Discussion 2: Ageism in Society

Discussion 2: Ageism in Society

After the Great Recession of 2008, many older people were laid off and struggled to find work. These individuals were typically over 50 years old, had 25 or more years of work experience, and were highly skilled. Yet, they could not find work. Why?

The answer is complicated, and there were many factors at play, but many economic and labor experts said the answer was simple: ageism. At that time, many companies were hiring at salary levels far below what they were paying pre-recession. They were cutting back, looking to get “leaner and meaner,” and fewer positions were available. This, combined with high unemployment, made for intense job competition. Out-of-work people over 50 years old frequently found themselves in direct competition with younger workers who expected lower salaries, were willing to work longer hours, and were more technologically apt. Employers often looked at these older workers as “dinosaurs” or “relics,” and they frequently assumed that these older workers were not tech-savvy, would have difficulty making it to the end of the day, and would be a drain on the company’s health benefits. Many companies discriminated against these workers based on their age and hired younger, less qualified applicants.

Fortunately, many organizations took notice. They enacted policies and social programs for these individuals, like AARP’s “Back to Work 50 ” initiative (AARP Foundation, 2015). These programs continue to be very successful at providing strategies, making connections, and placing older workers in quality jobs. They have successfully managed to help reduce ageism in hiring.

In this Discussion, you identify examples of ageism and the discrimination happening because of it. Then, you propose solutions that may positively influence ageism and age discrimination.

To Prepare: Find two examples of ageism in your society.

Post a discussion post descriptions of the ageism examples you identified. Explain the discrimination you believe is happening because of them. Then, propose solutions or revisions to policies or procedures that may influence these situations. Support your proposed solutions with evidence from the literature or examples of alternative practices from other locations.

Applying ethical theory

you have now studied the three approaches to ethical theory (deontological, consequentialist, and virtue theory) as exemplified in the work of Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, and Aristotle. Your assessment is to write an essay applying these three approaches to the following practical case:

You are called to consult in the critical care unit of your local hospital. The hospital admits JoEllen, 53, after she takes an overdose of prescription medications with alcohol. On admission, she says, “Not supposed to be here . . . ” and soon becomes uncommunicative. As her condition deteriorates rapidly, her son arrives with a notarized advance directive in which JoEllen specifically asks not to be placed on life support. What should you recommend to the attending health professionals?

Assessment Instructions
As you write your essay, consider how you would achieve the following:

Explain the ethical issue in this scenario.
Apply the three traditional theories of normative ethics to this situation.
Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the three theories as they relate to this situation.
Apply ethical theory to justify your stance on the right thing to do in this situation.

Utilizing Evidence Practice Guidelines

Topic 1: Utilizing Evidence Practice Guidelines

One of the ways that the Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioners (ARNP) can manage risk of being successfully sued for malpractice or negligence is by utilizing evidence practice guidelines. Explain how these guidelines affect the “standard of care” and discuss with your classmates how utilizing this guideline can be a major strategy to significantly reduce risk to the provider.

At least 3 references less than 5 years old

Financial Theory

BUSI 320 Textbook Assignment 3

Your Name: ___________________________

Your Answers:
110
211
312
4a
5b
6c
7d
8e
9 f 

Type your answers in the table above and submit this document. 

Use what you have learned about the time value of money to analyze each of the following decisions:

Decision #1:   Which set of Cash Flows is worth more now?

Assume that your grandmother wants to give you generous gift.  She wants you to choose which one of the following sets of cash flows you would like to receive:

Option A:  Receive a one-time gift of $ 10,000 today.   

Option B:  Receive a $1400 gift each year for the next 10 years.  The first $1400 would be received 1 year from today.    Option C:  Receive a one-time gift of $17,000 10 years from today.

Compute the Present Value of each of these options if you expect the interest rate to be 3% annually for the next 10 years.    Which of these options does financial theory suggest you should choose?

  1. Option A would be worth $__________ today.
  2. Option B would be worth $__________ today.
  3. Option C would be worth $__________ today.
  4. Financial theory supports choosing Option _______

Compute the Present Value of each of these options if you expect the interest rate to be 6% annually for the next 10 years.  Which of these options does financial theory suggest you should choose?

