist, or class bias in its use, these kinds of discrimination are not a sufficient reason for abolishing the death penalty on the idea that it discriminates or violates the 8th Amendment of the United States Constitution. Opponents of capital punishment have replied to this by saying that the death penalty is subject to miscarriage of justice and that it would be impossible to administer fairly. In the 1970s, a series of U.S. Supreme Court decisions made the death penalty in the U.S. unconstitutional, if it is mandatory, if it is imposed without providing courts with adequate guidance to make the right decision in the severity of the sentence, or if it is imposed for a crime that does not take or threaten the life of another human being. The death penalty was also confined to crimes of murder, including felony murder. A felony murder is any homicide committed in the course of committing another felony, such as rape or robbery. After the 1972 court ruling that all but a few capital statutes were unconstitutional, thirty-seven states revised and reenacted their death penalty laws. In 1989 the Supreme Court decided that the death penalty could be used on those who were mentally retarded or underage (but 16 years and over) at the time of the killing. A trend that the Supreme Court is following is making a cut back on the appeals that death row inmates could make to the federal courts. I feel strongly toward using the death penalty as punishment for unspeakable crimes. I feel that it is a deterrent for criminal activity because of its severity and it will never allow a murderer to kill again and destroy another family. The death penalty is not a problem if all avenues have been investigated and nothing is questionable. I do, however, feel that restrictions should be put on its uses. Not all crimes deserve the death penalty. Let the punishment fit the crime. If a criminal performs a premeditated heinous murder he should be put to death. It is that simple. If the convicted offender shows no remorse for his actions, then the decision should be even easier. Repeat offenders and people who enjoy killing do not deserve to walk our street. I feel that it is important to send a message to all future “thrill-killers” that taking the life of another human is wrong and if they decide to try it, they must face the consequences-Death. Abolitionists have long argued that deterrence is little more than an assumption, that most murders cannot be rationally deterred by any penalty, including death. They are crimes of passion, committed in moments of intense rage, frustration, hatred, or fear, when the killers aren’t thinking clearly of the personal consequences of what they do. I respect their beliefs, but I still believe in its deterrence value. I believe the serial murderers that continuously kill should be put to death so that no more lives will be lost. Most retentionists (people for capital punishment) argue that none of this statistical evidence proves that capital punishment does not deter potential criminals. There is absolutely no way to prove, with any certainty, how many would-be murderers were in fact deterred from killing. They point out that the murder rate in any given state depends on many things besides whether or not that state has capital punishment. They cite such factors as the proportion of urban residents in the state, the level of economic prosperity, and the social and racial makeup of the population. But a small minority is ready to believe in these statistics and to abandon the deterrence argument. But they defend the death penalty based on other arguments, relying primarily on the need to protect society from killers who are considered high risks for killing again. Incapacitation is another controversial aspect of the death penalty. Abolitionists say condemning a person to death removes any possibility of rehabilitation. They are confident in the life-sentence presenting the possibility of rehabilitating the convict. But rehabilitation is a myth. The state does not know how to rehabilitate people because there are plenty of convicted murderers who kill again. The life-sentence is also a myth because of overcrowding in the prisons. Early parole has released convicted murderers and they still continue to murder. Some escape and murder again, while others have murdered someone in prison. There are countless stories in prisons where a violent inmate kills another for his piece of chicken. Incapacitation is not solely meant as deterrence but is meant to