Autism and Social Skills Essay

Autism and Social Skills Essay.

Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that ranges from mild to severe impairments in communication, social interaction, and repetitive pattern of interest. Children with autism need early social skills support to develop their social interactions and understanding. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and socialization among young children and adolescence is one of the major impairments, along with language individuals have. Social skills groups are prearranged groups with, a direct goal orientated to engage young children and adolescences with the appropriate support, in the development of social skills.

Social skills groups for young children and adolescences can be a viable tool, in helping children with ASD to learn how to socialize appropriately. The Socialization of young children with a diagnosis of ASD has shown some positive results.

This pilot study was conducted in response to the heightened awareness and the need for young children with ASD to learn social skills. The parents of autistic children, the children that have a diagnosis of ASD and the facilitators of the groups, will engage the children in social sessions, in hopes to build social relationships.

The parents will fill out questionnaires as to the progress they see their children making. This pilot study sets out to answer the following two questions. Is participation in a social skills group beneficial for young children / adolescence with ASD from the child’s, Parents and the facilitator’s perspectives? The second question posed was, is there any improvement in the autistic child’s ability to communicate or interrelate socially.

Methodology

Based on a review of literature on Autism, a psychologist and a clinical psychologist planed a structured 5-week program, for one-hour sessions, one day a week. Only children with a diagnosis of ASD were invited. The children’s ages ranged from seven to 18. Using the qualitative method, the parental focus group was used to gather data and answer two research questions. Each parent received three questionnaires developed for the purpose of this evaluation. One was a pre- questionnaire, to be completed at the beginning of the groups, the post questionnaire, at the end of groups, and a review questionnaire, to be completed six months following the social skills groups. The questionnaires were used for the parents to rate their child’s current level of difficulties.

Results and Discussions

The high cost of one on one therapy for autistic children has become too high for caregivers and the need for alternative approaches was necessary. Evidence suggested that social skills groups for autistic children would be an alternative Dunlop, Knott and Mackay (2000). The information gathered from parent questionnaires and through observations from the facilitators and the higher functioning adolescents with ASD showed there was a need for social skills programs. Some parents felt their children benefitted and others seen no change.

The feedback was very positive and most of the participants would like the social skills groups to continue. There were several areas identified within the program that needs fine-tuning such as, smaller groups, the level or severity of ASD the children have, longer duration of sessions without summer breaks and addressing how to manage the challenging behaviors some of the autistic children displayed, which prevented them from engaging socially within the groups. There was no time for one on one interaction, to encourage those children that did not socialize

during the five-week program. The facilitators observed this and felt that it was an important issue to address along with the other recommendations above, when planning social skills programs. I choose this article because I am a parent of an autistic child and I am always looking for new treatment methods. I like to stay informed of all the new research on autism to share with my son. I think there is a need to socialize all persons with autism and the ideal of social skills groups cannot hurt; it can enhance the quality of life for the autistic child.

Autism and Social Skills Essay

Autistic Spectrum Essay

Autistic Spectrum Essay.

1.1 describe the types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others (to help you answer this question; What social difficulties might autistic people have with any communication? What verbal and non verbal difficulties might they have?)

1.2. Identify problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships (to help you answer this question; How would the problems you looked at in 1;1 cause problems with autistic people interacting with other people? In what ways might people who do not have autism be put off making relationships with autistic people because of these problems?)

1.2 outline the problems of inflexibility and restrictiveness in activities and interests and how these may affect individuals on the autistic spectrum. (to help you answer this question; If people with autism find interaction with other people hard how is this likely to affect their behaviour? How do autistic people react to any changes in their routines? Why do they need set or rigid routines ?

How do these changes make them feel?)

2.1 explain why it is important to recognise that each individual on the autistic spectrum has their own individual abilities, needs, strengths, preferences and interests (To help you answer this questions;

How can getting to know someone with autism help you when you are dealing with their individual problems? What special strengths or talents might autistic people have? Do carers need to have different attitudes to autistic people than other people? Why? How can carers make sure that the care given to autistic people in individual and person centred to them?)

2.2 describe why autism can be considered as a spectrum, encompassing individuals differing in the expression and severity of their symptoms (To help you answer this question; What is the definition of “spectrum”? (if you put a quote here please make sure that you add quote marks (“ ,,,” )and a note of the reference and date eg; [chambers 20th century dictionary accessed 6/1/15]

Why is autism considered as a spectrum?
What other condition is it similar to and why?
What different symptoms might there be?

