Middle Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development

ADVANCED HUMAN GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 9 SURVEY

Middle Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development

NAME _________________________________________DATE ________________________

DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you

found the answer in the right hand margin.

1. During middle childhood physical growth is __________ than it is during early childhood or

adolescence.

A. slower

B. faster

C. the same as

D. much faster

2. Lisa and Mark are both 8 years old. Whom would you expect to mature faster? Whom would you

expect to have more body fat?

A. They would both mature at the same rate and have the same proportion of body fat.

B. Mark would mature faster and have more body fat.

C Lisa would mature faster and have more body fat.

D. Mark would mature faster and Lisa would have more body fat.

3. Which of these is the most common childhood illness?

A. measles

B. mumps

C. chicken pox

D. upper respiratory infection

Answer: D

4. The major cause of death of children in middle childhood is:

A. cancer

B. diabetes

C. accidents

D. leukemia

5. Which group has the highest mortality rate for children in middle childhood?

A. white

B. black

C. Hispanic

D. Asian

6. The definition cited in your textbook for obesity is:

A. having a body mass index greater than the 95th percentile for age and gender

B. having a body mass index greater than the 50th percentile for age and gender

C. having 50 pounds of excess weight for age and gender

D. having 70 pounds of excess weight for age and gender

Page 1 (Chapter 9 Survey)

7. What proportion of children between the ages of 6 and 11 was overweight in 2004?

A. Nearly one in three B. Nearly one in seven

C. Nearly one in five D. Nearly one half

8. Which of the following health risks is related to overweight in children?

A. early cardiovascular disease

B. diabetes mellitus

C. orthopedic problems

D. all of these

9. Although childhood obesity and overweight are on the increase, _________ is on the decrease.

A. physical education in public schools

B. sedentary activity

C. school vending machines that offer “junk” foods

D. consumption of fast food

10. The awareness and understanding of one’s own mental processes is called:

A. mental maps

B. cognitive awareness

C. metacognition

D. cognitive compatibility

11. Research on creativity has found that:

A. formal education is essential to the development of creativity

B. creative people are often conventional thinkers with dull personalities

C. creative people were often encouraged when they were young

D. creativity relies on sheer talent to become evident

12. At about what age do children come to recognize certain regularities or unchanging qualities in

the inner dispositions and behaviors of individuals?

A. 11

B. 6

C. 8

D. 4

13. Children in the concrete operations stage:

A. cannot understand words not tied to their own personal experiences

B. can only describe objects, people, and events by their physical characteristics

C. cannot make comparisons between classes of objects

D. can describe objects, people, and events by categories and functions

14. Assessment instruments that attempt to measure abilities such as cognitive processing and

achievement are called:

A. psychometric tests

B. psychotropic tests

C. instrumental tests

D. assessment variables

Page 2 (Chapter 9 Survey)

15. 12-year-old John has an IQ of 60. He is not able to perform daily living skills independently and

lacks communication and social skills. John would most likely be classified as having:

A. a learning disability

B. functional deficits

C. mental retardation

D. social deficits

16. The determination of the severity of mental retardation is based upon:

A. observed behaviors

B. scores from IQ tests

C. physical appearance

D. genetic impairments

17. Warren has an IQ of 102 but has difficulty using spoken and written language. His mathematical

abilities are above average. Warren would most likely be classified as having:

A. a learning disability

B. functional deficits

C. mental retardation

D. social deficits

18. Raymond is impulsive, cannot follow directions, and finds it difficult to wait his turn for

outdoor activities. He frequently leaves his assignments before he is finished to pursue some other

activity. Raymond’s disability is most likely:

A. dyslexia

B. dysgraphia

C. ADHD

D. dyscalculia

19. An Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is provided for all students who are classified as having

a disability. Which of the following people are involved in developing this plan?

A. school psychologist

B. child’s teacher

C. child advocate

D. all of these

20. According to your textbook, the largest proportion of students attends which alternative to

public schooling?

A. private schools

B. home schooling

C. charter schools

D. magnet schools

Page 3 (Chapter 9 Survey)

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