Why is it important to create a detailed outline for your essay?

Creating a detailed outline for your essay is important for several reasons:

  1. Organization: An outline helps you organize your thoughts and ideas logically and coherently. By outlining your essay, you can ensure that your arguments and ideas flow clearly and logically, making it easier for your reader to follow and understand your main points.
  2. Efficiency: A detailed outline can help you save time in the long run. By creating a roadmap for your essay, you can ensure that you stay on track and don’t waste time writing content that doesn’t contribute to your overall argument.
  3. Clarity: An outline can help you identify gaps in your argument or areas needing further development. Reviewing your outline ensures that your essay is well-structured and includes all the necessary information to support your thesis.
  4. Revision: A detailed outline can also make the revision process easier. If you encounter any problems or inconsistencies while writing your essay, you can refer to your outline to see where you went off track and make any necessary changes.

In summary, creating a detailed outline for your essay is a crucial step in the writing process that can help you organize your thoughts, save time, improve clarity, and streamline the revision process.

How difficult was it for you to move from your prewriting in Week 2 to your basic three-point outline here?

For some people, prewriting is a valuable tool that helps them generate ideas and organize their thoughts. Moving from prewriting to a basic three-point outline can be a natural and straightforward process. They may find that the ideas they generated in the prewriting phase easily fit into the outline format.

On the other hand, some people may struggle with the transition from prewriting to outlining. They may find their ideas scattered or disjointed and have difficulty putting them into a coherent outline. In this case, it may be helpful to revisit the prewriting phase and spend more time developing and refining ideas before creating an outline.

Overall, the difficulty of moving from prewriting to a basic three-point outline can vary depending on the individual’s writing process and the complexity of the assignment. With practice, however, most writers can become more comfortable with this process and develop effective strategies for organizing their ideas.

How difficult was it for you to develop vivid supporting details?

To develop vivid supporting details, you must clearly understand the main points you want to make in your essay. Once you have identified your main points, you can brainstorm supporting details that illustrate and reinforce your argument.

One helpful strategy for developing vivid supporting details is to use sensory language that appeals to the reader’s senses. For example, instead of simply stating that a place is beautiful, you could describe the colors, textures, and sounds that make it so. Using descriptive language that engages the reader’s imagination can create a more vivid and engaging picture.

Another effective technique for developing supporting details is to draw on personal experiences or anecdotes that illustrate your argument. Sharing personal stories or examples can help your reader connect with your argument more emotionally and make it more memorable.

In summary, developing vivid supporting details can be challenging, but with careful planning, brainstorming, sensory language and personal anecdotes, writers can create compelling and persuasive essays that engage their readers.

After outlining your main points, sub-topics, and vivid supporting details, do you feel more comfortable about writing a five-paragraph essay?

A detailed outline helps to provide a roadmap for the essay, ensuring that each paragraph contributes to the overall argument and supports the thesis statement. By breaking down the essay into specific sections, the writer can focus on developing each idea in detail without feeling overwhelmed or unsure of what to write.

A well-structured outline can help writer manage their time more effectively. By identifying the main points, sub-topics, and supporting details in advance, the writer can allocate the appropriate amount of time to each section, ensuring they have enough time to develop each idea fully.

In summary, a detailed outline can provide a solid foundation for a five-paragraph essay, making the writing process more manageable and efficient. Using the outline as a guide, writers can focus on developing each idea in detail and create a compelling and persuasive essay supporting their thesis statement.

Other areas of cultural difference only minimally affect how gender is understood and valued in a culture; gender itself is the strongest component of culture.

While gender may be a significant component of culture, other factors such as religion, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and historical context can also influence how gender is viewed and treated within a particular culture. These factors can affect how individuals are socialized, the roles and expectations assigned to men and women, and the extent to which gender equality is promoted and achieved.

Therefore, it is important to acknowledge and understand the complex interplay between gender and other cultural factors when examining gender issues in different societies.

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Scholar Essay

Scholar Essay

The framers established the Bill of Rights at a time of great mistrust, with civilians seeing the federal government as a potential threat characterized by oppression. For this reason, the earliest amendments to the U.S. Constitution enunciate broad principles that limit the powers of governments and associated institutions, such as law enforcement agencies (Chhablani, 2009). For instance, the Sixth Amendment provides more particularized rules tasked with safeguarding life and individual liberty. The amendment goes a long way in guaranteeing the rights of any criminal defendant: the right to an attorney, know who the accusers are, speedy trial, the nature of charges, as well as evidence against him or her, and an impartial jury. However, media exposure and other factors commingle to undermine the impartiality of the courts and the due process of the law. Consequently, this paper identifies threats to the rights provided under the Sixth Amendment, strategies the courts can use to ensure fundamental fairness, in addition to examining important aspects of the amendment in three historical cases.

Part I

Identify what options are available to the courts to ensure the fundamental fairness that may be threatened by media exposure.

Although the Constitution is yet to specify devices necessary for curtailing potentially extreme and prejudicial media coverage, the U.S. Supreme Court and other courts have utilized several approaches to achieve fundamental fairness by reducing media influence in court proceedings and outcomes. The first option involves the constitutional assumption that a defendant is ‘innocent until proven guilty’ (Chhablani, 2009, p. 489). Despite the potential onslaught by the media, courts prioritize innocence as one of the key elements of the due process. The jury objectively assesses all the evidence before the court to determine whether the accused is innocent or guilty to achieve this.