maximize public safety by removing any possibility of a convicted murderer to murder again. The issue of execution of an innocent person is troubling to both abolitionists and retentionists alike. Some people are frightened of this possibility enough to be convinced that capital punishment should be abolished. This is not true at all. The execution of innocent people is very rare because there are many safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty. There is legal assistance provided and an automatic appeal for persons convicted of capital crimes. Persons under the age of eighteen, pregnant women, new mothers or persons who have become insane can not be sentenced to death. Retentionists argue almost all human activities, ranging from trucking to construction, costs the lives of some innocent bystanders. These activities can not be simply abandoned, because the advantages outweigh the losses. Capital punishment saves lives as well as takes them. We must accept the few risks of wrongful deaths for the sake of defending public safety. One reason why the death penalty is so controversial is because many feel its cruel ways of punishment are unnecessary, even if the crime is murder, whether it be premeditated or unintentional. They believe there are other ways of condemnation besides execution. In the case of an unintentional death, feelings are that the perpetrators should have the right to live, but have to face each day with the fact that they killed someone weighing on their conscience. On the other hand, such as with a voluntary murder, the ideas are somewhat similar. They believe the murderer doesn’t deserve the death penalty. Chances are if a person is insane enough to kill another human being in the first place, they aren’t going to care what happens to them. They realize that their execution, in most cases, is going to be short and painless. This isn’t a just punishment for someone who has inflicted severe pain upon another life. Our court system, after initiating a life sentence without parole, should not offer these killers the comforts they have in jail. They should be treated more or less like animals. In short, let the ones who institute a crime unwillingly live, but do not let the punishment be as severe as it would for a voluntary criminal. I am all for Capital Punishment. I think that if you kill someone you should be given the death penalty. I think that the death of the killer would give family and friends a bit of ease over the death. Also the death should not be prolonged and should be done immediately. By giving the death penalty to some one it is fair and very just to me. If you kill someone, you deserve to die and not stay in jail.. If a man kills a man and is convicted he should be ready to die next. When you give a killer the death penalty it would reassure the people close to the victim it would not happen again. Also, it gives them the feeling that the death has been avenged. A family will feel less pain if the killer dies like he should. The death penalty should be given the day after conviction. When a killer stays in prison he takes up space in already over crowed prisons. Most people would want this so murderers can live in prison off of other peoples’ hard earned money. My position for the death penalty is clear that I think it is a good idea. If you kill someone you should prepare to die the next day. Now that you have read this, what is your opinion? Bibliography Works Cited Alexander, C.C. “Death Penalty Is Wrong For Revenge or Any Reason.” Capital Times 28 Mar. 1996, http://www.elibrary.com. Bradshaw, James. “Death Row Inmate Wants It Over With.” The Columbus Dispatch 2 Feb. 2000, Sec A: p. 1. “The Executionee’s Song.” Time 8 January 1997: 69. “Getting Blood on our Hands.” Capital Times 14 Aug. 1995, http://www.elibrary.com. Phillips, Andrew. “Column: The Long Needle of Justice.” Maclean’s 28 Feb. 2000: 43 +, http://www.elibrary.com. Rosenkrans, Brian. “Killers Deserve the Death Penalty.” Daily Mississippian 20 Aug. 1999, http://www.elibrary.com. Monk, Richard C. Ed. Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Crime and Criminology. Hartford, Connecticut: The Dushkin Publishing Group, 1993. Murchinson, William. “Why We Don’t Abolish the Death Penalty.” The Dallas Morning News 10 February 1999, http://www.elibrary.com. Williams, Mary E., et al., Eds. Capital Punishment California: Greehaven Press, 2000. Witkin, Gordon. “The Place for Vengeance.” US News and World Report 16 Jn. 1997: 25-32. Word Count: 2695

