Over the past 9 months, the US population that is poor has changed dramatically

Over the past 9 months, the US population that is poor has changed dramatically. Discuss the effect of this health crisis on this population. What’s happening?

Over the past 9 months, the US population that is poor has changed dramatically

Over the past 9 months, the US population that is poor has changed dramatically. Discuss the effect of this health crisis on this population. What’s happening?

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5 The consequences of rapid population growth

Firstly, this chapter shows that rapid population grow that rates above 2 percent, common in most
developing countries todayacts as a brake on
development. Up to a point, population growth
can be accommodated: in the past three decades
many countries have managed to raise average
income even as their populations grew rapidly. In
that strict sense, population growth has been
accommodated. But the goal of development extends beyond accommodation of an ever larger population; it is to improve people’s lives. Rapid population growth in developing countries has resulted in less progress than might have been lost opportunities for raising living standards, particularly among the large numbers of the world’s poor.

The conclusion that rapid population growth has slowed development is by no means straightforward or clearcut (see Box 5.1).

Under certain conditions moderate population growth can be beneficial. As Chapter 4 showed, in Europe, Japan, and North America economic growth has been accompanied by moderate population growth, which may have stimulated demand, encouraged technological innovation, and also reduced investment risks.

Moderate labor force growth, combined with extra spending on education, can also mean continuous upgrading of the labor force with better educated workers. In sparsely populated countries, faster
population growth shortens the time required to
reach the population size that provides economies
of scale in transport, communications, social ser- vices, and production. Some developing countries could benefit from such economies of scale, especially in rural areas.

And a big population can increase a country’s economic as well as political and military power; in a world of economic and
political uncertainty, countries such as India and China can seem to benefit from the sheer size of their domestic markets.

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