Another option available to the court is the higher courts’ discretion over lower courts’ rulings. The Supreme Court, for instance, can overturn convictions after establishing that biased media coverage played a central role in influencing the jury’s decision. Although this is one of the trickiest approaches, the courts should focus on the burden of evidence presented by the convicted individual. Clear evidence should comprise identifiable prejudice.

Besides the option of overturning a ruling, the courts can decide to use the gag order. This curtailing approach is a strict device as it helps with restricting the press from making public events, as well as proceedings surrounding given cases (Breheny & Kelly, 1995). Critics have argued that gag orders breach the various rights under the First Amendment because it is seen as an attempt of the courts to silence the media, freedom of speech or expression. In response to this resistance, some courts only restrain trial participants as a way of controlling the statements made by defendant attorneys. For instance, in Gentile v. Nevada (1991), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that any of the courts could issue orders preventing lawyers and other players from making materially biased statements.

Explain potential threats that exist when trying to protect the rights of the accused from a media frenzy.

The uncontrolled media coverage presents a wide range of challenges to the jury in its attempt to protect the defendant’s rights. One of the threats presented by a media frenzy is the availability of extraneous information that could play a central role in impacting the jury’s decision. Typically, the courts have difficulty measuring the impact of new and irresistible information, perceived as evidence, provided by the media. Given the powers to the First Amendment, the public is a party to any of the trials, which means the courts are required to adhere to full disclosure (Bakhshay & Haney, 2018). The right to an uninterrupted information flow has the potential to influence the ruling as the court is subjected to media scrutiny. 

Another threat is the exaggerated publicity characterized by unsupportive but unchallengeable views to the court. The accused should be made aware of the accusations and evidence available against him or her to counter with a strong defense. Still, the media’s active role is most likely to result in injustice by compelling the jury to impute media and public opinions into the whole process of determining the accused’s innocence or guilt (Chhablani, 2009). In other words, the press tends to respond to demands for information, presenting the court with a great deal of pretrial knowledge that the jury pool is least likely to distinguish from the actual evidence.

In a world that seems to record everything, describe how that presents an additional challenge to due process?

Media coverage involves various activities, including recording every bit of information in the courts: testimonies, arguments, counterarguments, dissenting voices, and majority decision. In essence, the press stores vital information for posterity purposes. This brings an additional challenge when it comes to ensuring impartiality and following the provisions of the due process. In particular, by recording everything, the media creates a dilemma in which the jury is divided between making rulings that conform to the public demand and remaining impartial (Deitch, 2018). The jury is not only entrusted with but also tasked with deciding the fate of the accused. In this respect, the jury is not expected to curtail media coverage but improve their ability to reach a just decision, which is least likely to be the case due to the pressure from the unchallengeable media information.

Identify one other threat to due process and successfully providing an impartial trial.

One other challenge to successfully overseeing an impartial trial, as well as to the due process, is the effect of high publicity on the witness demeanor. In most cases, witnesses required to testify before the jury in a highly publicized trial are most likely to be concerned about their anonymity and personal safety. At the same time, these witnesses tend to be stressed. Undoubtedly, these factors commingle to influence their demeanor, which is considered as one of the critical aspects of any testimonial evidence (Chhablani, 2009). When nervous, jurors tend to question the witness’s character and admissibility of their testimony as evidence. An intensified media coverage goes a long way in compromising the witnesses’ ability to remain unbiased and reliable.

Part II

In Press-Enterprises Co. v. Superior Court of California (1986), a nurse working in one of the facilities allegedly administered lethal doses of lidocaine, one of the heart drugs, to at least 12 patients. The District Court sealed and closed the proceedings transcripts and preliminary public hearings. When the Press-Enterprises Company appealed, the Supreme Court argued that the lower court failed to prove that media coverage could result in substantial prejudice. While overturning the ruling, the new standard replaced the previous rule that revolved around a reasonable likelihood of bias or prejudice. This case was based on the Sixth Amendment principles of fairness and the defendant’s right to be made aware of the evidence, accusers, and crime against him or her. By denying media access to the sensitive courtroom proceedings, the District Court deprived the public and the accused of their right to full disclosure and thus suggesting the possibility of foul play or impartiality behind the courts.

In Estes v. Texas (1965), the Supreme Court was asked by the appellant to overturn a previous ruling by the trial court, which he believed was influenced by biased media coverage. Billie Sol Estes was one of the high-rolling swindlers and a person who ended up gaining national notoriety in the case. He argued before the Supreme Court jury that the lower court chose to televise and broadcast his trial, thus denying him the right to due process. In his views, Estes firmly believed that the news photographers and the television crew engaged in activities that disrupted the trial. In its decision, the Supreme Court reversed the ruling, citing the various factions of the media that played a pivotal role in tainting the original jury, as well as the original jury. The most significant aspect of the Sixth Amendment, in this case, is the impartiality of the jury. Although the State of Texas argued that prejudice resulting from media’s direct and active involvement was not apparent, media coverage undermined the testimony presented by the witnesses, which in turn influenced the jury’s decision. The importance of the case’s outcome revolves around the fact that the legal system prioritizes the prevention of the probability of any forms of fairness in a judicial proceeding.

In Sheppard v. Maxwell (1966), the Supreme Court faced the challenge of determining specific elements of unfairness due to media coverage. The appeal by Sheppard alleged the jury was impartial and relied on media influence to determine the case. Dr. Sheppard’s pregnant wife was bludgeoned to death, and he was accused of the murder. However, the press coverage of the incidence was overwhelming. Given the pervasive communications and the far-reaching effect of the prejudicial publicity on the jurors’ minds, the court decided to reverse the previous ruling. The key aspect of the Sixth Amendment that featured in this case is the defendant’s right to protection the disruptive influences from other parties, including the public and media. Therefore, it was the court’s duty to establish whether the lower court had allowed the media to saturate the courtroom proceedings, thus denying the accused a fair trial.


