Do barriers to information sharing exist? List any barriers, and provide considerations for minimizing these barriers. 

Barriers to information sharing can hinder effective collaboration and coordination among stakeholders involved in information-sharing initiatives. Here are some common barriers to information sharing and considerations for minimizing them:

  1. Legal and Policy Barriers:
    • Privacy and Confidentiality Concerns: Striking a balance between information sharing and protecting privacy rights is crucial. Establishing clear guidelines and protocols that ensure compliance with privacy laws and regulations can help minimize concerns.
    • Classification and Security Clearance: Ensuring appropriate security clearances and handling procedures for classified information is necessary. Streamlining the clearance process and promoting interagency cooperation can facilitate timely information sharing.
  2. Organizational and Cultural Barriers:
    • Silos and Fragmented Systems: Overcoming organizational silos and fragmented systems is crucial for effective information sharing. Encouraging collaboration, standardizing data formats, and implementing interoperable systems can help minimize these barriers.
    • Lack of Trust and Reluctance to Share: Building trust among stakeholders through open communication, shared goals, and mutual understanding can overcome reluctance to share information. Promoting a culture of information sharing and emphasizing the collective benefits can also help overcome cultural barriers.
  3. Technological Barriers:
    • Interoperability and Data Integration: Incompatible systems, formats, and data structures hinder effective information sharing. Implementing interoperable technologies, data exchange standards, and data integration platforms can minimize these barriers.
    • Data Security and Access Controls: Ensuring secure data transmission, access controls, and encryption measures are in place to protect sensitive information. Adopting robust cybersecurity measures and following industry best practices can help minimize technological barriers.
  4. Human Factors:
    • Lack of Awareness and Training: Providing regular training and awareness programs on the importance of information sharing, best practices, and security protocols can overcome human-related barriers. It is essential to educate personnel about the benefits of sharing information and their role in supporting security efforts.
    • Fear of Liability and Repercussions: Clarifying roles, responsibilities, and legal protections for individuals involved in information sharing can alleviate liability concerns. Encouraging a blame-free and learning-oriented culture can minimize fears of repercussions.
  5. Resource Constraints:
    • Funding and Resource Allocation: Adequate funding and resource allocation for information-sharing initiatives are essential. Prioritizing information-sharing efforts, leveraging existing resources, and exploring public-private partnerships can help overcome resource constraints.
  6. Communication and Coordination:
    • Lack of Communication Channels: Establishing effective communication channels and platforms that facilitate seamless information sharing and collaboration can minimize barriers. Encouraging regular communication and feedback among stakeholders fosters a culture of openness and engagement.

Minimizing these barriers requires a multi-faceted approach that involves addressing legal and policy frameworks, fostering a collaborative organizational culture, implementing interoperable technologies, providing adequate training, allocating resources, and promoting effective communication channels. Continued efforts to overcome barriers to information sharing can lead to enhanced collaboration, improved situational awareness, and more effective responses to security challenges.

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What is the effect of non-sharing or partial sharing? What efforts have been made to improve critical infrastructure information sharing? 

The non-sharing or partial sharing of critical infrastructure information can have significant implications and limitations. Some effects of non-sharing or limited sharing include:

  1. Lack of Situational Awareness: Non-sharing or limited sharing of critical infrastructure information can result in a lack of comprehensive situational awareness. Without access to relevant and timely information, stakeholders may struggle to effectively identify and respond to emerging threats, vulnerabilities, or disruptions. This hampers the ability to coordinate response efforts and mitigate potential risks.
  2. Incomplete Risk Assessments: Critical infrastructure risk assessments rely on accurate and comprehensive information. Non-sharing or partial sharing hinders conducting thorough risk assessments, identifying interdependencies, and developing appropriate risk management strategies. This may result in gaps in understanding potential threats and vulnerabilities, limiting the effectiveness of protective measures.
  3. Impeded Collaboration and Coordination: Effective collaboration and coordination between stakeholders are crucial in addressing complex challenges and ensuring a coordinated response to incidents. Non-sharing or limited sharing of critical infrastructure information hampers collaboration efforts, impedes joint planning, and undermines the ability to allocate resources and coordinate response actions effectively.
  4. Slowed Response and Recovery: Non-sharing or partial information sharing can delay response and recovery efforts during incidents or emergencies. Timely access to accurate and actionable information is vital for making informed decisions, mobilizing resources, and implementing effective response strategies. The lack of complete information may lead to slower response times and increased disruption and damage.

