Cash Crops of Pakistan Essay

Cash Crops of Pakistan Essay.

The main crops of Pakistan are classified into food crops and non-food crops. The food crops include wheat, rice, maize, coarse grains, grams and other pulses. The cash crops are cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, mustard and sesame. The total area, yield and production of each crop is now discussed under separate heads.

(A) FOODS CROPS (1) Wheat: Wheat is the principal food crop of the people. It occupies an important position i farming policies. The share of wheat is 3% to GDP. The area under wheat crop was 8494 thousand hectares and wheat output stood at 23.

2 million tons and it contributed14. 4% to value added in agriculture in 2006-07. The area and yield of wheat has gradually increased in Pakistan dye to the introduction of new wheat varieties, improved agronomic practices, increased water availability and improved water use efficiency greater use of fertilizer wide spread use of mechanical implements, better storage facilities and a support price policy and favorable weather conditions. The agriculture of Pakistan is to face another big challenge from the World Trade Organization regime (WTO) from the year 2005.

According to the WTO agreement on agriculture, it is necessary for each country, to provide market access to international commodities and to do away with domestic and export subsidies. Pakistan will now have to take steps to minimize the cost of production of crops and also maintain quality of goods to compete in the international market. With the advent of Green Revolution the wheat production has increased from four million tones in 1960 to 23. 5 million tones in 2006-07. In order to increase the yield of wheat per acre, some additional measures shall have to be taken.

These in brief are (i) Development of new high yielding varieties (ii) production and distribution of certified seeds (iii) Timely sowing of wheat (iv) Timely availability of fertilizer and (v) elimination of weeds from fields. The production of wheat in 2006-07 is highest in the history of country. Pakistan now is not only self sufficient in wheat but is also in a position to export the surplus wheat to other countries. (2) Rice: Rice is the 2nd largest food crop in Pakistan. It is now a major export item accounting for 6. 1% of total export earnings over the last five years and contributes 1. % to GDP. The production of rice during 1999-2000 was 5156thousand tones. It came down to 3882 thousand tones in 2001-02 and increased to 5438 thousand tones in 2006-07. The Government of Pakistan is taking effective measures to increase the yield, production quality and export of rice. Research efforts are continuing on developing high yielding basmati and Iris varieties. Emphasis is also being laid on agronomic research as well as on improved extension services fertilizer use, direct seeding etc. The flow of inputs and credits is also being substantially increased.

Spray is also provided to the rice growers at subsidized rates. Pakistan produces finest quality of rice named as ”Basmati” It enjoys monopoly in the international market. After Thailand, Vietnam, USA and India, Pakistan is the fifth largest rice exporting country in the world. (3) Maize: Maize is an important food grain as well raw material for edible oil production. It is also used to produce starch and poultry food mixes. The total area under maize was 1026 thousand hectares in the year 2006-07which has doubled since independence.

More than half of the crop is growth in NWFP and almost all the remainder in Punjab. The total production during 2006-07 was 2968 thousand tones. The main reason for the poor performance in this crop is the lack of adequate seed supplies and inadequate farm practices required to obtain high yields from hybrid and synthetics. Efforts to remove existing constraints are urgently required to increase the production of this valuable crop. (4) Barley: Barley is an important coarse grain crop. It is grown in dry, arid conditions.

The total area under course grains in the year 2006-07 was 93thousand hectares. The use of barley for human consumption has declined considerably in recent years. It has been replaced by wheat. However, the course grains constitute an important food and fodder source. It is also being increasingly used in the poultry feed. The low yield of course grains is mainly due to inadequate fertilizer use, poor land preparation, lack of plant protection and thinning of crop for fodder. (5) Gram: Gram is an important source of vegetable protein and play an important role in the diet.

It is grown both as rabi and kharif crops. The total area under gram was 1073 thousand hectares in 2006-07. The total production was 842 thousand tones in 2006-07. The production of gram and other pulses remain concentrated largely in Barani areas. Gram with 2. 3rd of total acreage under pulses, is the dominant crop. The production of gram and other pulses fluctuates sharply due to varying rainfall and frequent blight damage. The production can be increased by introducing tolerant varieties of seeds and support prices.