Bakhshay, S. & Haney, C. (2018). The media’s impact on the right to a fair trial: A content analysis of pretrial publicity in capital cases. Psychology Public Policy and Law, 24(3), 326-340.

Breheny, B. & Kelly, E. (1995). Maintaining impartiality: Does media coverage of trials need to be curtailed? Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development, 10(2), Article 6, 371-401.

Chhablani, S. (2009). Disentangling the Sixth Amendment. Journal of Constitutional Law, 11(3), 487-550. https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1155&context=jcl

Deitch, B. (2018). The unconstitutionality of criminal jury selection. William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, 26(4), Article, 5, 1059-1080. https://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1859&context=wmborj

Gentile v. State Bar of Nevada, 501 U.S. 1030 (1991).

Sheppard v. Maxwell, 384 U.S. 333 (1966)

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My Cultural Identity Essay

My Cultural Identity Essay

In social geography, the term culture has been widely used by different authors and scholars to refer to the sum of life of a people or a group occupying a distinct area or location. This concept of human existence entails the way institutions are structured, people’s attitudes, food, musical work, religion, language, mode of dressing, values, and beliefs. Conversely, culture as a term can be used again to denote a nebulous structure of a people feeling in relation to their ordered set of life, modes of production, interaction as well how institutions are structured. Further, culture is thought to be a quagmire as it relates to both the way of life and the social practices of a people at a given geographical location.

My name is Justin; I have an African-American origin. My father is an African while my mother is an American. With regards to this, I have both an African and an American accent.  I am able to communicate in my native African language effectively and fostered the second language with the fact that I have chances of staying in the US where my mother works.  I have met and interacted with people in two nations but what stands out is a quantum thought of differentiating between the right and wrong regardless of where I am or what I am doing. By the end of the 19th Century, countries such as Asia, and other Europeans nations applied the term culture to differentiate between civilized groups from a primitive group of people. Surprisingly, the European culture was worshipped as the epitome of the ordered and desired  way of life. 

From the ancestral perspective, I have realized that culture dictates what I do as a person. From my an African background I can comfortably say that their forefather had a deep sense of culture which was exhibited through various forms including songs, artifacts, clothing, food, dances, and religion. These are the same rules which guided the social being of the whole community. Individuals who were found to have violated the rules were heavily punished or in extreme cases excommunicated from society. My father used to narrate that their great father used to worship their gods under certain trees and mountains which were considered holy and sacred. On the other side, my mother had a different view of the same story; she was born in a nation which was considered developed at least 200 years ago. Their way of doing things was different and informed by the concept of civilization. Their past cultures date back to the colonialism period where her great parents were among the people struggling to have a portion of the African continent. They lived in the developed homestead with enhanced security and clean water as well as healthy food.  On the contrary, my cultural identity is formed and informed by what I engage in on a daily basis; this includes the kind of music I listen to, the sort of food I consume, my choice of dress code, my religion, the family structure as well as art that appeals to my inner conscience. My belief system plays a central role in defining the type of song, either praise or worship and the timeline that it should be listened to. This aspect of livelihood helps me transverse through all the spheres of life when I am happy or sad, hoping everything will be okay.

The concept of globalization has influenced the traditional set of cultures. In the contemporary world, people can freely travel to different part of the world for different reasons such as adventure, trade or for political reasons. The interaction fostered by this aspect of human engagement has in one way or another influenced the way people talk and socialize with each other. As  such, some weak cultures may be absorbed by strong cultures thus losing their identities, as people learn new languages and ways of life, it is clear that some original concept of attachment is lost. As a student, I believe that there are numerous disciplines within the field of humanities, which can influence the way of life of a student but am compelled to note that only one has impacted my cultural identity as a person. I love music and art as they have elements of social constructs which store historical tales and pass them to the next generations. In particular, music has dramatically influenced my identity with regards to cultural history.  These concepts have been entirely used to inform other events within my circle, mainly when interacting with my peers.

Being an African-American, I find great pleasure in the cultural practices that revolve around the two cultures. This is majorly tailored in events where people from different walks of life have to meet for a common interest. Such occasions and merriments are highly observed across America. Every year is appealing and exciting as it brings many people together who share a common origin but have been separated by time and space. Such events have enabled me to have a different view of how I interact and relate with other people within my circle. And again, they serve as a grand reunion of families and friends who have a chance to share their in-depth understanding of cultures.  

Culture is a means through which human activities are regulated for a common reason. It is clear that my participation in cultural events has made me realize that we share cultural identities with other people indirectly. As we interact, I learn that different circumstances define individuals, and sometimes I wish other people could see and have a concise understanding of other people cultures. It is easy to learn and acquire unique cultures by being attractive; this is possible by migrating to new regions or by changing our social, economic as well as political perspective. With a keen analysis of culture, I realize that as much as we are different, we belong to many cultures at once though time and space influence how we interact.

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Admission/Application Essay

Admission/Application Essay

Dear sir/Madam

I have read the information about the Masters Program in Business Management at Stern School of Business, New York University with great interest in your website. I would like to put forward my candidacy for enrolment in this program through this letter.

