## Topic is Normal Distribution

Topic is Normal Distribution

1. Title your paper: “Review of [Name of Article]”
2. State the Author:
3. Summarize the article in one paragraph:
4. Post a screenshot of the article’s frequency table and/or graph.Example:
Frequency Distribution -OR- Graph
5. Answer the following questions about your table or graph.   What type of study is used in the article (quantitative or qualitative)? Explain how you came to that conclusion. What type of graph or table did you choose for your lab (bar graph, histogram, stem & leaf plot, etc.)?What characteristics make it this type (you should bring in material that you learned in the course)?Describe the data displayed in your frequency distribution or graph (consider class size, class width, total frequency, list of frequencies, class consistency, explanatory variables, response variables, shapes of distributions, etc.)   Draw a conclusion about the data from the graph or frequency distribution in the context of the article. How else might this data have been displayed?Discuss the pros and cons of 2 other presentation options, such as tables or different graphical displays.Why do you think those two other presentation options (i.e., tables or different graphs) were not used in this article? Give the full APA reference of the article you are using for this lab.

## The Distribution and Abundance of Macroalgae in the Nearby Gunungkidul Drini within the Beach Enclosure and Showed What his Orientation in 2013

The Distribution and Abundance of Macroalgae in the Nearby Gunungkidul Drini within the Beach Enclosure and Showed What his Orientation in 2013.

Abstract

Macroalgae microscopic algae to live, and in the vicinity. The book can be divided into 3 groups and send layer arthropods (green algae), Phaeophyta (brown algae), and biology (red algae). Ecological and economical macroalgae, which are useful to humans. The study aims to study the distribution and abundance of macroalgae in the nearby Gunungkidul Drini within the beach enclosure and showed what his orientation in 2013. The study was conducted with data collected at 17 points along the graphs of the sampling method and 100 x 100 cm2 squared on the graph. Measure medical parameters at each network sampling point, including increasing salinity, air temperature, and water temperature. I heard that they are not dissolved in the race, counting by means of a winding of each is given. The results showed that there are two types of biology 9, 2 and 7 types chlorophytes phaeocystis macro-type market. The largest number of macroalgae biology (50.76%) chlorophytes (43.37%) and Phaeophyta (5.88%). This was the largest number of macroalgae species Chaetomorpha gross (26.91%), and Gigartina sp. (0.02%).
Introduction

Macro-algae or algae and exquisite algae. Benthic microalgae grow organically as in sand, inhospitable rocky surfaces (Dawes, 1998). In general, shape and color as a function of split macroalgae such as chlorophyll are (green algae), Phaeophyta (brown algae), and biology (red algae) (Chan et al., 2006). The prospect of a more environmentally friendly important to play a very important role of macroalgae machinery manufacturers such as heavy metals such as the ugly thermal times (Dawes, 1998) and housing in food sources and nurseries marine institution (Prathep, 2005). Agar, agar, gum for pharmaceuticals, food sources and other organic fertilizers (Dawes, 1998, Prathep, 2005): economic and industrial raw materials of any temperature.

long-term floor, the floor is open to the seaside, which is often the waves and the shore of the sea and houses various communities. The substrate is important as the components play an important role in the development and growth of macro-species. What kind of impression on the subject are sub-organisms that live in the benthic surface types? At the same time, the makroalpiyskie number particularly affected by a variety of variables that mature in the distribution of abundance, the sea coasts and tidal modes of wave action, organs degree of nursing, oat drying of the state substrate and precipitation (Dawes, 1998).

Drini Guungukidul Beach, D.I. And about his sexual orientation. There are many organisms more and more macroalgae like garbage on the beach adjacent area. This site is the surface of a stone ball. To date, Drini Beach, research and information on the island is still studying organic ecological features. These researchers have studied the distribution and distribution of many types of the belt in the neighboring Drini’s own pleasure, and the essence of each of us. The hope is that the results will provide information on the current state of the beach will be with Chlorophytes Drini for further investigation.
Methodology

The study was conducted on 8 June 2013 at low macrogaline tide time on the beach of Drini in Guungukidul, DIY, Indonesia in Uruguay. The sampling is divided into 10 x 10 cm2 pixels using the square method of transekt 1 with a square size of 100 x 100 cm2. In this study, Microalga populations were taken into account and measured it as 17 incisions. Each graph includes physiological parameters, including percentages, salts, air temperature and water temperature. Macroalgae washed, and a laboratory was built to identify different key species, and data is also calculated. The percentage of maculae’s is calculated using the following equation.
Results