Autistic Spectrum Essay

Achievements Of The Future Essay

Achievements Of The Future Essay.

I come from a family of optimists. My parents are first generation immigrants to the USA and one value they highly regard is “optimism”. They strongly believe that one can overcome any obstacle as long as they are hopeful about the future and show resiliency to stick with their dream. My father came to the USA with $500 in his pocket and a dream to go to a top business school and succeed in corporate America. Today he is president of a Cummins business unit, but the path to get there involved washing dishes, mopping floors and a lot of education along the way.

His story gives me a lot of inspiration and gives me optimism to pursue my own dream.

When I grow up, I would like to invent something that will change the world. The human race has achieved a lot over the past few centuries, yet there is still so much more to discover. I don’t want to invent something that will just make our lives easier.

I want to invent something that will make peoples’ lives better.

I love to play tennis and I’m fairly good at it. Last summer, my brother and I started working with autistic kids by teaching them to play tennis. The idea was not to make them tennis champions, but rather help them improve their social and motor skills. I had never interacted with children who have special needs before and the whole experience had a tremendous impact on me. It felt so touching just watching them hit the balls and feeling the satisfaction they felt. I realized how gifted these kids were in certain aspects and at the same time learned that they struggled with the tasks that we take for granted. This experience has inspired me and gave me the idea of doing something to help autistic children, so they can

live a better life. I aspire to create a cure, or treatment that can prevent autism, maybe some test that will detect it earlier and help reduce severity. I know that it will be tough, as many of my experiments will fail. I will surely face obstacles while pursuing my goals, but I’m ready for it. A man named Colin Powell once said “​

A dream doesn’t become reality through magic; it takes sweat, determination and hard work.”

Over the last few months, I have learned that achieving this dream of mine will be extremely tough. If life’s challenges are a lock, then optimism is the key. If I want to help autistic people, I need to keep on unlocking those locks. If I want to research and create a cure, I will need to be either a medical doctor or a researcher with a PhD. To achieve either of these two, I have to get very good grades through high school, get into a good college, excel in my courses and score well in MCAT to get into medical school which is 4 years of studies, followed by 4 more years of residency. I am inspired though with this challenge ahead of me as I believe in my cause and will not let it go regardless of the challenges I will face. I am tenacious and resilient. My mom told me that a while back I wanted to learn how to ride a skateboard like object called a Ripstik, which works by wiggling your feet which speeds it up.

Everyday I would head to a local park nearby and hold onto the railings of a tennis court. I would then slowly push myself across to try to help me keep my balance. I spent hours there every day and fell many times, but nothing was comparable to the satisfaction I felt when I was riding without any railing for support. Another example of my optimism was when I learning a Piano song. I would spend hours in the basement trying to learn this certain song that was far above my level. I would mess up many times, but I kept on going. After about 3 months, I finally learned the desired tune without any teacher and  am proud of my efforts. I am sure that these optimistic qualities will help me succeed in my endeavors. A wise man named Thomas Fowell Buxton once said “With ordinary talent and extraordinary perseverance, all things are attainable.”

One in 64 American kids are autistic. These kids and their parents lead a tough life. I intend to use my optimism and push myself to get to my goal of helping them. It’s true that autism allows diversity in the world, allowing everyone to be unique. However, autism is something people struggle with and I want to put an end to autism. When I grow up, I am going to become a researcher or doctor. I will create something that will cure, or at least help autistic kids. I will face challenges, but I will still go on and try to make my dream come true.

Achievements Of The Future Essay

Temple Grandin – Autism Essay

Temple Grandin – Autism Essay.

Mary Temple Grandin, a girl born in 1947, barely uttered a word until she was four years old. Although she was born with Autism Spectrum Disorcer, Temple used her autistic abilities as best she could, specifically the ability to “think in pictures,” to her advantage. For example, she expounded issues that were invisible to a neurotypical person. She is now a world renowned doctor of animal science, an activist for autistic people, and a professor at Colorado State University. She first became famous when renowned Neurologist, Oliver Sacks, mentioned her uniqueness in his essay “An Anthropologist from Mars” that was published in 1995 and made Temple an immediate sensation.

