Analysis on Clinton’s Rhetoric in Inaugural Address Essay

Analysis on Clinton’s Rhetoric in Inaugural Address Essay.

On January 21st, 1993, Bill Clinton spoke to America on what they could expect of his term as president. In his inaugural address, he motivated a nation using multiple forms of rhetoric. Although later scandal shattered his ethos, during his inaugural address his ethos is strong demonstrated by references to previous presidents and a confident tone. He also exploits a significant amount of logos, referring to the struggles of the people at the time with various things such as communism, the depression, and fascism.

His kairos on discussing these issues is excellent, while the matters were still relevant yet not too much of a threat to frighten people. He also employs logic or logos by demonstrating with artistic appeals that he was the correct choice. Clinton’s inaugural address spoke to the people and made them feel confident by using logos, ethos, pathos, and kairos. Ethos is the Greek word for character, and in English means how credible one or how reliable their character is (book).

Clinton addresses this issue multiple times throughout his speech. To win the presidential election one must command the trust of many, Clinton restates this fact and thanks the people for electing him (par. 37) saying that they, by voting, have sprung a positive change onto America. He illustrates that the position he is in requires significant ethos to acquire, and therefore he should be trusted. He then further states that he alone is incapable of alone, and will need the help of not only congress, but also the American people to change the nation (par. 38). He has an understanding that the president’s power is limited, and relies heavily on the support of other factions of government (i.e. congress, house of representatives etc…). By reiterating his knowledge of the amount of checks and balances in place and his duty to serve the people, he builds upon his ethos. He also develops his ethos by using various references to past prominent political figures. He draws parallels to himself and George Washington (par. 11), and also references a belief of Thomas Jefferson’s (par. 18).

By comparing himself to such postitive and credible figures he progresses towards people viewing him with the same regards. He compounds his ethos by using a form of logos called artistic appeals. These are appeals that are made through reasoning and logic as opposed to inartistic appeals that are made through data and statistics. His first artistic appeal concerns change. He cites recent how communication is much easier, allowing the world to become global. He also speaks on how technology has change so rapidly that it is “almost magical (par. 12)”. He then digresses onto how we need to embrace this change and make it our friend. Stating how the economy is poor and there are hungry jobless people, he comes full circle and say we have not embraced the change, and he will lead America flourish with the change. Clinton later asserts that although times are hard, Americans have a history of persevering through crises from the revolution to The Great Depression (par. 8); and that the determination that led us through the horrors of our past will guide us through our pains in the present.

Although Clinton’s logic behind his artistic appeal may be shaky, it is phrased in such a way that it motivates. His artistic appeals are the link in his speech between all of the other types of rhetoric. Although Clinton uses many different forms of rhetoric throughout his speech, the most convincing and abundant form is pathos. In his opening he alludes and appeals to the listeners sense of capitalism by referencing the founding fathers view of a bold declaration of independence with the backing of God (par. 42). By orientating the greatness and boldness of America with the will of God, he brings positive emotions to the surface. Clinton also states the nation’s need for each individual to rely on each other, because no one man can change a country alone (par. 38). He unifies the country with these words, by exemplifying the countries interdependence on each individual. Also, he discusses change in an anthropomorphic way, stating that we must make change or friend (par. 13).

By comparing how we adapt to change in technology to how one develops friends or enemies, he draws on listeners past experiences and emotions in dealing with people. This appeal is designed to suggest that each individual has the choice on whether or not change will be his or her friend, making the listener feel the need to embrace change as Clinton has stated. He draws on a sense of nationalism in his speech by giving the democratic government of the United States an enormous compliment by stating “Our democracy must be not only the envy of the world but the engine of our own renewal (par. 19).”

This statement not only makes the assumption that a government is the envied by the rest of the world, but also further states that it will shape the United States as it changes to flourish in the new era. This resounding statement evokes a strong sense of confidence and national pride by making each individual who was apart of the democratic process feel as though they have played a role in the best political system possible. Clinton uses pathos throughout his speech as the binding factor between all other forms of rhetoric. Without pathos, this speech would lose much of its authority.

Although generally not considered one of the three main branches of rhetoric, Kairos, literally meaning in ancient Greek the supreme moment, plays a considerable role in the prose and allusions Clinton makes throughout his speech. He speaks of how poor the state of the world economy is, and rallies people by referencing the AIDs epidemic (par. 32). Without the right time period context neither of the references would hold any weight in his speech. At the time, people were very worried about both of these issues, however if spoken about earlier, it would have not held as much value because people were not as concerned by it. He references how technology is becoming so amazing that it is nearly magical, and the world is becoming more unified because of it (par. 12).

