STUDY GUIDE: MODULE 2 As you read this week’s textbook reading assignments, take notes in response to these questions and statements. This study guide will help you to prepare for your quiz. Harbin. Chapter 2 1. What is the term toledot, and why is it important? Toledot (Generations) is a often used structurial indicator, which clarifies the authors intentions. 2. What is the significance of the two creation accounts? How are they similar, and how are they different? One is the big bang theory. This theory theorizies that the world universe was created in one big bang.
The other, is stated is Genesis 1 is the creation theory. It theorizisze the earth was created in seven days, by God himself. 3. What is the significance of the use of the different names of God in Genesis 1 and 2? Elohim is plural it is usually viewed as “plural of majesty”. As to where Yahweh is derived from Hebrew verb and thus translated to “I AM” 4. What are the different views on the seven days of creation in Genesis 1:1–2:3? What are the strengths and weaknesses of each? Some view this account as mythological or at best poetry. Other view the Hebrew word of “day” as an extended period of time. 5.
How are relationships key to the creation account? 6. What do we know about the world in which Adam first appeared? This world, had been already prepared for Adam in advance of his arrival. Life was already existant there were trees, animals and fruit Chapter 3 1. What does it mean to say that humankind was created in the image of God? –Pertains to male/female and are spirtual beings. 2. What is the difference between soul and spirit? Why is that important? The soul is the non-physical part of both humans and animals that makes them living beings. Spirit is what gives the beings a mind, emotions, and a will.
Seperating them from animal. 3. What are some implications of humanity’s broken relationship with God? –Death of spirit. –Guilt/Shame. –Fear of God replaces fear and trust 4. What are some implications of humanity’s broken relationship with humankind? Eve’s pains greatly increase in childbearing (physical/emotional) and he desire will be for her husband. 5. What are some implications of humanity’s broken relationship with self? –Internal (Physcholigcal). –Manifested when they realized they are naked. –Self-Deceit and blaming others. –Most psychological issues start here: Guilt & Shame. . What are some implications of humanity’s broken relationship with the physical world? -The perefect environment changed. -Diffucult labor necessary for human sustenance. -The ground is cursed b/c of man. 7. How did God show mercy after the Fall? –God’s plan for redemption began. -God clothed Adam/Eve (sacrificed animal(s)) to hide the nakedness (shame). –Humankind was exiled from garden to prevent living forever in sin (Tree of Life) 8. Why did Cain’s sacrifice get rejected? –Abel brought the firslings (The best he had)-Cains merely brought a sacrifice . How did Lamech show false pride? –He had two wives and took pride in having killed a young man: when we read his “song” and shows his arrogance that seems to exalt how” bad he is compared with Cain 10. What are some key arguments for a global flood as opposed to local? –Cause of judgement: Increasing evil on the EARTH. -Nature of Judgement: destroyed most of life on EARTH. -Flood covered mountains. -God’s promise: Never another Flood to destroy all flesh 11. Why did God confuse the language of humankind? -To force humankind to scatter abroad Chapter 4 1.
Why is this section of Scripture called the toledot of Terah even though he dies almost at the beginning? The migration of Canaan began with Terah(Abrams father) They settle in Haran where Terah died but God told Abram to leave and on to Canaan. 2. What is the significance of the Abrahamic covenant, first for the nation of Israel and then for the Bible as a whole? –Israel: It explained why they had been brought out of Egypt and why they were going to the lad of Canaan. -Bible: Serve o convince the reader of the historicity of the events being described. 3. Describe Abraham’s spiritual odyssey.
Abraham had issues trusting God, fully. He constantly took things in his own hands and failed but at times he showed exceptional fatih and allowed God to move on his behalf greatly. 4. Why was Lot wrong in choosing to live in Sodom and Gomorrah? -On the surface, S/G seemed to be the choicer location. -S/G was a place full of vile people. 5. Why did God destroy Sodom and Gomorrah? 6. What was Abraham’s greatest test? -God told him to sacrifice his son Isaac as a burnt offering…to bring out whether Abraham really trusted God 7. Why is Isaac disappointing to us? -He makes the same exact mistake as his father.
Chapter 5 1. How did Esau lose his birthright? How did he lose the blessing? – Jacob made a bargain w/Esau to give him a bowl of lintel stew in exchange for his birthright. -Jacobs mom (Rebekah) disguised Jacob as Esau in order for blind Jacob to give his blessing unto him. 2. What is the difference between a birthright and a blessing? -Birthright: The special privilege of the firstborn whereby he inherited a double portion of the estate. -Blessing: had to with a divine objective, in this case, guaranteed there’d be a male heir in each generation who’d cont the Messiah bloodline. 3.