The results showed that there are 9 types of Rhodophyta, 7 types Chlorophyta and 2 Phaeophyta types with macro-markets. Figure 2 is the highest content of the Rhodophyta genres (50.76%), Chlorophyta (43.37%) and Phaeophyta (5.88%). Most of the macroalgae species in the world are red algae (Rhodophyta), with more than 4000 species. Otherwise, Phaeophyta showed the smallest variety of species, since most regions are moderate, with only a few species in the tropical regions. The largest number of macroalgae species was Chaetomorpha crassa (26.91%), Glacilaria edulis (21.39%) and Gelidiella acerosa (14.69%). C. Filamentous tidy is at a crash, which can stand with the stress of the environment. It also recognizes that it has high resistance to salinity and high-intensity, which can live in salt water or fresh water (Heo et al., 2011). Glacilaria edulis and Gelidiella are acerosa red algae that are economically important. They are located in a protected area adjacent to islands with sand or rocky cracks (Jayasankar & Varghese, 2002). As you can see in the study area, Drini Beach is protected by the small island of Ada Drini. Then the Gigartina sp. It is lower (0.01%) and H. crispa (0.30%). Habitat H. habitat habitat is in deep water (7-24 m) (Dawes, 1998). These results show that the distribution and dozens of macraalgae depend on substrates and exposure conditions in the vicinity of Driny traffic. Substances that play a role in macroalgae growth (Dawes, 1998) are important components.
REFERENCES

Abraham, S.K. 2009. Metode dan analisa kuantitatif dalam bioekologi laut. Pusat Pembelajaran dan Pengembangan Pesisir dan Laut, Jakarta.

Chan, C.X., C.L. Ho and S.M. Phang. 2006. Trends in seaweed research. TRENDS in Plant Science, vol. 11:165-166.

Dawes, C.J. 1998. Marine botany, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Heo, J.S., S.K. Park, H.L. Yoo, J.N. Song, B.Y. Kim and H.G. Choi. 2011. Macroalgal community structure in the rocky shores of Ongdo, Jusamdo, and Woejodo Island of the Yellow Sea, Korea. Fisheries and Aquatic Science, vol. 14:389-397.

Jayasankar, R., and S. Varghese. 2002. Cultivation of marine red algae Glacilaria edulis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from spores. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, vol. 31(1):75-77.

Lee, R. E. 1999. Phycology. Cambridge Uiversity Press, Cambridge.

Prathep, A. 2005. Spatial and temporal variations in diversity and percentage cover of macroalgae at Sirinart Marine National Park, Phuket Province, Thailand. Science Asia, vol. 31:225-233.

Tuwo A. 2011. Pengelolaan ekowisata pesisir dan laut: pendekatan ekologi, sosial-ekonomi, kelembagaan, dan sarana wilayah. Brilian Internasional, Surabaya.

The Distribution and Abundance of Macroalgae in the Nearby Gunungkidul Drini within the Beach Enclosure and Showed What his Orientation in 2013

## #1Data Introduction and Frequency Distribution STATISTICS

#1Data Introduction and Frequency Distribution STATISTICS.

ssessment Instructions Answer the questions below, following the Submission Requirements as specified at the end of the assessment.Assessment ConceptsQuestionTopicQuestion 1RoundingQuestion 2Order of OperationsQuestion 3Scales of MeasurementQuestion 4Scales of MeasurementQuestion 5Continuous Versus Discrete TablesQuestion 6Frequency TablesQuestion 7Grouped Frequency TablesQuestion 8SPSS: Creating Ascending and Descending Frequency TablesQuestion 9Symmetry and Skew

Question 10SPSS: Creating Histograms and Line, Bar, and Pie Graphs

Question 11SPSS: Creating Variables in Variable ViewQuestion 1

Round the following numbers to two decimal places:438.002.512.345.173.552.Question 2

Apply order of operations rules and solve:√ (3 * 3 + 6 – 22 – 2).(8 + 42 – 4)/5.8 – 2 * 3 + 4/2.40 – 6 * 5 – 2.√([10–7] * 3) – 2.Question 3

Identify the highest possible scale (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio) for the following:Preferred political party.Number of children.Number of sodas you drank today.Temperature in Fahrenheit.Class rank.Question 4

Identify the highest possible scale (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio) for the following:Gender.Weight of an object.Book genre.Extraversion.Award categories at the Oscars.Question 5

Identify the variables below as continuous (C) or discrete (D):Time it takes to fall asleep.Number of languages you speak.Number of adults living in a household.Speed of an airplane.Weight of cars.Question 6

Twenty people were asked how many computers they own. Use the provided data to create a table showing frequency and cumulative frequency.