Efforts have been made to improve critical infrastructure information sharing. Some notable initiatives include:

  1. Public-Private Partnerships: Collaborative initiatives have been established between government agencies and private sector entities to foster information sharing. These partnerships encourage the exchange of threat intelligence, best practices, and vulnerabilities within a trusted environment.
  2. Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs): ISACs serve as focal points for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating critical infrastructure information within specific sectors. They facilitate sharing among stakeholders, promote collaboration, and provide a platform for sharing threat intelligence, incident reports, and mitigation strategies.
  3. Sector-Specific Agencies and Programs: Governments have established agencies and programs that enhance critical infrastructure information sharing within specific sectors. These entities work closely with industry stakeholders to develop information-sharing protocols, conduct risk assessments, and promote sector-specific resilience.
  4. Information Sharing Frameworks and Standards: Efforts have been made to develop frameworks and standards that facilitate secure and standardized information sharing across critical infrastructure sectors. These frameworks define common data formats, protocols, and security measures to ensure interoperability and protect shared information.
  5. Legislation and Regulatory Measures: Governments have enacted legislation and implemented regulatory measures to encourage or mandate critical infrastructure information sharing. These measures may provide legal protections and incentives for sharing information while safeguarding sensitive data.
  6. International Cooperation: Collaboration between nations is essential for addressing global critical infrastructure challenges. International forums, agreements, and organizations foster information sharing, harmonize standards, and promote best practices among participating countries.

These efforts aim to overcome barriers, build trust, and create an environment encouraging comprehensive and responsible sharing of critical infrastructure information. By enhancing information sharing, stakeholders can better anticipate, detect, and respond to threats, ensuring the resilience and security of critical infrastructure systems.

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Define critical infrastructure information. What issues are involved with sharing critical infrastructure information?

Critical infrastructure information refers to sensitive and vital information related to the infrastructure systems that are essential for the functioning and security of a nation or region. It includes information about key assets, systems, networks, and facilities that provide essential services such as energy, transportation, telecommunications, water, healthcare, and more. This information is critical because any disruption or compromise to these infrastructures can significantly affect public safety, economic stability, and national security.

Issues involved with sharing critical infrastructure information include:

  1. Security and Protection: Sharing critical infrastructure information raises concerns about security and protection. It is important to safeguard this information from unauthorized access, malicious actors, and potential cyber threats. It is a complex challenge to balance the need for sharing information for collaboration and coordinated response with ensuring its confidentiality and integrity.
  2. Sensitivity and Classification: Critical infrastructure information often contains sensitive details about vulnerabilities, operational procedures, and system configurations. Determining what information can be shared and with whom requires careful classification and handling to prevent potential misuse or exploitation.
  3. Trust and Collaboration: Sharing critical infrastructure information relies on building trust and establishing effective collaboration between various stakeholders, including government agencies, private sector entities, and international partners. Building trust involves addressing concerns about data privacy, sharing agreements, and ensuring that shared information is used responsibly and for the intended purpose.
  4. Legal and Regulatory Compliance: Sharing critical infrastructure information must adhere to applicable laws, regulations, and data protection requirements. Compliance with privacy regulations, intellectual property rights, and any restrictions on data sharing should be carefully considered to avoid legal implications and maintain trust among participants.
  5. Information Sharing Mechanisms: Establishing effective mechanisms and platforms for sharing critical infrastructure information is essential. These mechanisms should ensure secure transmission, timely dissemination, and controlled access to the information. Developing standardized protocols, frameworks, and secure communication channels can facilitate efficient sharing while addressing the associated issues.
  6. Public-Private Collaboration: Critical infrastructure often involves a mix of public and private ownership and operation. Encouraging collaboration and information sharing between public and private entities can be challenging due to differing priorities, proprietary concerns, and competitive landscapes. Finding the right balance between collaboration and maintaining business confidentiality is critical.
  7. Risk of Misinterpretation or Misuse: There is a risk that shared critical infrastructure information may be misinterpreted, misused, or unintentionally disclosed. Proper training and education about the responsible use of shared information and ongoing monitoring and evaluation can help mitigate these risks.

Addressing these issues requires a comprehensive and collaborative approach involving government agencies, private sector stakeholders, and international cooperation. Establishing robust information-sharing frameworks, promoting information security best practices, and fostering a culture of trust and collaboration are key to effectively sharing critical infrastructure information while safeguarding national security and public interest.

