“What Happiness Is” by Eduardo Porter Essay

“What Happiness Is” by Eduardo Porter Essay.

Eduardo Porter in the essay What Happiness Is argues several viewpoints on the true meaning of happiness and how people strive to obtain it. After several descriptions of finding happiness, Porter claims “we pursue what we think makes us happy” (Porter1) and that most people “expend enormous amounts of time and energy pursuing more money” (Porter3), claiming people get happiness out of material possessions. Cynical as Porter may seem by this statement he wrote earlier in his essay, “it remains generally true that we pursue what we think makes us happy”(Porter2), so saying money and possessions while not the only road for happiness, is the most common.

Porter’s thesis that “Happiness is a slippery concept, a bundle of meanings with no precise, stable definition” makes us see that because so many people see happiness differently in what makes us happy, how we find happiness, and what each individual perceives as proper happiness that there truly is no one true way to find happiness and everyone must determine for themselves what happiness is.

As Porter claims a common concept of happiness is filling your life with material possessions and money, for some this is a valid source of happiness. Randy Frost of Smith College supports the claim that possessions make us happy by arguing “Our possessions all have magical qualities. Many, if not most, of the things we keep have an essence that goes beyond the physical character of the object.”(Frost) Continuing on to say that by collecting, holding onto keepsakes, and gaining the satisfaction of owning specific objects becomes something that makes people feel safe and secure and relives anxiety. Looking at a memento years after can remind us of that happy time in our past allowing us to re-live those moments, and keeping some sort of collection as a hobby and actively seeking out more objects to grow it give the satisfaction of hard work.

An interesting point Frost makes is that half of what makes us happy about our stuff is “our ability to rid ourselves of material possessions”. Frost claims as we grow and change, we also change the stuff we hold on too and what we regard as important, that shedding these things of our past we are able feel satisfaction. When someone matures and gets older or have made positive changes in life they are able to feel happiness by getting rid of parts of their past. Just as some are satisfied by a cycle of items, others refute the claim that material items breed happiness and prefer to live chaste lives free of possessions.

Contrastingly an equally popular way of thinking is that material possessions make us unhappy and that only by not relying on them will we find true happiness. In fact the idea that material possessions are damaging to happiness is such an old concept that it presents itself even in worldwide religions. Those that follow this ideology believe that happiness is found through experiences that last with you, rather than the happiness found in possessions which fade over time. Ryan Howell of San Francisco State University conducted a study in which out of 154 people stated that spent money on experiences such as a concert, seminar, or class where still getting happiness out of that experience than people who bought “things”(Howell).

Psychological standards state people lose interest in an object in “four to six weeks” while people that can take a lesson from something take more from the experience in the long run. These two different pursuits of happiness contradict each other completely in terms of material and spiritual happiness, however people that strictly follow them all experience different forms of happiness. Simply picking one path of happiness might work for one but could leave another completely miserable. There is no one way to find happiness; it’s an infinite concept for which there will never be a final answer.

James 3

Landau, Elizabeth. “Study: Experiences Make Us Happier than Possessions.” CNN. Cable News Network, 10 Feb. 2009. Web. 24 Dec. 2014.

MacVean, Mary. “For Many People, Gathering Possessions Is Just the Stuff of Life.” Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 21 Mar. 2014. Web. 24 Dec. 2014.

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“What Happiness Is” by Eduardo Porter Essay

Summary of ‘Happiness: Enough Already’ Essay

Summary of ‘Happiness: Enough Already’ Essay.

Sharon Begley in “Happiness: Enough Already” argues that being extremely happy may be a goal of anybody but it also can be “the end of the drive for ever-greater heights of happiness” (455). Begley claims that “being happier is not always better” (455) and an excessive happiness may affect badly to people’s life. She points out that people who reach the highest level of happiness don’t feel motivated to move forward since they are already satisfied. The author goes on insists that happiness does not last long because “negative emotion evolved for a reason” (456).

She presents many cases of famous people who experienced negative emotions to create their well-known works showing the need of sadness in every lifetime. Furthermore, people desire to gain more and more happiness causing them the fear to experience sadness. Therefore, what they once considered normal sadness is regarded as a psychiatric illness now. The author then concludes that everything would be much better if “the single-minded pursuit of happiness as an end in itself” (458).

