The Exorcist Movie Analysis Essay

”The power of Christ compels you! The power of Christ compels you! The power of Christ compels you!!! …” Father Merrin&Father Damien Karras from the movie -The Exorcist- This quote had been said like 10 times in quick succession in the movie ”The Exorcist” and may have the right to be the most influental and memorable quote of the movie. Of course in order to underline the variety of ”exorcism”, the director of the film William Friedkin had to feature this quote out, which is actually a quote from Bible.

But not only this one but also the other quotes -especially the obscene ones- have right to be the most memorable quotes from the best horror movie in 70s, ”The Exorcist”. But why do people think it’s the best horror movie in that time and maybe in todays cinema? What makes it so popular? The scary scenes? The talent of the actors? The special effects (which some of them can be considered ”funny” in nowadays horror movie technology) ? Or is it just the idea of exorcism,demons, etc.

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Plot: ”A movie actress taking up temporary residence in Washington D.C. has her troubles. The script for the movie she’s filming seems inadequate. Her ex, who is also the father of her adolescent daughter, Regan, neglects to call the girl on her birthday. And the attic has rats. Meanwhile, Father Karras, a priest and a psychiatrist, is losing his faith; and he’s dealing with a sick mother who needs medical care he hasn’t the money to provide. Another priest, the old and ailing Father Merrin, has just returned from Iraq with forebodings of evil. These three persons meet when the sweet and cheerful Regan turns foul-mouthed and violent. But her sickness is beyond the reach of a medical doctor or a psychiatrist.

What Regan needs is an exorcist.” Written by J. Spurlin from IMDB Obviously Exorcist is not a film just based on religion or nonhuman creatures. It refers also to lots of physchological and conservative problems if we look deeper to the plot. Starting from a single,famous mother who is trying to be a father figure for her teenage daughter.. Daughter’s strange behaviours which can not be solved by psyhciatrists.. Moreover that psyhciatrists, that scientific people- offering to look for another solutions, trying to underline the presence of religion(?). And finally desperate, helplessness, agnostic or maybe atheist mother deciding to apply for exorcism as a final cure.. ”I like pizzas too, but I’m not gonna marry one..”

One of the most common seen problems in modern society, must be the idea of ”independence”. This idea mostly seen in families. Many people get married happily but also divorce after a while very quickly. They say they can’t stand each other or they can’t find enough time to be together, they want to be free, they don’t want to care or try to explain something to their partners, they want to be independent, whatever. Divorces are made, the context of ”family” gets lost. Of course children of that families grow up with lots of pshychological problems. We can see that problem in Exorcist, too. Chris MacNeil is a single mother, trying to raise her teenage daughter Regan on her own.

But raising up a adolescent girl without a father is not that easy. Psychologists say, children who have no father figueres around, are growing up either too spoiled or too withdrawned. Regan can be considered as the spoiled one, because her mother tries to do everything for her, she tries to be a friend for her more than a mother. However Chris notices that sometimes she really need a father for her daughter. In some scenes we see that she tries to call Regan’s father, but get no answer. And also we see that she has some relationships with other men. Maybe she is trying to find a new husband for her or maybe a new father for Regan. Regan MacNeil: But ya like him. (talking about her mother’s close relationship with a man) Chris MacNeil: Of course I like him. I like pizzas too, but I’m not gonna marry one.

Why Regan as a victim?

Having no father in a family, sometimes refers to having no authority in it, also. In MacNeil’s it can be seen very clear. Regan has no father figure around her, mother behaves her like a friend. A spoiled girl, without no authority at home, moreover experiencing an adolescence period, where she is available to change any time, must be the best candidate for a demon or evil, whatever. There is a belief that demons love lonely and desperate people and they get in their lifes while they are unhappy or not enough happy. Also there is another believe that this evil things happens mostly to the people without no faith or religion.

Regan MacNeil: Mother? What’s wrong with me?

Chris MacNeil: It’s just like the doctor said. It’s nerves, and that’s all. You just take your pills and you’ll be fine, really. Okay? Regan’s mother was obviously an agnostic or maybe an atheist. When she noticed that Regan has some problems, she immediately took her daughter to a physchologist. These physchologists offered to get Regan checked by psychiatrists also because they thought her problems are more serious. And finally when pshyciatrists told Chris that they can’t help her, they adviced to see a priest, which was a nonsense advice for an agnostic mother who doesn’t believe in that kind of religious things. Could a priest save her daughter’s life, could he change something?

Desperate mother had to try this final solution whether she believes in God or not. And it worked actually. The demon inside Regan was pulled out by the help of exorcism, by the help of priests, by the help of God. So.. Was it a punishment to Chris -the agnostic/atheist mother- directly done by God? Did he send a demon to her daughter’s soul, just to make her a religious person? But why using a harmless girl as a sin? And is a demon capable to kill a soul? Even if its capable, even if its capable to do everything, why it can’t untie the ropes which Regan was fastened by? I mean come on, even The Exorcist is based on a true story, we could never ever find realistic answers for those questions..

Science VS. Religion

Regan’s behaviours seemed like normal teenage problems at first, but the violence growing up inside her is actually abnormal and unfortunately her doctors can’t understand what’s going on in real. Real? What is real? Doctors come to a conclusion that she has some very heavy psychological problems which they can’t cure. Can’t cure? If science can’t cure, what will then? Even if doctors, even if science can’t manage to do something, there must be some other powers in real, right? Dr. Barringer, Clinic Director: A belief in the power of exorcism can make it disappear. Chris MacNeil: You’re telling me that I should take my daughter to a witch doctor? Is that it?

The Scary Scenes & Special Effects

Exorcist was just a novel written by William Peter Blatty before William Fredkin directed and made it one of the horror movie classics in the cinema industry. Many readers of the book were already scared and impressed by the story they read. Watching this story also on the white-screen, many people couldn’t sleep for weeks, many of them couldn’t even watch it till the end and left the movie theatre. If we look at today’s comments about Exorcist, many people say that they still can not forget some scenes. The top five scary scenes from this movie according to public comments are; 1)Regan’s spider-walk downstairs with pouring blood out of her mouth, 2)Regan’s 360 degree head spin, 3)Regan’s masturbating with the cruficix, 4)Regan’s swelling throat, and finally 5)Abnormally shaking bed and jumping Regan on it. Nobody can deny that these scenes are silly and not close to reality, may be in today’s horror movie industry they are, but in 70s they were just frightening audience to death.