In the course of my studies, my interest in business management has grown bigger since I perceive the skills and competency developed from this filed as crucial in building and maintaining a business strategy that leads to success. I am particularly captivated by tactics that organizations use to adjust to changes in customers’ needs and manage a profitable business in a turbulent business environment. Therefore, I see that advanced study through a Masters Program in Business Management will provide an exciting challenge for me to excel in business management. The globalized nature of the modern business world requires employees who can interpret trends and provide solutions to complex business challenges.  The Masters Program in Business Management at Stern School of Business, New York University is an essential springboard to a future career in Business.

I understand that the standard for admissions in your program is high and that it requires completing a rigorous and challenging curriculum. Not only am I passionate about my studies, but also naturally gifted and dedicated student with a strong belief that the Bachelor in Business Management program will be beneficial for my future career.

The Stern School of Business, New York University is the best choice for me since it offers a challenging and compelling Masters Program in Business Management that I believe will prepare me adequately to manage businesses effectively in the face of rapidly changing global business environment. Stern School of Business is an internationally renowned and one of the prestigious schools of business globally.  The professors at the university are highly talented and sophisticated to guide me through my quest to become a highly competitive business manager in the future. My previous educational experience and insatiable desire to manage businesses make me a good match for this program. I will be honored if considered a part of the Master’s programme in Business Management.

Yours sincerely,

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Why are you interested in a career in law enforcement?

Police organizations are instruments through which policing services are organized and delivered to the public. The primary function of the police force is crime prevention. As an aspiring police officer, it is crucial to understand how the organizational structure of the police department and its various practices influence its day-to-day functions.

Imagine you have completed your probationary period and are being interviewed for the post of police officer. Your hiring officer wants to evaluate your understanding of the practical implications of police theory and practices on its functions of crime prevention and keeping order.

Respond to the questions provided below. Do your research and choose 1 of the following formats to document your responses to your hiring officer:

A written speech of 700 words

A recorded video of 5-7 minutes (if you choose to record a video of yourself, please see the note at the end of this assignment)

Write or record your answers to each of the following questions as if you were responding to your hiring officer in an interview:

Why are you interested in a career in law enforcement?

Does legitimacy in the police force enable effective crime fighting? Explain how.

Is problem-oriented policing an answer to building partnerships with the public? Explain why.

Is civilianization a beneficial practice in police work? Provide reasons to support your answer.

What are bureaucracy’s positive and negative impacts on communication within a police department?

Which type of mentality makes the best police officer: warrior or guardian? Explain why.

Is the code of silence the desired police subculture? Explain why.

What impact has been seen with including women and minorities in the police force?

How does the contingency theory influence crime control?

How does the environment in which police organizations function influence their operational activities? Explain your reasoning in context with the appropriate policing theory.

Identify any sources you used to support your responses.

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Primary purpose of (EFQM) Excellence Model


The British Quality Foundation characterise an incredible organisation as one that accomplishes and maintains unrivalled levels of performance that meet or surpass the desires of the majority of their competitors. The EFQM Excellence Model is a settled, universally perceived, and system used to aid change and help organisations endeavour to be outstanding. Each organisation regardless of their motivation or sector or even development requires a management system to gauge their prosperity and the EFQM Excellence Model is a useful, non-prescriptive structure that can do simply that. The model gives a comprehensive perspective of an organisation and is utilised as an overall structure for creating practical brilliance (Asif, Searcy, Garvare & Ahmad 2011). For this case, this report will denote if Squire Hotel Group will be able to adopt the model. Therefore, the benefits, the weaknesses and the application of the model will be discussed in the report

Primary purpose of (EFQM) Excellence Model

The model is an assessment of oneself structure for measuring the qualities and regions for development of an organisation over every last bit of its exercises. The expression “fabulousness” is utilised because the Excellence Model spotlights on what an organisation does. While its sources lie in the private sector, open and intentional segment organisations can likewise have advantage from utilizing the Excellence Model (Asif, Searcy, Garvare & Ahmad 2011). It is non-prescriptive and does not include entirely taking after an arrangement of guidelines or principles, however, gives a broad and intelligible method of suppositions about what is needed for a decent organisation and its management. Everybody can utilise it in its particular manner to oversee and create change, under the control of the individuals who use the strategies instead of an outside evaluator.

The Model Implementation Process

Client Results, People Results, and Society results are accomplished through Leadership driving Policy and Strategy, People, Competitors, and Resources turning eventually to a fabulousness investment outcome.

            There are several criteria in the Model that support this reason and endeavour to cover all an organisation’s exercises. These nine thoughts are differentiated into Enablers and Results. The Enabler criteria are concerned with how the organisation acts, how it deals with its staff and assets, how it plans its methodology and how it audits and screens key techniques. The organisation’s Results are what it attains. These include the level of implementation among the organization’s workers and clients, its effect on the most extensive group and key performance markers. They are subdivided to portray in more detail the idea of Fabulousness. It looks on how well an organisation is getting along through a rundown of reasonable things to ask itself. The beginning stage of most organisations is to assemble proof pertinent to the nine criteria of the Model. It includes soliciting, for each from the criteria, ‘How great are we and how might we be able to enhance?’ Evidence may take an assortment of structures relying on the organisation. When this self-appraisal activity has been launched, the organization can make a move to enhance its performance. It will need assistance from the direction contained in the Model’s important productions or further preparing in the zone that needs change.

            The British Quality Foundation (BQF) has additionally added to a product device called “BQFsnapshot” that will run on most Windows-based PCs. It is expected to give a speedy and straightforward method for discovering how your organisation measures up to the qualities of Excellence. Albeit most organisations focus on enhancing their performance utilising the Model, it is conceivable to “score” performance against the criteria, giving an interior benchmark of change over a time of time.