(B) CASH CROPS 6) Cotton: Cotton is the most important cash crop of Pakistan in terms of area and value addition. It is the main foreign exchange earnings for the country with the production of 13. 0 million cash return to the farmers. It supplies raw material to the textile industry and provides employment to the people living in both rural and urban areas. Its contribution is 1. 8% to GDP, The area and yield of cotton from the year 2002-03 is given below: The Government of Pakistan has provided following support to cotton production system in the year 2006-07. (1) Subsidy of Rs. 00 per bag of fertilizer. (2) Electronic media was used fr quick technology transfer among the growing community. (3) Availability of agricultural credit at the door step of the farmers. The Government plans to increase cotton production to 14. 4 million bales in 2007-08 (7) Sugarcane: Sugarcane crop serves as a major raw material for production of white sugar and gur and is also a cash crop. Its share in value added in agriculture is 3. 5% and in GDP 0. 7% in 2006-07. Sugarcane was cultivated on an area of1029 thousand hectors during the year 2006-07.

The higher sugarcane production is the result of increase in area, timely rains, easy availability of fertilizer and pesticides and attractive prices of sugarcane offered by the millers. (8) Tabacco: The total area under tabacco, during the year 2006-07 was 62thousand hectares and production 126 thousand tones. The production of fine Virginia tobacco is mainly concentrated in lower landaus Basin, plains of the Punjab and NWFP. Pakistan is meeting its domestic requirements of tabacco and is exporting a sizeable quantity of manufactured tobacco in the from of cigarettes.

In order to increase production new varieties of tobacco need to be development. Funds should also be provided to boost the research and development programmers with a view to reducing the cost of production and improving tobacco quality. Tobacco growers cooperation should also be organized. (9) Oil Seed and Vegetable Oils: The main crops grown for oil are rape and mustard seeds sunflowers, safflower soybeans. Total requirement of edible oil was1. 9 million tones. which 32% was met through domestic production and remaining68% was imported.

Cash Crops of Pakistan Essay

What Can I Do to Improve My Country Essay

What Can I Do to Improve My Country Essay.

Pakistan came into being 14 august 1947.we think that we are independent. but the reality is not like that how we think because our politician come in the government and say that we are relevant with the problems of Pakistani people but in such they are just making money and transfer it in Swiss banks.

And the most genuine problem we can not believe any one in the Pakistani politics All are corrupt by heart and soul…they come with the oath that they will resolve the problem of Pakistani people and they will save the life of Pakistani people but the reality is much bitter because poor people of Pakistan are going in graveyard slowly.

Politician are not concern with the problem of Pakistanis they don’t take any initiative in the favor of Pakistani people still we are slave.

I would like to ask some question. Our ancestor died because they thought our new generation will take breath in independent country.

And they did well. But could we save our country? At that time when Pakistan became as an independent country because there was a nation who wanted an independent country… but now a days Pakistan need 1 nation. Who can save Pakistan? So should we take stand…? Or not……? so,the things that are pretty much easy to do,he things which can ultimately contribute to a revolution are…

1. pick up pieces of litter. 2. Re-use brown paper bags to line your trash can instead of plastic bags. Re-use bread bags and produce bags Don’t leave water running needlessly. 1. Turn off the lights, TV, or other electrical appliances when you are out of a room. 2. Carpool, if possible 3. Use public transit whenever might seem more difficult,but if you count the emissions emitted by individual transport,you need to help your earth.

4. Encourage your family, friends, and neighbors to save resources too. 5. Print or copy on both sides of the paper. 6. walking instead of driving… 7. instead of waiting for termites or rats to attack on old clothes,donate them to orphanages · all of these things have a common factor,we are afraid,we do not shout out,we are afraid of being called sissies and morons,these people do not realize the gravity of the situation. · i gave time to this,i hope that people will get something out of this,and will do their part for change:)

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What Can I Do to Improve My Country Essay

My Dreams For My Country Essay

My Dreams For My Country Essay.

1. My dream for my country is not different than the dream of the founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Unfortunately soon we will complete seven decades since independence but Quaid’s dreams is yet to come true. But, What was Quaid’s dream?

Father of the Nation, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, always wanted to see a prosperous Pakistan — a country that could be a shining example for all the Muslim nations in the world. A beautiful mosaic of all ethnic communities, religious sects and indifferent but vivid colors of culture and heritage.

A country that leads from front 2. Since the day I was born, I am desperate to see any sign of improvement in any aspect of life in my country . What I see is that there is corruption, unemployment, poor health facilities, Povert, death of innocent kids due to femine and a very low literacy rate! And for last many years terrorism, Bloodsheds, Killings, Killing in the name of false prestige and honour, Abduction for ransom, brain drain towards foreign countries, killing of talents, killing of our dreams at a gross scale.

But I have not given up hope can’t give up our Quaid’s dream would keep dreaming and struggling in my own capacity for a Peaceful and prosperous Pakistan.

