Disneyland Paris Essay

Disneyland Paris Essay.

First Question:

Disneyland Paris was one of Disneyland’s Global projects. Please discuss its advantages and disadvantages, and from reading and understanding the case suggest what was/were the mistake/s that Disney committed from the beginning till now.



1- New site serving the 67millions population in France and 79 millions of tourists there, as Paris is the most-popular city destination among tourists of all nationalities. 2- 310 million people in Europe live within two hours’ air travel of EuroDisney, and 17 million could reach the park within two hours by car.

3- Famous characters to people in all over the world which have thrills. 4- The high experiences. 5- High average of per capita income of European. 6- Sufficient acreage of land was available for development. 7- French government’s generous incentives. 8- Better demographics than at any other Disney site.


1- Europeans are much more independent and value deeply their own cultural habits and traditions. This would require the design of a theme park that is more in keeping with French and European cultural norms.

Allow the French to put their own identity on the park. 2- Europeans in general and the French in particular are sensitive about American cultural imperialism. The former Chairman of Eisner was pelted with eggs in Paris, he should have suspected that market entry might not be that easy. 3- French culture has its own lovable cartoon characters such as Astérix, the helmeted, pint-sized Gallic warrior, who has a theme park located near EuroDisney. 4- There are pockets of active dislike of America among Europeans, left over from the 1960s when American firms were investing heavily in Europe. 5- Poor winter weather of northern Europe.

6- Hotel rooms were so high priced.


1- Entering by FDI mode of entry, it was better to be by JV as it is in Hong Kong or licensing as it is in Japan . 2- It`s clear that managers and planners involved in the EuroDisney project were infected with over-confidence so they fall in Over-ambitious forecasts. Disney management expected some 50% of park attendance to include French visitors. The French people in general proved to be reluctant in their response to this example of “Americana” in Europe. EuroDisney’s management seriously underestimated negative attitudes among the French. Visitors of other nationalities were also unwilling to pay the high prices of EuroDisney or to stay more than one or two days (instead of the expected three days). Clearly, perceptions of the park’s benefits among tourists differed from those of the American. 3- Real-estate investments.

4- Expensive or inappropriate park design and construction. Total park construction costs were estimated at FFr 14 billion ($2.37 billion) in 1989 but rose by $340 million to FFr 16 billion as a result of all these add-ons. Hotel construction costs alone rose from an estimated FFr 3.4 billion to FFr 5.7 billion. 5- Flawed initial marketing, pricing, staffing, and park management policies. 6- Disney’s management decision to pursue a market skimming policy to earn a fast return, might have led to poor attendance levels.

7- Disney’s management was being insensitive to cultural differences, as Europeans are much more independent and value deeply their own cultural habits and traditions. This would require the design of a theme park that is more in keeping with French and European cultural norms. Allow the French to put their own identity on the park. 8- Disney’s management has its lake to insight, sensitivity, and basic information about the French market and environmental events in France (e.g., recession, currency swings). 9- Rigid imposition of Disney rules and unwillingness to consider adaptations. 10- Expensive trams were built along a lake to take guests from the hotels to the park.

Disneyland Paris Essay

Effects Of Colonization Essay

Effects Of Colonization Essay.

Colonization of the Americas by European nations was a significant historical event that began in the 15th century. Starting with Portugal’s forays into overseas exploration, the phenomenon soon spread to different European countries, with Spain and Portugal divvying up the South American continent. Discoveries in the new world led to economic growth in Europe. Meanwhile, introduction of European ideas led to an overhaul of the Native American economy. The introduction of the Christian religion also impacted the natives severely. Arguably the most powerful effect of colonization, however, was the effect of disease, which decimated the native population.

Overall, colonization of the Americas impacted Europeans and Native Americans in terms of economy, religion, and disease, eventually leading to extreme European influence and power in America.

One of the most striking effects of colonization was the amount of pure wealth generated through the colonies. Through the Spanish encomienda system and the Portuguese donatario system, European countries were able to exploit the native population in order to generate revenue.