Potential benefits

            The Excellence Model gives an all-encompassing system that efficiently addresses an exhaustive scope of authoritative quality issues furthermore offers regard for effects through the “outcomes” criteria (Asif, Searcy, Garvare & Ahmad 2011). It gives a reasonable judgment of an organisation’s exercises and is helpful for arranging as it connects what an organisation does and the outcomes it attains to, highlighting how they are accomplished.

            It looks to leads to a society of constant improvement. It is sufficiently adaptable to be utilised as a sector of nibble estimated pieces or for sectorial issues. An investigation of an organisation’s natural strategy under a solitary day and additionally giving a structure to a far-reaching survey of the entire organisation’s exercises for over a while. There is no necessity for outer acceptance, and the Excellence Model can be utilised. As an inside determined examination toward oneself, device permitting an organization to be as legit and as open as could reasonably be expected in gauging its performance (Asif, Searcy, Garvare & Ahmad 2011).

            Recording can furnish an organisation with an inside benchmark for its next self-evaluation, to catch patterns. It can likewise be utilized among organisations for some outside benchmarking and correlation. The Excellence Model burdens the significance of accord in surveying an organisation’s qualities and zones to progress.

The weaknesses of the EFQM approach

  1. Despite the fact that it has qualities, it has its massive shortcomings or, in EFQM dialect, Sectors for Improvements (AFIs). These are what I consider have dependable been huge ones.
  2. The utilisation of archived confirmation or the necessity to give “verification” (rather than affirmation) inside the evaluation toward oneself procedure is typically constrained
  3. Although the criteria, in principle, covers key issues, money related measures and results, the yield from the evaluation will just ever be on a par with the inputs permit. As far as I can tell of experiencing various evaluations, there is a practically general hesitance from the senior group to permit free access to this touchy data “warts and what not”. Thus, the rule of “Trash In – Garbage Out” (GIGO) ordinarily applies
  4. Although the criteria incorporate budgetary performance, it doesn’t do it insufficiently sufficient subtle element to permit a reasonable appraisal of the manageability of the business. Assessors may well take a gander at how plans are designated and oversaw, which is something worth thanks, however, supportability is the $10,000 question. Subsequently there have been various cases of recompense victors getting into business troubles a brief while in the wake of accepting an EFQM based grant. It could in this manner be contended that the model honours a misleadingly high score for organisations that are going bankrupt though in an “incredible” way. This highlight may well in sector disclose why it appears to have held its ubiquity somewhat more inside people in a general segment in the UK. In this division, monetary management pretty much is management of plans, and the issue of business manageability is not by any stretch of the imagination a component in the blend
  5. The appraisal does not recognise any reasonable “rights” and “wrongs” – simply an arrangement of “clouds” and “could do betters”. Sufficiently reasonable, you may think, yet as far as I can tell, quite often prompts the procedure’s strangulation by dormancy once the appraisal is finished. Normally the appraisal will yield upwards of 150 qualities and 150 AFIs, with no heading on needs (that is for the organisation to choose). The issue is that this abundance of information ordinarily totally overpowers the organisation and brings the procedure of change through self-appraisal to a sudden stop. You can have a lot of data
  6. The procedure, done legitimately, is staggeringly ravenous on assets and frequently battles to fulfil even the briefest of expense

Resources Needed To Implement the Model


            It is workable for the Excellence Model to be encouraged by one single person. Numerous organisations that have utilised the Excellence Model shape a little cross-useful group (3–4 individuals) to lead. Great organisations effortlessly follow the procedure as they are prone to be included in undertaking the Excellence Model. In keeping with its “Management” rule, a dynamic contribution to the management and senior figures in an organization will be needed (Selvam et al. 2011).

Proficiencies or skills

            These will differ relying upon how the organisation approaches the Excellence Model. When all is said and done, no authority abilities are obliged albeit numerous organisations look for outside preparing for staff in utilising the structure or decide to draw a facilitator to guide the methodology. Vital speculation and investigative attitudes will be helpful. Recognition with programming bundles will empower the organisation to utilize BQF snapshot for working through the Excellence Model. However, this is discretionary.

Staff time

            Once learned, evaluation toward oneself against the Excellence Model can be finished rapidly – inside days for an essential appraisal. Be that as it may, as a symptomatic instrument it highlights regions for activity and the time expected to address those activity focuses will change among organisations and may take a while. Organisations can include paid and deliberate staff, management clients, clients and different competitors simultaneously. Some piece of the rationale behind the Excellence Model is standard appraisal and survey. A few clients conduct yearly appraisals as a component of their ‘business arranging’ methodology.


            The BQF site contains a rundown of guides, experts, and open doors for offering best practice and a few distributions and reports. In addition, open and little organisations utilising the Excellence Model) – can be purchased for around £15 and £28 individually (Selvam et al. 2011). The site additionally contains data on the yearly UK Business Excellence Awards in view of evaluation against the Excellence Model.

            BQF has counsellors who have been prepared and endorsed to follow up for its sake. Any solicitations for help, exhortation or direction via email, phone, or letter are gone through to the Endorsed Adviser Network. Counsellors won’t charge for the first counsel with an organisation. For further discussion, a private plan with a counsellor can be made (Campatelli, Citti & Meneghin 2011).

