Information Technology Role in Nursing

Information technology (IT) is the use of computers, software, networks, and other devices to collect, store, process, and communicate data and information. It plays a vital role in nursing, as it enables nurses to deliver evidence-based and patient-centered care, improve human health, and advance medical research. It also enhances clinical workflows so that nurses and other personnel can care for patients more efficiently and effectively.

How Does IT Affect Nursing?

It affects nursing in various ways, such as:

What are the Types of IT in Nursing?

IT in nursing can be classified into different types according to the function or purpose of the technology, such as:

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of IT in Nursing?

IT in nursing has some advantages and disadvantages that should be considered when using or evaluating it, such as:

  • Advantages:
    • It can improve the quality, efficiency, and effectiveness of nursing care, and enhance the health outcomes and satisfaction of patients and families.
    • It can increase the access, availability, and affordability of health care services and information, and reduce the disparities and barriers in health care delivery.
    • It can expand the scope, role, and impact of nursing practice, education, and research, and promote the professional growth and development of nurses.
  • Disadvantages:
    • It can be complex, costly, and time-consuming to implement and maintain, and may require specialized skills, knowledge, and training.
    • It can be limited by the quality, reliability, and security of the technology, data, and information, and may pose risks to privacy, confidentiality, and ethics.
    • It can be influenced by the attitudes, beliefs, and values of the users, and may affect the relationships, interactions, and behaviors of nurses, patients, and other health professionals.

How to Use and Evaluate IT in Nursing?

IT in nursing requires a systematic and evidence-based approach to use and evaluate it, that involves several steps, such as:

IT in nursing can be evaluated and improved by using various tools and frameworks, such as:

  • The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), is a model that explains the factors that influence the acceptance and use of IT by the users, such as perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and behavioral intention.
  • The Health Information Technology Evaluation Toolkit (HITET), is a toolkit that provides a comprehensive and systematic guide and resources for evaluating the impact and outcomes of IT in healthcare settings.
  • The Nursing Informatics Competencies Framework (NICF), which is a framework that defines and describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that are required for effective use of IT in nursing practice, education, and research.

Conclusion

In conclusion, IT is the use of computers, software, networks, and other devices to collect, store, process, and communicate data and information. IT plays a vital role in nursing, as it enables nurses to deliver evidence-based and patient-centered care, improve human health and advance medical research. It also enhances clinical workflows so that nurses and other personnel can care for patients more efficiently and effectively. IT affects nursing in various ways, such as providing access to information and services, facilitating communication and coordination, supporting decision making and diagnosis, improving quality and safety, and fostering innovation and learning. IT in nursing can be classified into different types, such as health information systems, telehealth and mobile health, artificial intelligence and robotics, smart devices and sensors, and online platforms and tools. IT in nursing has some advantages and disadvantages, such as improving the quality, efficiency, and effectiveness of nursing care, increasing the access, availability, and affordability of health care services and information, expanding the scope, role, and impact of nursing practice, education, and research, but also being complex, costly, and time-consuming to implement and maintain, being limited by the quality, reliability, and security of the technology, data, and information, and being influenced by the attitudes, beliefs, and values of the users. IT in nursing requires a systematic and evidence-based approach to use and evaluate it, and can be evaluated and improved by using various tools and frameworks.