The influence of Age and Gender on Self-Esteem

The influence of Age and Gender on Self-Esteem

Hi, Grandpa!

      I hope you are doing well back at home. Here at college, I am doing well. I am very excited about the current course and particularly how our instructor is training us. As a result, I decided to write this letter to inform you about a research study. In my research study, I am looking into how age and gender influence self-esteem. Have you ever known self-esteem is not constant or similar in humans based on their age and gender? When humans are in their childhood, they tend to have higher self-esteem regardless of their gender compared to adults. Then, imagine grandpa. I have found past studies suggested that as one grows up, their self-esteem tends to decline, contrary to current research.

Contrary to the recent studies that indicate “age has a more significant influence on self-esteem or self-esteem increases as one matures, past studies show that self-esteem levels are low among older age groups for both women and men” (McMullin, & Cairney, (2004). This was surprising because I thought that self-esteem was supposed to pick up during childhood. After all, it is when their cognitive thinking starts developing.

I am excited to inform you that different studies have focused on analyzing how an individual’s age or gender influences their self-esteem have had different results. During my research, I found research by Bleidorn et al. (2016) contradicted the initial study by McMullin & Cairney (2004) significantly. It stated that “age-related increases in self-esteem occur from late adolescence to middle adulthood, and it is significant among gender gaps, with males consistently reporting higher self-esteem than females.” The researchers have since been playing prominent roles in psychology over the past decade. It was also found cultural differences among individuals indicated significant magnitudes of age and gender effects on self-esteem. The differences occurred within the different cultural differences resulting from their cultural values, gender-equality, sociodemographic, and socioeconomic indicators (Bleidorn et al. 2016). I must say it is exciting to learn how cyberbullying, traditional bullying, and moral disengagement influence individuals’ self-esteem based on their age or gender (Robson, & Witenberg, 2013). Males were found to have a higher degree of involvement in bullying that influenced their self-esteem than females. Therefore, using these sources, I am sure I will finalize my research study successfully. 

At this point, I want to inform you of the reasons what motivated me to choose this topic:

  1. Self-esteem influences people’s choices and decisions; therefore, the need to understand what factors may affect it.
  2. Studying the issue may easily create the insight of having basic knowledge to understand people and their decisions.
  3. Studying the subjects may also enable me to appreciate others.

Individuals who have higher self-esteem may learn to appreciate those who have low esteem since it might not be their fault and vice versa. 

Thank you, Grandpa, for your time to read this letter. I hope you enjoyed it, and you are excited about the research I am doing. I love you, and I hope to see you soon!

Yours lovely

Eliana Qumseya


Bleidorn, W., Arslan, R. C., Denissen, J. J., Rentfrow, P. J., Gebauer, J. E., Potter, J., & Gosling, S. D. (2016). Age and gender differences in self-esteem—A cross-cultural window. Journal of personality and social psychology111(3), 396.

McMullin, J. A., & Cairney, J. (2004). Self-esteem and the intersection of age, class, and gender. Journal of aging studies18(1), 75-90.

Robson, C., & Witenberg, R. T. (2013). The influence of moral disengagement, morally based self-esteem, age, and gender on traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Journal of school violence12(2), 211-231.