            BQF run a progression of exhaustive one-day workshops for individuals and non-individuals. Every workshop costs around £125 + VAT for individuals and £250 + VAT for non-individuals. Some piece of the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO) is devoted to the distribution. A manual for the EFQM Excellence Model for the deliberate sector, which contains eight contextual investigations composed by medium and huge organisations that have utilized the Model

            Provincial Excellence Organisations additionally give a management called beta™ (Business Excellence through Action). In view of the Excellence Model, beta™ is a device for littler organisations and the individuals who are less acquainted with the Excellence Model. It means to bring the advantages of the Excellence Model to an organization without the troubles in taking in the dialect and expenses in setting up.

Development and support

            The European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) possesses the protected innovation of the Excellence Model. It is a not revenue driven enrolment establishment situated in Brussels and was situated up in 1989 by the CEOs of extensive European organisations.

            In the UK, BQF advances the Model. BQF is one of EFQM’s European national accomplice organisations (NPOs) that cover Europe. BQF and EFQM redesign the Model occasionally with info from organisations inside and without Europe.

Previous users of the Excellence Model

            The Excellence Model has wide appropriateness to organisations in all segments, of any size, in all phases of improvement. It can be utilised as a sector of a chomp measured organization or for organisations trying to see some or the majority of their exercises.

            In the USA it got its first application in 2000, the Malcolm Baldrige models key point was to expand aggressiveness of American organisations regarding quality as a reaction to solid aggressive Japanese organisations harvesting piece of the pie in abroad markets. In a comparative vein to the EFQM model it is taking into account various centre components specifically, visionary management, client driven, and incredibleness. Organisational and individual learning, Valuing representatives, and accomplices, deftness, concentrate on the future. Based on the nine criteria it is vital to consider the fact that the model has very unique value to the user. It is clear that the users are able to integrate their work process in order to ensure the best come out of better output from the study.  There are various ways that all the above could be integrated to ensure efficiency of the result after the analysis of the audits. The case organization will also use the seven criteria for better output (Charles, Lauras & Van Wassenhove 2010).

            A sample of the results can be used in other type of research in order to get the best out of the model. For example, an experience undertaken at one time could be used another time to develop a long-term plan and analysis. In this model, we take a gander at how pioneers aid, supports, represents the organisation alongside it manages a group, lawful and moral obligations. In the EFQM model, authority talks about creating and encouraging the accomplishment of both the mission and vision. Their activities and practices motivate others and empower change to guarantee manageability.

            Charles, Lauras & Van Wassenhove (2010) discovered exact confirmation to recommend that organizations that connected the model had the capacity find money related compensate straightforwardly. However, Charles, Lauras & Van Wassenhove (2010) in a further study showed that there are various merits that comes as a result of using the model. This has also been noted with bigger organizations around the world.  One of the organization that has been using the above model is Tesco.  Over the years, the company’s success has been attributed to this factor.

            Various scholars have recommended that some of the other quality management models are very basic and are not able to stand for quality assurance among organizations in the world. Therefore, they advocate the use of EFQM.  In short the brilliance model takes a gander at the “entire” as an amalgam of diverse sectors that are enhanced freely to each other instead of as an aggregate ventricular unit. This is a basic drawback affirmed by Jackson (2010) where the producer offers that a ‘performance of the whole framework is in a general sense dependent upon the communications. It is also noted that using other models during quality analysis has various demerits. For example, it is clear that the use of such models are craved towards meeting the needs and the demands of consumers who vale short-term quality needs and not that of the long-term. Therefore, the best option for European organization is the use of EFQM since most organizations have implemented it.

            Allowing more independence or enabling representatives comprehensively talking is the movement of choice making obligations from managers subordinate workers in a drive towards ‘full engagement’. However Doyle (1996) sees this as counterproductive as the conviction here is one where ‘strengthening is more myth than reality. Hierarchical changes presented under this heading are as a general rule, nonessential and that administrators are hesitant to surrender power.’ There exist a better way that could be used to develop an EFQM model in the world. There are various systems that could be adopted in order to get the best out of the results used. It is therefore ideal to state that the output of the model in the model. The implementation of the model to hotel industry will be an added advantage to the case company as this will offer the organization a chance to adopt the best quality management model.  Above all the management will also have the best course of action to handle quality issues in the workplace.

            EFQM as a model for its crude structure can be connected to any organisation in spite of shape or reality size. There remains an inquiry concerning whether this can be economical in the medium for a long haul. In answer, the grant framework looks to “drain” the methodology as well as to make long-term concern to the implantation of better codes to be used in the organizations. However, the code cannot be used when there is not right framework to be used. Therefore, steps must be considered before a better environment exists for the implantation process to take effect. Such changes need experts to undertake them for better work and quality adherence.

            Additionally the self-evaluation can be one-sided by implementers’ close to home perspectives. This purported ‘world perspective’ could restrain the data mined from the evaluation and uncover confirmation to bolster beforehand held supposition as opposed to truth, and certain bring most of the companies to a step that they are not able to come forth for analysis. It is noted that organisations that need to adopt the Model must ensure that they have the needed manpower that they could use for the implementation purpose. The value of the analysis process should also be considered so that the best could be attained.  The personnel have to be trained to handle the Model in the best way and manner.

            The model is also used as a source of information and data that can be used in decision making process.  Therefore, the management of such organisations must make sure that the best out of the data is used the best way to make decisions.  In addition, the model is there for hotel and hospitality organizations that need information for purposes of analysis and instruction giving as they improve the quality of their services. Cherished in the corporate culture then it will turn into an acknowledged and commendable component, to either Tesco or any organization on the loose. The analysis of information above deduces that there are various reasons that the model can be used in the hotel industry, but this should not be limited to only one department but also the others. For example, Squire Hotel Group of hotel can use the data collected and analyse the same with the model. The type of data is that given by clients as feedback. 