Summary of If Money Doesn’t Make You Happy, Then You Probably Aren’t Spending It Right by Dunn, Gilbert, and Wilson

In the essay “If Money Doesn’t Make You Happy, Then You Probably Aren’t Spending It Right”, Dunn, Gilbert, and Wilson explain why people often fail to make use of money even though it is a helpful tool to gain happiness and recommend eight useful ways to spend money that make people happy. Firstly, they claim that experiential purchases make people feel happier than material ones. In addition, experiences are more mentally revisited than things so they bring us happiness either when we use them or think about them. Secondly, people who spend money on others are shown to be happier than those people spending money on themselves. They point out that “the quality of our social relationships is a strong determinant of our happiness” (440) so the increase of connections with others will lead to the increase of happiness. Dunn, Gilbert and Wilson continue to suggest people to “buy many small pleasures instead of few big ones” (441) since adaptation to things is inevitable and people tend to take longer adapting to frequent small pleasures than infrequent large ones.

The article further states not to spend money on many extended warranties or overpriced insurances because they “may be unnecessary for happiness and the return policies may actually undermine it” (443). They go on claim that delay consumption promotes happiness in two ways that produce well-being and create uncertainty. Also, the authors state that “think about what you’re not thinking about” (445), “beware of comparison shopping” (446), and “follow the herd instead of your heart” (447) will make people feel happy as well. They then conclude that if money can’t buy happiness then “the fault is ours” (447). Summary of In Pursuit of Happiness by Mark Kingwell

Mark Kingwell in “In Pursuit of Happiness” illustrates the desire to understand happiness. He insists that it is hard to demonstrate what happiness is and “no single answer is good enough” (413). He also compares the tempting to find out the definition of happiness as a mug’s game in which people is more likely to lose than win. The article further claims that another troubling problem in this case is “ask yourself whether you are happy” (414) since it is considered the source of unhappiness and confusion. These people oppose the pursuit of defining happiness by expressing a scientific authority that “one’s achievable degree of happiness is genetically determined” (414). Therefore, they believe that basic genetic predisposition is the most important role in determining level of happiness. Mark goes on argues that genetic theories not only set the limit on how to answer the happiness question but also “mark the end of rational human life” (415).

Begley, Sharon. “Happiness: Enough Already.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Twelfth Edition. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: Longman, 2012. 690 Dunn, Gilbert, and Wilson. “If Money Doesn’t Make You Happy, Then You Probably Aren’t Spending It Right.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Twelfth Edition. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: Longman, 2012. 690 Kingwell, Mark. “In Pursuit of
Happiness” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Twelfth Edition. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: Longman, 2012. 690

Summary of ‘Happiness: Enough Already’ Essay

Fame: Happiness and People Essay

Fame: Happiness and People Essay.

An Italian fashion designer with the name of Roberto Cavalli once said, “In the beginning, I loved being famous, but now I am tired of it, and I would like to go back to my freedom. ” So, in a question of fame bring happiness or are people who are not famous more likely to be happy, I think that being famous is not something that brings a person true happiness. When one is famous, a person gets no privacy and freedom , they deal with a lot of fake people, and while they might be famous they might not be famous for necessarily the right reasons.

When one famous they gain a lot of opportunities but , when one gain this fame some of their privacies and freedoms are taken away. A popular American Pop Star Justin Timberlake, said in an interview, “The worst thing about being famous is the invasion of one’s privacy. ” The reason he said this is that when a person is famous one gets a lot of recognition and exposure which makes it hard for one to go out and hang out with friends, do the simple things that make you happy and do hobby or activities that you love to do.

Predominantly, the reason for this is because when a famous person goes out that person is constantly being stopped and followed and asked for pictures and autographs. Depending on how famous one is and what they famous for you might not even have time for yourself, especially if you’re going to meetings and tours and things of that nature. A great example are childhood stars such as Michael Jackson. Michael often reminisced how, when he was younger. he wanted to go out and play with the other kids in the neighborhood, but he couldn’t because he had to go practice with his brothers.