Large-scale farming of cash crops such as dye-wood and sugar subjugated Native Americans as well as African slaves (obtained through the triangle trade system) in order to provide an adequate amount of crop exports at a low cost.

According to [Document 7], the colonizers even lay claim to the land, eventually taking it from the Natives. The most striking example of European exploitation of New World resources is the silver mines at Potosi. By using the nearly inexhaustible labor force provided through the Incan mita system, the Spaniards effectively created a silver factory that churned out almost 5 million kilograms of silver between 1591 and 1610. This in turn led to the rise in power of the Spanish empire by increasing its purchasing power and supply of wealth.

The economic impact, however, was not purely limited to European gain, and was somewhat mutual. Through the Columbian Exchange [Document 3], many items of agricultural benefit were brought to the new world by the Europeans. Through the advent of wheat, rice, oats, and sugar, food productivity increased and hunger became less prevalent. In addition, livestock (domesticated animals) such as cows, pigs, and chickens helped provide the natives with new sources of food. Not only did European goods influence American agriculture, they influenced American culture as well. European horses led to new hunting capabilities (such as those of the Plains Indians of North America). European trades of metal-smithing, writing, and agriculture spread to the Americas so that “[the] natives ha[d] successfully learned all the Spanish trades” [Document 1].

With European trades and goods came European religion. The Europeans, especially Emperor Charles V, prompted by Bartolome de las Casas, saw religious conversion of the natives as their mission. At the time of colonization, Charles V was also fighting a desperate war against Protestantism; the large amount of converts from the New World was a much desired boon to Catholicism. The natives, however, were not peacefully converted. One example of the brutal ways in which the natives were converted is the conversion of Chief Hatuey, who was offered a choice – baptism or death by burning at the stake [Document 8].

The greatest struggle for the Europeans, however, was to convert the two great American empires: the Inca and the Aztecs. Upon seeing the human sacrifices performed by the Aztecs, Hernan Cortes “taught the people [his] religion” [Document 2] through force. In addition, the conflict between Francisco Pizarro and the Incan emperor Atahualpa started after the Inca disrespected the Bible by throwing it on the ground.

The Europeans were aided in their conquest and conversion of the natives by one accidental factor – disease. Due to the geography and fauna of Eurasia, the Europeans had domesticated animals they lived with in close proximity; this in turn gave rise to a plethora of zoonotic diseases (diseases originating form animals) in Europe, Asia, and Africa. The residents of the new world, however, had never developed immunity to these diseases, having never encountered them. When the Europeans arrived, they brought diseases such as smallpox, which reduced the native population from 30 million in 1519 to 3 million in 1568 [Document 5].

The spread of disease gave Europeans an extreme advantage in terms of conquest. While the Aztecs were rendered immobile by smallpox, Hernan Cortes was able to make preparations for conquest of Tenochtitlan. Similarly, while the Inca were ravaged by a plague and a civil war, Francisco Pizarro took advantage of the split and the disease to conquer the Incan empire. In the end, the majority of natives that died during conquest of the Americas had never even seen a European.

Overall, the primary effects of colonization of the Americas by Europe were economic, religious, and pathological. New economic systems and imports generated extreme revenue for Europe while subjugating and enslaving the natives. In addition, all of the European trades were introduced to the New World. The Europeans made it a goal to spread their religion across the Americas. At the same time, they inadvertently spread a large quantity of diseases across the continent. Some of the consequences of colonization were good and some were bad, but in the end, colonization paved the way for the globalization of human interaction.

Effects Of Colonization Essay

Human Impacts on the Sustainability of Groundwater Essay

Human Impacts on the Sustainability of Groundwater Essay.

The purpose of this lab is to show the sustainability of groundwater, if human development continues, at the same rate it has been, over the last few decades. Over the last 50 years our water demand has tripled, which is causing water tables all over the world to fail, and when these aquifers are depleted, worldwide food production will fall.