Highly functioning computer were just being introduce into the public, and many were wary on its potential effects on society. By illustrating that he was aware of the vast technological changes and how it affected each individual in the countr, he solidified his position as not only the president of the United States, but the pioneer into a new form of leadership that involved capitalizing on technologies potential. Nearly all of Clinton’s prose and references are influenced by the time period in which gave his inaugural address.

In his speech, he not only makes use of references that would only be relevant to his time, but also induces a strong sense of confidence and passion for what will be in the future. Clinton uses a variety of different rhetorical devices in his inaugural address to assure the crowd that they made the correct decision. He uses pathos to rally the emotions of the crowd, gains their trust with strong ethos, and builds upon both by using a form of logos called artistic appeals to persuade them with reason. Alone none of these would make a significant or compelling argument, however, when used in collectively, as in Clinton’s inaugural address, they create a very compelling and persuasive argument.

Analysis on Clinton’s Rhetoric in Inaugural Address Essay

Rhetorical Analysis Reflections Essay

Rhetorical Analysis Reflections Essay.

I struggle with Rhetorical Analysis essays, but this particular paper seemed to puzzle me more than the other rhetorical analysis essays that I have come across this year. The score I received was an 8, and I was honestly quite surprised to see that. I knew I had written a paper to pass, but to show that I had sufficiently written the paper shocked me. This essay was tough in particular because the rhetorical strategies were very difficult to locate. I noticed that Richard Rodriguez wrote using a lot of compare and contrast, so I based my essay off of that.

With that idea, I elaborated the technique in great detail, and that may have accounted for the high score that I received.

The paper was very well structured, but it was very one-sided in my opinion. The main reason I was unsure about a high score was due to a lack of inclusion of other rhetorical strategies. I knew that the paper was well written, but I was not necessarily sure how well I was going to do.

While reading sample essays released from Collegeboard , I did notice that they were looking for something to do with compare and contrast, and I believe that is why I scored to high on the paper. I did not know that compare and contrast was a rhetorical technique, but it is good to take your idea, and let your thoughts flow. That is how you create very strong writing. WC: 250

Midwest Rhetorical Analysis Reflection

The Midwest Rhetorical Analysis Essay was hard to write because I had a lack of interest towards this particular prompt. The Midwest has never fascinated me; it has always been the West or East Coast that I have been really interested in. My lack of interest towards the Midwest made it a very difficult write. Over the year, when I am given topics that interest and fascinate me, I am able to write them very well. However if I am given a prompt which I do not really care about, I will pick the easier side to write about and go from there. Passion elevates my writing. The lack of passion towards this essay is the reason it is not written very well.

It was a difficult write, and I am positive that with a prompt involving the west or east coast, your writing improves. The score of 6 that I received is due to the fact that this paper was very adequate, and easy to follow. The text is very boring, but the reason it was scored as a passing paper if primarily due to following the necessary standards of the AP scoring rubric for 6 papers. Cause and effect was the main strategy that I used in talking about rhetorical devices. I used it to explain how the Midwest is not the same as people may perceive it. The Midwest has a lot to offer, and people just need to give it a chance and figure out what is hiding within the land. WC: 259

Summative Rhetorical Analysis Reflection

I believe I deserved the score of an 8 on this paper. I really connected to the text, and my ideas just started flowing. This paper demonstrated a lot of my strengths as a writer, and my score reflects that. My use of personal anecdotes to describe the author’s imagery and pathos really enhanced my essay. I was able to use personal evidence amd samples from the text to demonstrate my ability to master this paper. Essays that I can relate to are very easy to describe and write about. That is exactly what happened as I was writing this paper. The text, Last Child in the Woods reminded me of my childhood, and I used specific example from the text to describe that. This paper displayed much strength and very few weaknesses.

A problem I have with my writing is poor grammar, and I believe that is due to the timing factor. You really have no time to fix your mistakes when you are crunched for time. Luckily you are scored on what you do well rather than everything that you have done wrong considering that this paper is not a finished product. Anecdotes, contrasting views, imagery, and pathos were all rhetorical strategies that I have present in my essay. This was the final rhetorical essay that I had written all year, and my improvement is clearly demonstrated from my first essay to my last. Improvement is key, and I am happy to have my best writing at the end of the year rather than the start. WC: 262

Rhetorical Analysis Reflections Essay

Rhetorical Analysis of Malala Yousafzai Essay

Rhetorical Analysis of Malala Yousafzai Essay.