1, 2, 0, 1, 3, 4, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 3, 4, 0, 1, 1. Frequency and Cumulative FrequencyNumber of ComputersFrequencyCumulative Frequency4  3  2  1  0  Question 7

A psychology professor wants to examine how many times her students missed class during the previous semester. She had 40 students registered in her class, and her attendance records revealed the following:

0, 2, 0, 6, 3, 6, 7, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 4, 5, 4, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 5, 8, 4, 2, 1, 0, 2, 1, 0, 6, 8, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0. Using the above data, create a grouped frequency table in 2-miss intervals.Using the above data, create a grouped frequency table in 4-miss intervals.Using the above data, create a grouped frequency table in 6-miss intervals.Which of these tables provides the clearest picture of the data and why?Question 8

Complete the following steps:Open the SPSS file assessment1a.sav  linked in the Resources under the Required Resources heading.At the top of the screen, click on Analyze , select Descriptive Statistics , then select Frequencies .Click on Score , then click on the arrow  to send it over to the right side of the table.Click on OK . Copy and paste the ascending values frequency table to your Word document.Go back to Data View, click on Analyze , select Descriptive Statistics , then select Frequencies .Click on Format , then on Descending Values . Click Continue  and then OK.  Copy and paste the descending values frequency table to your Word document.Question 9

Identify the probable shape of the frequency curve (normal, negatively skewed, or positively skewed) for the following:Class test scores on a very difficult final exam.Population IQ scores.SAT scores of Ivy League students.Class test scores on a very easy final exam.SAT scores of all students who have taken the exam in the last five years.Question 10

Complete the following steps:Open the SPSS file assessment1a.sav .At the top of the screen, click on Graphs , select Legacy Dialogs , then select Histogram .Click on Score , then click on the arrow  to send it over to the variable box.Click on OK . Copy and paste the histogram to your Word document.Go back to Data View, click on Graphs , select Legacy Dialogs , then select Line .Click on Simple , then on Define . Click on Score , then click on the arrow  to send it over to the Category Axis  box.Click on OK . Copy and paste the line graph to your Word document.Open the SPSS file assessment1b.sav  linked in the Resources under the Required Resources heading.At the top of the screen, click on Graphs , select Legacy Dialogs , then select Bar. Click on Simple , then on Define . Click on Political Party , then click on the arrow  to send it over to the Category Axis  box.Click on OK . Copy and paste the bar graph to your Word document.Go back to Data View, click on Graphs , select Legacy Dialogs , then select Pie .Click on Summaries for groups of case , then on Define . Click on Political Party,  then click on the arrow  to send it over to the Define Slices By  box.Click on OK . Copy and paste the pie graph to your Word document.Question 11

Twenty first graders were asked to identify their favorite color. Using the following results, create a data file in SPSS (you will enter the date in Data View  and define your variables in Variable View ) and create a bar graph. Copy and paste the bar graph to your Word document.Blue  = 8.Red  = 6.Green  = 2.Yellow  = 4.Submission RequirementsSubmit all answers in one Word document (do not submit multiple files).Show your work for questions that require calculations.Ensure your answer to each problem is clearly visible (you may want to highlight your answer or use a different font color to set it apart).

**********THIS ASSIGNMENT REQUIRES  FILES THAT CANNOT BE UPLOADED HERE..*****************

This course requires the following as a minimum: IBM SPSS Statistics Base  GradPack

#1Data Introduction and Frequency Distribution STATISTICS

## Part 3 – Pricing Distribution & Intergrated Communication Strategies – > Implementation…

Part 3 – Pricing Distribution & Intergrated Communication Strategies – > Implementation….

