PBS Frontline documentary Sex Trafficking in America


Students are to watch the PBS Frontline documentary Sex Trafficking in America. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/sex-trafficking-in-america/

Write a 5–10-page word essay (not counting the cover page and references page) using 12-point font, numbered pages, double-spaced with one-inch margins on all four sides of the paper. You will analyze the film while weaving six sociological concepts from the attached list into your paper and, in addition, two of the three theoretical perspectives in sociology. Bold each of the six concepts and the theoretical perspective.

PBS Frontline documentary Sex Trafficking in America

Cover page
Include a cover page with your name, course, and date.

Your paper MUST include the following subheadings:
(Introduction, Concept Application, Theoretical Application, Personal Understanding and Implications for future research)

Provide a summary of the film you are analyzing that includes an overview of the plot and briefly describes the main characters. In addition, explain the purpose of your essay and why this film lends itself to sociological analysis. Briefly mention the sociological themes that will be discussed later in the paper.

Concept Application
Weave 6 concepts from the list below into your essay. The essay should flow with appropriate transitions between paragraphs. In your analysis, you must first define the term and properly cite your textbook with an APA in-text citation. After defining the term, you must clearly apply the term to the film. To accomplish this task you must use specific details from the film. You might describe themes in the film, specific scenes, and/or include quotes from different characters in the film.

Theoretical Application
After defining and applying all key terms, you must then choose two of the three major theoretical perspectives (functionalist, conflict theory, symbolic interaction) to compare regarding the film. Clearly define the perspectives with a proper APA in-text citation. Then explain in detail how both perspectives apply to the film, and which theoretical perspective(s) you would recommend for viewing the film.

Personal Understanding
Explain in detail what you learned from this assignment as it relates to sex trafficking. Also, explain how social institutions such as the family structure, criminal justice system, governmental entities (local, state, or federal), and/or institutions of higher learning can mitigate and/or eliminate human trafficking.

Implications for future research
Personally, if you were granted funds to conduct research in an effort to mitigate/eliminate sex trafficking what methodological approach would you use to collect your data (e.g., surveys, secondary data, experiments) and Why?

Briefly, describe what other subfields of sociology (e.g., criminology, medical sociology, social psychology) may be interested in your findings as it relates to mitigating/eliminating sex trafficking. (choose one subfield)


Your paper must include your references on a separate page in proper APA 7th edition format.
Please refer to the attached guidelines for proper APA 7th edition in-text citations.

NOTE: The following is a list of concepts found within sociology, but this list is by no means exhaustive.

            Sociological Concepts

nonmaterial culture
(values and norms)
material culture
cultural diversity
cultural relativism
sanction (positive or negative)
cultural diffusion
culture wars
cultural lag
ideal vs. real culture
value contradictions

gender roles
gender socialization
looking glass self
social inequality
manifest and latent functions
anticipatory socialization
total institution
degradation ceremony
status inconsistency
transitional adulthood
social class

Social Structure
ascribed and achieved statuses
social institutions
mechanical solidarity
organic solidarity
impression management
face-saving behavior
Thomas theorem
social construction of reality
role expectation/role performance (count as one)
role conflict
role strain

  Sex and Gender
   sex typing of work    
glass ceiling
gender roles
gender socialization  

Race and Ethnicity 

racial/ethnic socialization
institutional discrimination
individual discrimination
ethnic work
social learning

social control
control theory
labeling theory
strain theory
techniques of neutralization

Social Stratification
social class
false consciousness
social mobility

Marriage and Family
power in families:
empty nest

APA style guidelines

APA Format Tutorial Video Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VEqRqSsNDjc

The APA style of parenthetical citation includes the author’s last name and the year of publication. A page number is included only when you are quoting the exact words from a source.

Direct Quotations
A page number is always included when material is copied word for word from a source.

Paraphrased Material
A page number is not necessary when material is paraphrased (i. e., stated in your own words instead of copied word for word).