Summary of Temple Grandin:

1. The film starts off with Temple visiting her aunt for the summer and working on her ranch. She becomes interested in a cattle crush, a device that hugs the cows to “gentle them”. One day, while having a panic attack, Temple places herself in the device and it helps to calm her down.

2. When Temple first attended college, she was very nervous when she moved into her college dorm. Temple had another panic attack in her room, but her mother gave her space by closing the door. Immediately after, her mother had a flashback to when Temple was little and had relentless tantrums. Before that, Temple was diagnosed with classic autism, a severe case of autism in which she seemed aloof, lacked eye contact, had no language, and avoided human affection and touch. 3. At this time, science classified autism as a form of schizophrenia, blaming mothers as the cause for the disorder and claiming that they were cold and aloof toward their autistic child, naming them “refrigerator mothers”.

The diagnostician suggested placing Temple in an institution. Temple’s mother refused to listen to the diagnostician and helped Temple adapt to the everyday world. Her mother hired a speech therapist, who worked one-on-one with Temple and enabled her to acquire language. 4. During Temple’s college years, she conceptualized the squeeze machine, which was designed for herself because she had a sensory integration dysfunction and disliked physical affection by people. The machine hugs both sides of her to calm her down, as she controls the pressure, and it makes her relaxed whenever she becomes tense.

Summary of the Film
(Continued):

5. Even though the machine worked, the school forced Temple to remove it, claiming that it was some kind of sexual device. Later after spring break ended, Temple and her aunt came back to school to persuade the school to let her use the device. Temple later proved through rigorous scientific study that the machine was only a calming device and, as a result, she was allowed to keep it. She uses this machine for self-medicating reasons ever since. 6. Later on, the movie flashes back to when Temple was just being admitted to Hampshire Country School.

She was expelled from her previous high school because a child taunted her and she hit him with a book. There, she meets a supportive teacher, Dr. Carlock, who encourages her to go further into science as a career and to eventually attend college. 7. Temple does indeed graduate from college and becomes a worker at a ranch. She rebuilds a new dip, and alters a slaughterhouse for cows so that it is much more humane. The film concludes with an autism fair convention, which Temple and her mother attend.

8. Temple speaks out from the crowd and tells the audience how she overcame her difficulties and was able to achieve academically, as well as how her mother helped her deal with the everyday world. The people become so fascinated that they request Temple to speak in front of the auditorium.

Diagnosis- Autism

• Deficit in social communication and social interaction (must have all three)
• Deficit in social-emotional reciprocity (impairment in understanding of beliefs and desires or other mental states in themselves or others, failure of normal back and forth conversation)
• Temple can shake someone’s hand, however this is more of a routine/ trained
• Doesn’t understand girls and why they “go all goofy over boys”
• As a child, didn’t want to play with toys, but rather ripped paper (lack of make belief play)
• Lack of understanding of what the therapist is assuming when asking questions about the squeeze machine (“touching self” “release”)
• Not seeing her mother’s sadness when she leaves her in boarding school, just walks off
• Deficits in nonverbal communication used for social interaction (abnormalities in eye contact and body language, deficit in understanding or use of gestures, lack of facial expressions)
When aunt asks her what her happy face is and Temples displays an emotionless face As a child, doesn’t look at mother when she is talking to her Difficulty expressing herself (to the cattle owner, when driving into the stockyard) Claims she will “know how to speak with her eyes”
• Deficits in developing and maintaining social relationship (lack of monitoring of social activities of others, lack of social and emotional reciprocity, failure to share enjoyment and interests with others
• lack of desire for physical touch and what this represents in a relationship (never wanting mother to touch her)
• No friends at school because Temple doesn’t express any emotional response to what matters to them
• Not interested in playing with other children as a child • Never evidence of her trying to build relationships or engage with others (more of an introvert)
• Not understanding the relationships between other girls
• Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities (must have at least 2)
• Stereotyped or repetitive speech, motor movements, or use of objects
• Use of squeeze machine to calm her down, control sensory input
• Has repetitive speak, peers called her “tape recorder”
• Excessive adherence to routines, ritualized patterns of behavior, or excessive resistance to change
• Her greeting is a form of routine and phrased the same way, gets distressed when doesn’t get the response she is expecting (at the slaughterhouse) • Will only eat Jello and yogurt (because of her anxiety)
• Gets very distressed when her name isn’t on the door like it is supposed to be
• Stressed when she doesn’t have a roommate when she is supposed to
• Highly restricted or fixated interest
• fixed interest on cows (way they moo, their clockwork)
• focuses on her experiment regarding the her squeeze machine and does poorly in school in response
• focused on specific things (wallpaper and chandelier)
• Building things (gate, her squeeze machine, mechanisms for cattle)

References
• Conn, C. (2014). Investigating the social engagement of children with autism in mainstream schools for the purpose of identifying learning targets. Journal Of Research In Special Educational Needs, 14(3), 153­159.