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What is the relationship between the speaker and the audience in the speech? What would likely be the audience’s preconception of the speaker?

Case Study Questions 

· What is the relationship between the speaker and the audience in the speech? What would likely be the audience’s preconception of the speaker?

·  What images, rhetorical strategies, content, or appeals does the speaker use for her or his cause?

·  What cultural values and beliefs does the speech seem to reflect?

·  In your own estimation, what aspects of the speech might be more or less effective for this audience, culture, and occasion?

  1. Relationship between Speaker and Audience: Examine the context and purpose of the speech to understand the dynamics between the speaker and the audience. Consider factors such as power dynamics, familiarity, shared values, or potential biases that may influence the relationship.
  2. Rhetorical Strategies and Appeals: Analyze the rhetorical strategies the speaker employs, such as persuasive language, storytelling, emotional appeals, logical arguments, or rhetorical devices like metaphors or analogies. Identify specific images, examples, or content used to support the speaker’s cause or argument.
  3. Cultural Values and Beliefs: Look for cultural references, symbols, or values embedded in the speech. Consider how the speech reflects or appeals to the cultural context in which it was delivered. Analyze how the speaker taps into shared beliefs, norms, or ideals to resonate with the audience.
  4. Effectiveness for the Audience, Culture, and Occasion: Assess the speech’s effectiveness based on the specific audience, culture, and occasion. Consider the audience’s preconceptions, cultural sensitivities, or historical context. Evaluate whether the speaker’s rhetorical strategies, appeals, or content align with the audience’s values and beliefs and whether they are likely to be persuasive or influential in that context.

Remember, to conduct a thorough analysis of a specific speech, it is crucial to refer to the actual source material, examine the historical context, and consider expert interpretations or scholarly analysis to understand the speech and its impact comprehensively.

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Reliability Modeling of Telecommunication Networks

Review case 7-Reliability Modeling of Telecommunication Networks for the Air Traffic Control System (p. 767). Following your review, identify the following and submit your answers in a Word document: 

· Summarize the case

· Summarize the problem

· Describe the solution

· Discuss your thoughts on how well the solution addressed the problem and if you might have looked at the problem from another angle.

(Your answers must be in your own words as though you were explaining the case to your instructor in person. Do not quote or copy information from the case itself.)

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Communication and Influence-the Power of Evidence

Communication and Influence-the Power of Evidence ( P1-2 FOR THIS ASSIGNMENT)


The purpose of this Check-In assignment is:

  • To identify a clinical topic of concern and related nursing practice change intervention using the PICOT format as a communication strategy
  • To receive and use instructor feedback and guidance in preparation for the Week 6 EBP Change Process assignment.

Course Outcomes

This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes: 

CO 3: Demonstrates effective communication with patients, colleagues, and other healthcare providers in managing safe/quality healthcare processes using evidence-based practices. (PO 3)


Carefully Read these Check-In Assignment Preparation Instructions prior to completing the Change Process PICOT questionnaire for grading.

  • Read through the Week 6 Assignment page in the Week 6 Module and reach out to your instructor with any questions
  • Identify a clinical topic of concern that you think could benefit from a change of practice
  • Propose an independent nursing practice intervention as a change to current practice
  • Using the PICOT format develop each element of the PICOT (See Week 2 Illustration part of the lesson for a PICOT example from Nurse Daniel)

Please avoid using topics that are broad or are not able to be implemented as an independent nursing intervention as a BSN nurse.

Avoid using:

  • medical/doctor/physician problems such as medications, medication administration, errors, or effects, diagnostics, such as labs,
  • etc.
    staffing, nurse-to-patient ratios, workforce issues which nursing cannot be impacted through an independent change intervention

DO –

  • Choose a clinical topic of concern that you think could benefit from a change and is important to you
  • Propose an independent nursing practice intervention as a change to current practice
  • Be prepared to identify each PICOT element

Please use instructor feedback from this Check-In to assist you in developing your Week 6 Assignment: Evidence-Based Practice Change Process Worksheet.

Week 6 Assignment: EBP Change Process form

ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation

Follow Nurse Daniel as your process mentor in the weekly Illustration section of the lesson. Please do not use any of the Nurse Daniel information for your own topic, nursing intervention, or change project. Nurse Daniel serves as an example only to illustrate the change process.

Name: _____________________

Star Point 1: Discovery (Identify topic and practice issue)

Identify the topic and the nursing practice issue related to this topic. (This MUST involve a nursing practice issue.)