There are two ways to cite another’s work. One way puts the author’s last name and the year of publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence. The second way is to include the author’s name as part of your sentence and put just the year of publication in parentheses. Either way is correct.

Work with One Author
a.) Dust plays a larger role in our lives than we realize (Holmes, 2001).


b.) Holmes (2001) points out that, “between 1 and 3 billion tons of desert dust fly up into the sky annually” (p. 5).
Note: If you cite the same author again in the same paragraph you don’t need to include the year as long as it can’t be confused with another work. (Ex. The role of dust in asthma is being reevaluated (Holmes, 2001). Holmes also mentions…)

The citation below shows you how to cite a book with one author on your reference page.

Kaku, M. (1994). Hyperspace: A scientific odyssey through parallel universes,

time warps, and the tenth dimension. New York: Oxford University Press.


__ 1. Provide a summary of the film that includes an overview of the plot and
briefly describes the characters. (10)

_______2. Explain the purpose of the paper (to analyze the film using sociological concepts) and
explain why the film lends itself to sociological analysis. (5)

¬¬_ Total Points (15)

Concept Application
Each term must be defined (2 points) with a properly APA in-text citation (2 points) and clearly applied to specific themes and/or scenes in the film. (6 points).

_ Key term #1 (10) Key term #3 (10) __ Key term #5 (10)

_ Key term #2 (10) Key term #4 (10) __ Key term # 6 (10)

_ Total Points (60)

Theoretical Application
_ 1a. Defined and compared two of the three major theoretical perspectives to the film with proper APA in-text citations. (5)

_____ 1b.  Explained in detail how both perspectives applied to the film and recommended a theoretical perspective(s) for viewing the film. (10)

_ Total Points (15)
Personal Understanding

_____ 1. Explained in detail what was learned from completing the assignment as it relates to sex trafficking. (2)

______2. Explained how social institutions can get involved to mitigate/eliminate sex trafficking. (2)

Implications for future research

_______ 3. Discussed research methodology for possible future research. (2)

_______4. Described subfield of sociology that might be interested in research study outcome. (2)

__ 5. References at top of a separate page, centered, correct spelling, and APA format. (2)

__ Total Points (10)

Total Paper Points ___ (100) Letter Grade __

  • Once your paper is graded for content, up to 10 points may be deducted for problems in the overall presentation. The following list includes some (but not all) of the areas that will be considered when assessing overall presentation: proper spelling, punctuation, sentence structure, appropriate transitions between sections, paragraph structure, and proper format including clearly labeled sections, bold concept/theoretical perspective and a cover page.

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Watch all of the documentary The Road from Crime

Watch all of the documentary The Road from Crime (https://vimeo.com/43658591 (Links to an external site.) ) re: desistance, reentry, and related processes (questions that are central to the study of punishment).  Also review helpful tools such as the Discovering Desistance Blog (https://discoveringdesistance.home.blog/ (Links to an external site.) ).

Watch all of the documentary The Road from Crime


Choose a topic from within The Road from Crime that you are extremely passionate aboutDo a comprehensive search / reading of THREE ACADEMIC ARTICLES and THREE “PUBLIC CRIMINOLOGY” ARTICLES that deal with the desistance/reentry topic you’re keying in on . Write up a paper which provides a comprehensive overview of your area of passion. Within the paper be sure to bring up areas of strength / weaknesses that you identify within your area of passion. 

Upload your answer as a Word doc at the Assignments section for this Unit (Unit #4). While I don’t like to give required page lengths, I know that causes some students stress.  I would estimate you would be able to answer the questions above in 1 1/2 – 2 pages per article you select. Therefore, approximately 10-12 pages .  I have no problem if your paper goes longer than 10-12 pages (why would a professor have a problem with that?).  

Follow these guidelines for the Word doc:

* Full name

* A clear title

* Double spaced

* Black ink, Times New Roman, 12 point font

* 1″ margins

* Page numbers

* APA format for citations and references (please be sure to include references)

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Documentary Review Assignment I: “Targeting El Paso”

Documentary Review Assignment I: “Targeting El Paso”.