With that fame , many thought that his lack of a childhood forced him to make so questionable, childish decisions in his life. Therefore, being famous doesn’t always bring you privacy and freedom that makes one truly happy. Another factor of why fame doesn’t lead to happiness is having to dealwith fake people. A outspoken former NBA star Charles Barkley, once said, , “One thing about being famous is the people around you, you pay all their bills so they very rarely disagree with you because they want you to pick up the check. ” This shows people don’t show their true feelings and will try to leech on to you and take advantage of you.

So with ones’ fame you have to watch who you associate yourself with and not trust everyone you meet. An example from the novel “The Great Gatsby” the is character Gatsby. He threw elaborate parties and was famous all around the land. During these parties, he didn’t even associate himself with all the people at the party because his fame didn’t make him happy, a woman with the name of Daisy did. The people at these parties leeched onto him because he was rich and famous and gossiped about him . In the end of the book , Gatsby was never truly happy with his fame and money alone.

Therefore, the addition of fame also brings an addition of a lack of genuine people in your life. With fame it doesn’t always come with being famous for the right things. If one is famous they want to be famous for the right reasons not the wrong ones. A opportunity of being famous is somewhat of a blessing, one can have the opportunity to affect a person’s life in ways that normal people can’t. Some people aren’t suited for this job and disappoint others. They make negative effects on people’s lives. If one’s famous for the wrong reasons it can bring stress into their life and displeasure.

People who are famous for the wrong reasons usually find out they have people who call them out on it and a large group of people who don’t like them. Ending of on that note, bring famous for something negative make people unhappy in which this wish they weren’t famous at all. Being famous doesn’t always bring true happiness. The lack of freedom and privacy, dealing with fake people, and being famous for the wrong reasons. Finally, fame is something that a lot of people strive for, but when it is attained they wish they never had it and don’t look at it as a big of a deal. It doesn’t bring the happiness that was hoped to be attained.

Fame: Happiness and People Essay

Happiness for Aristotle and Plato Essay

Happiness for Aristotle and Plato Essay.

Each individual has his or her own perception of happiness. The definition of happiness depends on the standards that people set for themselves, for others, and for the world. Nevertheless, happiness is people’s highest goal. Thus, their efforts and passion are rooted in their desire to be happy.

Happiness has also been related to the words “successful” and “fulfilled,” but, what does it mean to be truly fulfilled and happy? If happiness is humans’ highest craving, then one must seek insights on how to be happy.

Hence, early philosophers like Plato and Aristotle attempted to define happiness. Both claim that happiness is a choice, and it can be achieved by living a good life. However, both presented different views on what constitutes happiness and a good life. In their journey to know the real meaning of happiness, Aristotle and Plato started questioning what exactly constitutes a happy life. Happiness for Aristotle is a choice, and it starts within. It is not something that happens or comes to a person from without; rather, happiness is rooted in human choices.

Human choices according to Aristotle stem from virtues. The ability to reason or to know and to contemplate the truth will make a person acquire virtue. Since man is gifted with rational soul, then a “man’s highest aim is the activity of the soul in conformity with reason” (“Plato and Aristotle”). Aristotle motivates people to seek the truth that comes from the right virtue of reasoning. Although man is not born virtuous, he is born with senses, and senses must be used and utilized for a human person to learn. According to Aristotle, learning takes time.

Thus, the acquired virtue should be practiced habitually. After several years of learning, Aristotle claims that a person who lives a virtuous life habitually will achieve and complete a perfect life. A good man is one who reasons well and eventually chooses well. Plato shares the same concept with Aristotle that a person, in order to be happy, must choose to act according to his reason and knowledge. Basically, both believe that men as rational beings have the choice to act according to their will. Virtue leads to happiness, and man should act according to this knowledge.

To be happy, both philosophers believe that one must perfect the mind and character from virtues through continuous and habitual practice. However, Aristotle sees happiness as more than a virtue: “Nature is human nature as a whole. This is both rational and sensuous. His treatment of happiness is in closer contact with experience than that of Plato” (Maher). In addition, Aristotle believes that happiness does not only depend upon virtue but also upon pleasure, wealth, and leisure. On the other hand, Plato views happiness as a path and as direction.

Plato affirms that in attaining happiness, one must exhibit love and lack of desire. Happiness will automatically occur when one arrives at a mystical understanding of the world. Human reasoning, after all, is rooted from spiritual element. One must realize that the nature of goodness is innate, and when this nature is revealed, he or she will consequentially be happy. Thus, it appears that Plato’s view of attaining happiness is more metaphysical than Aristotle’s, while Aristotle’s view is more realistic than Plato’s.