I have looked over the data provided, and have come to the conclusion, that if we do not control our population, we will likely experience worldwide famine, maybe even have it as the catalyst for the next world war.

Data collected from the M.U.S.E. in the virtual classroom, located at cut online, also researched on the internet, from the Google search bar, Nairaland forum, and WOA. Documentation, from these resources, and research, written in the following paragraphs.

Stated in a 2009 report, that if the world population reached 7.5 billion, by 2020, 1.8 billion people, would be living in regions with extreme water scarcity.

In a current report  as of December 1, 2014, our global population, has already reached over 7 billion, and futuristically, Africa is the only nation that is capable of self-sustaining.

The Americans, Chinese, and Europeans, aspire to live a certain life style that will ultimately end in a survival of the fittest. Several studies show that earth is currently capable of sustaining about 2 billion, at half the recourses, we currently consume. Each American, consumes about 20 acres, of biologically productive land, so if the worlds 7 billion people, consumed that of the average American, we would need about 5 earth’s resources, to be sustained.

Obviously Earths 29.6 billion acres of biologically productive land, and water, support about 1.5 billion people. So we need to reduce the population by 80 %, or reduce our consumption by over 50%, and realistically, neither one is going to happen anytime soon. Which leaves our grandchildren, and so on, in serious risk of a grave global catastrophe?


Politics,Lagbaja, taken from web address
http://www.nairaland.com/2022950/current-world-population-three-time, on 1/05/2015

WOA!! Taken from web address http://www.overpopulation.org/water.html on 01/06/2015

Human Impacts on the Sustainability of Groundwater Essay

The Byzantine Empire and Medieval Europe Essay

The Byzantine Empire and Medieval Europe Essay.

There are many similarities and differences between the Byzantine Empire and medieval Western Europe. There are also many factors that have contributed to their changes. The reign of these emperors and traditions of these empires had led to important historical developments and has also taught us on how political leaders should have ruled. The reign of Byzantine emperor Justinian I from 482–565 C.E. was of both glory and destruction. Justinian reconquered much of the former Roman Empire while creating lasting legal codes and cultural icons such as the Hagia Sophia, the world’s largest cathedral.

But as soon as Justinian came into power everything changed. He introduced all the laws that never existed into the government and he ended all already established customs. He eliminated existing offices, established regulations of the army and invented new ones for the management of public affairs.

His reason for doing so was not to improve justice but just because he wanted everything new and named after himself, even if something was out of his control he renamed himself anyway.

According to Chapter VII of the secret history, Procopius describes Justinian as: fake, two-faced, cruel, hypocritical, never moved to tears by either joy or pain, a liar always, a faithless friend, a treacherous enemy, insane for murder and plunder, quarrelsome and revolutionary, easily led to anything, never willing to listen to good counsel, quick to plan mischief and carry it out, but finding even the hearing of anything good distasteful to his ears. It is obvious that Procopius is not fond of Justinian. In fact, the Secret History was probably written because he could not openly criticize the Emperor. Procopius’ desire is obvious, it shows that he wants to show what a horrible emperor Justinian was.

In my opinion, Procopius’ description might have been a bit exaggerated because Justinian is still known for various achievements throughout his reign. These included the building of Hagia Sophia, the Justinian Codes and the recapture of many western provinces of the empire. These achievements were not admired by many such as Procopius but there are distinctly different views of his success. As a person Justinian didn’t seem to make smart decisions and he depended on his wife Theodora during tough situations but he did make changes to laws that benefited himself and his people. He also continued Roman cultures. On the other hand, Charlemagne was the first of the Holy Roman Emperors, crowned in the year 800 by Pope Leo

III. Charlemagne continued his father’s policies and protected the empire by removing the Lombard’s from power. He reigned during a time of much chaos and turmoil in Europe during the middle ages. In Einhard’s Life of Charlemagne he describes Charlemagne’s ideals, beliefs and traits. As said by Einhard, Charlemagne was a man of many talents. He spent time trying to promote Christianity, organizing the kingdom, church and nobility around himself, trying to create a central government. I feel that Einhard’s chronicle on Charles was not exaggerated; it is obvious that Einhard sees highly of him. To compare Justinian and Charlemagne, both Justinian and Charlemagne tried to strengthen their empires but Charlemagne was more successful. Charles gained power of central Europe and Italy whereas Justinian failed to regain power on territories in the East. Charles created local and government officials called counts that supported justice and raised armies whereas Justinian only created the Justinian code.