Why did Jacob go to Haran (both the real and cover-up reasons)? -Real: To escape the wrath of Esau. -Fake: To find a wife. 4. What happened to Jacob in Haran, and why did he stay there twenty years? 5. What is the significance of Dinah? –One of two episodes that seem to set the stage for the movemnent of the family to Egypt. 6. Why did Joseph not get along with his brothers? –He was Jacob’s favorite. –Received the special coat. –Told them of his dreams where he have dominion and authority over them and there parents. –He was tattle tale. 7. What are the implications of the incident between Judah and Tamar? Judah married Er & Tamar/Onan & Tamar. Er/Onan were struck dead by God b/c they were wicked in his sight. Tamar disguised herself as a prostitute/seduced Judah/got pregnant 8. What is the significance of Joseph in the biblical record? –He gave advice on how to prepare the nation (Egypt) for the seven years of abundance followed by the seven years of famine. 9. Describe Joseph’s reunion with his family. –He tricked his bros. and accused them spies. Made them go and return with youngest bro. (kept 1ashostage). Gave them red carpet treatment/showed favoritism to Ben/urgued the family to move to Egypt. Chapter 6 1.
Why is the dating of Exodus important? –Verifies other dates of the Bible. 2. How did we arrive at the date of Exodus proposed in this chapter? 3. How were the birth and childhood of Moses unique, and how did they prepare him for the special task God had in mind? The Then Plagues……… -Nile turned to blood. –Frogs. –Gnats . –Flies . –Cattled Died. –Boils. –Hail. –Locust. –Darkness. –Death of Firstborn. 4. Describe the confrontations between Moses and Pharaoh. 5. What is the significance of the Passover event? Reminds them of their delieverance from Egypt 6. Describe the first Passover. 7. What happened at Yam Suph? God parted the RedSea through Moses, the Israelites walked across on dry ground/ the Eygptians followed and were swallowed up in the sea. Chapter 7 1. What does it mean to say the Law is a covenant? -It’s a formal agreement b/w two parties, either nations or individuals (similar to what we know today as a treaty) 2. What does it mean to describe the Law as teaching? –The purpose of these was to reach the nation how to live within the structure of the covenant. 3. How is the Law based on what God had done? 4. How is the Law a socioeconomic-judicial-political-religious system? –It’s an all encompassing nature of the OT law 5.
What happened when the people got tired of waiting for Moses? –They went to Aaron/asks for “gods” to lead them. –Aaron molded a calf from the golf they acquired. -They had acelebration that turned to an orgy. –Moses interceded on their behalf. 6. Describe the tabernacle. –It was a tent within a curtained courtyard…designed to be portable 7. What were the three main categories of sacrifice, and what were they used for? –Consecratory offering served the function of the dedicating a person of a thing to God. –Expiation deals w/sin. –Communal offerings were celebrations expressing gratitude to God. 8. What was the purpose of the priesthood? They were to be God’s representatives on earth and to represent the people of the world to God. 9. What were the key holidays of the nation, and what was their significance? –They were to remind the original audience of specific things God had done for them and future gens. of the acts God had done in the past. –The Sabbath. –Passover. –Yom Kippur. –Pentecoast Fee and Stuart, pp. 163-180 1. Understand the connotations of the word “laws” as it is used in scripture as expressed by the authors. 2. Know the authors six initial guidelines for understanding the relationship of the Christian to the Old Testament Law. . The Old Testament law is a covenant. A covenant is a binding contract between two parties, both of whom have obligations specified in the covenant. 2. The Old Testament is not our Testament. The Old Testament represents God’s previous covenant with Iarael made on Mount Sinai, which is one we are no longer obligated to keep. 3. Two kinds of old-covenant stipulations have clearly not been renenwed in the New Covenant. 4. Part of the Old Covenant is renewed in the New Covenant 5. All of the Old Testament law is still the Word of God for us even though it is not still the command of God to us. . Only that which is explicitly renenwed from the Old Testament law can be considered part of the New Testament “law of Christ” 3. Understand the importance of Israel’s disobedience in ‘choosing’ to not keep the law. 4. Explain the ‘paradigm’ of the Law that the authors discuss. That is, what is the Law to Israel? The Law simply represented the terms of agreement of loyalty that Israel had with God. 5. Know the basic concepts of ‘apodictic law” and ‘casuistic law’. 6. Be able compare and contrast the Old Testament Law with other Ancient Near Eastern Law Codes of the time mentioned in the text. 7.
How was the law a benefit to Israel? 8. Know the “Dos and Don’ts” at the end of the chapter. 1. Do see the Old Testament law as God’s fully inspired word for you. Don’t see the Old Testament law as God’s direct command. 2. Do see the Old Testamnet law as the basis for the old covenant, and therefore for Israel’s history. Don’t see the Old Testament law as binding on Christians in the new covenant except where specifically renewed. 3. Do see God’s justice, love and high standards revealed in the Old Testament law. Don’t forget to see that God’s mercy is made equal to the severity of the standards. 4.
Do see the Old Testament law as a paradigm—providing examples for the full range of the expected behaviour. Don’t see the Old Testament law as complete. It is not technically comprehensive. 5. Do remember that the essence of the law (The Ten Commandments and the two chief laws) is repepated in the prophets and renewed in the New Testament. Don’t expect the Old Testament law to be cited frequently by the prophets or the New Testament. 6. Do see the Old Testament law as a generous gift to Israel, bringing much blessing when obeyed. Don’t see the Old Testament law as a grouping of arbitrary, annoying regulations liimmiting peoples freedoms.