How the Sea Level Is Rising Essay

How the Sea Level Is Rising Essay.

This report will define, classify, and will find solutions to the risk that most coastal regions around the United States or around the world are facing against Global Warming and how it is causing the sea level water to rise to a certain risky level that will push it to invade the coastal regions, particularly California’s coast. The news article is conveying the idea of mass augmentation of the water level and how it will affect the world’s ocean, vast wave movements that will tackle most coastal regions, and how this problem can be solved.

Waves can be one of the most brutal ways to “wash away” or “molest” a coastal region but it becomes more physically powerful when it is accompanied with the rising of the sea level up 4.6 ft which is equivalent to (1.4 meters).

The News article is clearly presenting us with this concept when the author stated “ According to the Pacific institute, and environmental Non- Governmental Organization (NGO) that specializes water, unchecked global warming may cause the worlds seas to rise more than 4.

6 ft (1.4m)” Line 5-6. That can lead to the possibility of a harsh and dangerous wave attack that will wash away some of the busiest coastal ports in America such as the Long Beach Harbor or San Francisco Airport, or California etc. That is to say that the newspaper article also provides evidence that the climate change, or the air pollution that is occurring is the reason for this threat. You can see that as the author quotes in the article “ That’s the soggy future that could be in place for California at the end of the century if climate change continues unchanged” lines 4-5.

Meaning that by the end of 2100 the coastal regions of California and many other districts will face the violence of the waves that will destroy approximately 100$ billion coastal property “Nearly $100 Billion worth of coastal property could be at risk-“ line 14. Some esearch that the article is portraying is that the climate change is also affecting the seawater by influencing some Glaciers around Antarctica and Greenland which are melting due to global warming and are causing the water level to rise. “ The revised predictions are due to better data on melting in Greenland and Antarctica and from glaciers around the world, which are pouring water into the oceans and causing them to rise up” Page 2 Line 11-12.

This may be a huge problem because it is rather intense or firm to control the climate change because its not only one specific area that is affecting the climate but it’s the entire world, along with the fact that it takes possibly many years and a extensive amount of dollars to reduce of protect the 400 million people who are not closed on Coastal erosion. The author is illustrates “ it won’t be cheap – the cost will be at least $14 billion to begin with, according to the Pacific institute, with an additional $1.4 billion a year in maintenance costs. But even that might not be enough” line 16-17 last page.

The article itself proves that its solid to stop the coastal erosion due to the sea level rising up to 4.6 ft which is promising to destroy coastal regions. All of this is predicted to occur because of the continues layers of carbon dioxide poising the atmosphere plus the variety of the greenhouse affect which has liberated gas emissions into the air which all is playing a huge role in the sea water issue that the article is discussing. The article clearly states that by displaying “ It has also recently been discovered that because of the increased levels or Carbon Dioxide present in the atmosphere due to the green house effect, the oceans are becoming slightly more acidic over time which is not only involving the rise of the sea level but of the life what is living.

The author is exposing the most ideal solution or the only answer to this puzzle which is to control or reduce the carbon emissions which will hopefully optimistically get to the bottom of the climate change and fix it “ The best way to protect California’s coast would be to sharply reduce carbon emissions now and hope to avert the worst of the warming” line 9-10 last page of the article. To change the climate is extremely difficult because it needs the cooperation of the whole wide nation, but with positive hopes the article stands next to the fact the it is possible.

How the Sea Level Is Rising Essay

“The sea” by James Reeves Essay

“The sea” by James Reeves Essay.

1) The two aspects being identified are the characteristics of the dog and the sea. James Reeves is personifying the sea as if it were a dog.

2) James Reeves is mentioning the vastness of the sea by calling it giant. By stating the sea as grey he means that it’s opaque and to give the image that the sea is strong and frightening.

3) Both the dog and the sea roll on the beach throughout the day. The dog runs and rolls along the sandy beach and the waves from the sea are the ones swashing through the sand and rolling in and out constantly.