Based off what I read, I think that a clash between the Byzantines and the Western Europeans could not have been avoided because not only did that have religious differences they also had much different economies. Both of Western Europe and the Byzantine Empire also had very different government structures. The Byzantine Empire was ruled by one Emperor and instead of direct rule, used civil service to successfully run the empire. Western Europe was divided up into lots of small kingdoms. They were divided by which language was spoken and where the feudal system was used more effectively. Western Europe was without a centralized government until the Late Middle Ages. Although both the Byzantine Empire and Western Europe were mainly Christian, Christianity led to a major division between the two. Clashes between the Pope and Patriarch over who had more power, authority and understanding of practices within the church lead to the Great Schism.

Economic differences between the two were that European’s practices of manorialism lead to an agricultural based economy with little trading outside of Europe whereas the Byzantine Empire became the wealthiest empire in Europe. Basically, the West was not developed as the Byzantine empire. This is because Constantinople was the bridge between Europe and the rest of the world, and became the center of east-west trade. Policraticus, by John of Salisbury, and The Prince, by Niccol Machiavelli, show distinct differences of the ideal ruler between the Medieval Ages and the period of Renaissance. The two books were written in different eras, and they both talk about the true importance of an ideal ruler and how they should perform in order to maintain their power.

The most significant differences between the two writers are their different views on religion, political power, and political goals. The different ideas about religion separate the Renaissance from the Middle Ages. It is clear that the church played a major role in the lives of those in Middle Ages than in those of the Renaissance. John of Salisbury emphasizes that all power that the ideal ruler holds is from God and that He applied it through a subordinate hand to make all things teach His mercy or justice.

He also states that the order for the prince is to fear the Lord his God and to follow God’s words. Whereas for Machiavelli, ignores the problem of religion. He chooses not to talk about it in his writings. He treats religion and government as two different things. He believes that the law is made by the ruler and not by God. Another difference between the two is their different view on the interests of the ruler. John of Salisbury believes that the ideal ruler’s objective is to make his people wealthier and his empire successful. In contrast, for Machiavelli, the goal of the prince is to maintain his power and to satisfy his people.

The Byzantine Empire and Medieval Europe Essay

Why did tension increase in Europe from 1900 to 1014? Essay

Why did tension increase in Europe from 1900 to 1014? Essay.

Why did tension increase in Europe from 1900 to 1014?There are various factors that amplified the tensions in Europe from 1900 to 1914. A few of the major factors were International rivalry, the arms race, colonialism and the Crisis’s of Morocco and Bosnia. These factors, alongside numerous others contributed to fuelling the First World War.

International rivalry was, debatably, the biggest factor that caused the First World War. As the European powers such as Britain, France and Russia had been competing with each other in might, prominence and colonial expansion.

Furthermore, Britain and France had been rivals for an incredibly lengthy period of time and had a bitter relationship with each other. Europe was already unstable, with the hostility between Britain and France and with Austria-Hungary at the brink of war with the Serbs and the Slavs; the appearance of Germany and Italy in 1871 posed a serious threat of shifting the balance of power in Europe.

The two alliances that separated Europe into two camps also played a major role in causing tensions between European powers.

The alliances were formed following a series of agreements that were made by the majority of European powers that committed them to fight if their ally were to ever be threatened. An example of one of these agreements was the Entente Cordialle. Shortly after these treaties were signed, it was clear that Europe had been divided into two sides; namely, the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. Moreover, smaller, newly formed countries such as Serbia would ask for the support of their allies if they were ever threatened, this meant that what would have been a little dispute between two countries would turn out to be a full blown war between all the major powers of Europe.

