Based on the results, from which party would you expect the forma- teur to come if South Korea were a parliamentary democracy?

6. (8 points) The table below shows the results from the 2016 legislative elections in South Korea.

(a) Based on the results, from which party would you expect the forma- teur to come if South Korea were a parliamentary democracy?

(b) South Korea is in fact a presidential democracy. In the 2012 presiden- tial elections, Park Geun-hye of the Saenuri Party (SP) was elected president, and following the 2016 legislative elections, she still had nearly two years left in her term. Based on this new information, from which party would you now expect the formateur to come? Why is this?

Winter 2019

Comparative Politics Problem Set III

7. (8 points) The table below shows the results from the Oslo district in the 2005 Norwegian elections. Answer the following questions. In all of these questions, you should ignore the �others� category.

(a) Copy the table. Imagine that the seventeen seats in Oslo are to be allocated according to the Hare quota with largest remainders. Fill in your table and indicate how Oslo’s seventeen seats are allocated among the parties. How many automatic, remainder, and total seats does each party obtain?

(b) Now make another table and repeat the process using the Droop quota with largest remainders. Does the allocation of seats change?

13: Elections and Electoral Systems 581

b. The Afghan electoral system has been heavily criticized by numerous actors. In a 2012 briefing paper written for an independent research institute based in Afghanistan, political scientists Andrew Reynolds and John Carey wrote that “The SNTV electoral system came about by a path of missteps and was a disservice to the millions of Afghans who deserved a clear and transparent tool to craft their first truly democratic parliament. If the system is retained for subsequent elections, there is every reason to believe that the fragmentation and parochialism of the legislature will continue, that the parliament as a whole will be ineffective in articulating and representing broad national interests, and that incumbents who strong-arm and bribe their way into office will thrive” (2012, 17). Explain the basis for Reynolds and Carey’s criticisms, focusing on the problems typically associated with SNTV electoral systems.

c. If you were designing an electoral system for Afghanistan, what would it be and why?

How Do Electoral Systems Work?

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