The Period of the Enlightenment

The period of the enlightenment in the history of west has brought innovative and developing ideas, to the society. In a way this development has vanished away all other ideas that were having some type of control on the people of that society. It is because of the fact that new creations were happened and members get more socialized and civilized. However there was some ideas persisting in the social context that mounted certain type of conflict with the scientific revolution. One can easily understand the limits or the boundaries of faith and reason, by exploring the concept that God, who has given reasoning abilities to the super creatures of the earth. In the same way he doesn’t accept the claim of his non-existence. So the conflict between the Catholic Church and Galileo could not define or explain the surroundings that where lies reasoning or the belief propounded by some individual or group.

In a same way thoughts or the respective approach of smaller group could not applied on the majority of the people having opposite thoughts. The problem with the time of dark ages was that, popes being the religious leaders of the society, engulfed with the corruption of political office and got interested with the matters that were concerned with liberals or the people of that belong to the other walk of life. Hence they fail to take care and to perform their religious duties. That’s lapses on the part of religious members of the society provided ways to the reformist, to work and to make progress in the society.

Taking advantage of the empty space being given by the corrupt clergymen’s and those demonstrating themselves as religious guiders, scientist started describing and unfolding the works of ancient writers theorist. Majority of the Aristotelian contributions and services resisted by the religious class. However most of the work of the Greek philosophers were brought back by these reformist people. Universities started teaching of natural phenomena and philosophical thoughts to their student as a clue for the development of minds of those learners.

During the time of fourteenth century, disastrous havoc has attacked the people of Europe by the disease that was estimated to kill more than forty percent of the whole region. The primary cause of huge deaths was the unavailability of the knowledge and the sense, that how to eliminate that disease. Those ships of the foreigner’s merchant had brought black flea that used to sit on the rat, had spreader the ailment to the numerous people of the community. Infected people infect the malady to others and it extended to the Mediterranean and the even the area of Asian region.

As the black plague caught the deprived society of middle ages, there was no way or understanding of such types of severe diseases. That terrible disease left people with no other option but to rely on the prayers and the belief that they might get cured by the help of God. Because they were not familiar with such type of horrifying natural catastrophes. They also were not told by any leader of their group that how to tackle with the incident of these types. In such a way a lot of number of the people were died during the time, while fighting for their life they could not get spared.

Suffering from such types of distress and sickness, many noble persons of the society had started to reform the society in such a way they could be able to eradicate such types of highly painful ill-health issues. They brought technological advancement with the modification in various tools and instrument, which were primarily concerned with problem solving. As they develop medical schools and the faculties, medical started as o new medium of instruction. They promote a number of medical theories to explain the various causes of the respective illness. There was emphasized on the practice of medical doctor, for a thorough training in various concepts of science.

Along with the education of philosophy, logic and related courses a student in Italy has compulsion to give more his time to scientific research and for knowledge of medicine. There was a proper commission and a system of doctor which was available to look, cooperate and to analyze the numerous heath issues. The same also works for the practice of doctors and physicians serving in various sections. In the same way, they started exploring other fields of studies, which were necessary for the people of that time. They also work in the fields of history, poetry, rhetoric, and in the attributes of human traits and science.

Scientific revolution has not only enhance the knowledge and numerous discoveries in the age of darkness, but it also has set the tradition, and guidelines for modern science. Introduction of the new ideas like that of research progress regarding the movements of planet and all its laws were also discussed widely among the educated class. This era has enhance the question in the minds of people, regarding different clues of this world. Many people started experimentation in various fields and also in the subject of mathematics, new formulas created, used and applied to the problems concerned.

With the advent of such types of developments, those who propounds for progress in the scientific knowledge, hold various research to negate the beliefs of the Greek and the ancient philosophers. In the same way they, also challenged the theory of Galileo about the revolving of the earth around the sun. They prove the concept by using the scientific methods, which included systematic way of research design. They also analyze, question and gave hypothesis to the problems and investigations that were of their concerned. Other than these developments, they also invent certain kind of machinery for the analysis of small types of bacteria’s, and the plants that were not seen by nacked eyes.

Scientist of the fourteenth century era which were investigating about different segments of life, have also contributed to the explanations of worldly affairs in terms of religious theologies. As in bible according to these people it was stated that earth was the center of universe. They argue that if this could not be explained in rightful way, people might have concern on the originality of the holy book. Work on a number of traits that belongs to the human’s origin, growth, abilities and competence of perceiving things were also discussed in the scientific studies.

Human needs and presence possessed more importance than that of the religious beliefs. This was the idea behind the movements of intellectuals in the region of Italy, which expanded to the other parts of the west. According to the slogans of these educated class of society man is independent by nature and he should remain free in protection of his rights and duties. They discussed the high classics of the ancient people who hold both moral social values. They suggested that these qualities of ancient noble personalities could educate the dark society of fourteenth century.

Concluding the remarks about the detailed discussion on the check of both religion and science limitation we have the idea that both are imminent for the welfare of mankind. In this regard, reformation period in the history of west has brought innovative ideas to the people of dark society. The cultural and the social norms were surrounded by the confrontation between different segments of the society. Majority of the members of middle ages society were havocked by the disease that divided their thinking prospective. Some were incorporated with the ideas that only God could save them, while other were trying to get through some scientific processes. Religious teachings along with technology could bring all the good for this super creatures of mortal world.

References

Mithen, S. J. (1996). The Prehistory of the Mind a Search for the Origins of Art, Religion and Science.

Tambiah, S. J. (1990). Magic, science and religion and the scope of rationality (Vol. 1981). Cambridge University Press.

Barbour, I. G. (1990). Religion in an Age of Science (p. 208). San Francisco: Harper & Row.

The Black Death and early public health measures. (2018). Broughttolife.sciencemuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 9 February 2018, from http://broughttolife.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/themes/publichealth/blackdeath

Reformation, T. (2018). Martin Luther and the 95 Theses – Facts & Summary –

HISTORY.com. HISTORY.com. Retrieved 9 February 2018, from http://www.history.com/topics/martin-luther-and-the-95-theses

Humanism – Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library & Renaissance Culture | Exhibitions – Library of Congress. (2018). Loc.gov. Retrieved 9 February 2018, from http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/vatican/humanism.html

Padeletti, G., & Fermo, P. (2003). How the masters in Umbria, Italy, generated and used nanoparticles in art fabrication during the Renaissance period. Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, 76(4), 515-525. doi:10.1007/s00339-002-1935-1

Tambiah, S. J. (1990). Magic, science and religion and the scope of rationality (Vol. 1981). Cambridge University Press.

Merriman, J. (2009). A history of modern Europe: from the Renaissance to the present (Vol. 1). WW Norton & Company.

Watson, P. (2010). The German genius: Europe’s third renaissance, the second scientific revolution and the twentieth century. Simon and Schuster.

Brooke, J. H. (1991). Science and religion: Some historical perspectives. Cambridge University Press.

Philosophy of Science for Nursing Practice. (2018). Google Books. Retrieved 9 February 2018, from https://books.google.com.pk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=TQp8AAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA87&dq=science+%26+religion+limitations+during+renaissance&ots=uMMgDj6xkK&sig=oPWOJrbvKrEooaF1HxE5-913Ybo#v=onepage&q&f=false

Posted in Uncategorized