Aristotle acknowledges men’s desire to be happy according to the satisfaction of senses so as long as it will not contradict virtue. As Aristotle believes that the soul does not survive after death, people should strive to be happy while they are still alive. On the other hand, Plato claims that true happiness is achieved only in the performance of one’s own duty, especially the duty of exercising justice as the highest form of virtue. (“Plato and Aristotle”). Thus, in Plato’s view of happiness, individual happiness is sacrificed for the good of the community. This idea was rejected by Aristotle, as he believes in individual happiness.

Happiness for Aristotle and Plato Essay

Happiness and Work Essay

Happiness and Work Essay.

Happiness is a term that describes a kind of feeling which may not be too easy to identify. In fact, it is being defined in different ways by different people. Dr. Brown (as cited in Forbes, 1850) defined as “a state of continued agreeable feeling, differing from what is commonly termed pleasure, only as a whole differs from a part. ” Likewise, Locke (as cited in Forbes, 1850) identifies happiness in a not so different way as “the utmost pleasure we are capable of; and the lowest degree of what can be called Happiness is so much ease from all pain, and so much present pleasure as without which any one cannot be content.

In essence, happiness is a feeling of prolonged pleasure, no pain, no worries in mind. Work, on the other hand, is what people do to make a living. It may be running a business or working for an employer. One’s work is determined, most of the time, by personal decisions.

That means, one can choose a job to apply for and to accept or maybe a business to run. But what brings the person to that choice? Many say that what mainly determines the job one takes is the paycheck. The bigger the salary being offered, the more likely it is to be chosen by the applicant.

However, those who are already in their prime years and have had a lot of work experience would have probably realized that it is not only the paycheck and salary that matters. An automotive parts production manager even stated that he only realized that he had wasted his life by taking jobs that paid better than most when he was already 55 (Karger and Aldrine, 2004). So, what then would be a good determinant in choosing the work or job we do? Nathanson (n. d. ) wrote in his article about how his dad took his own life because of depression after retiring from work.

Apparently, his dad has worked for 40 years in the bank which was what he loved to do the most. When he retired after those meaningful years in the corporate world, he only felt emptiness and longing for the fulfillment his work used to bring him. For this reason that he left his loved ones and shot himself dead. Nathanson’s (n. d. ) dad may have been really fulfilled with his job and even 40 long years are not enough to make him enjoy his retirement years. His dad may have had all the savings and retirement money he can use and enjoy yet he still cannot find the same happiness he used to have while he was still working.

The cases above may not be applicable for all but they just show that money is not the only factor that people should consider when taking a job or doing their work. A job that offers fat paycheck may be satisfying and encouraging enough but finding happiness at work should be the most important thing that a person should consider. There are a lot of things that make a person happy, be it money, work culture, environment, peers or nature of the job. But whatever it is that a person knows will make him happy at work, then he should be looking for that kind of work and not anything else.

Happiness and Work Essay

A Narrative Report On Outreach Program Essay

A Narrative Report On Outreach Program Essay.

In my life I’ve learned that true happiness comes from giving. Helping others along the way makes you evaluate who you are. Being able to help is a privilege for us students for it teaches us how to become concerned to those who are in need, it helps us to understand the spirit of compassion and to share what we have to and abolish the selfishness hidden deep within us. As part of the NSTP Class’ annual activity, we conducted a Post-Christmas Party and Outreach Program at Lupang Pangako, Tortugas, Balanga City last January 17, 2015.

Simple program was organized by responsible students of BSA Class. We brought prizes and candies and we organized games for the youngsters to enjoy. We also prepared snacks for them. Aside from that, we gave them books, used clothes, and toys that we gathered from our class. We worked as one for the success of the activity. The program started with a prayer, asking for God’s presence in the said event.

