How should investigators handle trace evidence that is stuck on an object found at the crime scene? Explain the exception to this procedure.

Law enforcement officers and crime scene technicians must use caution and protect themselves at all times from contracting AIDS or hepatitis. Bodily fluids must always be treated as though they were infectious. Crime scene technicians most often use dust particle masks or N-95 masks at routine crime scenes. They are considered the most common type of respiratory protection. These masks are considered to be disposable and should be discarded ­after one use.

It is imperative that all personnel involved in entering and processing the crime scene wear personal protective equipment (PPE). This consists of items of clothing that are non-porous, such as crime scene suits, nitrile gloves (double gloving recommended), face masks, and eye protection. These items will protect the CSI from exposure to blood-borne pathogens, most chemical and drug residues, and other contaminants that are health hazards. In addition, hair nets and booties over the shoes will help avoid contamination of the crime scene.

Research the following points, and write a 5–7-page paper fully explaining each point:

  • Identify and explain 4 exceptions to the exclusionary rule established by the U.S. Supreme Court that allow for the search and/or seizure of evidence without a warrant.
  • Patent medicines used to be dispensed by pharmacists in powder form using a pharmacist’s or druggist’s fold. Explain this method of packaging and why it has been adopted by Crime Scene Investigators for packaging trace evidence.
  • How should investigators handle trace evidence that is stuck on an object found at the crime scene? Explain the exception to this procedure.
  • When a motor vehicle, boat, or aircraft is present, what special considerations should the Crime Scene Investigator take?

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

Analyzing a Crime Fiction Genre

Analysing a Crime Fiction Genre

 A crime fiction genre is a type of genre that tends to fictionalize on crime scenes, criminals, detection, and their daily life motives. The crime fiction genre tends to distinguish itself from other mainstream fiction and another type of fantasy generics, such as science fiction and historical fiction through the use of boundaries which are instinct. The crime fiction genre consists of multiple other subgenres, which include detective fiction, courtroom drama, legal thrillers, and hard-boiled fictions.

 The crime fiction genre is most used or found in crime-related areas, for example, courts and other places whereby a crime has taken place. The main reason for the genre is the analyses and presenting the information as it is at the crime scene. The genre is mostly used in case there is a crime or during a session of crime investigation. The users of the genre tend to interact with the ecology or the environment in many ways, for example, during   the collecting of samples such as blood which are present on the crime scene.

A crime fiction genre mainly handles matters concerning crime scene, in this case, the ideas which revolve in the genre is the reason, the cause and how the crime has affected the ecology or the environment. There are some questions used in this genre, for example, how did the crime occur? Who is offended? How did the offence affect the environment or the offended and finally who was in the wrong during the criminal actions? The users of this genre tend to interacts as they dig deep finding justice on a particular crime issue.

In most cases, the participants or the users of the crime fiction genre are the police, the criminal investigation department and the lawyers.  The reader of the genre is mostly the judges and the prosecutor in the court of law as they try to find the facts about a particular issue. The readers of the genre may be multiple or even individual, for example, there are cases which need the secondary support to verify and support the issue at hand. The characteristics of the readers, in this case, they are strict and straight to the point to avoid any shortcoming or to leave any issue unattended. As the reader presents the genre, there is strict consideration which the reader operates. The court of law has a defined way and requirement which the reader needs to follow as he or she presents the case. The primary purpose of the genre is to reveal the truth and even present justice where it is required through proper investigation.

The context whereby the genre is used is mainly in the courtroom; there is the use of pathos to show the emotion at the scene.  The style is structured formally, to present the information as it is required and also making it easy to be used in the court of law. The language used in this genre is straight to the point and official, the information presented is delicate and thus the need to avoid any form of jargons. The sentence structure and the grammar rules are strictly followed in this genre.

To understand the genre, the participants need to follow the proceedings of the crimes as they are presented in the court of law. The genre tends to include the cause of the crime, the incident as the crime occurs. However, the genre tends to leave the judgment even if the evidence is valid. In this case, it is the work of the judges to give the final verdict on the crime. The genre concentrates on the facts to be much important and ignores the judgment since it is the work of the court to present views. Through the genre patterns, peace and justice are presented as people check on the real cause of the crime.