  • Option A would be worth $__________ today.
  • Option B would be worth $__________ today.
  • Option C would be worth $__________ today.
  • Financial theory supports choosing Option _______

Compute the Present Value of each of these options if you expect to be able to earn 9% annually for the next 10 years.  Which of these options does financial theory suggest you should choose?

  • Option A would be worth $__________ today.
  • Option B would be worth $__________ today.
  • Option C would be worth $__________ today.
  • Financial theory supports choosing Option _______

Decision #2:  Planning for Retirement

Erich and Mallory are 22, newly married, and ready to embark on the journey of life.   They both plan to retire 45 years from today.  Because their budget seems tight right now, they had been thinking that they would wait at least 10 years and then start investing $1800 per year to prepare for retirement.   Mallory just told Erich, though, that she had heard that they would actually have more money the day they retire if they put $1800 per year away for the next 10 years – and then simply let that money sit for the next 35 years without any additional payments – then they would have MORE when they retired than if they waited 10 years to start investing for retirement and then made yearly payments for 35 years (as they originally planned to do).   Please help Erich and Mallory make an informed decision:   

Assume that all payments are made at the END a year (or month), and that the rate of return on all yearly investments will be 7.5% annually.  

(Please do NOT ROUND when entering “Rates” for any of the questions below)

  1. How much money will Erich and Mallory have in 45 years if they do nothing for the next 10 years, then put $1800 per year away for the remaining 35 years?
  • How much money will Erich and Mallory have in 10 years if they put $1800 per year away for the next 10 years?
  • How much will the amount you just computed grow to if it remains invested for the remaining 35 years, but without any additional yearly deposits being made?

  • How much money will Erich and Mallory have in 45 years if they put $1800 per year away for each of the next 45 years? 
  •  How much money will Erich and Mallory have in 45 years if they put away $150 per MONTH at the end of each month for the next 45 years?  (Remember to adjust 7.5% annual rate to a Rate per month!)
  • If Erich and Mallory wait 25 years (after the kids are raised!) before they put anything away for retirement, how much will they have to put away at the end of each year for 20 years in order to have $700,000 saved up on the first day of their retirement 45 years from today?

Assignment to compare X to Y and using the mentioned reference in each section defend why ProductX ‘s values are in an appropriate range, given that minimum requirement is detailed in the reference

Question: Assignment to compare X to Y and using the mentioned reference in each section defend why ProductX ‘s values are in an appropriate range, given that minimum requirement is detailed in the reference.

  1. Areal Density

Table

8X10 dimensions for product X and Y

Product X areal densityProduct Y areal density
132g/m2154 g/m2
  

Reference:

Minimum requirement based on the reference below is: The areal density of the scaffold shall be between 33 and 321g/m2.

Ref.: Deeken C. R., Lake S. P. Mechanical properties of the abdominal wall and biomaterials utilized for hernia repair. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 74 (2017) 411–427. Note: In Table 6 for this reference, the areal density of commercially available meshes ranges between 33 (MERSILENE®) and 321 (C-QUR®) g/m2.

  • Pore size comparable
 Product X pore sizeProduct Y pore size
Min pore size0.09mm20.07mm2
Max pore size0.47mm20.31mm2

Reference:

Minimum requirement based on the reference below is: The pore size of the scaffold shall be greater than 100 µm (i.e. 0.01 mm2) (macroporous, small pore) and less than 1000 µm (i.e. 1 mm2) (macroporous, medium pore).

Ref.: Pourdeyhimi, B.J. Porosity of surgical mesh fabrics: New technology. Biomed. Mater. Res. 1989, 23 (Suppl. A1),
145–152.
Note: in this reference, macroporous defined as meshes with pores > 100 microns.

Earle, D.B.; Mark, L.A. Prosthetic Material in Inguinal Hernia Repair: How Do I Choose? Surg. Clin. N. Am.
2008, 88, 179–201.
Note: in this reference, macroporous defined as meshes with pores > 100 microns. Medium pore meshes have pores less than 1000 microns.