            From the analysis it is affirmed that the management can use the information above to make decision about the implementation of an EFQM model. The model has more merits that demerits hence considered as a better model for the study. Squire Hotel Group can weigh the value of their organisation and adopt the best part of the model that fits their needs. Managers got to be repelled with the model review it just as just ‘plaques and banners’ however this difference between the acknowledgment inside both sectors is telling.


Asif, M., Searcy, C., Garvare, R., & Ahmad, 2011, Including sustainability in business     excellence models. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence22(7), 773-786.

Bayo-Moriones, A., Merino-Díaz-de-Cerio, J., Escamilla-de-León, S. A., & Selvam, 2011, The    impact of ISO 9000 and EFQM on the use of flexible work practices. International   Journal of Production Economics130(1), 33-42.

Campatelli, G., Citti, P., & Meneghin, 2011, Development of a simplified approach based on the EFQM model and Six Sigma for the implementation of TQM principles in a university     administration. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence22(7), 691-704.

Charles, A., Lauras, M., & Van Wassenhove, 2010, A model to define and assess the agility of    supply chains: building on humanitarian experience.International Journal of Physical      Distribution & Logistics Management40(8/9), 722-741.

Gemoets, 2009, ’’EFQM Transition Guide-How to upgrade to the EFQM Excellence Model             2010’’. Brussels: EFQM.

Guide, E, 2009,  How to upgrade to the EFQM Excellence Model 2010.EFQM, Bruksela.

Heras-Saizarbitoria, I., Marimon, F., & Casadesús, 2012), An empirical study of the         relationships within the categories of the EFQM model. Total Quality Management &   Business Excellence23(5-6), 523-540.

José Tarí, J., & Molina-Azorín, 2010,  Integration of quality management and        environmental             management systems: Similarities and the role of the EFQM model. The    TQM    Journal22(6), 687-701.

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Privacy Act in relation to the Federal Act

Privacy Act in relation to the Federal Act

The stated Privacy Act of 1974 protects the public from a possible privacy breach by the Federal agencies use of personal records. The law basically allows a person to know how the Federal government gets, uses and destroys his data. It also allows a person to get access to most personal information that the federal agencies keep; in addition, they can seek corrections on any incomplete, wrong, irrelevant or untimely information.

Privacy Act in relation to the Federal Act

The privacy act still applies to any personal information that the executive branch of the federal government agencies has on an individual. About the executive branch, those implicated include departments that deal with corporations, military, cabinet and government. Agencies, that include both government and interdependent. Government-controlled corporations and other executive branch institutions. In addition all agencies subject to the Freedom of Information Act fall under the Freedom Act. However, records kept by private organizations or companies or the local and state governments often do not apply to the privacy act

In a broader perspective the Privacy Act only applies to records stored within a recording system. The system of record idea is new to the privacy act and thus needs further clarification. The record is defined within the act to incorporate mostly personal data kept by an agency on a person. From that description a personal record has data that is familiar but not bound to information history on: educational background, employment, transactions, medical or criminal information. Not all the personal information is kept within the system records. The privacy act is not subject to such information; however permission may be requested under the FOIA.

Many of the personal information files in government often fall under the jurisdiction of the Privacy Act. Meaning Federal agencies records requirements are created within the policies of the Privacy Act. In accordance to personal information, there are procedural and substantive rights that relate to individuals. First, it dictates that the government agencies show a person any personal record kept on him/her. Secondly it calls for the adherence to the fair information practices within the agencies, while handling or collecting any personal information. Thirdly, it places boundaries on how an individual’s data can be shared within the agencies. Lastly the act allows individuals to take legal action in case their rights are violated by the government.

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Leukemia treatment



Leukemia treatment is complex. It varies with the type of leukemia and is not the same for all patients. The doctor creates a leukemia treatment plan to fit each patient’s needs. The leukemia treatment depends not only on the type of disease but also on certain features of the leukemia cells, the extent of the disease, and whether leukemia has been treated before. It also depends on the patient’s age, symptoms, and general health.

Leukemia treatment

Whenever possible, patients should be treated at a medical center with doctors with leukemia treatment experience. If this is not possible, the patient’s doctor should discuss the leukemia treatment plan with a specialist at such a center.

Acute leukemia needs to be treated right away. The goal of acute leukemia treatment is to bring about remission. Then, when there is no evidence of the disease, more therapy may be given to prevent a relapse. Many people with acute leukemia can be cured.

Chronic leukemia patients who do not have symptoms may not require immediate treatment. However, they should have frequent checkups so the doctor can see whether the leukemia is progressing. When treatment is needed, it can often control the disease and its symptoms. However, chronic leukemia can seldom be cured.

Most patients with leukemia are treated with chemotherapy. Some also may have radiation therapy and/or bone marrow transplantation (BMT) or biological therapy. In some cases, surgery to remove the spleen (a splenectomy) may be part of the treatment plan. Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Patients may receive a single drug or a combination of two or more drugs depending on the type of leukemia.

Leukemia Chemotherapy

Some anticancer drugs can be taken by mouth. Most are given by IV injection (injected into a vein). Often, patients needing many IV treatments receive the drugs through a catheter. One end of this thin, flexible tube is placed in a large vein, often in the upper chest. Drugs are injected into the catheter, rather than directly into a vein, to avoid the discomfort of repeated injections and injury to the skin.