After reading “Malala Yousafzai’s speech about education, you should realize that everyone deserves to have an education. Everyone also deserves to voice their own opinions. While Yousafzai presents a valid argument discussing the need for “education in Pakistan” in which she aims to get peace, equality and education for every child. She also aims to have everyone’s voice to be heard.

Malala Yousafzai’s “Speech on Education United Nations NY, July 12, 2013” is a speech on how she wants to achieve goals of peace, education, and equality.

Also, that this is the legacy of change. On October 9th, 2012, the Taliban shot young Malala on the left side of her forehead, all because they thought it would silence her; they thought wrong. The only thing that changed about Malala was that her weaknesses, fears and hopelessness died, but her strength, power and courage was born. Yousafzai stated that a voice said, “The pen is mightier than the sword.” This is true.

That is why they killed 14 innocent students in the recent attack in Quetta. The Taliban is afraid of change and afraid of equality that the people will bring to the society.

A journalist asked a school boy, “Why are the Taliban against education?” He simply answered, “A Talib doesn’t know what is written inside the book.” That really says a lot. Malala states that Pashtuns want education for their daughters and sons. Islam says it’s not only each child’s right to get education rather it is their duty and responsibility. Young girls have to do domestic child labor and are forced to get married at an early age. She is focusing on women’s rights & girls’ education because they are suffering the most. Malala suggests to wage a global struggle against illiteracy, poverty and terrorism. They need to pick up your books and pens, because they are the most powerful weapon. One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world. Education is the only solution.

In her article, Yousafzai uses “Malala Day” to use her speech and talk about kids getting education. She thinks everyone deserves to get an education and not just little boys.

Rhetorical Analysis of Malala Yousafzai Essay

Chapter 8 Summary Essay

Chapter 8 Summary Essay.

In Neil Postman’s book, Amusing Ourselves to Death, he attempts to persuade Americans that television is changing every aspect of our culture and world. In chapter 8, Shuffle Off to Bethlehem, Postman uses three arguing styles very well: ethos, pathos, and logos, which help him push the reader, specifically televised religion viewers and churchgoers, to believe that televised religion is not a replacement for religion.

Throughout the chapter, Postman creates the feeling of guilt by making the reader see the faults with televised religion.

For one, he explains that watching television does not have the same significance as going to church does, instead of focusing on God the viewer is focusing on the preacher, dismissing all mysticism and spiritual transcendence. In order to succeed in transcendence one must be in a specific place that is consecrated and filled with symbols, there must be certain observed behaviors and a sense of community must be present. These things cannot be achieved in a home, the author makes clear.

Postman specifically makes the reader guilty in this instance by disgracing their place of worship when it comes to televised religion. The viewer could be doing whatever they pleased, as many of them do, most likely losing all spirituality.

The very thing that many people use to watch televised religion is inherently secular – something that is used to broadcast profane things should not be expected to properly convey the spirituality of religion. Also, Postman makes the reader guilty because at any time the viewer can change the channel as well as the viewer is constantly interrupted with commercials that are secular. “The television screen wants you to remember that its imagery is always available for your amusement and pleasure” (Postman 120) and so it will always change the message to make the viewer amused, giving the viewer what they want instead of what they need.

In order to properly establish credibility to himself, Postman watched 42 hours of televised religion. The author did this to show the reader that he did in fact know what he was talking about, as well as back up all his claims in chapter 8. This also connects the viewer to the author because Postman stepped into the shoes of his readers (the viewers of televised religion) creating a sense of trust between author and reader. Postman also credited himself by sharing with the reader about his position “As a member of the Commission on Theology, Education and the Electronic Media of the National Council of Churches of Christ” (Postman 124) again further creating trust with the reader and cementing Postman’s credibility.

One of the most important components of this chapter was Postman’s use of fact. He uses this to his advantage by stating the facts, then manipulating the reader into believing it. “It is naïve to suppose that something that has been expressed in one form can be expressed in another without significantly changing its meaning, texture or value” (117), or when changing the medium in which something is presented it can alter the way it is percieved. When starting television religion it changed how religion was understood.