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Should they death penalty be brought back into Australia? Essay

Should they death penalty be brought back into Australia? Essay.

The debate for restoration of the death penalty in Australia has been ongoing since the 1985 abolishment of capital punishment in Australia. Following the abolishment of capital punishment, Australia has not seen any rise in the number of homicides and murders, suggesting that execution does not deter criminals. Each time another heinous crime is committed, public outcry reignites the debate on the reintroduction of the death penalty. In Australia today many obstacles are preventing the restoration of the death penalty including the high cost of capital punishment and the history of innocent people being executed however recent political leaders have mentioned that the return of the death penalty could be appropriate.

The death penalty was abolished in Australia decades ago but the battle against capital punishment was left incomplete.

Since the abolishment of the death penalty in Australia, Australia has seen no dramatic rise to the number of homicides and murders. One of the major fears when abolishing capital punishment was an increasing number of murders.

This is evident in the _Australian Institute of Criminology_’s article: _”The argument for capital punishment usually hinges on the fear of increasing murder rates. Yet in Queensland, for example, in the decade prior to the abolition of capital punishment (1912-21), there were 131 murders, whereas in the decade following abolition (1923-32) there were 129 murders.”_ (Potas and Walker: 1987)

This information clearly shows that the abolishment of the death penalty did not lead to an increase in homicides and murders in Queensland. _Table 4_ (Potas and Walker: 1987) on the _Australian Institute of Criminology_ article also shows the effects of the abolishment on conviction rates for murder and manslaughter in the major states in Australia. From this graph, it is evident that the abolishment had no major effect on homicide trends in each state with the exception of South Australia. Capital punishment should not be brought back into Australia as execution has not deterred criminals.

The death penalty should not be brought back in Australia as it would be the Australian taxpayers that would pay the price as capital punishment is very expensive. Although many would believe that keeping a criminal under supervised imprisonment for life would be more expensive than the death penalty, the truth is that capital punishment is actually very expensive and costs much more than life imprisonment. The Australian Coalition Against Death Penalty (ACADP) is a human rights organisation which is dedicated to achieving total abolition of the death penalty in Australia.

In an article written by ACADP, it is evident that the procedures are longer in a capital case and _’one single capital case could cost…around $5.5 million [and] life imprisonment for 30 years costs $1.5 million.’_ (ACADP: 2003) The process of the capital system could be limited however, creating a cheaper alternative for capital trails but this answer would result in a higher possibility of convicting and executing an innocent person.

One of the main advantages of abolishing the death penalty is the reduced risk of executing an innocent person. In the past Australia has seen judicial errors including Australia’s last man hanged Ronald Ryan. Ryan was executed in 1967 when accused for murdering a prison guard when attempting to escape Pentridge Prison. _The Australian_’s story on Ronald Ryan states that _”Ryan could not have shot dead a warder during their dramatic escape… because the rifle he was using had jammed”_ (Hughes: 2007) It is now evident for Australia to see that _”the last man hanged in Australia was innocent”_ (Hughes 2007). The death penalty is a denial of human rights and it violates the right to life. The death penalty should not be brought back into Australia because it is neither right nor just to kill an innocent person.

While there are many reasons against the death penalty, the Australian government has continued the argument about the death penalty since the abolishment in 1985. In 2010, the Death Penalty Abolition Bill was debated in Federal Parliament. If passed, it would block any states attempt to bring back capital punishment. Since the debate, the bill has passed so now individual states have no power to reintroduce the death penalty, it is a federal responsibility. Recent political leaders including Kevin Rudd and Tony Abbott have mentioned instances where the death penalty might be appropriate. Tony Abbott, the opposition leader at the time, said _’in the case of someone who cold-bloodedly brought about the deaths of hundreds or thousands of innocent people… maybe the only appropriate punishment is death.’_ (Williams: 2010)

From this, it is evident that there is consideration for the death penalty to be brought back in Australia when an indictable crime is committed. Australian surveys also show a movement towards the restoration of capital punishment since in the Australian National University’s 2007 Electoral Survey ‘_44% of people thought the death penalty should be reintroduced”_ (Williams: 2010). This is an excessive increase from 1986 when capital punishment had only just been abolished where a national survey commissioned revealed ‘_only 26% of respondents felt that the death penalty was appropriate”_ (Potas and Walker: 1987). These statistics show that although Australia does not have the death penalty, the majority of the population supports its return.

In conclusion, the advantages of continuing the abolishment of the death penalty have overpowered the advantages of restoring the death penalty in Australia. Although Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott believed that capital punishment may be necessary in some cases, Australia has seen no rise the number of murders after the abolishment of the death penalty, therefore overriding the need to have capital punishment. Arguments such as the high cost for the death penalty and the past executions of innocent people also argue against the restoration of capital punishment. There are more arguments against the restoration of capital punishment so it is evident that the government has made the right decision to abolish the death penalty and not to restore it.