Another very important source of the tensions in Europe was the race for military power. There was competition over both the army and the navy. The arms race involved most of the countries in Europe, it meant that all the major powers were building up their military and anticipating the outbreak of war. France and Germany also built up their defences as Germany had humiliated France in 1870-71 by taking Alsace-Lorraine. This meant that France despised Germany and would employ any excuse to start a war with her and take back Alsace-Lorraine, their honour and Germany’s pride. Even the notion of war caused discomfort in many countries and consequently increased the tensions between the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. The naval race was primarily between Britain and Germany. Britain did not have a large army; they relied on their navy for protection and support. Because of this, Britain made sure it had the largest navy in the world. So when the Germany started building their navy Britain felt threatened and started to rapidly expand her navy as well.

Although Germany was had both a strong economy and military, it had not been given any chance to demonstrate this strength. At the time, the best method to demonstrate strength was in the acquirement of colonies. However, Germany could not get any good colonies as they had begun the race for colonies a lot later than the rest of Europe; this meant that they only got the worst bits of land.

In 1905, the German Kaiser visited Morocco, which was presently going to be under French control, in an attempt to break up the Triple Entente, he stated his desire to protect German trading interests there. A diplomatic row soon followed and war almost broke out. A conference was held and no one supported the Germans except for a half-hearted Austria. Morocco was now under French control. This infuriated the Kaiser, as he had not got what he wished or destabilized the Triple Entente. However, the crisis of Morocco was not over. In 1911 a rebellion in Morocco forced the Sultan to ask for French assistance, Germany could not allow this to happen, she demanded that the French troops withdraw from Morocco and sent a gunboat to Agadir. Another conference was held, and after much diplomatic activity, Germany, again, was forced to back down. The Kaiser had been humiliated for the last time, he would not lose a diplomatic clash again, and the next time would mean war.

The constant disputes in the Balkans between Austria-Hungary and Serbia also caused a large amount of tension in Europe. Although Austria-Hungary was corrupt and feeble, it still had the capacity to cause the outbreak of war. Because of their constant disputes with Serbia and the other Balkan countries, Serbia could set off a war with Russia and thereby cause the rest of the countries to join in. Furthermore, Austria-Hungary was concerned about the Serbian motive to unite all the Slavs.

Their concern was so great that in 1908 they mobilised their troops and occupied Bosnia; this action made Serbia ask their ally, Russia, for assistance. Nonetheless, the Tsar had to back down when Germany threatened to support Austria. Soon after this incident, in 1912, Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia fought a join war against Turkey and pushed them out of Europe; this was the First Balkan War. The Austrians could not let the Serbs have control over the cost, so they called together a peace conference and created Albania; this stopped the Serbs expanding to the coast.

In the end, it was the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that lit the powder keg of Europe. This was the excuse Austria was waiting for, it threatened Serbia and gave them a Ultimatum, however, Serbia could not accept the terms and war broke out, the carefully knit network of alliances soon started to get dragged in to the war. Soon, all of Europe was involved in the war. The First World War had begun.

Overall, the tensions in Europe were steadily increasing and it can be said that after 1912, the outbreak of war was almost certain and it would have taken a miracle to stop it. There was six countries all intertwined in alliances and treaties and six countries all building up their military power; it was the perfect recipe of war.


All information was gathered from the following internet sites:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_Ihttp://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/

Why did tension increase in Europe from 1900 to 1014? Essay

Characteristics of Humanism Essay

Characteristics of Humanism Essay.

Humanism is a term applied to the social philosophy and literary culture of the Western world during the Renaissance movements that spread across Europe. Washington State University, WSU, quoted on the internet: “Of all the practices of Renaissance Europe, nothing is used to distinguish the Renaissance from the Middle Ages more than humanism as both a program and a philosophy”. The Renaissance in Europe began in Italy, and with it the origin of humanism. The movement began as a response to the troubling times Italy had been facing in the years prior to the beginning of humanism.

