Case Study 5 & 6 Case Study 5 & 6 (10 Points) DUE 07/03/2019 Students much review the case…

Case Study 5 & 6

Case Study 5 & 6 (10 Points) DUE 07/03/2019

Students much review the case study and answer all questions with a scholarly response using APA and include 2 scholarly references. Answer both case studies on the same document and upload 1 document to Moodle.

Case Study 5 & 6 Knee Injury and Testicular Cancer

Case Studies will be uploaded to Moodle and put through TURN-It-In (anti-Plagiarism program)

Turn it in Score must be less than 20% or will not be accepted for credit, must be your own work and in your own words. You can resubmit, Final submission will be accepted if less than 50%. Copy paste from websites or textbooks will not be accepted or tolerated. Please see College Handbook with reference to Academic Misconduct Statement.

Late Assignment Policy

Assignments turned in late will have 1 point taken off for every day assignment is late, after 7 days assignment will get grade of 0. No exceptions

 

Testicular Cancer
Case Studies
A 21-year-old male noted pain in his right testicle while studying hard for his midterm college examinations. On self-examination, he noted a “grape sized” mass in the right testicle. This finding was corroborated by his healthcare provider. This young man had a history of delayed descent of his right testicle until the age of 1 year old.
Studies
Results
Routine laboratory studies
Within normal limits (WNL)
Ultrasound the testicle
Solid mass, right testicle associated with calcifications
HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
550mIU/mL (normal: CT scan of the abdomen
Enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes
CT scan of the chest
Multiple pulmonary nodules
Diagnostic Analysis
At semester break, this young man underwent right orchiectomy. Pathology was compatible with embryonal cell carcinoma. CT directed biopsy of the most prominent pulmonary nodule indicated embryonal cell carcinoma, compatible with metastatic testicular carcinoma. During a leave of absence from college, and after banking his sperm, this young man underwent aggressive chemotherapy. Repeat testing 12 weeks after chemotherapy showed complete resolution of the pulmonary nodules and enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes.

Critical Thinking Questions
1. What impact did an undescended testicle have on this young man’s risk for developing testicular cancer?
2. What might be the side effects of cytotoxic chemotherapy?
3. What was the purpose of preserving his sperm before chemotherapy?
4. Is this young man’s age typical for the development of testicular carcinoma?

 

Knee Injury
Case Studies
A 15-year-onths of intensive training for a statewide meet. Her physical examination indicated swelling in and around the left knee. She had some decreased range of motion and a clicking sound on flexion of the knee. The knee was otherwise stable.
Studies
Results
Routine laboratory values
Within normal limits (WNL)
Long bone (femur, fibula, and tibia) X-ray
No fracture
Arthrocentesis with synovial fluid analysis
Appearance
Bloody (normal: clear and straw-colored)
Mucin clot
Good (normal: good)
Fibrin clot
Small (normal: none)
White blood cells (WBCs)
Neutrophils
Glucose
100 mg/dL (normal: within 10 mg/dL of serum glucose level)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee
Blood in the joint space. Tear in the posterior aspect of the medial meniscus. No cruciate or other ligament tears
Arthroscopy
Tear in posterior aspect of medial meniscus
Diagnostic Analysis
The radiographic studies of the long bones eliminated any possibility of fracture. Arthrocentesis indicated a bloody effusion, which was probably a result of trauma. The fibrin clot was further evidence of bleeding within the joint. Arthrography indicated a tear of the medial meniscus of the knee, a common injury for gymnasts. Arthroscopy corroborated that finding. Transarthroscopic medial meniscectomy was performed. Her postoperative course was uneventful.
Critical Thinking Questions
1. One of the potential complications of arthroscopy is infection. What signs and symptoms of joint infection would you emphasize in your patient teaching?
2. Why is glucose evaluated in the synovial fluid analysis?
3. What are special tests used to differentiate type of Tendon tears in the knee ? Explain how they are performed (Always on boards)

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