THE WRITING PROCESS Writing a Response or Reaction Paper

Dr. Murray and Anna C. Rockowitz Writing Center, Hunter College, City University of New York

Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book or an article (or watch a TV show or a film) and to write a paper recording your response or reaction to the material. In these reports—often referred to as response or reaction papers—your instructor will most likely expect you to do two things: summarize the material and detail your reaction to it. The following pages explain both parts of a report.

PART 1: A SUMMARY OF THE WORK To develop the first part of a report, do the following:

• Identify the author and title of the work and include in parentheses the publisher and publication date. For magazines, give the date of publication.

• Write an informative summary of the material. • Condense the content of the work by highlighting its main points and key supporting

points. • Use direct quotations from the work to illustrate important ideas. • Summarize the material so that the reader gets a general sense of all key aspects of the

original work. • Do not discuss in great detail any single aspect of the work, and do not neglect to mention

other equally important points. • Also, keep the summary objective and factual. Do not include in the first part of the paper

your personal reaction to the work; your subjective impression will form the basis of the second part of your paper.

PART 2: YOUR REACTION TO THE WORK To develop the second part of a report, do the following:

• Focus on any or all of the following questions. Check with your instructor to see if s/he wants you to emphasize specific points.  How is the assigned work related to ideas and concerns discussed in the course for

which you are preparing the paper? For example, what points made in the course textbook, class discussions, or lectures are treated more fully in the work?

 How is the work related to problems in our present-day world?

 How is the material related to your life, experiences, feelings and ideas? For instance, what emotions did the work arouse in you?

 Did the work increase your understanding of a particular issue? Did it change your

perspective in any way?

Dr. Murray and Anna C. Rockowitz Writing Center, Hunter College, City University of New York

• Evaluate the merit of the work: the importance of its points, its accuracy, completeness, organization, and so on.

• You should also indicate here whether or not you would recommend the work to others, and why.

POINTS OF CONSIDERATION WHEN WRITING THE REPORT Here are some important elements to consider as you prepare a report:

• Apply the four basic standards of effective writing (unity, support, coherence, and clear, error-free sentences) when writing the report.

• Make sure each major paragraph presents and then develops a single main point. For example, in the sample report that follows, the first paragraph summarizes the book, and the three paragraphs that follow detail three separate reactions of the student writer to the book. The student then closes the report with a short concluding paragraph.

• Support any general points you make or attitudes you express with specific reasons and details. Statements such as “I agree with many ideas in this article” or “I found the book very interesting” are meaningless without specific evidence that shows why you feel as you do. Look at the sample report closely to see how the main point or topic sentence of each paragraph is developed by specific supporting evidence.

• Organize your material. Follow the basic plan of organization explained above: a summary of one or more paragraphs, a reaction of two or more paragraphs, and a conclusion. Also, use transitions to make the relationships among ideas in the paper clear.

• Edit the paper carefully for errors in grammar, mechanics, punctuation, word use, and spelling.

• Cite paraphrased or quoted material from the book or article you are writing about, or from any other works, by using the appropriate documentation style. If you are unsure what documentation style is required or recommended, ask you instructor.

• You may use quotations in the summary and reaction parts of the paper, but do not rely on them too much. Use them only to emphasize key ideas.

• Publishing information can be incorporated parenthetically or at the bottom of the page in a footnote. Consult with your instructor to determine what publishing information is necessary and where it should be placed.

Dr. Murray and Anna C. Rockowitz Writing Center, Hunter College, City University of New York


Here is a report written by a student in an introductory psychology course. Look at the paper closely to see how it follows the guidelines for report writing described above.