Demon: I’m not Regan.

Father Damien Karras: Well, then let’s introduce ourselves. I’m Damien Karras. Demon: And I’m the Devil. Now kindly undo these straps. Father Damien Karras: If you’re the Devil, why not make the straps disappear? Demon: That’s much too vulgar a display of power, Karras. Not only the scenes, but also the speculations about the film scared people and made them believe in the existence of devil. During the production of the film the set was burned many times, some of the actors passed away, some of them got injured. Linda Blair who played Regan, really believed that her soul was captured by a demon and she got some treatments at hospitals for so many years. Some of the speculations were real and some of them were basicly just advertisements created to make people see that film.

Remaining Question Marks for the Film

Whether its an old film(1973), Exorcist still has many questions waiting to be answered. I’m sure the writer of the book wouldn’t expecting so much questions to be asked. I’m also sure he didn’t know that so much analysis or review could be done while examining the plot. Couldn’t he create a single man suffering the evil things instead of an adolescent girl? Of course he could, but he just wanted it to be like this, maybe? I’m sure many writers don’t think much deeply while writing their novels, especially when we are talking about thrillers. Because we all know that half of them are made from sillyness, from nonsense, from unreal but interesting things which offer a different world to discover for the readers. Question marks will remain forever. Especially the weirdiest question mark turns up in the begining and at the end of the movie: the ezan noises. What kind of message is the film
trying to send? Is ”the evil” or ”the demon” idea, something that Muslims are believed in or found out?

The other question, is the demon inside Regan really left her soul or not? Well actually this question can be answered by watching the second and the third film of Exorcist; The Heretic and The Legion. But for those who haven’t watched them yet, focus on the final scene of Exorcist; Regan wears some clothes which are a combine of black and red colors – the colors of devil(?). And remember; demon can cheat on you very easily, it can act like an angel like a cute girl then turns out as devil again, you can’t trust in it.

So did Regan really survive from the demon at the end of the movie or she/the demon was acting again? Father Merrin: He is a liar. The demon is a liar. He will lie to confuse us. But he will also mix lies with the truth to attack us. The attack is psychological, Damien, and powerful. So don’t listen to him. Remember that – do not listen. Only the truth of being ”one of the best horror picture movie”, The Exorcist will always be in the top list of classic horror films in cinema industry, that is for sure.. A Review for ”The Exorcist” by Esra ELMALI, Bahçeşehir University October 15th, 2012

Zimbabwean Film Industry Essay

The film industry in any given country has an influence on the growth of the economy. However, the slow growth of the film Industry in Zimbabwe can be greatly attributed to the advancement of technology. In order for the indigenous film industry in Zimbabwe to produce quality films worthy of a global audience, there are a number of educational technological and commercial concerns that need to be addressed. I shall attempt to discuss the challenges that African, specifically looking at Zimbabwe filmmaker are facing in their attempt to boost the film industry.

Among these challenges include: lack of funding, lack of technology, lack of well equipped training facilities, censorship, equipment shortage and many others that will be outlined and explained.

Background of the study Unease has been raised world over about the dwindling rate of the film industry in African societies. Considering the historical development of the film industry from a global perspective, much of the film marketing literature fails to contextualize the current film market in Zimbabwe, Africa and beyond.

The film industry is just over one hundred years old, and, for the majority of its existence, has been dominated by the Hollywood majors. Despite sporadic success for non –Hollywood films within their home countries as well as overseas, like Nigerian (Nollywood ) or Indian (Hollywood) movies, US Hollywood paradigm tend to dominate the international box office. Ellis (2004; 32).

If we are to trace the development of the Hollywood industry and the problems posed by this increasing domination for the European film industry, one can note that despite early beliefs that this domination could be redressed, the European and Hollywood film industries are constant in battle. Similarly, despite strong domestic performances by India, Nigeria and Europe and to a lesser degree, Korean film and most Asian films, America still dominates the global box office. While the number of films produced respectively in India, Nigeria and beyond is greater than in USA, for instance Nollywood is the second largest film producing industry in the world. F. Kerrigan (2010) is of the view that, numbers of films produced does nor correlates to the level of international exposure or revenue earned. The reasons behind this disparity have long been the source of investigation and many explanations have been proposed.

Film is not merchandise…indeed precisely because film is not merchandise we can compete with America…. In the cinema, Geist (spirit) can balance the monetary supremacy of the competition…Buscombe (1977). Some of the key factors that have been overlooked however, include the commercial element, marketing and distribution, structural considerations and a lack of a strong international film entrance hall thus most European filmmakers are at least acknowledging that they must make money, whereas it’s still an assumption that Africans are central and restricted to traditional themes. Kindmen (2000:2).

Given a situation in Zimbabwe where the economy has dollarized since 2009, these factors have been disregarded and as such there has emerged a stunted growth in the Film Industry. Consequently, it follows therefore this research is determined to explore the facts on the ground that leads to a stunted growth of the Film Industry in Africa, in as much as they are recognized in their ability of producing large quantities for instance Nigeria ‘Nollywood’ film industry, but paying particular attention to Zimbabwe from both the colonial and post colonial periods.

Significance/ Justification The research seeks to fill the knowledge gap in the extent to which the Zimbabwean Film industry has been unable to cope and produce much in a dollarized economy. The research precisely takes shape of establishing a factual review or knowledge base on the impact and dominance of the Hollywood Film industry, particularly the negative effect created in the context of or areas of production, funding, marketing and distribution. However in Zimbabwe in spite of a dollarized economy the film industry has failed to produce a number of movies and posing such a question requires an in-depth study of the film industry to identify the problem.