 The genre also plays a significant role in making it possible for final judgment and in the presence of justice. On the other hand, it is difficult to only use the genre in getting justice since there are additional requirements and supporting documents needed. Through the genre, the attitude on justice and being vigilant on whatever one does is much implied. On the other hand, the genre plays a vital role in uniting the world through proper justice and also presenting the situation as it was at the crime scene.

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

The Case of Andrew Age at the time of the crime: 16 (Current age 17)

The Case of Andrew

Age at the time of the crime: 16 (Current age 17)

Sex: Male

Background Information: 

            Andrew was born on 14th July 1996 in Abbotsford British Columbia to James and Catherine, both Canadian citizens by birth, although Andrew’s paternal parents were black French immigrants. Andrew’s family was however forced to relocate Vancouver when Andrew was just 8 years old, after the father had been arrested and charged with armed robbery in November of 2004. He was found guilty and sentenced to 6 years in prison. In a bid to protect him from the stigma that Andrew would undoubtedly be subjected to and also fend for her family, Catherine opted to move to Vancouver. Catherine, in a bid to further protect Andrew and herself, successfully filed for a divorce and full custody after the conclusion of James’ hearing in 2005. Although there were no financial problems at first, Catherine found it hard to support the family of two on her own, a situation made worse by her addiction to alcohol as from late 2008. According to Andrew, the lack of support from both his paternal and maternal grandparents, by choice in the case of the former, but as punishment in the case of the latter, due to Catherine’s choice to marry someone they did not approve of. These family dynamics combined to create a very difficult environment for Andrew. To add to a difficult environment and unbearable circumstances at home, Andrew also found fitting into his new surroundings a bit difficult, mainly due to his ethnic background (Cullen & Agnew, 2002). As a bi-racial, Andrew found it very difficult to fit in from a very early age, as in most cases, both sides of the divide feel uncomfortable associating with him. This has resulted in name calling, bullying, and at times outright discrimination. This has meant that school has been a difficult place for Andrew to be, a factor that played a key role in his decision to quit school aged just 14 in 2010 after completing his elementary education. After quitting school, he did some menial jobs before “needs” forced him into a life of crime in late 2010. Initially, Andrew claims all he did was engage in petty theft and pick pocketing, before graduating to burglary. His big career break however, came in mid 2011 when he joined the Red Scorpions gang; already an established gang at the time, after being introduced by a friend he refused to name. He then started distributing and selling drugs. Mostly he admits to selling marijuana to other school children, as well as selling cocaine on a few instances, though he claims he has never abused drugs. He was arrested and charged with possession with intent to distribute in late November 2012.

School History:

Andrew attended Abbotsford Elementary School, between 2000 and 2004, before transferring to False Creek Elementary school in Vancouver, following their move from Abbotsford. He therefore, studied the latter parts of his elementary education in False Creek, which he joined in Grade 4, leaving in Grade 8 in 2010. As part of the condition for his sentence, Andrew has been forced to rejoin high school in 2013, and is currently attending Century High School, in the hope of receiving a diploma in 2017. In the future, Andrew hopes to pursue a degree in Counseling and Psychology at Vancouver Community College.      

Community Connections:

            Due to difficulties fitting in as a bi-racial and part of a minority, Andrew has over the years found it very difficult to develop community connections. Although he admits to having a soft spot for basketball, the situation he encountered in elementary school made it very difficult for him to seriously participate in team sports, a phobia that he seemingly carried on into his interactions within the community. Out of shame and a need to keep their family’s affairs private due to his mother’s struggles with alcohol, and the potential involvement of child services with the discovery of the true situation at home, Andrew opted to keep a very low profile within the community. Andrew even admits to finding it very difficult to rejoin the community and develop proper connections, although he does admit that the fact that his mother successfully beat her addiction in March last year has made things a lot easier. Andrew has however joined a group within the community to help provide support to children who feel they do not fit in, in one way or another, due to race, academic performance, and appearance amongst other attributes. This step he claims was motivated by the realization of the importance of support systems and guidance, especially in the lives of those who struggle to fit in, regardless of their reasons for not fitting in.

Interpersonal Skills:

            Throughout our interview, Andrew came across as a character with good listening and communication skills. Further, despite his protests, he also appeared to possess very good presentation skills. Andrew himself admits to being confident, and to possessing good listening skills, particularly active listening. Due to his experiences, Andrew claims that, he is also a very empathetic individual, a skill he claims to have developed due to the fact that he can relate to what most people go through, especially the other youths in his support group. 