Anticancer drugs given by IV injection or taken by mouth enter the bloodstream and affect leukemia cells in most body parts. However, the drugs often do not reach the central nervous system cells because the blood-brain barrier stops them. This protective barrier is formed by a network of blood vessels filtering blood from the brain and spinal cord. Doctors use intrathecal chemotherapy to reach leukemia cells in the central nervous system. Anticancer drugs are injected directly into the cerebrospinal fluid in this leukemia treatment.

Intrathecal chemotherapy can be given in two ways. Some patients receive the drugs by injection into the lower part of the spinal column. Others, especially children, receive intrathecal chemotherapy through a special catheter called an Ommaya reservoir. This device is placed under the scalp, providing a pathway to the cerebrospinal fluid. Injecting anticancer drugs into the reservoir instead of the spinal column can make intrathecal chemotherapy easier and more comfortable for the patient.

Chemotherapy is given in cycles: a treatment period followed by a recovery period, another treatment period, and so on. Sometimes, the patient has chemotherapy as an outpatient at the hospital, at the doctor’s office, or at home. However, a hospital stay may be necessary depending on which drugs are given and the patient’s general health. Radiation therapy is used along with chemotherapy for some kinds of leukemia. Radiation therapy (also called Radiotherapy) uses high-energy rays to damage cancer cells and stop them from growing. The radiation comes from a large machine.

Leukemia Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy for leukemia may be given in two ways. For some patients, the doctor may direct the radiation to one specific body area with a collection of leukemia cells, such as the spleen or testicles. Other leukemia patients may receive radiation that is directed to the whole body. This type of radiation therapy, called total-body irradiation, usually is given before a bone marrow transplant.

Leukemia Biological Therapy

Biological therapy is a form of leukemia treatment involving substances that affect the immune system’s response to cancer. Interferon is a form of biological therapy used against some leukemia types.

Leukemia Stem Cell Transplantation

Some patients with leukemia have stem cell transplantation. A stem cell transplant allows a leukemia patient to be treated with high doses of drugs, radiation, or both. The high doses destroy leukemia and normal blood cells in the bone marrow. Later, the patient receives healthy stem cells through a flexible tube that is placed in a large vein in the neck or chest area. New blood cells develop from the transplanted stem cells.

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Please address John Tarpey concerns

5. Please address John Tarpey concerns

 Apple is an organization that was established in California in 1976 in Steve Jobs garage. Apple has outlined, fabricated and advertised a scope of workforce computers, mobile gadgets and computerized music players and sold various related software, services and systems administration arrangements. There are a wide range of items and administrations that Apple supplies, some of them being Mac, iPhone, iPad and iPod. Starting 2010when John Tarpey a financial examiner, chose to do a full investigation of Apple’s financial articulations, John fundamental inquiry he needed to answer was how Apple kept on being extraordinary even while the world economy was level and negative. An alternate inquiry John needed to answer was did the negative changes exceed the positive changes in 2010. After examining this inquiry, John found that the positive changes exceeded the negative changes three to one. John found that regardless of the economic downturn, Apple Inc. kept making significant deals and profiting.

 As the Senior Finance director, he was concerned about the company’s wellbeing when it comes to compensation to lawsuits as well as other financial details. The greatest concern that Tarpey has was the issue with the company constant lawsuits that it was facing in the recent past.  The finance director was on the eve of ensuring that the organization was able to meet the needs and demands it was objected to offer to financial advice to the company. I consider that the manager should be up the grab to ensure that the management is able to understand that the lawsuits and the compensations that come as a result of them are up and the company is not able to meet with this level.  He is worried that if the company continues in the same direction, it will not be able to meet its anticipated needs as it may run to liquidity. On the other hand, it is vital to note that the finance director was also worried with the level of profits that the company was making.  As for the last two financial years, the company has been depreciating when it comes to sales as hence the profits are also limited.  John on the other hand, it calling for financial advocacy to all the employees so that they could understand that since the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, the company has not been able to keep with its profit trend, since the profits are reducing year by year.  One of the key concerns is that competition has been on the forefront hence this has called for different financial considerations.

Finally, it is clear that John’s concern was about the company failed to meet its needs and demand financial as for the next 10 years if it is not up to task, it will run to liquidity.

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Please describe what, how, and when Apple did the right thing and what, how, and when Apple did the thing right.

Please describe what, how and when Apple did the right thing and what, how, and when Apple did the thing right. (i.e. provide a discussion of apple’s strategic strategies and operational/ competitive strategies)

It is also very clear that the company also made most of their sales to other businesses and consumers via online retails stores. This is considered as a strategic strategy to ensure that they make higher sales. I consider this is what apple did right with regards to small and mid-sized business sector. In addition, I also note that the other issue that the company took part in and is considered outstanding is the use of technology on education to help students and teachers to learn. This is a competitive advantage to Apple, as it gains prestige to other companies selling the same products. One of the right things the company did was to ensure that it undertaking educational training programs.

            Over the years the company has been using technology to upkeep its training programs. For example, the company has been equipping its clients on how to use their products online.

The other concern that the company has been on the forefront is to ensure that it is able to meet the needs of the clients via marketing or promotional programs.  It true that apple has improved its marketing capacity in order to meet the needs and demands of the customers.  The other right thing that the company has done was to ensure that its staff were not laid offer in 2008-2009 global financial crisis, but to undertake as cross-pay cut amid all the employees. 

            The other case that Apple did right was to have on board various support services such as printed, software and online support and electronic manuals that offer secondary support service. This is considered as a marketing strategy. In addition, the company has varied employees with outstanding talents to ensure quality.  I consider this step as a right or positive step.

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