One of the factors hindering the growth of film industry in Africa is lack of financial resources or limited funding. Movie making as noted by Ogbor (1999) is capital intensive. Shooting a good film requires large sums of money, which can span to $60 million in developed countries to pay for transport, crew, props, equipment hiring and other factors involved in production of film. In African countries this money is not readily available to the filmmaker. What makes the situation worse as noted by Augustine-Ufua Enahora (1989) is that film is a risk business which does not guarantee revenue.

Statement of the problem The film industry in any given country has an influence on the growth of economy. Kerrigan (2010). However, the slow growth of the film Industry in Zimbabwe can be greatly attributed to the advancement of technology. In order for the indigenous film industry in Zimbabwe to produce quality films worthy of a global audience, there are a number of educational technological and commercial concerns that need to be addressed.

Objectives

By the end of this study the researcher must be able to; •Establish the factors leading to the underdeveloped expansion of the Zimbabwean film Industry in a dollarized economy •Investigate and explore the nature of the film industries and its impact on the economy. •Establish whether or not technology, financial and commercial concerns are central to this crisis.

Research questions •What has caused the decline in Zimbabwe’s film industry production? •Examining why and how competing economic and cultural objectives are negotiated in the Film Industry? •Which institutions or policy interventions in the film industry are central in eliminating the crisis? •What recommendations can be applied to solve the film production in Zimbabwe?

Limitations

The researcher is likely going to face difficulties in acquiring a relevant and unbiased analysis of Mighty Movies. The researcher is going to acquire informative archive articles from other Film sources apart from Mighty Movies like the WIFOZ or ZIFF; thereby the articulation may vary although expressing the very same line of film production. The researcher might as well face difficulties in setting up appointments for interviews with the various interviewees as they may probably be busy in some instances or moreover, other natural inconveniences.

The interviewees may also be prone to lying or desist from filling up information in questionnaires that can portray the Zimbabwean Film Industry in a favourable light. It follows therefore that secondary data may be used as an optional source for information. The researcher is going to face difficulties in acquiring financial backup to facilitate the interviewees for a contusive environment to partake the research as well as funds to travel periodically to the different Film Institutions in the country and other necessary places to source out every element of the required information.

Crime and Corruption Essay

Honesty is a character trait that is difficult to uphold when faced with moral dilemmas in the workplace. This is the challenge of Frank Serpico in the film Serpico. An analysis of the film “Serpico” leads to the realization that “All power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely” is completely valid. The movie “Serpico” demonstrates that the merit system and an outside agency are necessary to prevent systemic corruption within the Justice System. Systemic corruption appears to be facilitated, encouraged and protected by the “code of silence”.

For example, officers are taught by fellow officers how to use the authority given to them to advance the sub-culture of crime. This fact is a matter of debate. The question of crime in police departments is often blamed on unethical officers rather than the truth of the officers who are taught by superiors and veteran officers the means of crime. The bad apples or bad system debate is expressed in Serpico, indicating the confirmation that a bad system needs an outside agency to correct it.

This movie begs the question “Who was keeping an eye on the keepers of the peace among the New York Police Department?

The instrument of change in the movie is Frank Serpico making him the antagonist. The protagonists are the dark and corrupted of officers, and the supervisors who by omission participate in crime. The ideology that has perpetuated this systematic corruption is the promoting within the ranks based on who you are not what you do. In Serpico, it seems that the supervisors were very astute in the process of looking the other way. For this ability, they moved up among the chain of command. The distinct officer “code of silence” provided the cohesion that veils the subculture of crime perpetuated by the officers.

In the film, Frank Serpico’s only flaw was being an honest cop. In “Serpico” the minimization and neutralization of corruption becomes the justification for the actions of the officers who are unethical. This is the attempt to rationalize the acceptance of the blanket loss of ethics among the officers. Frank Serpico does not participate in the corruption and refuses to take the money offered to him. His complaints are ignored as he goes higher and higher up the chain of command. The result of the complaints by Frank Serpico created an even more hostile work relationship with the other officers.

The officers ostracize, threaten and fail to protect Frank to the point that leads to his injury. The atonement for the deeds of the police appears to be around the corner with every complaint lodged against the department, yet Serpico becomes placated in each meeting and by every supervisor, including the mayor. Political tolerance to corruption with no legal controls in place to prevent the un-ethical police sub-culture is unacceptable. The epiphany of Serpico is that the systemic corruption creates the need to go to an outside agency. This action of going to an outside agency is not taken lightly in the film.

Frank Serpico knows and displays regret for the violation of the “code of silence”. He is aware it is a trespass on the brotherhood. He has two other officers collaborate his story. Serpico feels that he must go to an outside agency to correct the corrupt and ethically bankrupt police department. This exposure allows for the creation of the Knapp Commission, which is evidenced at the end of the film Regoli and Hewitt reveal in Exploring Criminal Justice that the New York Times series on police corruption prompted Mayor Lindsay to appoint five people to investigate corruption in the NYPD.

Five people were appointed to and composed the Knapp Commission including Attorney Whitman Knapp who headed the Knapp Commission. The findings of the Knapp Commission suggested the organized corruption. Police Administrators accompanied and progressed with the breach of ethics by active cooperation and participation in the crimes or passively omitted to control the officers (Hewitt, 2007). Pervasive organized corruption is organized crime. New York’s history of ties to the mafia would leave the citizen caught struggling to seek any justice.

The mafia is controlling the civilian sub-culture and the corrupt police controlling the police sub-culture leaving the citizens at the mercy of criminals, and no one is watching. Serpico stood against this systemic organized corruption in long-suffering, personal sacrifice with hardship. Vindication for Frank appears in the finality of the film with him testifying to the Knapp Commission. According to Gaines and Kappeler, the result of the Knapp Commission was the convicting of the 20 officers charged with felony crimes that included armed robbery, assault and murder.

To protect and serve aspect of policing does not include murder. This is a grievous trespass on the public trust given to officers, as are any violations of the law by the officers against the citizens who submit the authority to the law. The Knapp Commission exposed the corruption and sought out the officers for criminal prosecution. The results of Serpico have been far reaching. For instance, according to Gaines and Kappeler in Policing in America “Twenty years after the Knapp Commission’s findings, the issue of systemic police corruption was revisited by the Mollen Commission.