Areas of Improvement:

            Due to his experiences as a child and growing up, Andrew admits that he finds it very difficult to trust other people: which makes it very difficult to socialize. He therefore, feels that his social skills are not as good as they should be, especially considering his level of self confidence and good communication skills.

Peer Group Dynamics:

            As already indicated above, Andrew finds relating with his peers harder than it should be. While he attributes part of these difficulties to his experiences growing up, more so to the difficulties fitting in, he also credits his current legal status as a juvenile delinquent for some of the difficulties (Axelrod, 1997). He however, claims that in a way, it keeps him on his toes, as he finds it much easier to relate with the other youths in his support group.

Conflict with the Law:

Andrew was arrested and charged in November 2012 for possession with intent. He was arrested while in the process of selling marijuana to 3 students at a coffee shop. He was therefore, charged with possession with intention to distribute before a youth court. Sentencing was done using the Youth Criminal Justice Act, section 42(2)(p). This was due to the fact that it was Andrew’s first offence, as well as the fact that he was a minor going through difficult circumstances of neglect and abuse. Further, the fact that Andrew was only found with marijuana, as opposed to other hard narcotics like cocaine or heroin, also helped tremendously.


            Andrew was sentenced to a deferred custody and supervision sentence of 6 months, with the conditions being that he joins a support group, continues his studies and avoids engaging in any other criminal activity or risk serving part of the sentence in custody. These strict mandatory conditions were instituted based on subsections 105 (2) and (3). Further, a provincial director charged with supervising Andrew, to who he was to report to periodically, was assigned to him (Endres, 2004).


Although it is still too early to tell the exact outcome of the sentence and interventions employed, the fact that Andrew has been forced to rejoin school is definitely a step in the right direction.

            Clearly, the interventions used were all aimed at ensuring rehabilitation and reintegration into the society. Further, the sentence also attempts to limit the effect the application of the tag of juvenile delinquent could do to the offender, more so considering that it was his first offence. Rehabilitation, it is hoped, will be achieved through the threat of punishment, as the sentence is deferred and any bad behavior could result in the offender being taken into custody, not to mention the fact that the offender is now answerable to the provincial director (Mccaslin, 2005). Reintegration efforts include the move to have Andrew rejoin school, as well as join a support group. The effects of these interventions are yet to be witnessed, as the interventions are barely 3 weeks old, although the most significant one of note is Andrew’s decision to rejoin high school and continue with his education.

All the problems expressed by Andrew, indicate that his delinquent behavior is the result of neglect, as well as a lack of social control. There is therefore, a need to enforce closer external control, as well as provide a role model for him to emulate, both tasks the mother must take up. In addition, encouraging the mother to resolve issues she may have with her husband, he parents in law, as well as her own parents, could go a long way towards helping resolve the family issues at the root of Andrew’s negative behavior. In line with this, perhaps the best program for Andrew and his family to participate in is the family support program provided by the John Howard Society of North Island (Vancouver Island, n.d). 







Axelrod, P. (1997). The Promise of Schooling: Education in Canada, 1800-1914.

Cullen & Agnew (2002). Criminological Theories

Endres, K. (2004). The Youth Criminal Justice Act: The New Face of Canada’s Youth Criminal   Justice System. Family Court Review. 42(3). pp. 526–539

Mccaslin, W. (2005). Justice as Healing: Indigenous Ways. Washington DC: Living Justice         Press.

Vancouver Island (n.d). Youth Justice Programs. Retrieved from  …/pdf/youth_justice_booklet07.pdf 



Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now



The British crime survey (BCS) has its origins in two seminal studies carried out in America in the mid-sixties (Ennis 1967; Bidermann & Reiss 1967). They asked randomly sampled households if any person in the home had been a victim of crime within the previous year, and if the matter had been reported to the police. A similar study was carried out in London in the 1970s (Sparks, Genn & Dodd 1977). In both studies, despite the many methodological problems identified by the researchers, both governments were sufficiently persuaded as to invest in national large-scale surveys.