During the Fourteenth century, Italy had become overpopulated, which resulted in famine and the Black Death.

A deterioration for trading with China was another issue that we had to take in account.. Humanism was the intellectual movement responding to this crisis. They began to look at things that had been ignored in the Italian society, and brought ideas to the public eye that revolutionized philosophy and literature.

Ancient Renaissance Philosophers say that “Renaissance humanism was considered a ‘rediscovery’ of the ancient classical learning of Greece and Rome.” The Renaissance is characterized by its emphasis on humanism, an emphasis that would have a tremendous impact upon the subsequent history of Western civilization.

Humanist studies placed us into a different world and changed the face of our lifestyle. Influential factors for Humanism were literature, art as well as music. It embraced concepts such as the supernatural as a created psychological human myth. People that where influential to the Humanism period, constructed this framework by coupling science with human reason to create an appropriate method for creating an interpretation of ultimate reality. Humanists generally denied the existence of anything outside of nature. They rejected many supernatural beliefs; however, disbelief in the supernatural is not a necessity for humanistic beliefs (Cunningham 287). Humanists believed science is based on nature, and humans learn from it. I will go into detail of the nature and beauty of Renaissance art that emphasizes on Humanism art within the work..

“The School of Athens ( 5.77 m * 8.14 m ) was painted by the 27 year old Raphael (Raffaelo) Sanzio (or Santi) for Pope Julius II (1503-1513)”(Michael Lahanas). We do not know all details of the people who are depicted. Giorgio Vasari, who is an Italian painter and architect, suggested that nearly all Greek philosophers and ancient scientists can be found on this painting. Beyond one of the most important people on this painting is Plato, Aristotle and Michelangelo. The painting frames in the most important part by setting up the focal point in the middle of the painting.

“Raphael’s School of Athens reflects a high degree of sensitivity to ordered space, a complete ease with Classical thought, obvious inspiration from the Roman architectural past, a brilliant sense of color and form, and a love for intellectual clarity-characteristics that could sum up the Renaissance ideal” (Cunningham 299). It does not only show characteristics of the Renaissance, but also characteristics of Humanism, for example it’s artistic creation on the walls, as well as the well planned building. Another thing that is associated with humanism is the social behavior of the people.

The Night figure was created by Michelangelo and it suppose to create the illusion of the figure either sleeping or being awake at the same point of time. Almost all of the female’s bodies that Michelangelo creates, have a masculine body structure as well as fake looking breasts. These two analytical founding are another proof of Humanism. The Article about the best Artists said: “He goes farther away from nature in these Medici figures than in any of his others and requires greater acquiescence from his viewers. Many are not willing to let him lift them so high off the ground. ‘She may be beautiful but she’s not a woman.’ ” People guessed that Michelangelo was gay, but it was never proofen as a fact.

The last artwork that I am going to describe is The Last Supper by Tintoretto. The Author of auction and sold mentioned that: “All the outstanding qualities of Tintoretto appear in this strikingly original and complex design. It is characteristic in using intensified streaks of light along limbs and garment-folds, to emphasize the direction of movement, and thus heighten the effect of dramatic action.”

In this painting you can see many characteristics of humanism that are shown by the people socializing, enjoying themselves and having seemingly unlimited amounts of food. In the bottom right of the painting, you have people who prepare the food and wash the dishes. This is another characteristic for humanism. We can also see angel like figures in the picture, that move towards the human that has the bright light around his head. This person should represent Jesus, and I believe that those angel or ghost looking creatures are the souls of his friends.

Our society is still influenced in the artists, and architects from the Renaissance time period. Humanistic ideas have proved to be of great educational value in the formation of civilized and responsible societies, and they are still alive in many intellectual beliefs today.

Work Cited

Cunningham, Lawrence S. Culture & Values. 7th ed. Vol. 2. Boston: Wadsworth, 06.

