Impacts to First Responders

Impacts to First Responders

TOPIC 2: First Responders

How does trauma impact first responders, and why are crisis intervention strategies particularly important for these individuals?

Respond Kindly to Student #1

Ryan Davidson

Impacts to First Responders

Crisis intervention strategies for first responders in critically important due to the nature of their profession. The reason for the need to have effective strategies for first responders, especially police officer. According to Martinmäki et al. (2021), police officers have a significantly higher exposer rate of trauma than normal people to include being exposed to death, threat of death, traumatic injuries, or violent situation. Police officers need to have access to multiple treatments to deal with acute distress, as well as post-traumatic stress disorder treatments. Due to the timeframe that post-traumatic stress disorder can beginning to show symptoms, it is necessary to have treatments available upon onset of symptoms. James and Gilliland (2017) highlight a specific incident with a police officer named Ryan, where he was a decorated police officer who suddenly had a downturn in work performance and was diagnosed with delayed onset post-traumatic stress disorder with suicidal ideations. Moreover, once Ryan was diagnosed, he was given multiple treatments to include a support group and eye movement desensitization reprocessing which he was he was able to overcome the traumatic images that would trigger his anxiety (James & Gilliland, 2017). Having these support systems in place, allowed the police officer to be treated and regain control of his life.  


James, R. K., & Gilliland, B. E. (2017). Crisis intervention strategies (8th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Martinmäki, S. E., Van der Aa, N., Nijdam, M. J., Pommée, M., & Ter Heide, F. J. J. (2021). Treatment response and treatment response predictors of a multidisciplinary day clinic for police officers with PTSD. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

Respond Kindly to Student #2

Travis Reed

Hello Y’all

Trauma contributes to mental illness among first responders, especially due to depression, which is the most common neuropsychiatric disorder. Normally, during a crisis, first responders such as enforcement officers experience the primary occurrences of that crisis, which leads to the accumulation of traumatic memories such as displacement and death of people to these individuals (SAMHA, 2018). Therefore, gradually the first responders develop mental health problems due to the reflection on those traumatic events. Additionally, trauma contributes to the stigmatization of first responders. The first responders are known to avoid people, things, or places that create the impression of the trauma they once experienced. Consequently, first responders gradually lose interests in people and things that they once liked. Besides, trauma contributes to suicidal ideation among first responders, particularly due to excessive accumulation of stress that they are unable to cope with (Lewis-Schroeder et al., 2018). Crisis intervention strategies help in reducing the intensity of the first responder’s emotional, behavioral, mental, and physical reactions to a traumatic event. Also, these strategies help in returning the first responders to their previous level of functioning before the occurrence of a crisis. I have cases (patients) that still haunt me today and I would rather not discuss them if I do not have too.


Lewis-Schroeder, N. F., Kieran, K., Murphy, B. L., Wolff, J. D., Robinson, M. A., & Kaufman, M. L. (2018). Conceptualization, assessment, and treatment of traumatic stress in first responders: a review of critical issues. Harvard review of psychiatry26(4), 216.

SAMHSA. (2018). Retrieved 9 November 2021, from

No part of this posting is intended to offend anyone in this class. If my posting does offend anyone, I sincerely apologize.