They both also gnaw the dog will nibble anything it encounters and the sea by « gnaw » means nibbles on the sand by taking it off the beaches. The Dog growls and the sea makes it’s « growl » by the swooshing of the waves and their movement. The dog plays along the wet cliffs while the waves crash against the cliffs and erode them.

Both the dog and the sea lay along beaches night and day. From time to time the sea calms such as in May or June as does a dog from the heat.

4) As the eats up and swallows the stones and shells and everything related the dog is on a hunt for bones. Therefore the equivalent of stones for the sea is the bones for the dog. This is one of the reasons that James Reeves write “bones” 4 times repetitively.

5) While the dog is “shaking his wet sides over the cliffs” the sea is crashing against the sides of the cliff roughly and eroding away the rock.

6) The poet is describing the clashing of the waves and its slow then speed up movements that never stop.

7) This “dog picture” tells us that the dog is calm therefore so is the sea.

8) The repetition of “s” sounds is a sibilant, which represents the swooshing movement of the sea. This gives us the image that the sea is calm and slowly

“The sea” by James Reeves Essay

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Essay

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Essay.

Walking on any beach these days, you’re sure to find at least some form of plastic on the shoreline. Granted, there’s a lot of other stuff floating out in the sea, but unlike natural materials, plastic doesn’t degrade normally. Plastic bottles, containers, foam pieces made from polyurethane, and fishing lines are showing up in whole or pieces, and are getting dissolved into the water, to be absorbed by plankton. So much plastic has taken over our oceans, in fact, that in the middle of the North Pacific Ocean, there is a gathering of plastic, debris and toxins twice the size of Texas (Casey, 2007) affectionately dubbed the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.

The reason for this large amassed garbage pile in the middle of the ocean is because of the flow of the tides, and in the center there is a slow clockwise spiral that has collected the trash (Greenpeace, 2008). All this plastic wouldn’t be such a problem if it didn’t have any harmful effects, but seabirds and other animals are swallowing it misconceiving it as prey.

Plastic also has an innate ability to soak up chemicals, which in turn is getting into the animals and poisoning them (Greenpeace, 2008). Organisms are also finding their way onto these floating pieces and traveling outside of their normal habitat, and they are becoming an influence on an environment that previously wasn’t exposed to them (Greenpeace, 2008).

Even though most plastic floats, nearly 70 percent of the plastic accumulated in the ocean is on its floor, blanketing the organisms and plants below. Dutch Scientists have deduced that based on the 110 pieces of litter they found per square kilometer of seabed, there would be approximately 600,000 tons in the North Sea alone (Kostigen, 2008). Captain Charles Moore from the Algalita Marine Research foundation suggests that plastic is now outnumbering zooplankton 6 to 1 (Kostigen, 2008). The plastic and its toxins continue up the food chain until it gets into the food we eat.

We consume and throw away in our “throw-away society”, plastic and whatever else is disposable. From some of the research that Charles Moore conducted, a hypothesis could be put forth that suggests that all food in the ocean contains plastics. Most don’t seem to care because the ocean is far away from them, and don’t see the immediate effects of our pollution. So that brings us to the ultimate question of what to do about this huge mess, or why should we even care?

Alexandra Cousteau, granddaughter of Jacques Cousteau, reminds us how closely we are linked to the oceans. “We live on a water planet.” She says. “Water is life” (Kostigen, 2007). With everything we consume, it all touches a water source some way along the line, so what we do to our environment, we are, in fact, doing directly back to ourselves. In 2003, the United States generated 26,650 tons of plastic waste (De Cassis, 2008). With all this plastic being used in nearly everything these days, it’s a challenge to even consider an alternative, but there are some out there.

Plastics, instead of using petroleum, can be made from corn. A company called NatureWorks, which so happens to be the largest lactic-acid plant in the world, is taking corn and turning it into industrial resin pellets also referred to as PLA, which can then be turned into a sort of plastic (Royte, 2006). Walmart has invested in this environmentally sound replacement, and plans to use 114 million PLA containers a year, saving nearly 800,000 barrels of oil along with it (Royte, 2006).