Postman makes these two facts believable by the audience by closing the argument with “If the delivery is not the same … the message is not the same. … If the message is experienced is altogether different from what it was in Jesus’ time, we may assume that the social and psychological meaning is different”. By using an important Christian figure (the most important one) and connecting with the audience the author is closing his argument while cementing the fact into the readers mind and making them believe the authors claim. Postman does this many times throughout the chapter, connecting to the reader in new ways that make them believe the facts.

Ethos, pathos, and logos: Postman’s three tools to effectively creating an argument against televised religion, targeting those who watch televised religion as well as the many who are religious. He creates guilt and credibility in the reader as well as successfully manipulating the audience into believing him. Postman excels at creating an effective argument because he knows how and when to use ethos, pathos and logos. Postman knows that Christianity, when delivered correctly, is a demanding and serious religion and now with the creation of televised religion it has started to bend to the needs of amusing and entertaining. If America does not solve this problem then the modifications on religion to make it more amusing will escalate in till “… television shows become the content of religion.”(124).

Chapter 8 Summary Essay

Desegregation and the Future Essay

Desegregation and the Future Essay.

The civil rights movement was one of the most pivotal periods in United States history, and Martin Luther King was one of the most influential. In Martin Luther King’s speech, “Segregation and the Future”, to convey the theme of freedom he uses rhetorical devices such as repetition and metaphors.

In his speech, the use of repetition was used to better convey his points and to let the audience know what he wants with clarity. An example of this repetition is when he repeats the word, “leaders”.

His use of repetition for the word leaders was to remind the National Committee of Rural Schools that they are supposed to lead with a purpose and that purpose according to Martin Luther King was to better educate both white and black students with equal treatment. He wants the leaders of the committee to lead others in a better way of thinking, and to stray from current ideas that infringe on the rights of African Americans.

Another example of repetition in his speech is his use of the words, “not the way”. He wants the audience to know he views would impede upon their cause. He lists violence, hate and bitterness as things that are, “not the way” to help with their cause.

The second prominent rhetorical device that Martin Luther King used were metaphors. One example of a metaphor that coveys the theme of freedom is when compares a, “festering sore” to segregation. Martin Luther King’s comparison shows his contempt for segregation and how freedom is always the better choice. Comparisons to negative objects or situations, put things like segregation into a more personal and more understandable meaning, making this metaphor powerful. A second example of King’s use of metaphor is his comparison of the Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board to a “joyous daybreak” that ended the “long night of human captivity”. Martin Luther King uses this comparison to show how momentous this Supreme Court decision was. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in schools was unconstitional, became a huge step toward equality and Martin Luther’s comparison shows this.

Martin Luther King’s use of repetition and metaphors makes his speeches more inspiring and more emotional to others. Without his use of rhetorical devices, his speeches would fall on deaf ears and wouldn’t have caused a movement toward equality. His use of repetition and metaphors in this speech better display his themes of freedom and have inspired America for years to come.

Desegregation and the Future Essay

Rhetorical Analysis of “The Shadow Scholar” Essay

Rhetorical Analysis of “The Shadow Scholar” Essay.

The prefix ‘pseudo’ seems to perfectly describe the character of Dave Tomar, known by all as Ed Dante (Dave Tomar is Dante’s pseudonym). His article “The Shadow Scholar,” which appeared in the chronicle review section of _The Chronicle of Higher Education_ on November 12, 2010, stirred controversy and a scare throughout the entire professional world. Doctors, educators, administrators, law officials, and all other professions of importance consequently came under the microscope. Dante has spent the course of a decade as a full-time ghostwriter who is paid to help students cheat as they achieve ‘competency’ in their chosen fields of study.

This illegal, unethical behavior occurs rampantly and abundantly in and throughout the schools of those who are aiming to achieve their bachelor’s degree, those who are aiming to achieve their master’s degree, and those who are aiming to achieve their doctorate’s degree in any and all fields of study. Dante claims to have written thesis papers for psychology, medical, and administrative post-graduate students, among countless others.

The money is good for Dante, as it supports him with $66,000 per year. While Dante did agree to speak on behalf of his involvement in this ghostwriting industry, he did so with carefully planned strategies to conceal his true character until blowing his own cover at a specified time, which came in January 2011. In 2011, _ABC World News with Diane Sawyer_ and _Nightline_ both interviewed Dante. Dante used voice covers and did not show his face in any of the many confessions he has subsequently partaken in. After the resulting widespread quake of debate and disturbance, students, educators, and parents were left among those who felt the chief responsibility to respond and investigate this matter of cheating.