This was led by the class president of BSA-1A, Ms. Shaina Capistrano, who also served as the master of ceremony of the program together with her partner, Ms. Ruffa Mae Capili. It is followed by a welcome remarks from our accountable and energetic NSTP Class Professor Mr. Isagani Lopez. He opened the program and thank everyone for a job well done. Right after the opening message of Sir Gani, an inspirational message was delivered by the NSTP Class Treasurer, Ms. Kryz Samson. Parlor games prepared by the students were enjoyed by the children of the community and prizes were given to the winners after each games. At exactly 12:00 noon, everybody enjoyed the snacks prepared by the students and then continue the fun.

Used clothes and toys packed by the class were given to the community before the program ends. Mr. Lester Espiritu, the NSTP Class Vice President, and Ms. Danielle Audrey Basilio, BSA-1A student, who are in charge of the over-all preparation, delivered their closing remarks and thanksgiving message to everyone. At 2:00 in the afternoon, everyone wears a big smile in their faces as they go home with their gifts from us. We are very happy and looking forward for another gift-giving activity in the near future.

After the outreach program, I’ve realized that people can search for their happiness, but me, I didn’t search it, I just enjoy what I am doing and that gives happiness to me. This activity also thought me a lot of good things; contentment with what I have, care for the people around me, and this makes me realize the importance of a friend in ups and downs of life. This also gives me the idea that even the little things you do for others have great impact in their lives.

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A Narrative Report On Outreach Program Essay

Civilization – A Definition By Freud Essay

Civilization – A Definition By Freud Essay.

What is civilization? (Freud-Style) According to Freud and his interpretation of what “Civilization” is written and documented in the novel, “Civilization and its Discontents,” he states that the word “civilization” describes the whole sum of achievements and regulations that distinguish our lives from those of our animal ancestors. It also serves two purposes – to protect men against nature and to adjust their mutual relationships. For a civilization to survive and prosper it needs laws, customs, justice, evolution, a renunciation of instinct(s), love, the desire to bring people together and the wanting of sexual freedom.

Civilization in essence is a means to regulate and understand such relationships. If such an attempt was not made, the relationship would be subject to the arbitrary will of the individual: that is to say the physically strong man would make decisions based upon his own interests and instinctual impulses. Instead of such barbarous systems for making decisions, a majority will often unite and over take such a monarch.

This power in numbers is often labeled as “Brute Force” and occurs when a single leader or dictator is no longer wanted. Development of civilization is simply a peculiar process which man undertakes in which many things strike us as familiar and almost instinctual.

To learn more about civilizations we establish communities and other support services to promote higher learning. Civilization is thus divided into stages, the first of which is men makings the earth useful to them by creating tools, mastering the use of fire and constructing dwellings. When the organization of civilization was first being undertaken, each new innovation opened up a new path for its respective culture. Culture being a word used almost synonymously with the word civilization. With every new tool man created it was solely for the betterment of ones organs both motor and sensory in lieu of removing ones original limits. Such inventions and innovations, as the motor, gave immense force over nature and in essence simply perfected man’s muscles. Other inventions such as glasses, telescopes, microscopes, cameras, telephones, trains, and even one’s memory all had very important purposes to the individual as well as to overall advancement.

To Freud as to the Greeks, the gods were deemed to be cultural ideals. In Freud’s time with the many inventions man had become very close to his cultural ideals and was almost on the Godly level. People became more God-like with the addition of tools and aids to their existence. Such people were referred to as “Prosthetic” Gods because only with their tools or prosthesis were they able to be of God-like nature. Evolution throughout the ages brought about unimaginable advances and increased man’s likeliness to God even further. But still, with all of their innovations and tools, man was still not “content” nor will he ever be.

To achieve high levels of civilization it is mentioned that we must organize protection from everything (nature) so that avoiding of disasters such as flooding, earthquakes, and eruptions are possible. In order to deal with flooding, man invented canals to reroute the flow as well as to make previously inadequate soil into a viable resource. To help their causes man exterminated wild beasts and replaced them with domesticated animals. Along with nature and inclusive as well beauty is another feature highly valued in all civilizations. Man witnesses beauty in nature and then replicates it to the best he is able.

For a civilization to prosper there is a necessity for cleanliness and order, both bodily and in the civilization itself. Just as these things were a necessity, civilization was as well. Men who no longer fathomed working alone created civilization, they saw past their differences and united so that their job would be easier. The goals and necessities of a society determine when and where everything should occur as well as make the use of space and time in the most effective of manners.