Could this be the missing miracle we’ve overlooked all this time? No, it’s not quite there. There are drawbacks to using this green product, and it is primarily from the decomposition process. PLA is said to decompose into carbon dioxide and water in a controlled composting environment in less than 90 days (Royte, 2006), but in reality it takes a special facility where they take the compost, and keep it at 140 degrees for ten consecutive days. That still makes it a better alternative because it actually has a means of biodegrading, unlike plastic, but it doesn’t quite seem to be the end all of solutions.

Another proposed solution to the problem is harvesting plastic-eating microbes to consume the plastic. Daniel Burd of Ontario, Canada, discovered this unique approach by conducting an experiment to see if he could dissolve a plastic bag over several months. The bag broke down nearly 43% in six weeks (Danigelis, 2008). With further research, it may be possible to harness the use of these microbes, but they really haven’t been tested outside of the parameters of Daniel’s experiment on how they may effect the environment. What excess do the microbes exhume? Is it possible they could be airborne and spread unknowingly to degrade plastic that wasn’t intended to be? It also could be an intelligent solution to the world’s plastic problem, but surely there needs to be more research to the matter before implementing the solution.

Whatever we decide upon, we need to stick to it. Our precious Earth is being covered with plastic, more and more every day. Word of mouth from the internet is spreading to people regarding the research that people like Daniel Burd and Charles Moore have done, but it’s not enough. Out of some of the possible solutions I’ve found, utilizing alternatives to plastic seems to be the most feasible at this point, and I believe that’s the direction we should be heading towards. If we are going to fix this problem for good, there needs to be awareness, action, and change.

References:

De Cassis, Sido (2008). The Planet Magazine – ARCHIVES – SPRING 2008 – “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from The Planet Magazine Web site: http://planet.wwu.edu/archives/2008/articles/spring/garbage-patch.html

Kostigen, Thomas (2008, July 10). The World’s Largest Dump: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch | Ocean | DISCOVER Magazine. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from Discover Magazine Web site: http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jul/10-the-worlds-largest-dump

Casey, Susan (2007). CDNN :: Plastic Ocean – The Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from CDNN News Web site: http://www.cdnn.info/news/article/a071104.html

Greenpeace, (2008). The trash vortex | Greenpeace International. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from Greenpeace Web site: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/oceans/pollution/trash-vortex

Royte, Elizabeth (2006, August). Corn Plastic to the Rescue | Science & Nature | Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from Smithsonian Magazine Web site: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/plastic.html?c=y&page=1

Danigelis, Alyssa (2008, July). Discovery News: Sustainable: OMG: Bugs Ate My Bag!. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from Discovery Channel Blog Web site: http://blogs.discovery.com/news_sustainable/2008/07/omg-bugs-ate-my.html

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Essay

Letter to Friend: A holiday trip Essay

Letter to Friend: A holiday trip Essay.

Dear Grace,How are you and your family getting on? I hope everyone is fine. I await with eager anticipation to share with you that I spend a family vacation on a tropical island ended up with this wonderful holiday trip to Tioman, a popular Malaysian island resort which shot to fame as the island of Bali Hai in the Rodger’s & Hammerstein movie of ‘South Pacific’.

First day that we started our journey, we boarded the high-speed ferry from Kluang ferry terminal in Malaysia for the 2 hour journey to Tioman.

I was so excited to be on my first boat ride but the excitement soon wore off once I was in the open sea with nothing much to see except the monotonous scenery of mainland Malaysia in the hazy distance.

Out in the open water, the sky was blue and cloudless but in the distance, clouds hovered above Tioman. As we neared the island, visions of the legendary Bali Hai from the movie ‘South Pacific’ fleeted through my mind.

Before long, the huge island of Tioman loomed before us, rising out of the water majestically with its peaks (some rising as high as 1000m) towering over us and surrounded by an emerald sea.