Part 3 – Pricing, Distribution & Intergrated Communication Strategies –
> Implementation Plan
>
> Due Week 3
>
> ·            Development of Pricing Strategies aligned with Strategic Focus
>
> ·            Development of Distribution Strategies aligned with Strategic
> Focus
>
> ·             Development of Integrated Communication Strategies aligned
> with Strategic Focus
>
> ·              Development of Implementation Plan
>
>
>          5 references, credible ones
>
> u       use subtitles for readability.
>
>
>

·        *Complete Strategic Marketing Plan as one seamless document. *

The pricing strategy of Whole Foods Market is valued based on the quality of its products. The company ensures that its pricing approach concentrates at providing customers with high quality products that reflect the price paid. Apart from engaging in production of high quality products, the company sets the price of its products by determining other costs such as production costs, the salaries paid to employee involved in producing its products, operation costs, and other expenses incurred during the process of producing the product. In the year 1997, Whole Foods Market introduced a centralized purchasing …

1769 words APA Added to cart

Part 3 – Pricing Distribution & Intergrated Communication Strategies – > Implementation…

## Distributions of Data and the Normal Distribution

Distributions of Data and the Normal Distribution.

Distributions of Data and the Normal Distribution

###### Purpose: In this assignment you will explore how to use fundamental analytical tools to understand how distributions of data work in statistics. This includes how to compute basic probability and how the normal distribution lets us compare two sets of data that may not use the same scale.

The mastery standards covered by this assignment are

S6 –   Distributions of Data: Students will be able to describe distributions of data.

S7 –   Normal Distributions of Data: Students will be able to use the properties of normal distributions of data and explain the results of that use in context.

MP2 – Communicate a Viable Argument – Entire assignment: Students will be able to justify a statistical analysis in words and communicate that justification.

# Instructions:

Note that this is an INDIVIDUAL assignment, and you are responsible to do your own write-up. You may have started to work on this TAMS in class as a pair or group, but you are to work on this on your own at home. Although you are allowed to discuss this assignment with other class members, you may NOT work together on an electronic document. “Working together” in this context is ONLY by talking, not by typing. You MUST do your own work in the software, save your own copies of the graphics, and produce your OWN written document. Documents that begin as a shared document and are modified will NOT be accepted and will result in a mastery grade of 0 for everybody involved.

You are to submit your answers using the template posted with the assignment. Your template needs to be submitted online through Canvas.

Problem 1

As of March 22, 2020, Slovenia reported a total of 414 cases of COVID-19, of which 412 have been classified by both gender and age range. The data is summarized in the table below (Source: https://www.statista.com/statistics/1104413/slovenia-confirmed-coronavirus-cases-covid-19-by-age-and-gender/).

Use this table to answer the questions below. Before doing so, fill in the missing totals in this table, then answer the questions below.

1. What is the percentage of female COVID-19 cases?
2. What is the percentage of COVID-19 cases in the age range from 35 to 74?
3. What percentage of female COVID-19 cases are younger than 60 years?
4. What percentage of the 15 to 34-year-old COVID-19 cases are men?
5. According to this data, which age group has the lowest risk? Which gender has the highest risk? Is there a particular age and gender combination that is the riskiest group? Give reasons for your answers and show any computations you may have performed.

Problem 2

One of the key purposes of statistical analysis is to make inferences. According to the dictionary, inference is a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning. Specifically, for statistics, what we want to do is to be able to choose a sample, obtain some data about that sample, and then come to a conclusion about the bigger population, based on just the information from the sample.

How can it be possible to take a small sample (say 100 people) and conclude something about millions of people? The answer lies in a combination of probability and the normal distribution. In this problem, we are going to explore the normal distribution in a simplified fashion. The normal distribution rarely shows up in real life. But as you will discover when we learn about sampling distributions (coming up), the normal distribution shows up a LOT when we look at groups of subjects in a statistical study.

One place that the normal distribution does show up in the “real world” is in standardized testing, particular the SAT test.

SAT Data

Based on the data from the most recent test scores of 2019 high school graduates, the mean score and standard deviation for the overall test (composite) score and the scores for the English and Math portions are shown below.

You have been hired as an admissions evaluator for a large national university. Their guidelines state that students who scored in the top 10.2% of test takers based on their composite score, should be automatically passed to the next step for being considered for admission. Additionally, any student scoring in the top 4.09% in Math also gets automatically passed to the next step. Because you have taken statistics, your supervisor has asked you to write up a set of guidelines that other evaluators will use to quickly look at hundreds of applications to determine if they automatically get moved along in the process.

