The general symptoms of anaemia

Anaemia is a common term that is used to refer to conditions characterized by an inadequate oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, and hence an insufficient supply of oxygen to the tissues. The general symptoms of anaemia include paleness, fatigue, and difficulty in breathing during doing certain activities, general breathlessness and even heart palpitations may also be experienced. At some moments, dizziness, insomnia, irregular heartbeat, headache characterized with unsettled stomachs, poor appetite and heart murmur may also be experienced (Zand, Spreen & LaValle, 1999).

There are several causes for anaemia. Oxygen is transported in the blood via the means of the oxygen molecules by haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is the red coloring pigment found in the red blood cells. During the normal health conditions, a single haemoglobin carries between 200 and 300 molecules of oxygen (Ross, 2000).

There are several types of anaemia that have been discovered so far. In this work, the focus is directed onto the most common ones. Some of them include,

Anaplastic Anaemia.

This is blood disorder which is characterized by the failure of the bone marrow to make enough cells. It results in quite a number of health problems like arrhythmias, which is an enlarged heart, heart failure, bleeding as well as infections.

Haemolytic Anaemia

This disorder is characterized by the destruction of the red blood cells before completion of their normal life span. This disorder might lead to various defects ranging from fatigue, pain to heart failure.

Thalassemia

This is an inherited defect which makes the body to make few and healthy red blood cells as well as haemoglobin.

Sickle Cell Anaemia

This is a very serious disorder under which the body makes a sickle shaped red blood cells. This hinders the smooth and normal movement of the red blood cells within the blood vessels.

Pernicious Anaemia

This is a disorder whereby the body cannot make enough healthy red blood cells due to insufficient vitamin B12.

Fanconi Anaemia

Commonly referred to as FA, is a rare inherited blood disorder that leads bone marrow failure. This is another kind of anaplastic anaemia (Uthman, 2009).

Having gone through the above mentioned types, it’s seen that the given instruction does not suit any of the above mentioned types of anaemia. This therefore leaves us with only one major type of anaemia. This is the Iron Deficiency Anaemia. Iron deficiency is believed to be one of the most common type. It is brought about by the inadequate consumption or absorption of iron from the blood. This may also occur as a result of menorrhagia and dysmenorrheal (Rosdahl & Kowalski, 2008).

Women therefore are more susceptible to this kind of disorder than men. Iron is needed for the formation of bone marrow to produce haemoglobin. Some of the symptoms include: low blood pressure, chronic blood loss, hemorrhoids, using of certain medications like aspirin may lead to bleeding in the gastro-intestinal tract.

The best diets to counteract the effects of this disorder include eating foods rich in iron. Some of the foods rich in iron includes legumes, green leafy vegetables, egg yolk, whole grains and many more. From the above descriptions, it’s evident that the Ms. A is most likely to be suffering from iron deficiency anaemia.

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