 The BCS is one of the largest social surveys carried out in England. It is primarily a ‘victimization’ survey, in which respondents are asked about their experiences of crime. These are mainly property crimes of the household (burglary) and personal crime (theft from the person). The reference period for the survey is from January 1st in the calendar year preceding the BCS, up to the date of the interview. The reference period and the wording and structure of the survey have remained constant since its introduction in 1982. The BCS has been an annual survey since 2000/2001, before that it was bi-annual from 1982.


 The survey sample for the BCS is 40,000 people aged 16 years and over, having initially been 15,000 people in the same age range. The exclusion of the under 16 age group in the survey has raised concern from both the NSPCC and several other children’s charities, that a great deal of crime against a vulnerable group is being missed and unreported. Genn (1982) also suggests that sexual and domestic crimes are under-reported in the BCS, however new touch screen computers for such incidents may help alleviate this concern. The survey sample for the BCS is collected from the postcode address file (PAF), which is in turn drawn up from the national census. Although the census is meant to be compulsory, the numbers of uncompleted census forms are increasing. Thus not all the population eligible to be included in the BCS will be included, these discrepancies do not fall into the realms of sampling error, as the numbers involved are relatively small in comparison to the overall survey. Comparisons between the sample proportions and the census proportions are therefore seen as a valid method of testing the validity and representativeness of the BCS sampling survey. The BCS has been criticized by Genn et al (1987) for missing people living in hostels, bed-sit accommodation and the homeless, who themselves may be some of the highest risk categories in society. A booster sample has been added in recent years of 4,000 ethnic minority people to see if their experiences of crime differ from those of the general population.


  A questionnaire-based survey is used for the BCS, as it is the cheapest, quickest and most easily quantifiable form of research methodology for such large-scale social surveys. As Sellitz et al (1976) say ‘questionnaires can be sent through the post, whereas interviewers cannot’. A questionnaire also produces very quick and quantifiable data; it is relatively easy to transfer data into a quantifiable form. The BCS offers the respondent a very high degree of anonymity, which in respect of the delicacy of some of the areas covered in the survey is desirable to both parties. The questionnaire-based survey also cuts down the opportunity for interviewer bias and demand characteristics.


  Perhaps the most limiting aspect of a questionnaire-based survey is the inability to prompt, probe and clarify certain areas of enquiry. The survey deals in absolutes, and doesn’t allow for human emotion and conjecture. The survey also relies upon the self-motivation of the respondents in participating in the survey. In this respect, the sample may not be adequately represented in certain sections of the community. Elliot and Ellingworth (1992) have suggested that in areas of high crime, the population become apathetic to crime, and therefore are less likely to complete a victim survey. The conditions under which the survey is completed may also offer cause for concern. Has the right person answered the right questions? Also have the questions been answered in the correct order? These questions may have a bearing upon the legitimacy of the collated data.


One of the main limitations with the BCS is the narrow field of categories that The BCS reports compared to that of official police statistics. The BCS does not calculate commercial or corporate crimes (shoplifting, vandalism and burglary) Kershaw et al (2001).  White-collar crime, fraud and motor offences and so-called ‘victimless crime’ such as possession or drug dealing are also not included. To get a truer, purer overview of crime statistics, the police and BCS must agree a formula and categories on which they will both agree and accurately report. Hough and Mayhew (1985) have freely admitted national surveys are much less successful in obtaining certain information about some types of incidents than others. 


  Another criticism of the BCS was argued by Hazel Genn (1988) who pointed out the deficient way the BCS records ‘multiple victimization’. She pointed out that the BCS only allows up to six separate crimes to be recorded on each survey. This meant that multiple crimes such as domestic abuse and persistent harassment could only be counted as six crimes, and the rest were put together as one crime. These disparities were first highlighted by Spark (1977) in the recording of police statistics, and point to a ‘dark figure’ of crime which may in some circumstances be as much as eleven times higher than the official figures.


 The BCS has been criticized by the left and feminist writers (Dobash & Dobash, Mathews & young, Genn, Stanko 1986-90) for distorting peoples ‘real’ experiences of crime. These concerns created several local crime surveys in inner-city areas. The focus of these surveys was to uncover areas of criminal behavior missed by the BCS, and to show how crime is unequally dispersed among the population. These smaller more focused studies found a disproportionate amount of crime concentrated in small areas. The studies also suggested that people in these areas were more likely to be victims of certain crimes, The Islington crime survey (Jones et al 1986) found that householders were 33% more likely to have been burgled than the statistical average reported in the BCS. The smaller studies also showed wide variations between sub-groups, and illustrate a ’fallacy of talking of the problem of women as a whole, or men, white, black, old, or youths’ (Young 1988). Instead he argues that criminological analysis should start with the subgroup in which people live their lives.