Briefly describe your rationale for your topic selection. Include the scope of the issue/problem.

Star Point 2: Summary (Evidence to support need for a change)

Describe the practice problem in your own words and formulate your PICOT question.

List the systematic review chosen from the CCN Library databases. Type the complete APA reference for the systematic review selected.

List and briefly describe other sources used for data and information. List any other optional scholarly source used as a supplement to the systematic review in APA format.

Briefly summarize the main findings (in your own words) from the systematic review and the strength of the evidence.

Outline one or two evidence-based solutions you will consider for the trial project.

Star Point 3: Translation (Action Plan)

Identify care standards, practice guidelines, or protocols that may be in place to support your intervention planning (These may come from your organization or from the other sources listed in your Summary section in Star Point 2).

List your stakeholders (by title and not names; include yourself) and describe their roles and responsibilities in the change process (no more than 5).

What specifically is your nursing role in the change process? Other nursing roles?

List your stakeholders by position titles (charge nurse, pharmacist, etc.). Why are the members chosen (stakeholders) important to your project?

What type of cost analysis will be needed prior to a trial? Who needs to be involved with this?

Star Point 4: (Implementation)

Describe the process for gaining permission to plan and begin a trial. Is there a specific group, committee, or nurse leader involved?

Describe the plan for educating the staff about the change process trial and how they will be impacted or asked to participate.

Outline the implementation timeline for the change process (start time/end time, what steps are to occur along the timeline).

List the measurable outcomes based on the PICOT. How will these be measured?

What forms, if any, might be used for recording purposes during the pilot change process. Describe.

What resources are available to staff (include yourself) during the change pilot?

Will there be meetings of certain stakeholders throughout the trial? If so, who and when will they meet?

Star Point 5: (Evaluation)

How will you report the outcomes of the trial?

What would be the next steps for the use of the change process information?

NR451 Transcript for EBP Change Process assignment (Week 6)

Hi Class. This is Diane Parry, NR451 Course Leader and I would like to welcome you to a short tutorial to assist you in completing your Week 6 EBP Change Process assignment.

You will be prompted in Week 1 to download the EBP Change Process form and view the tutorial. You will use this form to follow Nurse Daniel in the lessons each week (Weeks 1-6) and progressively complete the information on the form. This form is due at the end of Week 6. For more information and details on this assignment, click on the link indicated to view assignment guidelines, tutorial, and rubric. The assignment guidelines and rubric are located under the Week 6 module and this specific form is required and due at the end of Week 6.

As you can see, the form contains prompts to assist you in your descriptions. Use this form to follow Nurse Daniel in the lessons each week (Weeks 1-6) and progressively complete the information. Your writing is not limited to the space provided and the boxes should expand as needed. You should be succinct in your writing but very clear with many details and complete sentences. No quotes are permitted in this assignment and paraphrasing and your own wording is required. Please cite any sources in APA format.

The purpose of this assignment is:

To apply a change process using the ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation and a systematic review after identifying a clinical topic of concern and related nursing practice issue.

The information from the ‘Illustration’ part of our lessons in Weeks 1-6 will mentor you through this process. Your change process is to be set up as a pilot project. You are encouraged to work through the form sections each week starting in Week 1 by following Nurse Daniel as he works through this same process.

Find a systematic review on your topic from any database in the Chamberlain Library. Be sure this involves nursing actions. If you need assistance or want to check on the value of your chosen review, please consult your instructor by calling or sending an email.

To find out more about the use of systematic reviews, in general, please refer to the required article reading in Week 2.

The EBP Change Process assignment rubric is located in the guidelines area. It is a good final step to check the rubric prior to submission to assure you have included all vital parts of the assignment. There are prompts under each listed Criteria on the rubric to assist you when completing this form.

This assignment is worth 225 points. Please read through the directions carefully and reach out to your instructor with any questions.

As always, please contact your 451 instructor with questions. Consulting with your instructor early on the choice of: your topic, the systematic review, and the PICOT question will help ensure your success with this assignment.

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Which aspect of your daily life listed below do you think effective communication is most important?

Communication helps us express our ideas and better understand others. In fact, delivering clear messages through oral and written communication are critical aspects of our daily lives. Take a second to think about all how you communicate throughout your day. Maybe you communicate with your teacher, friends, boss, coworkers, family, etc.

Which aspect of your daily life listed below do you think effective communication is most important? Choose one of the three options listed below and thoroughly explain why communication in this area is most important.