“The Shadow Scholar” became the top commented-on article in the history of _The Chronicle of Higher Education_, obviously without questions or doubts on its relevance. Dante has since announced that he has been signed by _Bloomsbury USA_ to write a novel detailing his experiences and practices as a ghostwriter. The finished product, _The Shadow Scholar: How I Made A Living Helping College Kids Cheat_, received obligatory attention as well. Dante effectively uses his witty and dry humor and personal credibility to clearly draw upon the rhetoric appeals of logos, pathos, and ethos, as well as he calls for recognition of practices in reaches of a large audience of students, parents, and educators in the college business.

Dante uses an informal and casual tone as he engages the audience in his article. “The Shadow Scholar” is primarily formatted and presented as a condensed version of the actual experience of writing a paper for one of the lost and deficient students who approach Dante. The article begins with the story of being asked for help by one of these students: “The request came in by e-mail around 2 in the afternoon. It was from a previous customer, and she had urgent business.” Sarcasm, wit, and dry humor accompany the many strong points he states. Dante’s speech is full of euphemisms, which are humorous simply because of the understatement and reality behind the said statements. Dante’s honesty and portrayal of a confessor are supplemented by a defense of his own role in the madness. He captures the attention of the reader at the beginning of the article by stating that he “live[s] on the desperation, misery, and incompetence that your educational system has created.”

Yet, with careful reading, one will realize that Dante shifts blame from himself to the educational system itself. Dante continues this scary discussion when he sarcastically states that “Our lives are in capable hands – just hands that can’t write a lick… I’ve even written pharmaceutical-treatment courses, for patients who I hope were hypothetical.” Dante also uses a more light-hearted tone throughout some sections of the article. His tone even represents a dash of egotism. He claims to have “written essays that could be adapted into Meryl Streep movies.” He clearly and scandalously enjoys his vocation. Despite the overwhelming and shocking nature of his work, Dante represents himself as a relatable, practical, and down-to-earth sort of individual. All ethical scrutiny aside, he comes across as any other co-worker in your office who works hard, long hours to pay the bills. In defense, he continues that “there’s the money, the sense that I must capitalize on opportunity.” Yet despite this relatable personalization, the superhuman qualities that Dante possesses are no light joke.

Dante builds both trust, awe, and anger in his audience – all important aspects which build the foundation of a successful controversy. Within this structure, Dante proceeded to include background information on his previous occurrences as a ghostwriter. These are the points that draw personal credibility to Dante. Shocking accounts of his experiences capture the attention of the reader. Dante quotes that he “will cease all human functions but typing, Google until the term has lost all meaning, and drink enough coffee to fuel a revolution in a small Central American country.” This is not surprising, as it turns out that Dante occasionally churns out “20 to 40 pages a day.” The trust that Dante builds with his experience is built as he progressively describes his daily life, his role in the company, and the company’s role in society.

Dante showers the reader in unbelievable statistics on the number of paper he writes and appalling recounts of all of the different professions he has written dissertations, theses papers, and other assignments for. His combined list of written topics includes, but is not limited to, the following: “international diplomacy, hospitality, business administration, accounting, history, cinema, labor relations, pharmacology, theology, sports management, maritime security, airline services, sustainability, municipal budgeting, marketing, philosophy, ethics, Eastern religion, postmodern architecture, anthropology, literature, public administration… sociology… industrial/organizational psychology… [and] education.” Dante cites Google as the source of all of his knowledge, which is something that today’s generation can second. Dante’s method which solidly builds trust within the reader, however, is not simply his confession, but the motivations and good intentions harbored within his decision to quit and admit.

Despite personal partiality as an essay writer in the cheating industry and cold facts about his experience within it, Dante appeals to his audience in a manner consistent with that of the motivation and desire for change in the educational system. Rhetoric appeals of logos, ethos, and pathos come into play as he builds on the ethics, logic, and emotions of the reader. While taking responsibility for his own liabilities, he proceeds to call for action to change. ***** The more detailed and meticulous rhetorical devices that Dante used and covered in his article are those of pathos and logos. Pathos, which is the appeal to the emotions of the reader, is found throughout the article. Some of the main emotions of the reader that Dante draws upon and instigates within the reader are that of shock, alarm, distress, unease, panic, anger, despise, betrayal, and disgust. The reader cannot help but to feel disgusted, angry, and upset with the way that the educational system is set up. Dante himself claimed and confessed that he lost track in college, which eventually led to his career as a custom-paper writer who helps his peers cheat and lose track.