We arrived at the jetty in front of Berjaya Tioman and had to clear immigration officials who had set up desks at the front and rear of the boat. After a long wait, we finally cleared immigration and boarded another boat which brought us to the jetty at Kampung Paya, where we got down and walked to Tioman Paya Resort, which would be our home for the next 4 nights. We had booked a 3 days 2 nights full-board package with two additional nights “free and easy”.

We visited the Tioman Marine Park. As it was a half-day trip, the resort provided packed lunches. My first experience seeing the fish’s close-up was exciting. I had amazed that the fishes didn’t have a natural fear of humans, unlike most terrestrial animals. They would hang around snorkels waiting for handouts and were even willing to be hand fed by visitors. Other fish species that weren’t interested in bread simply swam around or were busy feeding on algae off rocks and corals.

After visiting the Marine Park, the boats dropped us at Berjaya Tioman Island Resort where we had the afternoon free. The resort was big and had all the trimmings of a luxury resort: airstrip, golf course, shops and landscaped gardens. However, I noticed that the waters in front of Berjaya were full of dead coral rubble and there were few fishes here. Probably there is a sign of over-development in this part of Tioman. There was also a sign on the beach warning visitors to beware of jellyfish, although I didn’t see any during my stay here. They were probably seasonal.

During our “free and easy” part of the stay, I snorkeled around the house reefs at Paya beach. It was fascinating to observe the fishes and I also noticed a lot of black sea urchins on the seabed or wedged in rocks and crevices. They looked intimidating with their long spines and I had to be very careful not to touch them especially in shallow water.

The Tioman Paya resort that we stayed was quite nice with its timber chalets blending into the surrounding. The air-conditioned rooms were clean and comfortable with solar heaters mounted on the roofs for hot water. Our particular chalet was located next to the forest. To get to the beach or main dining hall, we had to cross a little wooden bridge built over a river with mangrove trees fringing its banks. Monitor lizards would occasionally make their presence felt when they splashed into the water. There were many of them here and some were quite big. Each morning they would lie on the grass on the resort grounds, basking in the morning sunshine and running up the nearest tree when we approached too close. Meals were served in the common dining area, which also housed the other shared facilities, like TV, newspapers and other reading material. An ala-carte menu was also available.

After 4 nights in Tioman, we reluctantly boarded our boat at Paya jetty which transferred us to the main jetty at Berjaya where we caught the high-speed ferry back to Kluang. My first holiday island trip had been a lot more enjoyable than expected, and I now looked forward to my next island destination that is Pulau Redang!Well, it’s time to end this letter, and more will follow. Also, I would like to hear from all of you too. Take care!

You may also be interested in the following: my favourite holiday trip essay, essay about holiday with family at pulau langkawi

Letter to Friend: A holiday trip Essay

Describing My Shell Essay

Describing My Shell Essay.

My object is a shell, a shell like any shell made from the same material like any others, but my shell has a different form that makes it really special. The sandy clear color, and the curved lines on its exterior seem like a finger print to describe its individuality. Its shiny smooth inner part has a hole. A Hawaiian beach without water in it. A black round part on the top seems like its head. The shape of the yellow dog was created on its soft bright side.

So sweet this dog with small simple eyes. Its hair is unequally arranged in both sides of its head, at the longest side, its hair goes straight down to cover its right unseen ear, three black lines comb through, start straight and then get curved as its hair does so. My shell isn’t a piece of trash, nor a piece of rock, my shell was once alive. A shell with a beautiful design, it knows the ocean well, it stay behind for a long time.

My shell has a smell and even though doesn’t smell as strong as it did, once it was taken from the beach. Its lingering odor determines that my shell never forgot the place where it came from. My shell is triangle form without sharp edges, almost 8.7 cm long and 11.2 cm.