Amid P. Classification of biomaterials and their related complications in abdominal wall surgery. Hernia (1997) 1(1):15–21.Note: in this reference, macroporous defined as type I meshes with pores > 75 microns.

Note: The pore size area is calculated assuming a square shape.

Burst,

Product X burstProduct Y burst
20.1 kgf26.9 kgf
  

Reference:

Minimum requirement based on the reference below is: The initial (pre-implantation) burst strength of the scaffold shall be 10.0 kgf when tested with 3/8” ball (round stamp).

References: Based on the in-vivo testing of SurgiLattice scaffolds, the remaining strength at 12 weeks post-implantation of the scaffold without tissue, i.e. post-digestion and removal of ingrown tissue, was on average 26 %, rounded to 30% lower than that of scaffold before implantation (refer to ER-1245). 

Using the minimum clinically required scaffold burst strength of 6.5 kgf at 12 weeks (DIR 08.03 and ER-1237) and accounting for the measured average percent strength retention, i.e. 70%, the minimum required strength before implantation shall be 6.5 ÷ (0.70) = 9.3 kgf, rounded to 10.0 kgf.

Suture pull out

 Product XProduct Y
Suture pullout strength (machine direction)3.494.88
Suture pullout strength (cross machine direction)4.455.43

Comparable, lower at the requirement is 2kgf at time zero, that’s 150% higher of what it should be at @ time zero, same thing for cross machine direction probably about 20% there lower.

Reference:

Minimum requirement based on the reference below is: The initial (pre-implantation) suture pull-out strength of the scaffold in either direction shall be higher than 20 N, i.e. 2.0 kgf.

References:

Deeken, C.R., Faucher, K.M., Matthews, B.D., 2012. A review of the composition, characteristics, and effectiveness of barrier mesh prostheses utilized for laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. Surg. Endosc. 26 (2), 566–575.

Note: Per the above references, it is recommended that the suture pull out strength should be greater than 20 N.

Deeken, C.R., Abdo, M.S., Frisella, M.M., Matthews, B.D., 2011. Physicomechanical evaluation of absorbable and nonabsorbable barrier composite meshes for laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. Surg. Endosc. 25, 1541–1552.

Deeken, C.R., Abdo, M.S., Frisella, M.M., Matthews, B.D., 2011. Physicomechanical evaluation of polypropylene, polyester, and polytetrafluoroethylene meshes for inguinal hernia repair. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 212 (1), 68–79.

Deeken C. R., Lake S. P. Mechanical properties of the abdominal wall and biomaterials utilized for hernia repair. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 74 (2017) 411–427.

Tear

 Product XProduct Y
tear strength (machine direction)3.723.54
tear strength (cross machine direction)2.462.94

Are very similar

Reference:

Minimum requirement based on the reference below is:

The initial (pre-implantation) tear resistance strength of the scaffold in either direction shall be higher than 10.47 N, i.e. 1.1 kgf.

References:

Deeken C. R., Lake S. P. Mechanical properties of the abdominal wall and biomaterials utilized for hernia repair. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 74 (2017) 411–427. Note: In Table 7 for this reference, the minimum tear strength of commercially available resorbable monofilament meshes is 10.47 N (UltraPro® Mesh).

Stiffness

 Product XProduct Y
stiffness (machine direction)0.1940.38
stiffness (cross machine direction)0.250.44

is less stiff per taber, it is more contouring and more favorable but it is about half of predicate.

Reference:

Minimum requirement based on the reference is: The scaffold stiffness in either direction shall be less than or equal to the stiffness of product Y, i.e. 0.6 Taber Stiffness Units (TSU).

What were the independent and dependent variables in the study?

Researchers often go through several stages of data analysis and often conduct many different statistical tests to examine the data. For this discussion, find a journal article and analyze the results section of the article. Your article may use any type of research method, but it should not be a review article. Answer the following questions in your analysis.

1. What were the independent and dependent variables in the study? (Note that independent and dependent variables would only need to be identified in experimental designs).