Although NYCPD commissioner Kelly denied systemic corruption, the commission uncovered substantial evidence of this form of organized corruption” (Kappeler, 2008). These commissions are necessary to investigate and dissolve the corruption within police organizations. The anthropological perspective of police behavior can be used to explain the immoral behavior found in the police culture. Officers become shaped and influenced by the police culture. The rookie officers learn from the older corrupt officers.

This in turn can demonstrate the values of the whole department, although there may be a distinct subculture that is not made privy to the department as a whole or to the public. Empirical research from the Knapp and Mollen Commission agree with the anthropological perspective of police behavior. In Exploring Criminal Justice by Regoli and Hewitt it is stated that the “Police supervisors must admit when corruption exists and confront the problem, Furthermore, they must recognize that corruption often begins at the top and drifts downward through the ranks”.

This research is indicating that criminal behavior drifts downward to the new officers. If the corrupt officer’s argument is correct, then all of the corrupt officers selected policing to exploit it. Where is the honor in this? The authoritative personality is attracted to policing, not the ethically challenged personality. The corruption seeps in due to the influence of peer officers, and once it takes hold the distinction of ethically correct and the immoral becomes dissipated. The majority of the NYCPD was corrupt in the 1970’s.

That is a huge number of unethical people entering the field to become officers. If it were not a hero like action to stand against corruption then this movie would not have been made. Trends suggest that police departments have corruption in three ways. The rotten apples and rotten pockets type of department deals with the individual officer’s corruption (Kappeler, 2008). This is not the case in “Serpico” – the movie is demonstrating the third type of department corruption; Pervasive Organized Corruption. Pervasive is defined as existing in, or spreading through every part of something.

The term organized is referring to the hierarchical and limited or exclusive membership of the corruption. The corruption constitutes a unique subculture, perpetuates itself by violation of law, and exhibits a willingness to use illegal violence. In the naming of such findings alone as Pervasive Organized Corruption is a stinging finding of fault on the behalf of the NYPD and the discovery of such corruption brought shame to the department. The finding of such corruption exacerbated the public’s distrust and served as a means to strengthen the conflict theory.

The passive assistance the administration is giving to corruption by looking the other way is complementing and reinforcing the corruption throughout the department. The Knapp commission created in 1970 found that Pervasive Organized Corruption was in the New York Police Department. A new officer entering the department with high ideals on being ethical and a hero will soon lose this identity and assimilate the new identity of the corrupt police culture. Officers who do not conform to corruption will become the outliers among the median of a corrupt department.

Overall, “Serpico” is the true story of a New York City cop who ratted on crooked officers and suffered grim consequences. Serpico was an eccentric who, by virtue of being a good guy in an evil department, is himself a bit of an outlaw. This also will set them up for being ostracized and alone. Policing attracts people who want to be heroes; the culture of corruption found in certain departments creates the adherence to unethical practices and behavior. All in all, this creates the need for an outside agency’s oversight to protect civil liberties and whistleblowers.

Frank Serpico has become equivalent not with the term “whistleblower”, but with the term “Lamplighter”. This is an insightful suggestion due to the negative connotations of the term “whistleblower” as it takes honor and courage to place a light on the darkness of corruption. With administration that cultivates this good intent and an outside agency that supports and investigates the law, the ethically sound officer will have the ability to flourish and do the job with respect and honor. The result of this positive and ethical environment is public support and trust. There must be an outside agency that keeps an eye on the keeper.

Taare Zameen Par Essay

Ishaan Awashti- is an 8-year-old boy, he has a disease called dyslexia wherein he sees reversed letters or “dancing” letters and has poor mathematical capacities, due to that manner he hates coming to class and sometimes cuts them, he is always has a failing grade on exams, a wrong answer during recitation, and always placed on detention; even though he is a naughty boy he has something special within himself. Ran Shankar Nikumbh- a new art teacher from Ishaan’s boarding school he has a playful character of teaching and he make sure all student in his class was given a recognition, and Ishaan was not an exception to this.

Even if all the teachers in this institution say that this boy was not normal or is a moron, he doesn’t judge Ishaan thus finding the capabilities of this child as an action he teach Ishaan how to read and write and some of mathematical concepts. Maya Awashti- Ishaan’s mother, she gave up her career just to teach Ishaan and Yohaan, yet one of his child namely Ishaan become naughty who always fails his class.

She sometimes blames herself for Ishaan’s failures and ashamed to interact with her neighbors because she thinks that all her teachings was useless or junk.

She cares for both Ishaan and Yohaan yet, She always compare both of them, and in the event where she found Ishaan forced his brother to make an alibi or a fake excuse letter for his absence she is one of the people who are willing and wanted to sent Ishaan to a boarding school. Nandkishore Awashti- Ishaan’s Father, A successful executive he is a strict and lawful father he wanted his sons to be honored and be placed on top of everything they do. Yet Ishaan was not the one he thinks his son will become and he is ashamed of that manner because according to him what a child do reflects what the parent teaches the child.

He is also responsible why Ishaan was enrolled to a boarding school, he doesn’t believe in everything Ishaan does and he also neglects what Ran Nikumbh was pointing out when he said Ishaan has a dyslexia. Yohaan Awashti- He is Ishaan’s older brother, he is always on top of his class, which always receive high grades and joins every contest, their parents are very proud of him yet, he doesn’t wanted to be compared to his brother Ishaan. He cares and appreciates his brother, he even make a fake excuse letter for Ishaan even though he knew about the consequences of his action.

He love Ishaan so much and doesn’t agree on the plan of their parents to send Ishaan to a boarding school. Plot: The main character of the film is Ishaan an 8-year-old naughty boy who always fails his exams, receives punishments for his wrong answers and even placed to detention. Nobody treated him accordingly at first so whenever he is placed in detention, bullied, laughed, mocked, failed, and compared he will always make a way for him to be happy and forgets about that event.