  1. Academic (i.e., communicating with instructors, deans, and success coaches).
  2. Employment (i.e., communicating with colleagues and supervisors).
  3. Personal (i.e., communicating with family and friends).

Typically a substantial post consists of 5-7 sentences,

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Professional Experience: Professional Communications Articles

Professional Experience: Professional Communications Articles


  • Article is focused on effective professional communication.
  • Article is published in the past 18 months.
  • Summarize the article in 25–50 words.
  • Must include:
    • Hyperlink to the article.
    • Date of article publication.
    • Your 25–50 word summary of the article
    • Your name in the “Employee” column.
  • Save all the changes you made to your document with the file name of LastName_PE1_DOC.docx and submit the file to this Professional Experience: Article Summary assignment by the deadline.
HyperlinkDate PublishedSummaryEmployee


HyperlinkDate PublishedSummaryEmployee  November 19, 2013This is an article written by Valentine Belonwu that focuses on ways to connect with your business audience. While they are a bit scattered in the way they are presented, the points Belonwu makes are viable and could benefit this organization.Sam Student

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Sending Good News and Bad News

Touchstone 3.1: Sending Good News and Bad News

Overview: In any job, you need to be an effective communicator, which sometimes means delivering information that impacts the recipient. In this touchstone, you will practice writing a message with both good news and bad news. The nature of the message will affect the structure of the message as well as the tone and word choice.

A. Assignment

Select ONE of the following scenarios and draft a message of 250-400 words. Be sure to include an appropriate subject line, a greeting, and an opening. The body of your message should be two paragraphs, each 4-6 sentences, communicating the two pieces of news in your chosen scenario. You should end with an appropriate closing to your message.

  • Announce a new hire to the organization. It is a new position at a leadership level called Director of Customer Engagement. The new hire is named Natalie Lopez and comes to the job from another company where she had a similar job for six years. You want to share this as good news and get workers to welcome Natalie warmly. Still, you know the outside candidate was chosen over two popular internal applicants, and some people in the office are upset about this.
  • Announce the pay increase and benefits for the upcoming fiscal year. The pay increase is lower than usual due to company revenue being less than expected, while copays on health insurance are going up for unrelated reasons. To mitigate the bad news, the company is giving all workers an additional three days of vacation and a small one-time bonus of 0.5% of their annual salary that they’ll receive on their anniversary date in the next fiscal year. You know these combined benefits are substantially less than the difference in expected raise and insurance copays.
  • Announce that the entire company will relocate to a new location, 1010 Mill Road. The current location has had many complaints about cramped space, unreliable heat and air conditioning, and limited parking. The new location is further away but has plenty of parking, new and reliable HVAC, and ample space. However, at the current location, most staff have private offices. In contrast, at the new location, all but the most senior staff will use an open, shared space with less privacy and personalization of workspaces. The key facts to communicate are the move dates (April 15-19), that professional movers will take care of everything, and that workers must remove all personal belongings before April 14.

C. Submission Requirements

The following requirements must be met for your submission:

  • Use a readable 12-point font and single-spacing.
  • The message must be 250-400 words; this will be about one page single spaced. Do not go over one page!
  • All writing must be appropriate for an academic context.
  • Writing must be original and written for this assignment. Plagiarism of any kind will be returned ungraded, subsequent plagiarism will receive a grade of 0.
  • Put your name, date, the name of the class, and the touchstone title at the top of the page.
  • Include all of the assignment components in a single file. Acceptable file formats include .doc and .docx.

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Unit 4 Touchstone: Oral Presentation

Unit 4 Touchstone: Oral Presentation

ASSIGNMENT: Imagine that you have been asked to give a five-minute oral presentation at the next staff meeting. The purpose is to teach your colleagues some strategies or techniques for better communication. Feel free to draw on the content you have already learned in this class!

Since you will not be able to share a screen, it is recommended that you do not try to teach people how to use technology but some other best practices. You may do something related to technology, as long as you do not need to do a demonstration. The use of visual aids is optional and will not be assessed directly.

Example topics could be:

  • Humor at Work: what’s appropriate and what’s Not
  • How to soothe an angry customer on the phone
  • How to give constructive criticism in person
  • Advice for professional emails

These are some suggestions, but you can select any topic that is related to workplace communication and which can be explained in five minutes.

Don’t be daunted by the time limit. That’s as long as ten television commercials, which usually tell a story and make a pitch in 30 seconds!

Before you begin you may want to review the content on Organizing Presentations and Delivering Presentations.

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