Australian Coalition Against Death Penalty 2003, _’_The High Cost of Capital Punishment’, _ABC Online Forum,_ viewed 2nd May 2014,

In this article, the Australian Coalition Against Death Penalty deliberates the high cost of capital punishment compared to the cost of life imprisonment. The author uses research from reliable lawyers and court cases to estimate the cost endured for one single capital case and life imprisonment. Their research aims to provide the public reader with reliable information and to warn them the expenses that they too will have to pay if capital punishment were to be brought back into Australia. The article is useful to my topic since the author debates against capital punishment being brought back into Australia due to the major tax increases that Australians would have to pay if it were to be brought back. The article has limitations however since the figures that the author has provided for the cost of both trials has only been estimated and without taking into account of any rising costs. Nonetheless this article is still relevant and will form one of my arguments to continue the abolishment of capital punishment in Australia.


Hughes, G 2007, ‘Ronald Ryan did not kill warder’, _The Australian,_ 21 December, viewed 31st May 2014,

In this article, Hughes explains the hanging of Australian’s last man; Ronald Ryan and how after 40 years, Ryan has been declared innocent. The author had used information coming from Ryan’s former accomplice as well as information from the trial in 1967 and more recent forensic information to uncover the mystery that has been ongoing for the last 40 years as to whether Ronald Ryan really did kill a prison guard or not. The article focuses on informing the public of the decision made by the Australian Government which has been proven to be wrong.

This article is useful as research for my essay as Hughes shows how the death penalty has executed innocent people in the past which is one of the reasons why Australia should not re-introduce capital punishment. This article is a limited source of information since it only discusses one innocent man that was executed in Australia. It is still useful however since it does show that capital punishment is not always judged correctly, executing innocent people. This article will be useful from my essay to debate whether the death penalty should or should not be brought back to Australia as it will give me another arguing point.


Potas, I & Walker, J 1987, ‘Capital Punishment’, _Australian Institute of Criminology,_ viewed 31st May 2014,

In this article, Potas and Walker presents material which they believe will inform readers about the disadvantages of the death penalty and why the debate should cease. They have gained reliable information to form their argument to change the reader’s point of view to theirs. The article focuses on putting events that have already occurred into perspective and showing the reasons for why we do not need the death penalty to punish criminals.

This article is useful as research for my essay as it gives information and statistics that help to support that the death penalty should not be brought back. The main limitation is that the article was written in 1987 which was only three years since the last state in Australia abolished the death penalty so the public’s opinion on it may have changed since this time. However, statistics and facts used from the time cannot be changed and still provide relevant and necessary information for my research. This article will provide a well-structured argument for my essay since it provides the reader with many interesting statistics and facts.


Williams, G 2010, ‘No death penalty, no shades of grey’ _Debate About Death Penalty,_ viewed 4th June 2014,

In this article Williams discusses a recent problem to the debate of the death penalty. The article aims to inform the public that the death penalty is still a relevant debate in today’s society through the use of interviews with Tony Abbott and other surveys in the past decade. The article focuses on _The Death Penalty Abolition Bill_ which has just recently been passed to block any state in the attempt to bring back capital punishment.

This article is useful for my research since it is a recent article and provides information that the debate on capital punishment continues in Australia today. The article is limited however since it does not provide the reader with more information about the surveys as to what sort of people have been surveyed. Nevertheless, this article will be useful as research for my essay as it provides lots of information and more recent facts about the death penalty.


Australian Coalition Against Death Penalty 2003, _’_The High Cost of Capital Punishment’, _ABC Online Forum,_ viewed 2nd May 2014,

_Australian Coalition Against Death Penalty,_ 2014, viewed 3rd June 2014, http://acadp.com/

_Death Penalty_, 2014_,_ viewed 2nd June 2014,

Hughes, G 2007, ‘Ronald Ryan did not kill warder’, _The Australian,_ 21 December, viewed 31st May 2014,

Potas, I & Walker, J 1987, ‘Capital Punishment’, _Australian Institute of Criminology,_ viewed 31st May 2014,

Should they death penalty be brought back into Australia? Essay

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