“Humanism.” Washington State University – Pullman, Washington. 04 July 2009 .

“Night by Michelangelo «.” The Best Artists. 03 July 2009 .

“Raphael’s School of Athens (1/2).” Hellenica, Information about Greece and Cyprus, Michael Lahanas. 06 July 2009 .

“Tintoretto – The Last Supper.” Old And Sold Antiques Auction. 07 July 2009 .

Characteristics of Humanism Essay

A 350 word speech/essay on Kazakhstan Essay

A 350 word speech/essay on Kazakhstan Essay.

The Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia and Europe. Vast in size, the land in Kazakhstan is very diverse and has different types of terrains like flatlands, rock-canyons, hills, mountains etc. It has the 62nd largest population in the world with a population density of 6 people per square kilometer. Its approximate population was a bit more than 15 million in 2006. Their flag is basically a yellow eagle with a sun on top of it on a light blue background.

The official languages spoken in Kazakhstan are Kazakh and Russian as it was once a part of the soviet union.

The first interesting thing i learnt about Kazakhstan was that it is the ninth largest country in the world. I had no idea that Kazakhstan was such a huge country. It has an area of 2.7 million square kilometers. It is almost as large as western europe. It shares borders with 5 countries including Russia and China. The Kazakh grasslands have an area of around eight hundred thousand square kilometers.

It occupies about one third of the country and is the worlds largest grassland region.

The second interesting thing i learnt about Kazakhstan was that its population has declined since independence. Whereas with most countries, its the opposite. The population dropped from 16 and a half million in 1989 to about 15 million in 2006. This was caused as most of the russians living in the country migrated back to Russia after the independence.

The third and last interesting thing i learnt about Kazakhstan was that its not a poor country making money by prostitution as shown in Borat but instead it is quite an advanced country who is one of the leading exporters of minerals, in the world and there are forecasts that it will become the worlds leading exporter for uranium by 2010. Kazakhstan has a large supply of minerals like lead, zinc, iron, gold etc. There is about 2.7 million tons of petroleum and about 6.1 billion tons of oil deposits in Kazakhstan. In 2006, Kazakhstan was producing approximately 23.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually.


www.wikipedia.org, www.infoplease.com, www.state.gov, www.eia.doe.gov

A 350 word speech/essay on Kazakhstan Essay

Renaissance Causes & Effects Essay

Renaissance Causes & Effects Essay.

The Renaissance or otherwise known as the Rebirth was the mark of a new era of a way of life. It had taken place from the 14th to 16th centuries (or from 1350 AD to 1550 AD) and was a phase of changes which were more evident in culture and not a political event. The Renaissance had many causes from events occurring around Medieval Europe and in other parts of the world such as the Middle East and Asia.

Some of those causes would be the Crusades, the Decline of Feudalism, the Rise of the Mongol Empire, and the Roles of Rulers, Nobles, Popes, and the Middle Class but the two most important causes are the Crusades and the Decline of Feudalism.

During the Crusades, Crusaders brought in new thoughts and beliefs, which replaced the old thoughts and beliefs of other well known groups. They had also brought in new ideas and materials from other people in the Middle East such as scientific books of Aristotle, the Arabic numerals, mariners compass, and paper.

These were all brought into Europe and helped the hold of Christianity which was the starting point of the Renaissance. When it came to the Renaissance flourishing, it was only able to flourish because of the decline of Feudalism. The decline of Feudalism was when the middle class started to show support to the king. This started the promotion of the Renaissance which had then started the decline. Although it had many causes the Renaissance had many effects to it as well.

There were three types of effects; social effects, economic effects and political effects. Some social effects of the Renaissance were manners and etiquette, the development of literature and fine arts, and scientific inventions and discoveries. Economic effects were the development of trade and commerce and Colonialism. Lastly the political effects were the rise of strong monarchies and a change in warfare. All these effects of the Renaissance play their own part in their own category they were placed under.

Renaissance Causes & Effects Essay