There are also times where Ishaan due to his failures think that he is not normal or he is unique and wanted to be isolated. Due to an event where Ishaan was placed to detention, and fails to do his math assignment he tries to cut his classes and make an excuse for it, as a result his parents send him to a boarding school and be separated to them, because they think that all of Ishaan’s action was reflected to them, and they are the one’s suffering Ishaan’s faults, which affects their dignity and pride.

On the boarding school nothing was changed, still Ishaan receives failing grades and being punished for wrong answers as an example during one of his art lesson, Ishaan was punished by not pointing the dot and replying “I don’t see it” because he is staring blankly and not paying attention to his teacher the punishment was slaps on his palms 5 times and said that he even receive more if he will commit errors on his paper, yet when a new art teacher teaches their class everything was changed now Ishaan participates and given recognition, yet at first he is still staring blankly but when Ran Nikumbh, teaches Ishaan about English and math subjects he finds out the capabilities of ishaan and sees his potential in art and architecture.

The film ended with Ishaan’s awarding ceremony, he won the art contest and now his parents become proud of him, all thanks to his art teacher Ran Nikumbh which spends some time to teach Ishaan on Math and English. Ishaan was adored by his fellow classmates because even though at first he shows blank affect and doesn’t respond, he learns quickly and become part of the group again. Reaction: In the quotation “Don’t judge the book by it’s cover” the film portray a meaning on this quote because Ishaan even though has dyslexia he has hidden qualities in him that needs to be polished and enhanced, when Ran Nikumbh his art teacher spent some time to teach him he finds out that Ishaan has potential in architecture and art, In the end of the film his environment now realize what Ishaan was capable of doing or where Ishaan excels.

I will recommend this film to all parents, soon to become parents, students, workers and to all people who were judged and think that the world was angry to them for no apparent reason this film leave a message to anyone that behind every individual lies a special capacities maybe not in academics, talents and recognition, yet there is a special or a unique character which is hidden and needed to be polished for it to be revealed and enhance to become useful, and in that manner where an individual was left behind in anything or in any scenario, there is still no room for bullies and no room for harsh words, because in the end of the day that person makes a point to establish an improvement within himself and that bully one’s are the one who are left behind.

For parent’s as a guide to your children you must become role models to them, you must not the ones who will neglect the capacities of your child in any aspect thus there must always room for enhancement. In any scenario of life there is no living person who is perfect in anything that he does and fails. You must not have a high expectation with your child’s academic performance and capacities, you must always expect some failure because in that failure you think that your child doesn’t learn anything but for them failures are the ones who make them independent, they learn in it, why because they learn to stand up and learn that in that scenario a change should have been done.

The most tragic part of the film for me is when Ishaan was pleasing his father not to sent him to a boarding school and saying he will not make any mistakes again or will not put his father’s name into shame. Also when Ran Nikumbh was teaching Ishaan in the English alphabet and establishing rapport while they are just making funny stuffs like building clay figures and artworks. As a nursing student and being fond of drawing, I also see the point or the real essence of the film and appreciate the intervention of Ran Nikumbh, an art therapy where Ishaan’s capacity in art will be recognized and his plans on how to interact or establish a trusting relationship to Ishaan in making clay figures while teaching Ishaan about the ABC’s.

“500 Days Of Summer” Film Essay

Non-verbal communication plays a key role in signifying the status of Tom and Summer’s relationship. Provide depth examples of how proxemics, eye contact, touch, and chronemics are articulated in the film.

500 Days Of Summer

Interpersonal communication skills provide the tools to make a foundation for friendships and romantic relationships. Conflict and nonverbal communication are looked into with more depth in interpersonal relationships. In the movie 500 Days of Summer, audiences a lot of nonverbal communication. The movie shows characters Tom Hansen and Summer Finn during their attempts to build a relationship.

Tom and Summer’s experiences shows issues such as conflicts within a romantic relationship, and nonverbal communication. In 500 Days of Summer, nonverbal communication signified a great deal between Tom and Summer. One example of nonverbal communication is when Tom reached to hold Summer’s hand in public, but Summer moved her hand quickly away from his, so that they wouldn’t hold hands. Not only was she letting him know she did not want to show affection in front of anyone, but she was stating her loss of interest in him romantically.

However, moments such as this were evidence of mixed messages Summer usually showed to Tom. She did keep physical intimacy with him. However, she did not want to publicly establish a romantic relationship with him. Then again nonverbal messages are more easy to change and mean another than verbal meanings. A smile can express comfort or just being happy or smiling because someone else in smiling at you. Another example that of non verbal communication that showed, is when Tom and Summer went to the store and they were flirting with each other and playing the roles if they were all ready living together. The Proxemics in that chosen area gave them the opportunity so show more affection with each other. They had a depiction of the future they could have with one another.

To go more into depth they were already a lot of problems that were going on between Tom and Summers relationship. There were many nonverbal cues between Tom and Summer. A lot of problems came in to play when one of them confused or misinterpreted the others nonverbal communications. All in all, relationships are built upon building blocks of many subjects. In the movie 500 Days of Summer, one can see the nonverbal communication through out the whole movie. People will see Tom and Summer’s example of how relationships are able to form, as well as how relationships can be terminated from the non verbal communication skills with many other communication problems.

You may also be interested in the following: summary of malgudi days in 500 words

American Sniper Essay

Once the lights dim, the screen expands, and the audience becomes silent, the greatest true story to be told is about to begin.  Chris Kyle, “Legend,” grew up in a small town in Texas with an aspiration to be a cowboy. He then realized he needed something different, more rewarding, which is when he decided to utilize his special talent by becoming a sniper in the navy SEALs. While in Iraq, Chris ventures out to protect his country from a villainous Iraqi warrior, “the Butcher.

” Extremely difficult obstacles came about while in combat, but this did not stop him from reaching a record-breaking160 snipes.

Kyle possessed an incredible skill set that caused his fellow soldiers to have an extreme level of respect toward him, and the nickname “Legend” was created due to their admiration. He even found himself in situations that he had to choose between protecting his country and doing what is morally correct. Almost every decision made by Chris, was one that benefited America in the greatest way.