Humans exhibit an inborn tendency to be careless and unreliable at their workplace, as well as in need of laborious training so that they might begin to comprehend the occupation or task they are undertaking. Civilization, with esteem and encouragement, provides necessity and reason to promote the need of higher learning. With such intellectual, scientific and artistic expansions mental expansion plays a leading role in human life. The illusion of religion attempts to throw light elsewhere and was established as the first major mental idea. Next, came speculation of philosophy and lastly the manipulation and striving for ones ideals by attempting to perfect oneself, ones community, or even humanity itself. All of this is done by the ideology and basis of the given civilization. All of these factors are so closely interwoven that there is often difficulty in describing and tracing their psychological origins.

A motivating force behind all human activities is striving towards the two confluent needs of utility and a yield of pleasure. We must not allow ourselves to be misled by judgments or religion, philosophic systems or views of the ideal. Though we may not wish to grant them dignity we must ultimately realize that such an ideology is present in civilization regardless. Social relations play part whether in a neighborly relationship, family relationship, or even as a member of a state. In such relations it is often hard to see the ideal demands and see what civilization is really.

With such an ideology we must also realize that the first requisite of civilization is indeed justice, and the assurance that a made law will not be broken. Civilization does not grant liberty to the individual, the development of civilization unfortunately imposes restriction on it, and thereby justice decrees that no one shall escape such restrictions. Desire for freedom is in fact a revolt against existing injustice. People desire freedom; such desires often cause strife in the civilization as a whole. The good part to civilization is that man witnesses and undertakes chances with the group as opposed to on an individual level, thus making coping that much easier. As with anything at many times the individual will have views different than that of the whole such that a problem arises and accommodation is necessary.

As mentioned previously the desire to be civilized is almost in essence an instinct just like the five Freudian stages of development. Civilization to Freud is very similar to the evolution and development of the libidinal process of the individual. Sublimation or instinctual aiming are in fact the things that make it possible for higher psychical activities like scientific research, artistic development, or the origination of ideas. Civilization is thus built on a renunciation of instincts. Such ideologies are thus repressed into the unconscious say Freud, and only come out when the unconscious recognizes they are necessary. This cultural frustration often causes much hostility again which all civilizations have to struggle.

In regards to the development of such civilizations it is like the maturation of an individual. Opposing men found out that working together instead of against each other was a very much time saving process. Primitive ape families were created based upon usefulness and helpfulness. Others think the need for families came about as a byproduct of necessity when the need for genital stimulation arose. In such as situation man would keep his female near him. While the female with her newly born child was in need of protection and thus was willing to stay around. Another basis for the creation of civilization was the lust for love and the compulsion to work. In essence civilization was just one large family.

The first result of such a family was that now many people were able to live interdependently with each other as a large group. Civilization, as deemed by Freud, was also a stepping stone in mans’ goal of necessity for sexual eroticism. Religions also were created as necessity hinted at them, they were used to explain the unexplainable and give the oceanic feeling in some senses. Religions were also manifested as outlets for the people’s frustrations and ambitions.

Once a young man/woman comes of age, it is seemingly required for them to go out into the workplace and being their life in aiding of the community. This very much parallels the necessity for schooling, college and lastly working. At the coming of age it is more or less time for the individual to begin giving back to the community. It is a sad state of affairs indeed but everyone undergoes it and it is unavoidable. Civilization in fact is more or less the obeying of the cultures laws on economic necessity. In a given civilization, sexuality often caused strife, but was necessary for evolution such that nothing could have been done to avoid it. Unfortunately nowadays it seems that being civilized leaves no room for simple natural love between two human beings.

Other forms of suffering come from superior powers of nature, feebleness of ones own body, and the inadequacy of the regulations that adjust the mutual relationships of human beings in the family and in society. Unfortunately no matter how hard we try there is no way we will ever master nature. Our body (part of nature) will always be a limiting factor in our ongoing adaptations and achievements. If we do not completely remove all suffering we can at least remove some, which is a good thing. We do have the ability to manipulate things just not to the fullness of our desires. According to Freud other people are used as a network of aiding and understanding worldly happenings and concerns. Civilization is largely responsible for the misery we indefinitely encounter. Threats of suffering, and all the things we seek to protect ourselves from, are part of civilization.