2. Summarize the statistical measures the authors used and what the findings were.

3. Were the results statistically significant? Explain your answer.

4. Do the results support the hypothesis? Explain your answer.

5. What future directions might the research take given the findings?

Growth investments

Growth investments.
Shares.
Property.
Defensive investments.
Cash investments include everyday bank accounts, high interest savings accounts and term deposits.
Fixed interest.

Pick one of the first 5 project classification categories, and discuss how you would present a hospital project of your choice. Be sure it is clear what category that you are explaining. Talk about the cost, why you need it, payback period, and expected outcomes of the project.

This is your chance to practice crime analysis with real data. In Week 1 you were introduced a number of external police agency sites where the public can access crime data. They are at the end of this discussion introduction.

For this first discussion board, I would like you to access one of the sites below and filter for thefts from vehicles (TFVE) in the last 90 days (or however long you choose). As part of your analysis, I would like you to construct a discussion thread to tell us about what you observed in terms of where they are occurring (and “so what” about the location), the time and other factors you can observe from the maps that are critical to your analysis.

I would like you to then come up with some solutions you feel are appropriate to not only solve the problem but deter it. Please also discuss what information is missing and why that would impact your approach to the analysis. Feel free to add visuals of what you observed and what you would tell your uniform members as well as your commanders about the “problem.”

Please cross-pollinate each other’s discussions as it would be interesting to see everyone’s perspectives on the issue at hand.
Toronto Police Service – <link is hidden> /> You can analyze the general phenomenon of all divisions first, and then analyze it specifically for one division.

This is your chance to practice crime analysis with real data. In Week 1 you were introduced a number of external police agency sites where the public can access crime data. They are at the end of this discussion introduction.

For this first discussion board, I would like you to access one of the sites below and filter for thefts from vehicles (TFVE) in the last 90 days (or however long you choose). As part of your analysis, I would like you to construct a discussion thread to tell us about what you observed in terms of where they are occurring (and “so what” about the location), the time and other factors you can observe from the maps that are critical to your analysis.

I would like you to then come up with some solutions you feel are appropriate to not only solve the problem but deter it. Please also discuss what information is missing and why that would impact your approach to the analysis. Feel free to add visuals of what you observed and what you would tell your uniform members as well as your commanders about the “problem.”

Please cross-pollinate each other’s discussions as it would be interesting to see everyone’s perspectives on the issue at hand.
Toronto Police Service – <link is hidden> /> You can analyze the general phenomenon of all divisions first, and then analyze it specifically for one division.

Director’s Letter on Compliance Requirements

As the Environmental Safety Compliance Director for a food processing facility that has onsite ammonia refrigeration facilities to cool the food products, prepare a 2-3 page memorandum to your boss outlining a summary of the congressional acts and/or regulations that apply to storage and release prevention of the 15,000 pounds of ammonia in the system.

For each act or regulation, identify the regulation or act and provide a brief summary of actions required to be taken by the company for compliance.

Be sure to cite and reference all sources of information in APA format.

Discusses all four of the four financial statements as well as making a decision to obtain funds for your company

Discusses all four of the four financial statements as well as making a decision to obtain funds for your company. This two part written assignment, discusses all four of the four financial statements as well as making a decision to obtain funds for your company. Your assignment must include a thorough discussion of the following two questions :

1. So far we have examined the four financial statements: Income Statement, Statement of Stockholders’ Equity, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Statement. Briefly discuss the four statements. Which is the most useful to external users and why?

2. You are in need of funds to expand your corporation, and three alternatives include issuing common stock, issuing bonds payable, and issuing a note payable. Discuss the pros and cons of each of these three choices. Determine the best choice for your corporation and explain why.

Discusses all four of the four financial statements as well as making a decision to obtain funds for your company

Please follow the following formatting requirements:

1. Be typed, double spaced using Courier format font size 12 with 1 inch margin on all 4 sides.
2. If you use a reference, you must provide a reference page. All references must be cited using APA.
3. This paper is 2 – 3 pages long not including cover sheet and/or reference page. This means that word requirement is between 550 – 750 words.
4. Use proper grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization and paragraphs.
5. Paper should have an introductory as well as a concluding paragraph.
6. Please remember a paragraph should have a topic sentence as well as three to five supporting sentences.