A country for all, not for a cult of few elites 3. It is not an impossible dream, as I know well that we are blessed with abundant God gifted resources. First of all we must submit ourselves before the almighty Allah Taalaa and commit ourselves to follow the teachings of his last messenger Prophet Muhammad (SW-Peace be up on him).It is simply a matter of strengthening and reinforcing our faith in Almighty Allah Taalaa Allah Kareem’s blessings and bounties are endless. We have coal mines, rivers, thermal power, nuclear energy, highest mountain’s range, vast fields, brightest sun, Copper, Gold, Silver, Chromite, Granites, best class of marbles in the world and lots of other precious and semi-precious minerals, very talented human capital. And most importantly, a very ambitious majority of youth population 4. If we can utilize these resources to the fullest, we too, can become a successful nation.

5. Unity is any nation’s strength and if we work as one nation with an aim to ‘build Pakistan’, we can become an ideal country to live in. 6. Education is the key to success. But our country lacks in literacy scales. This is one major reason why we lag behind in many fields. 7. Illiteracy eventually leads to unemployment and thus crime in society; of course when people will not get their basic needs fulfilled, they will try to get it the ‘wrong way’! 8. In order to solve all these problems, we need to work together to build our country and for that the foremost requirement is to get rid of corrupt people. 9. Once eligible and honest people replace the corrupt ones, the system of our country will automatically be on the right track.

10. However, as youth we can also play our part in building our nation. 11. The first step is to maintain discipline in all aspects of life. 12. Than study well and help those who are less fortunate than us, like poor children, to gain education too. This can be done by teaching, or urging adults to teach, poor kids free of cost, thus spreading the light of education to every nook and corner of our country. 13. Each single effort matters a lot and I am sure my words will create awareness among children and one day, my dream of a prosperous Pakistan will definitely come true.

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My Dreams For My Country Essay

The Bravest Girl in the World Essay

The Bravest Girl in the World Essay.

Malala Yousafzai was just 15 years old when she was shot in the head by the Taliban. The article “The Bravest Girl in the World” by Malala Yousafzai and Christina Lamb was presented in the December 9, 2013 issue of the upfront magazine. The article explained that the Taliban imposed harsh laws in the Pakistan region-including the banning of schooling for girls. Malala Yousafzai and her father defied those laws and spoke out about every girl’s right to attend school. Their defiance earned them many admirers and enemies.

One day, while she was returning home from school, she was shot by the Taliban. She survived the attack and has become more famous-enabling her to spread her message to the entire world.

I am honestly appalled at how a girl going to school is such a big deal in Pakistan. I completely agree with Malala and her dad, girls have the right to have an education and they should be treated equally to boys.

I feel this way because education is empowering and can help girls and boys alike to grow up and achieve their dreams- why would anyone want to smash a young girl’s dream? Reading this story really makes you count your blessings and be thankful to have the privilege of going to school without worrying about your brains being blown out.

I can connect to this situation because I’m a girl, the main character is also a girl, and we have both been against sexism at one point of our lives. The only reason they had for opposing her learning was that she was a girl. If it were a boy, they wouldn’t have cared one bit about him learning. There are some things that I haven’t been allowed to do simply because I was a girl. (Paintballing is the only thing I can think of at the moment but I know there were more occasions.) Thankfully, it’s not to the extreme point of not being allowed to go to school. However, I remember a few years ago my sister wanted to go away to college and all my relatives disapproved because “she’s a girl and shouldn’t go away by herself.” My dad still let her go and she happily went to college, got her bachelor’s degree, and is now working on receiving her Master’s degree.

The writer communicated her message effectively by using narration. She told us what happened as if it were a story- she was also very descriptive. I noticed that the writer utilized similes; “that doorway was like a magical entrance”; epithets “Bhai Jan, or ‘brother’”; and dialogue in the article. The use of these devices helped me understand the story better and made the article more interesting.

Why do the Taliban despise the thought of women learning? Is it because they are afraid that it’s one step closer to equality? Was the gunman ever identified? After a bit of research, I found out that 10 men were arrested in connection to the shooting. Because of this tragedy, I think that laws that protect school children should be implemented. A law should be made against stopping in the middle of the road for random strangers- especially if they have half their face covered. Also, I believe that the best way to respond to this is to have ALL the girls go to school with protection. That way, the chance of another tragedy happening is alleviated.

Yousafzai, Malala, and Christina Lamb. “The Bravest Girl in the World.” _The New York Times_

_Upfront_ 9 Dec. 2013: 12-15. Print.

The Bravest Girl in the World Essay