Pros and Cons of Kyoto Protocol Essay

Pros and Cons of Kyoto Protocol Essay.

Kyoto Protocol is an attempt of global community to encourage industrialized countries to lower on emissions of GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions was signed in 1997 and till date there are multiple debates going on whether or not it was a step to foster a global cooperation to address current environmental issues or just a governmental endeavor to take under control a free market spot.

First, the protocol is seen as a starting point for effective collaboration aiming to achieve global good and face climate change (Hamish McRae).

The journalist is sure that the deal has shown the commitment of countries to sacrifice their short-term needs at micro level in order to follow the “long-term global environmental aims”. In contrast, Kyoto Protocol is poorly designed and does not have any clear influences in perspective “unlike the Montreal Protocol, which had a clear objective and clear benefits”, notes the author. All things considered can help to draw a conclusion that the Protocol is rather controversial in its future perspectives but is a significant leap of “a wider global process of conservation” (Hamish McRae).

Second, carbon is traded like any other commodity: the treaty expects the countries that do not exceed their carbon emissions limits to sell the surplus to the countries which due to their industrial needs are beyond the allocated quotas. On the other hand, “carbon market” has plenty of opponents ready to state that even though the carbon trading is being constantly advertized as a key solution to coping with climate change, it is just a small part of the dilemma.

Tamra Gilbertson and Oscar Reyes are sure that “today’s climate challenges require a paradigm shift in our thinking and approaches” (3). The Carbon Trade Watch researchers state that the adoption of proposed schema was a way to “make climate problems fit market solutions” (9). In any case, despite its bright perspectives in reality Kyoto Protocol leaves very less room for adequate decisions in environment pollution control and gives a way to corporations and governments to speculate on their emissions targets.

Third, it is worthy to take a look at nowadays situation and whether or not “Son of Kyoto” can be considered a success reaching its initial targets and objectives. The recent United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP18/CMP8) prolonged the lifeline of “of the Kyoto Protocol beyond 2012 keeps it alive as the sole legally binding plan for combating global warming” for eight more years (Alister Doyle and Barbara Lewis).

This can be seen as a constant struggle of humanity to overcome or at least control the situation with growing GHG emissions in spite of all the imperfection and criticism of the Kyoto initiative. Some of Doha decisions were questioned by Russia as well as neighboring Ukraine and Belarus asking to “be allowed extra credit for the emissions cuts they made when their industries collapsed” (Roger Harrabin). However, the query was not given a credit which left Russia no room for objection. This fact claims that there is still no unity in common decisions and universal outlook on the problem of climate change preventive measures.

On the whole, Kyoto Protocol is rather controversial instrument in global climate change arena. The deal should be taken as a serious step toward improving the future generations living conditions as well as preventing possible natural disasters. At the same time its coherence should be periodically reviewed and corrective actions taken based on the comprehensive scientific and environmental research not only on pure calculation and monetary estimates.

Works Cited

Doyle, Alyster and Barbara Lewis. UN climate conference throws Kyoto Protocol a lifeline. 08 Dec 2012. Web. 20 Jan 2013

Gilbertson, Tamra and Oscar Reyes. “Carbon Trading – How it works and why it fails”. Critical Currents no.7 (2009): 3-9. Web. Jan 20 2013

Harrabin, Roger. UN climate talks extend Kyoto Protocol, promise

08 Dec 2012. Web. 20 Jan 2013

McRae, Hamish. Can Kyoto really save the world? 16 Feb 2005. Web. 20 Jan 2013

Pros and Cons of Kyoto Protocol Essay

How to Reduce Air Pollution Essay

How to Reduce Air Pollution Essay.

Air pollution is an issue of concern to the world. Pollution in our environment will undoubtedly affect our quality of life and it can also cause various health problems and other negative effects. As a result, we want to find way out. Three simple solutions to reduce air pollution such as reducing the using of vehicles, cutting down the using of machineries and planting trees.

The first necessary way to solve this problem is to cutting down the using of machineries.

We should try to use more human labor rather than machines in production or farming activities. For instance, people in our country can use handy craft products and do their farm by the human being like doing farm in a traditional way without using any kind of tractors. Furthermore, for the products which are made by machines, such as paper, bottles, cans, or plastic bags, we should re-use and recycle them as possible as we can instead of producing more products.

The machines will rest from production and also rest from dispose CO2 to the air.

The second way to solve this problem is to reduce the using of vehicles. People should change from travel by their own car or motorbike to travel by public transportation such as taxies, buses, or trains. When we can cut down the amount of cars or motorbikes on the street, the amount of CO2 also decrease and we can save our air. Moreover, you will save money while you do your segment to reduce air pollution. According to Science Applications International Corporation (2007), “Public transportation use reduces travel by private vehicles.” (p.2).

The third way we have to do is planting trees. Trees convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, cleaning up air pollution every day, so we have to reduce cutting down of it. According to McPherson (2003), “Leaves of trees absorb or intercept air pollutants, including small particulate matter and the components of smog.” (p.1). In addition, the trees help cool neighborhoods to create less need for air conditioning.

In conclusion, we must work together to reduce pollution so that the future generations can live in a healthy, unpolluted environment.

How to Reduce Air Pollution Essay

Environmental protection Essay

Environmental protection Essay.

Our earth is our home, so if we want to protect our home we should protect our environment from harmful effects of human activity. Some of these activities cause pollution. Pollution now is a very important problem. Some of these problem are : the ozone holes, global warming ( or green-house effect), acid rain … The ozone layer is a layer of gases which stop harmful radiation from the sun protecting the earth. Recent research shows that there is a hole in part of the ozone layer which is caused by smoke from factories, car exhaust fumes, aerosol cans ’cause they contain CFC.

Global warming is an increase in world temperature caused by an increase in carbon dioxide. Acid rain is rain that contains dangerous chemicals, this is caused by smoke from factories. Another problem is poisons in food. Farmer soften spray chemicals in crops to safe them from pests. These chemicals are called pesticides.

Scientists have found that pesticides often end up in our food and they can cause health problems – especially for kids.

The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison : industrial, chemical, nuclear waste. Every ten minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever. And if nothing is done our earth will die in about 30 years from now. So what can we do to protect our environment ? I think that we should recycle our used things, we should plant more trees, we should not waste resources but try save them, we also must make smoke from factories and car’s fumes more clean, we must not dump industrial waste to seas and rivers …Now people are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not somebody else’s. They make different organization, whose aim is conservation. For example ” GREEN PEACE ” , ” FRIEND OF THE EARTH ” and others. Everyday millions people from all over the world do everything to protect our environment , and they need for our help. I think we ought to help them , just to make our future better.

Environmental protection Essay