 Another major flaw in the BCS is the categorization of crime; a minor or petty crime is counted equally as a major crime in the final statistics. This anomaly was pointed out by (Sellin and Wolfgang 1966) who created a weighted index for crime. They argued that by counting all crime as equitable, the perception of overall crime would become distorted. The perception of crime is something that cannot be addressed in a questionnaire-based survey. The perception of crime affects more people than crime itself. The fear of crime for the most vulnerable in society can mean a dramatic loss of quality of life.


  The BCS is far from a perfect research tool, it has many flaws with the collection and presentation of the collected data. It does give a more accurate representation of the total numbers of crimes being committed than police figures, however the severity of many of these crimes is open to closer scrutiny. The politicization of the BCS has also meant that many people have lost faith in the whole survey. All parties pick and choose aspects of the survey, which suit the hot topic of the day. There seems to be no better way of collating so much data quickly than using a questionnaire based survey, it may be possible to use the internet with secure passwords, and however this is open to the same bias and demand characteristics as the current survey.





















Accessed 02/10/2003,3604,999641,00.html

Accessed 02/10/2003



Accessed 02/10/2003



Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

Why is the Outlaw Motorcycle Gang considered part of organized crime?

Please review the APA module under the “Getting Started” area if you need assistance.  As a criminal justice professional, it is imperative that you learn the finer aspects of writing.  Citing and referencing are part of the gradable criteria for your weekly work. All questions are worth 20 points:

  1. Why is the Outlaw Motorcycle Gang considered part of organized crime?
  2. Where is the headquarters of the Triad located?  How is the Triad structured?  
  3. Explain how the Gangster Disciples were formed.  What is the current status of the Gangster Disciples?
  4. Explain the importance of family in Chinese Organized Crime.
  5. What is the Mexican Mafia?  What are some of the criminal activities of the Mexican Mafia?

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

Discusshow the evolution of crime fighting may affect social policy from national and international perspectives.

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

Explain how crime can be prevented as it relates to the beliefs of the classical school of criminology

The primary argument of the classical school of criminology is that offenders commit crimes due to rational choice. As discussed in the Classical School of Criminology video, rational choice theory focuses on offenders weighing the risks versus rewards prior to engaging in a criminal act (Dorsey, 2013). If the risks are low and the rewards are high, the offender will engage in the crime. However, if the risks are high and the reward is low, the offender generally will not engage in the offense. In addition to the aforementioned, the classical school of criminology also contends that punishment is the primary way to deter crime. In order for punishment to be effective, it must be swift, severe, and certain. In your paper,

  • Explain how crime can be prevented as it relates to the beliefs of the classical school of criminology;
  • Assess the major components of the classical school of crime causation;
  • Discuss specific and general deterrence as it relates to the presence of punishment and the challenges to create deterrence in today’s society; and
  • Discuss how risk can be increased and rewards decreased as it relates to conventional crimes and the rational choice theory.

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

Theories of crime and criminality

Theories of crime and criminality

Throughout the course, we covered many theories of crime and criminality.  Often times, these theories contained competing concepts and ideologies. Your task is to construct a crime theory of your own.  What causes crime? In other words, what factors would you include in a theory to explain why a person becomes involved in criminal/deviant behavior? Select a specific crime or type of crime and discuss the elements/concepts of your theory, the explanation or theoretical rationale and policy (what can be done to reduce or eliminate this crime). 

Theories of crime and criminality

1.) Definition and description of crime. First, you should choose a type of crime in which
you are interested such as homicide, robbery, drug dealing, or terrorism. It is fine if you
are more interested in discussing categories of crime such as property or violent crimes
in general, but be sure that you narrow the topic somewhat. Once you have decided on
the scope of crimes that you want to explain, you should define and describe the criminal

2.) Theoretical analysis. To explain the criminal behavior that you choose, you may rely
on a theory or theories covered in class and readings. You may also design your own
theory based on the components of theories covered in class. 