Wide, there are many blue curved lines on the exterior of my shell, the clearest one is the shortest one, 3 cm. away from the black head at the narrow side. Brown and blue lines appear on the shell’s narrow side beside the black head. On the interior , dark yellow spots created a dog face with a white spot surrounding the left eye, an opened mouth with square shape, not meant to scare us, it seems Hungry or maybe it got tired from staying confined in this shell and wants to get out to Play and jump and run fast, his simple crying eyes indicates that he isn’t looking for trouble, his nose almost disappears from the image, one small hole beside three tiny lines create his nose, these lines become smaller as it moves to his right side. A shell is the most universally identifiable part of a creature known as a mollusk. This particular shell was once the home and a source of protection of a clane. For me, catching this kind of nature treasure with each incoming wave often meant one of my favorite outdoor activities like fishing.

When I was little, I loved visiting the beach; it was my favorite place. I didn’t have any brothers or sisters that were close to my age, and my parents were busy all the time. I remember sneaking out with my dog through my room’s narrow window and heading directly to the beach, It was close, so I didn’t have to get charged for a metro card. One day, as I was walking along the beach, I found this beautiful shiny seashell, It was different than the others, its diverse clear colors took me into different world. I was astonished with its beauty; I always loved those fairy tales about a fisherman who found a ring in a fish, or those people who saw a mermaid sitting on a rock, I always believed these beautiful stories, I always thought how lucky those people are, and that perhaps this seashell was the thing that will bring me luck, I took it with me anywhere I went, and kept asking it for requests.

I wanted to keep it forever, but my mom wouldn’t let me have it in my room; it was really smelly and that made my mom asked me to throw it away immediately …, I didn’t want to throw my friend in the garbage, so I took it back to the beach. On my way, I saw this guy on the side of the street selling seashell necklaces, a piece of design, those beautiful seashells created those wonderful necklaces, but weren’t as beautiful as my shell. I looked at their prices and said to myself: “gosh, these seashells are really pricy, my seashell is probably worth more than those” I wouldn’t let anybody carry my shell, so as I watched the children playing in the water and listened to their laughter, I held my little seashell close to my heart… to let it know that I cared very much that it had lived once, and that it had died.

A moment later, my shell was free in the sea. Back then, life was simple, we looked at the world with innocent eyes, free from the complexities and misguided interpretations often associated with experience and maturity. Our quick development makes us forget these simple life parts. Looking back into these nature resources from a child eyes will make us recognize more complex situation need to solve like pollution and global warming for example, we don’t need complex things to design our homes, we can use simple nature resources to create a beautiful design, we can use shells for decoration, and shells have long been used for ornamentation, tools, and coins. They are important today in the production of such items as “pearl” buttons, jewelry, and other decorative items. Shell-collecting is a popular hobby throughout the world. People from different ages enjoy looking for these charming marine organism. No wonder because it doesn’t cost any money, people from different ages can easily do it, nevertheless people like to have one

Describing My Shell Essay

The Ring of Fire Essay

The Ring of Fire Essay.

Most volcanoes are located on the continents edges, along island chains or beneath the sea forming long mountain ranges. More than half of the world’s active volcanoes above sea level encircle the Pacific Ocean to form the circum-Pacific “Ring of Fire.” The ring of fire makes up seventy five percent of the worlds dormant and active volcanoes. More than half of the world’s active volcanoes above sea level are part of the ring. The Ring of Fire is an arc of volcanoes that stretches from New Zealand all the way across the coast of North and South America.

This area got its name because there is a great amount of volcanoes that encircle the Pacific Ocean. The ring of fire is known for frequent earthquakes and volcano eruptions. This area of volcanic and seismic activity was noticed and described before the invention of the plate tectonics theory. Around the ring of fire the Pacific plate is colliding with and sliding underneath other plates.

This area is known as the subduction zone. The energy that is generated by these plates is tremendous.

The Ring of Fire is the location where most of the seismic activity in the world is taking place. The Pacific Ocean has a mid- oceanic ridges and is surrounded by subduction zones. The spreading rates of the ridges are very fast, resulting in the subduction zones destroying a great amount of the Earth’s crust. This is why there are so many earthquakes and volcanoes all around the rim of the Pacific Ocean, where the subduction zones are located. The energy is so great that it can easily melt rocks into magma. The Ring of Fire is a great example of plate boundary volcanoes.