1. Create a table of cut-off scores for evaluators to use that would allow them to quickly determine if an application qualifies for automatically moving along. In particular, a table with the various cutoff scores for each type of section or composite score would be very helpful. Remember, in order to convert percentages to scores you will need to use a z-score table to get z-scores and then use the z-score formula to find the necessary cutoff scores. Show all your work and computations. Explain how the scores you calculated meet the guidelines.

2. Write a short memo to your supervisor which has a short introductory paragraph, then shows your table of cut-off scores.
• Your supervisor was told by her boss that not enough students are automatically passed on to the next step and wants your supervisor to come up with new cut-off scores. However, your supervisor just wants to change ONE cut-off score so that the admission officers who have used your table do not have to learn a whole new set of cutoff scores. The choices are to lower the math SAT cut-off score by 50 or composite score by 75.

Your supervisor asks you which change would give “the biggest bang for the buck”. Specifically, your supervisor asks you to compute the percentage of students who would automatically be passed to the next stage under these new cut-off scores, and then to identify which of the two cut-off changes increases the percentage of students passed on to the next step by the most.

Fill in the table below and show (below it) how you computed one of the percentages, as well as how you computed the increased percentage of students who are being passed along automatically. State your conclusion as to which cut-off score should be changed and why.

Distributions of Data and the Normal Distribution

## Based on Zara’s outsourcing strategy and physical distribution scheme described in the article, what do you think are the challenges that the company will face to sustain its growth?

Based on Zara’s outsourcing strategy and physical distribution scheme described in the article, what do you think are the challenges that the company will face to sustain its growth?

## Discussion Assignment

Zara is the main chain of the apparel retailer Inditex Group, developed in the 1990s, and is a quick operations system that enabled its fast global expansion. This system introduced the concept of Fast Fashion and revolutionized the sector.

## Zara’s outsourcing strategy and physical distribution scheme

Read the article Zara’s Fast Fashion Edge and answer the following questions:

• Based on Zara’s outsourcing strategy and physical distribution scheme described in the article, what do you think are the challenges that the company will face to sustain its growth?
• Briefly describe a strategy to address the most compelling challenge facing the organization.

In the discussion forum, you are expected to participate often and engage in deep levels of discourse.  Please post your initial response as early as possible and continue to participate throughout the unit. You are required to post an initial response to the question/issue presented in the Forum and then respond to at least 3 of your classmates’ initial posts.  You should also respond to anyone who has responded to you.

Berfield, S. & Baigorri, M. (2013). Zara’s Fashion Edge. Retrieved from: https://bambooinnovator.com/2013/11/20/zaras-fast-fashion-edge/#more-33581

## Zara’s outsourcing strategy

Learning Guide Unit 4

Written Assignment

Case Study: The supplier selection process is a critical activity within the operations of a company. Once the outsourcing decision is taken, a process aimed at analyzing and choosing the appropriate suppliers begins.

Suppose that you are a Procurement Analyst in a large company. You have been asked to create a proposal to the Chief Procurement Officer identifying the best supplier to outsource, for a 3-year period, a complex part of your company’s value chain. Your company operates in a mature market where the qualifying and winning factors are quality and time to customer respectively.

Based on the information included in the table, address the following questions:

• What supplier would you select?
• What supplier would you select if your company’s factors changed to price and quality?  Would your election change?

Supplier

Price

Quality

Delivery

Others

A

90

90

95

Overseas   supplier

B

105

100

100

Supplier   facing financial issues

C

85

85

95

Proximity   supplier

*Figures are expressed in % as follows:

• Price: price quoted by supplier vs. outsourcing company      target price
• Quality: parts accepted vs. parts delivered
• Delivery: parts delivered on time vs. parts delivered

Provide a 2-3 page paper proposal, as the Procurement Analyst, that outlines the issues of the case, states your choice of supplier and provides a rationale for your choice.

Before you begin writing, please see the General Guidelines for Case Studies and review the assessment criteria below.

Papers will be assessed on the following criteria:

• Description of the Case and Identification/Coverage of Major Issues
• Depth and Scope of Analysis
• Solutions and Strategies
• Writing Clarity and Quality
• APA formatting