The theoretical section should have the following sub-components:
a.) Discussion of the assumptions of human nature on which your theory is based.
b.) Clear definitions of the concepts important to your theory.
c.) An explanation of the major cause(s) of crime by specifying the relationships
between concepts.

3.) Implications for public policy. Finally, your description of criminal behavior and
theories to explain it should be connected with a discussion of social control and public
policy. Thus, you should address how effective formal (or informal) social control
institutions are likely to reduce the criminal behavior you discuss. For example, would
harsh punishments be more effective than rehabilitation to control thieves? Is it even
possible to “correct” individuals’ criminal behavior? Briefly discuss the best role of police
and courts with regards to the criminal behavior. For example, should we make longer
prison sentences and add more police to the streets?

The paper length should be 2 – 3 double spaced pages of content, using 12- point font and standard margins. This does not include a title page (optional) or reference page. You must include a “References” section to document the literature you have consulted.  You may use APA or MLA format for references. You also need to include references within the text (e.g., (Walker, 1998)). There should be at least one in-text citation for every reference you have on the reference page. I prefer that you cite outside sources and put ideas into your own words, rather than using long quotations. However, a few short quotations are acceptable. If you have questions regarding what constitutes plagiarism, please ask. There is also a document link in the Getting Started module in reference to plagiarism. 

Human nature
All theories are based on assumptions of human nature. Classical theorists assumed that humans are guided by individual
interest—people seek to gain rewards and avoid punishments. In contrast, many sociologists typically stress the importance of group level phenomena such as institutions and conformance to rules.

Concepts organize and simplify phenomena, and are essentially definitions. In order for you to clearly outline a theory, you need to clearly define all of its conceptual attributes. Thus, if subcultures are important in your theory, explain exactly what you mean by a subculture.

Relationship between theoretical concepts
Theories provide explanations about one set of events by referring to other events. Thus, theories are based on relationships between concepts. Your assignment is to explain how the concepts of your theory are related to one another. In other words, you need to articulate how your concepts are interlinked to produce the effects to be explained or predicted.


Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

Watch all of the documentary The Road from Crime

Watch all of the documentary The Road from Crime ( (Links to an external site.) ) re: desistance, reentry, and related processes (questions that are central to the study of punishment).  Also review helpful tools such as the Discovering Desistance Blog ( (Links to an external site.) ).

Watch all of the documentary The Road from Crime


Choose a topic from within The Road from Crime that you are extremely passionate aboutDo a comprehensive search / reading of THREE ACADEMIC ARTICLES and THREE “PUBLIC CRIMINOLOGY” ARTICLES that deal with the desistance/reentry topic you’re keying in on . Write up a paper which provides a comprehensive overview of your area of passion. Within the paper be sure to bring up areas of strength / weaknesses that you identify within your area of passion. 

Upload your answer as a Word doc at the Assignments section for this Unit (Unit #4). While I don’t like to give required page lengths, I know that causes some students stress.  I would estimate you would be able to answer the questions above in 1 1/2 – 2 pages per article you select. Therefore, approximately 10-12 pages .  I have no problem if your paper goes longer than 10-12 pages (why would a professor have a problem with that?).  

Follow these guidelines for the Word doc:

* Full name

* A clear title

* Double spaced

* Black ink, Times New Roman, 12 point font

* 1″ margins

* Page numbers

* APA format for citations and references (please be sure to include references)

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now

Identify how the consideration of biological explanations of crime could affect policy development, policing, and the adjudication of offenders

Identify how the consideration of biological explanations of crime could affect policy development, policing, and the adjudication of offenders.

Genetic characteristics such as intelligence, neurobiology, and neurochemistry were once considered suitable avenues of study in the quest to explain criminal offending and violent behavior. These theories then began a slow decline as they came to be considered less than politically correct and were dropped from many scholars’ research schedules. In recent years various biological theories and explanations of crime have started to gain wider acceptance.

In your journal, reflect upon the social and ethical ramifications of a wider acceptance for biological explanations of crime. Identify how the consideration of biological explanations of crime could affect policy development, policing, and the adjudication of offenders. Your journal entry this week should be at least one page in length.

Identify how the consideration of biological explanations of crime could affect policy development, policing, and the adjudication of offenders

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount

Order your Paper Now