“Tremendous disappointment” is what Dante claims “awaited” him in college. This disappointment may relate to many college and university students as they pursue their studies. The experience that Dante had is no better surmised than with his actual words describing it: “How dispiriting to find out that college was just another place where grades were grubbed, competition overshadowed personal growth, and the threat of failure was used to encourage learning.” Dante uses this commentary to find mutuality, commonality, and cohesion between the problems that students face today. Students can relate to Dante. Teachers may also face an emotion of shock and disappointment as Dante directly addresses the daunting actuality that his “customers are your students.” Logos is used, slightly in conjunction with pathos, as he cautions that “these students truly are desperate.” His facts back it up. “I have seen the word ‘desperate’ misspelled every way you can imagine… They couldn’t write a convincing grocery list, yet they are in graduate school. They really need help. They need help learning and, separately, they need help passing their courses. But they aren’t getting it,” are the exact words which he employs in the article.

Dante clearly is passionately worried, troubled, and asking for help for not only his customers, but for all of the students having trouble and struggling to pass courses in today’s U.S. educational system. Dante speaks on, accounts for, and defends his own experience as a college student, and his later experiences as a ghost-writer for college students, in an attempt to cause a controversy which will eventually lead to the investigation of the system which produces the unethical behaviors of cheating. He continues to use logos as he describes the “three demographic groups [which] seek out my services: the English-as-second-language student; the hopelessly deficient student; and the lazy rich kid.” Dante asserts that “for the first two types of students- the ESL and the hopelessly deficient-colleges are utterly failing them.” He blames the pressures of grading, and the transition into a new culture as being over-bearing and incapable of producing truly competent students.

In regard to the ‘lazy rich kid,’ Dante states that “colleges are a perfect launching ground-they are built to reward the rich and to forgive them their laziness. The lazy rich kid… is poised for a life of paying others and telling them what to do. Indeed, he is acquiring all the skills he needs to stay on top.” Perhaps, this assertion can also be attributed to the ethical concerns of our generation. It is common knowledge that money and power are the top characteristics of the most ‘successful’ people in our time, day, and country. Ethos is the primary rhetorical device that Dante uses. Cheating is unethical. The entire article’s theme, then, is appealing to the rhetorical device of ethos. Dante also proposes that the educational system lacks a few ethics: mainly, the lack of care and concern for the students whom college professors teach. Dante articulates this as he comes full circle to appealing again to pathos: “Here I was, begging anybody in authority to take my work seriously. But my classmates did. They saw my abilities and my abundance of free time. They saw a value that the university did not.” This appeals to the individual’s emotions and experiences. Conclusively, all three rhetoric devices are used circularly to utter Dante’s ideas.

Dante structurally comes full circle in his article by playing on his personality through tone and style, by turning a personal experience into a reflection of experiences and base of credibility built on solid facts, and by using rhetoric appeals finally stimulate the reflection, curiosity, and motivation for change within the reader. Dante may appeal to most as the ‘bad guy.’ In fact, the term ‘bad guy’ could even be delegated to students who cheat, or to professors who do not catch the cheating, or to the simple discouraging environments of a select few. However, Dante expresses that the root of the problem is an alarming discrepancy in the attitudes, motivations, rules, and policies behind the educational system.

Works Cited

“Special Reports.” _The Chronicle of Higher Education_., 28 Feb. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Cohen, Patricia. “Writer-for-Hire Gets a Book Deal to Write About Helping Students Cheat.” _ArtsBeat WriterforHire Gets a Book Deal to Write About Helping Students Cheat Comments_., 26 Jan. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Netter, Sarah. “Confessions of a Ghostwriter: Man’s Career Thrives Helping Students Cheat.” _ABC News_. ABC News Network, 13 Dec. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

“The College Cheating Culture.” _ABC News_. ABC News Network, 13 Dec. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Dante, Ed. “The Chronicle Review.” _The Chronicle of Higher Education_. N.p., 12 Nov. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Berrett, Dan. “Faculty.” _The Chronicle of Higher Education_., 12 Aug. 2012. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Dyess-Nugent, Phil. “Dave Tomar:Â The Shadow Scholar: How I Made A Living Helping College Kids Cheat · Book Review · The A.V. Club.” _Dave Tomar:Â The Shadow Scholar: How I Made A Living Helping College Kids Cheat · Book Review · The A.V. Club_., 15 Oct. 2012. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Rhetorical Analysis of “The Shadow Scholar” Essay

Patrick Henry’s Use of Logos Essay

Patrick Henry’s Use of Logos Essay.

