Depression in International students

Climate change is current one of the major challenges facing the world today. Across different parts of the globe, there have been ongoing debates on ways of tackling the challenge in a bid to make the earth a more conducive and sustainable place for human and animal life. Fossil fuels have been cited as some of the greatest air and environmental pollutants. Consequently, one of the key issues that have been at the core of the climate change discussion is whether we can stop extracting and using fossil files and shift to other more friendly and less harmful forms sources of energy. Nonetheless it is not practicable to stop using fossil fuels because the global economy relies on them, among other things, for the generation of electricity and transportation

Human beings heavily depend on electricity in almost all aspects of life. Noteworthy, fossil fuels are the main energy sources used to generate electricity and their uses for electricity generation have risen over the years. According to the World Nuclear Association (2021) “in 2017, fossil fuels generated 64.5% of worldwide electricity, compared with 61.9% in 1990.” In addition to domestic uses such as lighting rooms, heating our homes and cooking, electricity significantly supports human health as physicians rely on it for surgeries, X-rays and other medical procedures. Unquestionably, human wellbeing largely depends on fossil fuels as are the major source from which electricity is generated.

Fossil fuels are used to produce petroleum products such as gasoline, propane and diesel fuel without which transportation would almost be impossible. Denchak (2018) notes that petroleum products meet close to 40% of the U.S. energy needs whereas the transportation sector is the biggest petroleum energy consumer. The economy both at the national and global level largely rely on transportation. It is through transportation that both domestic and transborder trade is made possible. Again, petroleum energy enables the movement of people to and from their places of work or businesses thus making it possible for them to earn their livelihoods. In essence, fossil fuels aid transportation which in turn promote economic growth.

However, with the growing concerns about climate change and the dangers it poses to human life, the world should consider shifting from the use of fossil fuels to other safer energy sources such as the wind and solar energy. Tierney and Bird (2020) assert that in some of the U.S regions where solar and wind energy is available, energy produced by coal and natural gas has been successfully replaced. This clearly shows that indeed it is possible for the world to stop extracting and using fossil fuels. The current dominance of solar and wind energy in power plants in the U.S today indicate that the world can actually operate without fossil fuels.

Although fossil fuels have been blamed for polluting the environment, they are credited as being the drivers of global economy. The generation of electricity from coal and natural gases is crucial for both domestic and industrial purposes such as manufacturing without which the global economy would not survive. Lastly, petroleum products from fossil fuels are used to power our cars, ships and airplanes which enable the transportation of people and goods from one country to another. Even as the discussion around climate change continues, it is important understand that moving from the use of fossil fuels is a gradual process that cannot happen overnight. 

References

Denchak, M. (2018). Fossil fuels: The dirty facts. NRDC. https://www.nrdc.org/stories/fossil-fuels-dirty-facts.

Tierney, S., & Bird, L. (2020). Setting the record straight about renewable energy. World Resources Institute. https://www.wri.org/blog/2020/05/setting-record-straight-about-renewable-energy

World Nuclear Association. (2021). Where does our electricity come from? https://www.world-nuclear.org/nuclear-essentials/where-does-our-electricity-come-from.aspx#:~:text=Coal%2C%20gas%20and%20oil,drive%20turbines%20which%20generate%20electricity.

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