There are many types of differences between the eukaryote and prokaryote cells
First, let’s differentiate all the detailed vocabulary about all these cells we learned this week. When looking under microscope what structural differences would you see between two types of cells.
Now choose ONE cellular component (e.g. a part of a cell) that is found only in bacteria. Discuss what its role is.
Answer: There are many types of differences between the eukaryote and prokaryote cells and one difference I would like to point out is the Flagella. Flagella is a structure that exists on both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and serves the purpose of moving the cell through the fluid environment in which that cell is found in. A bacterial flagellum has 3 basic parts: a filament, a hook, and a basal body. The Eukaryotic flagella are much different from the Prokaryote flagella. The eukaryotic flagellum is thicker (by a factor of 10), structurally more complex, and covered by an extension of the cell membrane. A single flagellum is a long, sheathed cylinder containing regularly spaced, hollow tubules—microtubules—that extend along its entire length( Cowan, 2017). The Prokaryote flagella on the other hand, are much smaller, narrower, and a covering membranous sheath is absent. Prokaryote flagella is made of a globular protein called flagellin that creates a rigin, hollow cylinder and uses the movement of hydrogen ions across the membrane down their electrochemical gradient to move the flagellin in a counterclockwise/clockwise fashion.