But his closest friends, small children, and even his enemies dying right in front of his eyes caused his mental state to be extremely damaged. Kyle then had to live the rest of his post-military life trying to cope with his Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Not only was this movie and story an inspiration to millions, but also very informative of the reality of war now.

Clint Eastwood did a great job recreating and honoring the incredible life of Chris Kyle. Although this movie is based on a true story, all of the components in this film were put together extremely well. American Sniper is indeed a war movie, but many of the aspects in it cause it to be so much more than just action-packed battles and gory blood baths. This film is hands down one of the best creations Eastwood has ever put forth. He portrayed the story in such a way that the audience felt inspired and moved by it. Creative twists and artistic choices he decided to make for this movie truly paid off.

Bradley Cooper, a well-renowned actor, plays the main role of Chris Kyle and does an astounding job. He excellently captures his true character, and allows the audience to connect on a very deep level. Cooper remains extremely suave and allows his confidence to shine through while portraying this American hero. This role entailed strenuous amounts of training, and pushing ones body to a limit it has never reached before. He was required to gain weight, become a true “Texan” with an accent, and ultimately become an inspirational hero by being extraordinarily determined and brave. Bradley did an exceptional job at taking it on.

This movie was set in a sandy, run-down village in Iraq; the setting had a great impact on the story as a whole. The Iraqi village members, members of the Taliban, and the terrorists that lived in or in the surrounding area made the movie to be very suspenseful and action-packed. The sand storm that occurred at the end of the movie brought on a huge turn of events for the soldier, leading most viewers to believe he wouldn’t make it out alive. Constantly changing scenes from the peaceful home in Texas where Chris’ wife and kids lived, to the treacherous overseas battlefield, caused the movie to remain very spontaneous.

The constant snipes, battles, and hardships occurring throughout the movie kept the audience very intrigued by the story. The director did an excellent job capturing the true essence of how one should feel if they were ever put in the same heart-wrenching situation. The final scenes, as well as the credits, were the most impactful. They intelligently put actual footage of events that happened after Chris’ death. This allowed the audience to truly capture the amount of respect this one man gained from thousands of people.

Many people gathered in honor of this hero. After watching the movie and learning more in-depth about his story, caused others to know why. Complete silence surrounds the theater once the movie came to an end. Everyone couldn’t help but to have a moment of silence, commemorating this great hero. After a movie, at a public theater, one will never see a reaction, from almost everyone there, of this sort. The atmosphere in the theater was one of sorrow and admiration. Emotions stirred through each individual in the audience, and most had a hard time holding them in. This aspiring story touched millions of people’s lives.

The movies runtime is approximately 134 minutes, which is quite long for most people. The content of the movie was so well spread out, that the amount of the time the movie ran did not seem nearly as long as it actually is. Eastwood did such a good job entertaining his audience, that the length of the movie was not much of a factor when one watched the film.

This movie received a rating of “R” due to war violence, and vulgar language. Although a large amount of people were unable to view this film because of it’s rating, it was definitely necessary for it to be included. The gory aspects and the tasteless choice of vocabulary only furthered the impact this film had on its audience.

The soundtrack used in this movie was very well picked. “The Funeral”, which is the song used for the credits, is one that really impacted most people. The track is perfectly suitable for the slideshow that is shown at the credits of the film; it caused hundreds of thousands of people to shed a tear because of how emotionally impactful the song is.

American Sniper received a well-deserved rating of four stars from the credible source IMDb. Another source, Roger Ebert, rated the film at four and a half stars. These well-known movie critics giving this movie such a good review, proves how successful Clint Eastwood was in the making of American Sniper. The well-done acting, special effects, script, scenery, and storyline all had a positive impact on the high rating this movie received. A lot of comparison of American Sniper and Lone Survivor has occurred. They are both about the incredible stories of an average man going on tour while apart of the military. Both men had to experience events a typical person would never want to experience.

Debatably, American Sniper is a better version of Lone Survivor. Although, both brilliant, insightful stories, American Sniper was more impressive according to several audiences. American Sniper is definitely a movie to be remembered and recommended for generations on end. It is one of the greatest stories of all time, and the movie does an incredible job at portraying it. This film does Chris and his story much justice; the theme and overall point of the film came across almost perfectly. Not one person should go without seeing this film, and miss out on the amazing story it withholds.

Battle of Algiers Analysis Essay

The Battle of Algiers is a 1966 film that depicts the Algerian uprising against the French rule in the city of Algeria. The cause of the conflict in the film is the constant oppression felt by the Arab Algerians because of French colonialism. The injustice suffered by the native Arabs is shown in a number of ways: the living space difference between the Arabs and French, the difference in occupation, and the condescending attitudes the French have towards the Arabs.

The populations of Algeria (Arab and French), are separated into two locations.

The French live in a modern city with stores, buildings, lights, and automobiles many things that people take for granted. While the Arabs live in poverty compressed in a dark Casbah; an old walled in citadel. The French seem to have a well-established middle class while the native Arabs of Algeria have to struggle to survive.

The difference in occupations by the natives and the French is also blatantly shown.

The Arabs are mainly engaged in manual labor and only work with the French when they work under them – the servant of the police commissioner. On the other hand the French have a deep-rooted monopoly on all civil affairs. These differences show the injustice experienced by the native population but it is more apparent by the condescending and arrogant perception the French have toward the Arabs.

Throughout the film the French try to persuade the native population to quell their rebellion by showing how French occupation has given them “civilization and prosperity.” But this is not true because of the difference in living conditions between the two races of people. Also throughout the film the French refer to the native Algerians as “dirty Arabs,” and “rats.” The dehumanization of the Arabs is also shown when Lieutenant-Colonel Mathieu compares the Arabs to “tapeworms.” It is ironic that the French officer refers to the Arabs as parasites when it is truly the French who colonized the country and exploits its resources. Lieutenant Mathieu also shows his disrespect for the Arabs when he names his counter measures to the Arabs rebellion “operation champagne.” (Alcohol is forbidden to Muslims)

The film The Battle of Algiers shows the constant injustice to the native population by the foreign imperialists. The movie shows the difference in location, occupation, and respect that both people have for each other. The film also shows the constant racism of the French toward the native population and depicts the various reasons as to why the Arabs rebelled.

