Argument essay about how COVID-19 affect the international student study online class in Canada
COMPOSITION NO.2: ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY-FIVE PARAGRAPH ESSAY
• A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writing
an essay, but it is the standard model for secondary students.
Introductory Paragraph: Consists of the Hook, Thesis and Directional Statement.
The opening paragraph sets the tone. It is a mini-outline for the paper: it tells the reader the main idea
of the composition. If you do a good job in the opening, you will draw your reader into your
This should get the reader’s attention right from the start. It is analogous to the opening scene in a
movie or memorable opening beat/ ‘riff’ in your favourite song.
Some methods of effective hooks are using startling remarks or statistics, creating vivid images,
asking rhetorical questions, stating an existing/exciting problem, making a comparison/contrast, defining
a term, employing a famous quote or a personal anecdote.
In addition, there is always a thesis statement in the introduction. A thesis is a single, focused
opinion that attempts to argue a specific point of view. It is important to make this a clear and limited
statement. Remember it is not a statement of fact; it is a compelling, controversial belief that will be
clarified and make a test.
The sentence directly after the thesis statement is the directional sentence. It lists the three main
reasons/supporting ideas that will develop, bolster or prove the argument/point of view/thesis.
The last sentence of the opening paragraph should also contain a transitional sentence, which moves
the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper.
The first paragraph of the body should contain a strong argument, significant example, clever
illustration, or an obvious beginning point. The topic sentence for this paragraph should be the first
sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence
in this paragraph should include a transitional sentence to tie into the second paragraph of the body.
The second paragraph of the body should contain a stronger argument, or example. The first
sentence of this paragraph should contain transitional words (conjunctions), which connects with the
transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The topic sentence for this paragraph
should the first sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph.
The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional statement to tie into the third paragraph of
The third paragraph of the body should contain the strongest argument, best example, because
people always best remember what they saw or read last. The first sentence of this paragraph should
include transition words (conjunctions), which ties in with the transitional statement at the end of the
second paragraph of the body. The topic sentence for this paragraph should be the first sentence. This
topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this
paragraph should include a final transitional sentence that signals to the reader that this is the final major
point being made in this paper. This transition also leads into the last or concluding paragraph.
STRUCTURE YOUR ARGUMENTS CLIMACTICALLY—BUILD TO YOUR BEST IDEA!
This paragraph should include the following in this order:
- A rephrasing of the thesis statement, using language that “echoes” the original language.
(The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.)
- A brief rephrasing cementing the arguments from the body of the paper.
- A final statement/resolution that offers closure and/or possible solutions for the argument.
These statements could contain the following:
a) insights of the essay writer
b) encourage the reader to take action
c) emphasize the importance of one of the points of argument,
d) create a solid sense of finality
e) look to the future in terms of action or legislation