• Okada, S., Ohtake, Y., & Yanagihara, M. (2010). Improving the manners of a student with autism: The effects of manipulating perspective holders in Social Stories™—A pilot study. International Journal Of Disability, Development And Education, 57(2), 207­219. • Test, D. W., Smith, L. E., & Carter, E. W. (2014). Equipping youth with autism spectrum disorders for adulthood: Promoting rigor, relevance, and relationships. Remedial And Special Education, 35(2), 80­90.

Temple Grandin – Autism Essay

Autism Informative Speech Essay

Autism Informative Speech Essay.

The roles of women and men have been very stereotypical in the past. Women were made to cook and clean, and men were made to work, and bring home money to support their families. Today, there is more of an equal division of housework. When comparing my parents to my grandparents I especially notice a difference between the amounts of cooking that is being done. Women work more than ever, men find cooking more interesting, and the stereotypes of the typical man and woman are not the same anymore.

Men are continuing to cook more than ever, while females are cooking less than ever, because of the changing society. My parent’s generation is very different from my grandparent’s generation. When my father was growing up my grandma did all the cooking, and because of that my Grandpa never had to cook, so he never learned. My grandma worked a part time job and my grandpa worked full time. It was known that supper would be on the table every night at 6 waiting for my grandpa when he got home from work.

In today’s society, in order to make ends meet, it is necessary for women and men to both have full time jobs.

In my house, the one who is the first one home from work does the cooking. Very often my parents are also taking turns driving me and my brother to different sports, so meals are sometimes rushed. My mom cooks less than my grandma, but my dad cooks far more than my grandpa ever did. Men cook more than ever because women cook less than ever and there needs to be a happy medium. Years ago women did most of the cooking for many reasons, but the main reason was because that’s what they were stereotypically supposed to do.

Today, that stereotype has almost vanished. In fact, most women are insulted by the old house wife title, so they don’t like to cook as much to escape it. Most women today can’t cook to the same standard that their mothers did. This is because women also want to be successful in the work force, so they are busier, and have less time to spend on cooking. Men, on the other hand, work no more than their spouse, so they have no choice but to help out with household chores. They might also remember what their mother’s cooking was like, so that inspires them.

Men have more time than their father’s did to spend on cooking. My dad, along with a lot of men would rather cook than clean. In today’s society men have to help out around the house, because women don’t have time to do everything like they used to. Cooking is far more enjoyable than cleaning, there is a finished product that you can enjoy, it is calming, and you can experiment and try new things. These are just a few reasons to why more men may enjoy cooking. I know my dad would rather cook than wash the floors.

Since my dad chooses cooking over cleaning my mom does a lot of the other housework resulting in her to cook less than usual. Social media inspires men and women in different ways. My dad loves watching the food network. These TV shows, with chefs that are males, inspire him to be handy in the kitchen. They almost make cooking seem cool because it is something different for men. Men like to always prove that they can do anything, so being a great cook is something they strive for because it can set them apart from other men.

TV shows like Oprah inspire women to be different than the average woman. They don’t want to be the typical stay at home mom. Instead they want to be successful business ladies, and change the world. These television shows inspire men and women to be different than the traditional roles their parents played. The end result of this social effect is an increase in cooking for men and a decrease in cooking for women. Today’s changing society doesn’t allow for men to be the bread winners and for females to be the bread maker. Instead, each gender does a bit of both.

This affects both genders’ roles and attitudes towards cooking. In most households, to maintain a stable living condition, men need to help their wives with housework. Men find cooking more interesting than cleaning, they have more time for it than ever, and they find it challenging and rewarding. Women have less time for cooking due to their busy schedules, they don’t want to be the stereotypical housewife, and instead they want to be successful in the work force. All of these social factors explain why men are cooking more than ever while females are cooking less than ever.

Autism Informative Speech Essay