The major volcanic regions in the Ring of fire are: the Cotopaxi and Azul volcanoes located in South America, the Popcatepetl and Paricutun volcanoes that are found in Central America, Mount St. Helens in the United States, and Mt. Fuji in Eurasia.The Cotopaxi and Azul volcanoes were created by the Nazca and the South American plates colliding together creating the Andes Mountains. In Central America the Cocos and North American plate collided together forming the Mexican volcanoes Popcatepetl and Paricutun. In Northern California and all the way to British Columbia the Pacific, Gorda, and the Juan de Fuca plates collided and the Cascade Mountains are the result.

The Cascade Mountains are where Mount St. Helens is located. The Alaskan Aleutian Islands are continuing to grow as the Pacific and North American plate hit each other. The Aleutian trench was formed as a result of the two plates colliding. The trench was formed at the subduction zone and is 25,194 feet deep. The collision of the Pacific plate under the Eurasian plate has created the Japanese islands where Mt. Fuji is located. In the last area of the Ring of Fire the Indo-Australian plate goes under the Pacific plate and has created the volcanoes in New Guinea and the Micronesian Islands.

The tectonic theory states that the surface of the Earth is made up of gigantic rigid plates that float slowly on top of Earth’s hot interior. Volcanoes are more likely to form where plates collide or spread apart they also can form in the middle of a plate. The plates are about fifty miles thick. The plates change size and position over time. The plates move at about the same speed as a fingernail growing. There is constantly new sea bed forming in the middles of oceans as a result of the hot flowing magma cooling when it comes in contact with the oceans water. The Earth’s plates are constantly moving to make room for the new crust that is being formed. As the plates move there is a great amount of activity that takes place. Sometimes the plates will move away from each other and gap is created leaving space for the new crust, or some of the plates move towards each causing one plate to go on top of the other, and then other slide past each other causing no interruption at all.

When the plates slide past each other in opposite directions there is a chance a minor earthquake could occur and a small chance that the faults might create cliffs thousands of feet high in the ocean bed. The plates that go underneath each other, the plate that is underneath experiences a great amount of heat and the plate begins to melt causing magma to rise and form chains of volcanoes, such as the ring of fire. The subduction zone is known to have big earthquakes and deep ocean trenches. If an earthquake occurs under the ocean, onside of the ocean floor will drop downward allowing the subducting plate to go on top. When an earthquake does happen on the ocean floor it is very likely that a tsunami will happen, and there is little warning to those that are in the path of the tsunami, like we saw in December 2004.

The plate tectonic theory and sea floor spreading offer scientists a better explanation of the Earth’s movement. There are three different types of boundaries that can be recognized between these moving plates. They are: Divergent or spreading, Convergent, and transform fault. In divergent or spreading plates that are adjacent of each pull apart causing sea floor spreading and allowing new matter to be added to the ocean plates. Convergent movement is when plates that move in the opposite direction meet up and one is forced underneath the other.

A good example of convergent movement is the Aleutian Trench. This is where the Pacific plate is forced underneath the North American plate. Transform fault is best described as one plate sliding horizontally past the other. A great example is the San Andreas Fault. This fault line is the boundary marker between the Pacific and North American plates. Many of Earth’s volcanic activities occur along the subduction boundaries at continental plate and oceanic plate convergence or oceanic plate and oceanic plate convergence. Another area is along sea floor spreading in the centers if the ocean floor, or areas of rifting on continental plates, and the final area is at hot spots where there are individual plumes of magma that rise to the surface.

http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Glossary/PlateTectonics/description_plate_tectonics.html

geography.about.com/cs/earthquakes/a/ringoffire.htm

news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/136248.stm

www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/ hellscrust/html/sidebar3.html

http://www.platetectonics.com/book/page_14.asp

The Ring of Fire Essay