Part 1: Summary Topic sentence for summary paragraph

A Report on Man’s Search for Meaning Dr. Viktor Frankl’s book Man’s Search for Meaning (New

York: Washington Square Press, 1966) is both an autobiographical account of his years as a prisoner in Nazi concentration camps and a presentation of his ideas about the meaning of life. The three years of deprivation and suffering he spent at Auschwitz and other Nazi camps led to the development of his theory of Logotherapy, which, very briefly, states that the primary force in human beings is “a striving to find a meaning in one’s life” (154). Without a meaning in life, Frankl feels, we experience emptiness and loneliness that lead to apathy and despair. This need for meaning was demonstrated to Frankl time and again with both himself and other prisoners who were faced with the horrors of camp existence. Frankl was able to sustain himself partly through the love he felt for his wife. In a moment of spiritual insight, he realized that his love was stronger and more meaningful than death, and would be a real and sustaining force within him even if he knew his wife was dead. Frankl’s comrades also had reasons to live that gave them strength. One had a child waiting for him; another was a scientist who was working on a series of books that needed to be finished. Finally, Frankl and his friends found meaning through their decision to accept and bear their fate with courage. He says that the words of Dostoevsky came frequently to mind: “There is one thing that I dread: not to be worthy of my suffering.” When Frankl’s prison experience was over and he returned to his profession of psychiatry, he found that his theory of meaning held true not only for the prisoners but for all people. He has since had great success in working with patients by helping them locate in their own lives meanings of love, work, and suffering.

Part 2: Reaction Topic sentence for first reaction paragraph

One of my reactions to the book was the relationship I saw between the “Capos” and ideas about anxiety, standards, and aggression discussed in our psychology class. The Capos were prisoners who acted as trustees, and Frankl says they acted more cruelly toward the prisoners than the guards or the SS men. Several psychological factors help explain this cruelty. The Capos must have been suppressing intense anxiety about “selling themselves out” to the Nazis in return for small favors. Frankl and other prisoners must have been a constant reminder to the Capos of the courage and integrity they themselves lacked. When our behaviors

Dr. Murray and Anna C. Rockowitz Writing Center, Hunter College, City University of New York

and values are threatened by someone else acting in a different way, one way we may react is with anger and aggression. The Capos are an extreme example of how, if the situation is right, we may be capable of great cruelty to those whose actions threaten our standards.

Topic sentence for second reaction paragraph

I think that Frankl’s idea that meaning is the most important force in human beings helps explain some of the disorder and discontent in the world today. Many people are unhappy because they are caught in jobs where they have no responsibility and creativity; their work lacks meaning. Many are also unhappy because our culture seems to stress sexual technique in social relationships rather than human caring. People buy popular books that may help them become better partners in bed, but that may not make them more sensitive to each other’s human needs. Where there is no real care, there is no meaning. To hide the inner emptiness that results from impersonal work and sex, people busy themselves with the accumulation of material things. With television sets, stereos, cars, expensive clothes, and the like, they try to forget that their lives lack true meaning instead of working or going to school to get a meaningful job, or trying to be decent human beings.

Topic sentence for third reaction paragraph

I have also found that Frankl’s idea that suffering can have meaning helps me understand the behavior of people I know. I have a friend named Jim who was always poor and did not have much of a family—only a stepmother who never cared for him as much as for her own children. What Jim did have, though, was determination. He worked two jobs to save money to go to school, and then worked and went to school at the same time. The fact that his life was hard seemed to make him bear down all the more. On the other hand, I can think of a man in my neighborhood who for all the years I’ve known him has done nothing with his life. He spends whole days smoking and looking at cars going by. He is a burned- out case. Somewhere in the past his problems must have become too much for him, and he gave up. He could have found meaning in his life by deciding to fight his troubles like Jim, but he didn’t, and now he is a sad shadow of a man. Without determination and the desire to face his hardships, he lost his chance to make his life meaningful.

Concluding paragraph

In conclusion, I would strongly recommend Frankl’s book to persons who care about why they are alive, and who want to truly think about the purpose and meaning of their lives

  • Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book or an article (or watch a TV show or a film) and to write a paper recording your response or reaction to the material. In these reports—often referred to as response o…

Documentary Review Assignment I: “Targeting El Paso”

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