In what percentage of cases were the researchers able to use value profiles to successfully differentiate managers from non-managers?
For this article assignment, I want to make sure that you are able to access journal articles in our library databases. The article that I would like you to find is entitled “The Importance of Values in Understanding Organizational Behavior” written by Barry Z. Posner and J. Michael Munson in 1979. Articles published in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s tend to be much simpler and shorter, so I thought it might be a good one to start with. In the space provided below, provide the complete citation for this article (as you would on a reference page of a paper you would write in a college course), following the APA Guidelines that I provided you in the “Course Materials” tab of D2L. This part of the assignment is worth 10 points. Then, read the article and answer the five questions listed below, in the designated “Answer:” space that I have provided. Each question is worth 3 points. Submit your completed assignment to the appropriate “Submission Folder” in D2L. This assignment is due by 11:30 PM on February 2, 2021.
Delete this sentence and provide the reference citation here, in proper APA format (as you would cite it on a reference page). *Hint: The date follows the authors’ names…
Posner, B.Z., & Munson, J.M. (I started it for you, now use the APA guide to finish the citation).
1. While it is generally accepted that behavior is strongly affected by the nature of individual value systems, what level of managerial attention has been directed toward understanding and using values to design organizational systems?
2. What do values describe?
3. Knowing something about an individual’s value system and what s/he wants is a necessary prerequisite to designing what types of organizational systems?
4. In what percentage of cases were the researchers able to use value profiles to successfully differentiate managers from non-managers?
5. Some researchers contend that value differences between managers and their subordinates is the major underlying source of what?
BONUS QUESTION (1 POINT): Name a popular values-measuring instrument.