Genre Conventions Essay

How genre conventions are used to raise audience expectations in horror movie trailers. ‘The word genre means ‘type’ or ‘category’’ (Teach yourself film studies) it is really important as an audience member to recognise genres as then things become categorised and easier for them to understand which is more comforting. Sometimes however genres are crossed and categories are broken for example sometimes we have ‘action thrillers’ or ‘sci-fi horrors’ this is known as a hybrid genre.

This often intrigues the audience and draws them to the film as it changes their outlook as they have no expectations for the film as they have never been exposed to this genre before.

The horror genre was created to frighten/disturb an audience. Cherry (2009) reinforces this theory ‘The function of horror – to scare, shock, revolt or otherwise horrify the viewer’. These are the main conventions of a horror movie often portrayed using fast cuts, heart racing music, flashing images, unknown creatures and darkened places.

‘Horror is an ancient art form’ (www. horrorfilmhistory. com) which is still popular today because of the emotions it evokes, the audience feel comfortable with the horror genre as the generic conventions have not changed drastically over the years, the audience knows what to expect. The iconic symbols of horror such as haunted houses, unknown creatures, darkened places and flashing images are still used in all modern horror movies, although the genre evolves to fit around the era and to appeal to that audience.

‘Genres are not static, they evolve their common attributes change over time’ (Teach yourself film studies), this is because genres need to become more current for example what disturbed/terrified audiences 10 years ago may not effect audiences today. Today most audiences are terrified by the paranormal and ghostly experiences, the trailers for ‘Paranormal Activity’, ‘Insidious’ and ‘Don’t be Afraid of the Dark’ are all based around this theme but use different generic conventions to portray their theme.

Paranormal Activity was released in 2007 and is an independent film costing only $11,000 to produce, the trailer proved uncomfortable to audiences as the generic conventions were broken. The trailer was not the usual blockbuster horror that audiences expect to see, it was shot in an average home with a home camera, the camera angles are shaky and unprofessional and the actors are unknown which gives the feel that these are real events.

Also the trailer not only shows clips of the movie but the audience reaction to what they are witnessing. This keeps the audience interested in the genre as they are not used to seeing an audience reaction – they are intrigued as to why the audience are so frightened; therefore want to see the film. ‘We derive basic thrills from triggering the rush of adrenalin which fear brings’ (www. horrorfilmhistory. com). Paranormal Activity reinforces this theory as it became a huge hit world-wide although it was such a low budget independent film.

Paranormal Activity focuses on a young couple moving into a new home which is supposed to be an exciting time and people can relate to this as everyone has moved house at some point, the fact that the film is based in a normal household immediately alarms the audience. The sounds used in the trailer for Paranormal Activity are very effective as you can hear lots of screaming and fear but it is not in the film its self, it’s the audience that we’re first shown this film.

Insidious was released in 2010 and was created by the same director as Paranormal Activity (James Wan) this draws in an audience immediately as people who are familiar with the directors work are immediately drawn to the film. Like Paranormal Activity, Insidious is also an independent film however the budget for this film was a lot higher at $1,500,000. The look the production company gave to this film is also a lot more professional as there are no home cameras and shaky camera angles.

However this film does still use unknown actors, since doing my research I have noticed that the majority of horror films use unknown actors to make their film feel more realistic. Insidious is also based around the paranormal theme which shows that audiences in this era are frightened by the paranormal ghostly experience this must be working as insidious took in a gross of ‘$53,991,137’ (http://www. imdb. com/title/tt1591095/). Also Insidious uses children and a family in a ‘normal’ home this immediately effects the audience as they can relate it to their own lives.

The horror genre has become more realistic like this as instead of using zombies, vampires and made up creatures the genre has become more based around real life and what could actually happen as it affects the audience in a more psychological way. Also using children in the trailer will immediately effect parents as they start to imagine what they would do if that was their child and how it would affect them which straight away frightens them and evokes unwanted emotions/thoughts ‘I can speak for all parents when I say the loss of a child has to be pretty much the worst thing that could ever happen to them’ (http://www.horror-movies. ca/horror_13935. html)

I have also looked at the film trailer for “Don’t be Afraid of the Dark” which was released in 2011. This film is from a different director to Paranormal Activity and Insidious however it follows a similar plot and has the paranormal ghostly edge. The budget for this film was much higher than both Paranormal Activity and Insidious at $25,000,000 the trailer is very stereotypical and uses the typical conventions of a horror trailer as it consists of multiple flashing images, heart racing music, darkness and unknown creatures.

The sound used in a trailer is very important as fast paced non-diegetic music is usually played throughout the trailer which subconsciously makes the audience feel on edge and worried, also the diegetic sounds used such as loud bangs, creaky floorboards and screams make the audience jump. Putting both of these non-diegetic and diegetic sounds together creates tension and an uncomfortable atmosphere.

Don’t be Afraid of the Dark also uses a small child within the film; this is quite controversial and usually makes older members of the audience feel uncomfortable as they imagine it as their own child. Also using a small child shows an extreme amount of vulnerability as small children cannot fend for themselves and they are not as strong as an adult. ‘How does the speed of what we see compare to watching a clip from a film? ’ (Teaching trailers) the speed of what we see in the trailer gives the audience a taste of what to expect in the film.

The trailer starts of slowly to attract the audience’s attention and get them interested in what they are watching, then the speed builds up to alarm the audience and frighten them once this has happened the trailers slows back down to an average speed to give the audience time to react and think about what they just witnessed. When comparing the three trailers together they are all very similar as they are all based around a paranormal scenario and they all evoke the ‘scared/frightened’ emotion to an audience.