Certain historic events proved to build up condemnation and dissatisfaction of a civilization; such “Problems with Civilization” were longstanding and deeply rooted. Such as the victory of Christendom over the heathen religions or the voyages and explorations or even the contact we’ve had on such voyages with their respective inhabitants and the misunderstandings we encountered with them. Through things called “neuroses” the modreum of happiness was undermined. People became neurotic because of an inability to tolerate the amount of frustration that society imposed upon them in respect to its cultural ideals. In past years the ongoing attempt to control nature has made many advances both technically and scientifically.

Wanting to triumph over nature has been ongoing for thousands of years and seems to bring happiness when success is reached. Power over nature is simply a precondition of human happiness and thus is not the only goal of the cultural endeavor. Connectiveness with other beings brings about happiness; such things as knowing that your friend is alright after a long trip, or to hear the voice of your child on the other end of the phone all aid in bringing comfort. All of these things give reassurement and satisfaction to man. Humans, being social beings, do not care very much to be separated from their loved ones. To help themselves cope, various forms of transportation and accommodations such as the telephone were created. According to Freud, humans are working against natural selection for the betterment of their existence.

With all of the worldly concerns in mind, it makes people wonder whether a long life barren of joys and full of misery is truly worth it, if only death seems as a savior. People do not feel comfortable in civilizations, this is a proven fact, Freud hypothesizes that early ancestors might have been happier because they lived in a society which was much less organized and demanding. To Freud, happiness was a subjective term. And lastly Freud felt it was impossible for us to be empathic and feel the pain someone felt, be it in war, inquisition, or a vicious bout with famine, there is no way to prevent this. It’s human nature and thus no matter how civilized and proper we become it is unavoidable.


Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and its discontents. 1961. W.W. Norton & Company Inc. New York.

Civilization – A Definition By Freud Essay

“We Have No Right to Happiness” by C. S. Lewis Essay

“We Have No Right to Happiness” by C. S. Lewis Essay.

It is natural for parents to become protective of their kids after all, it is their duty to see to it that their children are safe at all times. Children are not really that aware of how much danger exists outside, or even inside, their homes. Their lives revolve around school, family, and friends, and they rarely notice the real things that are happening around them. No one can blame these kids because they are at the stage where peer pressure and doing good in school matters most but this is the reason why parents closely monitor their children’s activities.

Every little thing from the environment to the food that kids are being feared by parents. The article also talks about how too protected these children have become and how it affects their childhood. While there is nothing wrong with being careful and taking care of your kids, I agree with the author that sometimes, parents need to let their children take chances.

Undoubtedly, there are numerous things that can be considered a threat to every child’s safety and health.

Criminals lurk in the shadows waiting for their next innocent victims, teenagers have that much angst that they go around on shooting sprees, and deadly diseases can be contracted anywhere. No parent would want to see their children suffer or go through such negative situations, which is why a lot of them are being too overly protective. These are not only the threats that parents worry about but they also think about the influence of media and technology in their children’s development, as well as the food and eating lifestyles that are suitable for their children.

However, being protective is entirely different from being too cautious to the point of depriving the children of simple things like chocolate chip cookies because the parent is afraid that the cookie contains too much fat and may be unhealthy for their kid. As the author stated, “you can’t go around afraid of everything. It’s too exhausting! No matter how careful you are, bad stuff happens. And it’s seldom the end of the world” (Spencer, 2007). Not only is being afraid of everything tiring but it also does not set a good example to the young people.

They would be led to believe that they should prioritize their fears instead of facing the world head on. They would not be able to experience their childhood because their parents are too afraid of letting them out of the house to ride a bike or to play with a friend. They would grow up missing out on the normal childhood activities and would become fearful of everything and everyone. Parents cannot protect their kids from everything. They should know the difference between wanting their child to be safe at all times and being overly protective.

They have to let their children live their own lives and see what happens because fearing the world takes too much effort and decreases the chances of making mistakes, hence, less lessons learned. Letting these kids be makes a difference in how they see and do things. They learn more when they have more freedom and not limited on the things that surrounds them. When kids do not experience life and the reality it can bring, they would not know how to improve themselves and grow as a person.

“We Have No Right to Happiness” by C. S. Lewis Essay