Almost 2500 years ago Aristotle was born, he was born into a wealthy educated family in Greece. He was a student of the famed Plato (another Greek philosopher) and went on to make many great discoveries and theories. One of Aristotle’s greatest teachings was in the art of rhetoric. Aristotle said that to be persuasive in ones arguments that one must establish credibility (ethos) use logical argument (logos), and appeal to the audience on an emotional level (pathos). Twenty two hundred years later a young statesman named Patrick Henry would exemplify these three techniques to near perfect use, in his speech to the Virginia House of Burgesses.

Henry starts the speech out with a series of declaratory sentences, one of the most notable being “different men often see the same subjects in different lights” His word choice is especially important because he is establishing his credibility by using the word “lights” she is making a reference to the Devine spiritual illumination.

He uses this method of establishing credibility through the speech. By placing god in the speech he creates the allusion that he is doing the work of the Devine. He next talks about listening to the sound of the siren till it transforms us into beasts. This also creates an appeal to ethos by using a mythological allusion to homers Oddesy. These are a few of the examples of appeals to ethos that Henry uses in his speech to the Virginia convention.

More examples of his appeal to the ethos are not what Henry states directly but what how he says the things that he does. The word choice and structure of the sentences is adds to the already persuasive content of the speech. This is also categorized as an appeal to the ethos because it is establishing credibility that the speaker has vast knowledge and command of the language.

As some philosophers say it is dangerous to try and rationalize emotions. Henry speaks with great emotion but also makes logical arguments, legitimizing the points that he is making through his emotions. Examples of his effective appeal to the logos include statements such as the statement about all of the British troops coming to the colonies. He says ” they are meant for us; they can be meant for no other” this is putting logic into play refuting what the parliament had been saying about the reason behind the troop shipments. Later on in Henrys speech he asks questions to the audience. This is an extremely effective rhetorical technique because it is making the audience ask themselves if they believe his logic. By supporting his intensely emotional speech with an appeal to the audiences sense of logic Henry makes his arguments even more persuasive.

As far as which appeal is the most effective to the average listener to any persuasive work, most will agree that the appeal to the emotional senses is the most effective and the most widely felt. Through the speech Henry uses numerous appeals to sway his listeners that he is correct in believing that declaring independence is imperative to the success of the colony of Virginia. In the opening paragraph Henry states, ” I consider it nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery.” By it he is referring to declaring independence, and thus creating an appeal to the emotions by saying that fight for independence, or be subjected to slavery. In the concluding sentence Henry talks about the troops that have been sent over. He goes on to make a metaphor about how these troops are the chains that have been sent over to bind us. This creates an appeal because it again conjures the image of slavery.

Finally in henrys closing statement he states, “I do not know what course other men will take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death,” Henry not only typifies the then current national movement of literary nationalism, but also creates a massive appeal to the emotions. The movement of literary nationalism was a movement that stirred up the patriotic feelings in America during a time of great upheaval and turmoil. Henrys final statement typifies this because of his appeal to the pathos using death (something all humans have a fear of) and using a modified chiasmus to increase the effectiveness of his argument.

Through the test of time Aristotle’s virtues of argument have stood tall, and Henrys speech to VA convention will serve as modern examples of how to use Aristotle’s teachings to near perfection. Throughout henrys speech he appealed to the three senses effectively creating one of the most persuasive arguments ever written. Given the situation of the day back then it also furthered the cause of independence from Britain by moving along the literary nationalism movement. Given today’s political climate, if someone could give a speech that appealed to the emotions even close to the effectiveness of Henry, he or she would no doubt become a national icon.

Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes : The American Experience. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall PTR, 2000.

Danzer, Gerald A., J. J. Klor De Alva, and Larry S. Krieger. The Americans : With Atlas by Rand Mcnally. Evanston: McDougal Littell Incorporated, 2006.

Patrick Henry’s Use of Logos Essay

Speech: smoking should be banned Essay

Speech: smoking should be banned Essay.

Good afternoon Ms Gorman and fellow class mates I am standing before you today to argue and present why smoking should be banned.

Cigarettes the poison of humanity, killing thousands every year, children smoking at the age of 12 , the bad health of smokers and people around them and hundreds of dollars being wasted on them, will it ever stop? These are the aspects which I believe are of most interest on this topic of smoking should be banned and are what im going to present today.