Also two of the trailers use children which takes away the innocence of a stereotypical child and makes the audience feel uncomfortable as the ordinary has been changed. Paranormal activity breaks the boundaries of the horror genre the most by showing the audience reactions within the trailer as this had never been done before which attracted a wide audience and made a lot of money. It also got a lot more publicity and became an extremely famous well known film purely because

it took the audiences expectation of a horror film and changed it. However Insidious and Don’t be Afraid of the Dark are very stereotypical horror films using obvious frightening objects in their trailers which have been used throughout the history of the horror genre. The set-up of these trailers is also very stereotypical and expected because of the fast paced heart racing sounds and the fast paced flashing images.

I also think it is important that all of the actors in these films are unknown ‘why are we told who is starring in the film? ’ (Teaching trailers) this is because well-known actors with a huge fan base attracts audiences to a film, however with the horror genre this does not work as audiences cannot get a realistic feel as they are familiar with the actor and their work.

This is why I think all of the films work well as none of the actors are very well known. To conclude I think that genre is used in all of these trailers to raise the audience’s expectations but in very different experimental ways and this is successful, the ‘horror’ genre is visible throughout all of the trailers and they have all attracted a wide audience using some different experimental or stereotypical expected techniques.

Bibliography Cherry, Brigid. (2009) Horror. Oxon: Routledge. Wilson, Karina. (2001-2011) Horror Film History. Available from: www. horrorfilmhistory. com (Accessed: 26th October 2011) http://www. imdb. com/title/tt1591095/ (2011) (Accessed: 26th October 2011) http://www. horror-movies. ca/horror_13935. html (2011) (Accessed: 26th October 2011) Title: Teach yourself film studies Title: Teaching trailers.

City Lights Movie Reflection Essay

A film in pantomime, I believe, means a romantic comedy where actors express their feelings by miming. The film’s story was mainly told through mime actions and the actors along with their facial expressions since it’s the only thing that is going on in a silent film, besides the sound. A pantomime uses its technique, in where a story is told using just music, sounds, and the motion and facial expressions. The scene I find memorable is where the main character firsts meets the man trying to commit suicide.

I find it memorable because the same camera angle was used, and there was little camera movement.

The man falling into the water and coming back out several times was shot in one take, if I remember well, and that takes lots of good acting and possibly more than one take was used for that scene. What also made the scene memorable was the lighting, because the scene might have been filmed during the night time, and the lights that were used showed the important places of the scene without showing much of the background, for example the bench had proper lighting and the place where they jumped in the water did as well.

This movie’s filming is different than modern films because the shot lengths are much longer and there is little camera movement. There were few close-ups and few establishment shots. The only transitions between scenes were fade-outs and fade-ins. Shots also had to be rehearsed several times because film was very expensive and cameras were not digital so things could not be deleted on the spot or filmed over.

Because of no sound, filmmakers had to rely on picking good actors, sound effects, and facial expressions. The actors play a huge part because the story can only be told through their motion and or expressions. The music had to be used to show suspense, playful/silly moments, or serious moments. The actors needed to be really well because it was really expensive for shots to be filmed more than once if not needed. The actors needed to know how to show different moods by facial expressions, movement of body, etc.

This film is unique because of the long shots and the little camera movement. Charlie Chaplin did a great job at telling a story, and he did so with using few quote screens, and used them only when they were completely necessary. The storyline is also very different in this film. The opening scene of the movie also was irrelevant to the plot, and was used as an introduction to the main character and the type of person he is. I haven’t seen a single movie similar to City Lights.

Textual Analysis Essay

Black swan is a psychological thriller based around ballet, this give off a slight uneasiness as death, blood and gore and three things you wouldn’t usually associate with ballet. Generally because it’s a movie about ballet and dancing then only women and the occasional man getting forced to watch it by his girlfriend would see this movie. The psychological thriller aspect of this movie appeals to a number of people with it being a hybrid genre, so not just women but for young male adults.

The film was realised in January 2011 and won a BAFTA award for best actress. The first thing we see is a black room with a spotlight of a dancer just off the centre of the screen with the voice over stating “I had a dream last night about a girl who was turned into a swan, and her prince falls for the wrong girl, and she kills herself”. This can be linked with Levi-Strauss’ theory of opposites with the black room possibly representing the Black Swan surrounding here or trapping here but she is still the white.

An establishing shot of the ballet room the film places much emphasis on gives us an idea of where the film is based, with lots of dancers practising together in a dark room – the walls and floor are all black. This colour is of key focus to the shot, this might represents the darkness of her state of mind throughout the movie and the fact she will always be left in the dark. The genre just like Nina’s (Natalie Portman) state of mind is unclear and not one thing. It is a hybrid. A drama and a psychological thriller.

Throughout the film the audience finds it hard to pin point what is actually going on, we don’t know what is real and what is in Nina’s head. The movie is based on the Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake, a very elegant and graceful ballet but Black Swan is the total opposite which also links to Levi- Strauss’ narrative theory. The black swan and white swan characters are exaggerated by the use of the colours black and white as those colours are often used in thrillers and are colours described as a code and conventions often giving the movie a sinister feel.

With this movie being a dance based movie, there is a range of camera angles and quick cuts often creating the anticipated and unexpected moments. The use of music and wild tracks were also used to the movies advantage as there was a lot of tension and suspense create. The thriller was really created in the mind of Nina so we see the movie through her eyes which is a symbolic code and action code to keep watching the action unfold through the protagonist or antagonist eyes which brings that tension and exciting factor.

This can be linked with Propp’s narrative theory of characters with Nina being both the hero and the villain to herself. We are introduced to a broke ballerina toy, this could represent her childhood or even her relationship with her mother being broken which is indicated when we hear her mum say “what ever happened to my sweet girl…” This can be linked in with the possessiveness for her mother and Nina’s life is getting lived by her mother- both of them wearing their hair in a bun can represent this.

The protagonist in a thriller just like in a tragedy is generally in danger at every turn, with the most danger coming in the final confrontation with the antagonist; this can be linked to Todorov’s theory of equilibrium, although Black Swan actually goes totally against it and has dis-equilibrium all the way through the movie. In this case interestingly enough the protagonist and antagonist is the same person which in result ends with the young ballet killing herself after she performed and became both Black and White Swan and become “perfect”.

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