Underage smoking, a big problem we are faced with in today’s society, research from the Queensland government shows that in Queensland just one of Australias’ states 2 million illegal sales were made to underage children last year, if this many illegal underage sales are made just in one year think about how many children worldwide are smoking rite this instant.

There are an estimated 1.5 billion smokers in the world, 20% of which are aged 13-15, that means 300 million ages 13-15 are smokers, think of these childs futures if they are smoking at such a young age, the cigarette companies don’t care about how many people are dying, suffering or hurt by their products all they care about is the billions of

dollars they receive every year by selling these chemical filled products.

We as children should be enjoying our youth, socializing, having fun, playing sports , enjoying life as a youngster while we can. Children, and teenagers shouldn’t be wasting their time and money on something which will give them bad health and the inability to physicall perform like they used to before they started smoking, smoking makes the user unfit, if one were a serious smoker he would be inable to run and last as long as he /she used to , being fit as a child is a very big thing, gathering together on weekends, and holidays enjoying a game of cricket, or soccer at the field is what being a kid is all about, it’s the time we get to have fun with no worries about finance, shelter and work it’s a time when we shouldn’t be spending our lunch or going out money our caregivers give us on cigarettes, it’s a problem that is increasing in this world, and if smoking continues to be legal and not banned,this problem of our worlds children being smokers will just increase into higher numbers making it a worse place to live in, also for the children who are affected passively, whilst they are just hanging around with their mates not smoking but affected by the pollutants their friends are breathing out.

Bad health is another aspect why smoking should be banned Smoking is an important risk factor for the three diseases that cause most deaths in Australia: heart disease, stroke and lung cancer. The mixture of nicotine and carbon monoxide in each cigarette people smoke temporarily increases your heart rate and blood pressure, straining your heart and blood vessels.This can cause heart attacks and stroke. It slows your blood flow, cutting off oxygen to your feet and hands. Some smokers end up having their limbs amputated

Research shows that every 6.5 seconds someone in the world dies from a smoking related illness i.e., heart disease, stroke and lung cancer. Now is it really worth having cigarettes legal, I think not, why should a substance which kills and causes disease and illness be available to buy at nearly every shop you visit, it shouldn’t, lung cancer from smoking is caused by the tar in the tobacco smoke, men who smoke are ten times more likely to die from lung cancer then non smokers, now people must thing. Is smoking really worth dying for prematurely? Smoking causes disease and is a slow way to die. The strain put on your body by smoking often causes years of suffering.

Emphysema is an illness that slowly rots your lungs. People with emphysema often get bronchitis again and again, and suffer lung and heart failure. Commercials which im sure all of you have seen are made by the government to show people the affects of smoking and to try get people to quit.The commercials might seen horrible and disgusting but its what is actually happening to the human body , examples of them are the display of the amount of tar in the brain and the display of the effects of the lungs rotting, its not a pretty picture but these cigarettes are the cause , and must be banned. And finally the third aspect of why smoking should be banned is the money being spent every year on cigarettes.

The multi million dollar cigarette industries arn’t concerned about whether its users are going to lead a healthy life and die of natural causes, all they are after is the money, they invent these products and seduce people by putting addictive chemicals in them , so when people try it, they feel like they can’t stop and must have another.

Not everyone has the self power to decide to quite, most people don’t even think about quitting anymore because they say its just to hard for them , im sure nearly everyone in this room has herd that before, smoking should be banned, not only are adults wasting ridiculus amounts of money on cigarettes but children are to, eligibility to buy cigarettes is 18 and over,it’s the law, but so many corner stores break this law just to make a measly 10 dollars per packet, it’s just not rite, law enforcement cant find and catch all these perks who illegally sell cigarettes to minors for the profits so smoking should be banned, the money that people are spending on cigarettes can be put to so much better use, in things such as better clothing, shelter, food and luxuries, parents can buy better things for their children so they can have a better education, and children who smoke can save their money on something more useful like school books even toys, its better then rotting their lungs and minimizing their life expectancy.

If smoking continues to be legal and doesn’t become band all these problems that we are faced with today will just increase and our world will be a worse place, children shouldn’t be smoking, people shouldn’t be dying every 6.5 seconds from a smoking related death and people should not be spending thousands of dollars a year on these products filled with chemicals that only cause pain and suffering, these are the reasons why smoking should be banned. Thank you.

Speech: smoking should be banned Essay